• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수학적 추론 능력

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초등학교 고학년 아동의 정의적 특성, 수학적 문제 해결력, 추론능력간의 관계

  • Lee, Yeong-Ju;Jeon, Pyeong-Guk
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.8
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    • pp.137-150
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구의 목적은 아동들의 수학 교과에 대한 정의적 특성과 수학적 문제 해결력, 추론 능력간의 상호 관계를 구명하고, 이러한 관계들은 아동의 지역적인 환경에 따라 차이가 있는지를 분석하는 것이다. 본 연구를 통하여 얻은 결론은 다음과 같다. 정의적 특성의 하위 요인 중 수학적 문제 해결력과 귀납적 추론 능력에 대한 설명력이 가장 높은 요인은 수학교과에 대한 자아개념인 것으로 나타났으며, 연역적 추론 능력에 대한 설명력은 학습 습관이 가장 높은 것으로 나타났다. _그리고 귀납적 추론 능력이 연역적 추론 능력 보다 수학적 문제 해결력에 대한 설명력이 더 높은 것으로 나타났으며, 수학적 문제 해결력과 귀납적 추론 능력은 지역별로 유의한 차가 나타났으나 연역적 추론 능력은 지역간 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았다.

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A Comparison on the Relations between Affective Characteristics and Mathematical Reasoning Ability of Elementary Mathematically Gifted Students and Non-gifted Students (초등 수학영재와 일반학생의 정의적 특성과 수학적 추론 능력과의 관계 비교)

  • Bae, Ji Hyun;Ryu, Sung Rim
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.161-175
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to measure the differences in affective characteristics and mathematical reasoning ability between gifted students and non-gifted students. This study compares and analyzes on the relations between the affective characteristics and mathematical reasoning ability. The study subjects are comprised of 97 gifted fifth grade students and 144 non-gifted fifth grade students. The criterion is based on the questionnaire of the affective characteristics and mathematical reasoning ability. To analyze the data, t-test and multiple regression analysis were adopted. The conclusions of the study are synthetically summarized as follows. First, the mathematically gifted students show a positive response to subelement of the affective characteristics, self-conception, attitude, interest, study habits. As a result of analysis of correlation between the affective characteristic and mathematical reasoning ability, the study found a positive correlation between self-conception, attitude, interest, study habits but a negative correlation with mathematical anxieties. Therefore the more an affective characteristics are positive, the higher the mathematical reasoning ability are built. These results show the mathematically gifted students should be educated to be positive and self-confident. Second, the mathematically gifted students was influenced with mathematical anxieties to mathematical reasoning ability. Therefore we seek for solution to reduce mathematical anxieties to improve to the mathematical reasoning ability. Third, the non-gifted students that are influenced of interest of the affective characteristics will improve mathematical reasoning ability, if we make the methods to be interested math curriculum.

수학적 추론 능력 평가 기준에 관한 연구

  • Jeon, Pyeong-Guk;Kim, Eun-Hui;Kim, Won-Gyeong
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.425-455
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 수학교육에서 강조되고 있는 수학적 힘의 구성 요소 중의 하나인 수학적 추론 능력에 대한 교사들의 구체적인 이해를 돕고, 문제 해결 과정에서 학생들의 추론 능력을 분석하고 평가하는 데 도움을 주기 위해 문헌 연구 및 학생반응 분석결과에 기초하여 귀납적, 유비적, 연역적 추론능력에 대한 평가기준을 개발하였다. 또한, 개발된 평가기준을 구체적인 문제에 적용하였으며 이를 기초로 문제점을 수정 ${\cdot}$ 보완한 후, 전문가의 타당성 검증과 동일한 학생반응에 대한 채점결과의 일치도를 알아봄으로써 신뢰도 검증을 실시하였다.

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초등수학교육에 있어서의 추론 방법

  • Nam, Seung-In
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.8
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    • pp.45-63
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    • 1999
  • 학교 수학의 궁극적인 목표는 “수학적 능력과 태도를 육성하는데 있다.” 이러한 목표를 달성하기 위해서는 수학의 기본적인 지식과 기능을 습득하는 일과 수학적으로 사고하는 능력을 기르는 일이 뒷받침되어야 할 것이다. 수학적 사고는 학교수학에서 지도되는 내용 그 자체에 관련된 것이 아니라 이들 수학을 수학내용을 이해하고 지식으로 획득하는 과정에서 행하여지는 수학적인 활동과 관련이 있다고 하겠다. 본고에서는 수학적인 활동의 방법적인 측면에서 귀납 추론, 연역 추론, 유비 추론에 대해서 개괄적으로 알아보고, 귀납 추론의 필요성 및 특성과 구체적인 적용 사례에 대해서 알아보고자 한다.

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A Study on the Ability and Characteristics of 4th Grade Elementary Students on Inductive Reasoning (초등학교 4학년 학생들의 귀납적 추론능력 실태와 특징에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Soon Hwa;Yu, Hyun Joo
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.461-483
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    • 2017
  • The ability to think mathematically and to reason inductively are basics of logical reasoning and the most important skill which students need to acquire through their Math curriculum in elementary school. For these reasons, we need to conduct an analysis in their procedure in inductive reasoning and find difficulties thereof. Therefore, through this study, I found parts which covered inductive reasoning in their Math curriculum and analyzed the abilities and characteristics of students in solving a problem through inductive reasoning.

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Effect of Mathematics Instruction Based on Constructivism on Learners' Knowledge Generation Level and Reasoning Ability - Focusing on 4th Grade Fraction (구성주의를 반영한 수학 수업이 학생의 지식 생성 수준 및 추론능력에 미치는 영향 - 초등학교 4학년 분수를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Eungsuk;Kim, Jinho
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.79-112
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this research is to find the effects of learner-centered instruction based on constructivism (LCIC) on their knowledge generation level and reasoning ability. To look for them, after fraction units are re-planed for implementing LCIC, instructions using it provide students in a class. From the data, some conclusions can be drawn as follows: LCIC has more positive influence of students on recall ability, generation ability, and reasoning ability than tractional instruction method. With the data it can be said that the interaction exists between learners' reasoning ability and generation level.

An Analysis of Mathematical Modeling Process and Mathematical Reasoning Ability by Group Organization Method (모둠 구성에 따른 수학적 모델링 과정 수행 및 수학적 추론 능력 분석)

  • An, IhnKyoung;Oh, Youngyoul
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.497-516
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the process of mathematical modeling in mathematical modeling class according to group organization, and to investigate whether it shows improvement in mathematical reasoning ability. A total of 24 classes with 3 mathematical modeling activities were designed to investigate the research problem. The result of this study showed that the heterogeneous groups performed better than the homogeneous groups in terms of both the performance ability of mathematical modeling and mathematical reasoning ability. This study implies that, with respect to group design for applying mathematical modeling in teaching mathematics, heterogeneous group design would be more efficient than homogeneous group design.

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Mathematical Reasoning Ability and Error Comparison through the Descriptive Evaluation of Mathematically Gifted Elementary Students and Non-Gifted Students (초등수학영재와 일반학생의 서술형 평가를 통한 수학적 추론 능력 및 오류 비교)

  • Kim, Dong Gwan;Ryu, Sung Rim
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.123-148
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to figure out the perceptional characteristics of mathematically gifted elementary students by comparing the mathematical reasoning ability and errors between mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students. This research has been targeted at 63 gifted students from 5 elementary schools and 63 non-gifted students from 4 elementary schools. The result of this research is as follows. First, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher inductive reasoning ability compared to non-gifted students. Mathematically gifted elementary students collected proper, accurate, systematic data. Second, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher inductive analogical ability compared to non-gifted students. Mathematically gifted elementary students figure out structural similarity and background better than non-gifted students. Third, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher deductive reasoning ability compared to non-gifted students. Zero error ratio was significantly low for both mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students in deductive reasoning, however, mathematically gifted elementary students presented more general and appropriate data compared to non-gifted students and less reasoning step was achieved. Also, thinking process was well delivered compared to non-gifted students. Fourth, mathematically gifted elementary students committed fewer errors in comparison with non-gifted students. Both mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students made the most mistakes in solving process, however, the number of the errors was less in mathematically gifted elementary students.

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The Effects of Leaner-Centered Mathematical Instructions on Students' Reasoning Ability and Achievement (학습자 중심 수학 수업이 학생의 추론 능력과 학업성취도에 미치는 영향: 초등학교 4학년 분수 및 다각형 단원을 중심으로)

  • Cha, So-Jeong;Kim, Jinho
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.43-69
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study is to confirm the influences of learner-centered instruction on learners' achievement and reason ability. In order to accomplish them, the fraction unit and the polygonal unit in the fourth grade were implemented with teaching methods and materials suitable for learner-centered mathematics instruction. Some conclusions could be drawn from the results as follows: First, learner-centered mathematics instruction has a more positive effect on learning of learned knowledge and generating unlearned knowledge in the experimental period than teacher-centered instructions. Second, learner-centered instruction makes an influence of low learning ability on getting achievement positively. Third, as the experimental treatment is repeated, learner-centered instruction has a positive effect on students' reasoning ability. The reasoning ability of students showed a difference in the comparison between the experimental group and the comparative group, and within the experimental group, there was a positive effect of the extension of the positive reasoning ability. Fourth, it can be estimated that the development of students' reasoning ability interchangeably affected their generation test results.

Development of the Items for the Assessment of Mathematical Thinking (수학적 사고력 측정을 위한 수학 평가 도구의 개발)

  • Shin, Joon-Sik;Ko, Jung-Hwa;Park, Moon-Hwan;Park, Sung-Sun;Seo, Dong-Yeop
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.619-640
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    • 2011
  • The study aims the introducing the items for the assessment of mathematical thinking including mathematical reasoning, problem solving, and communication and the analyzing on the responses of the 5th grade pupils. We categorized the area of mathematical reasoning into deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, and analogy; problem solving into external problem solving and internal one; and communication into speaking, reading, writing, and listening. And we proposed the examples of our items for each area and the 5th grade pupils' responses. When we assess on pupil's mathematical reasoning, we need to develop very appropriate items needing the very ability of each kind of mathematical reasoning. When pupils solve items requesting communication, the impact of the form of each communication seem to be smaller than that of the mathematical situation or sturucture of the item. We suggested that we need to continue the studies on mathematical assessment and on the constitution and utilization of cognitive areas, and we also need to in-service teacher education on the development of mathematical assessments, based on this study.

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