• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수질환경지수

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Assessment of tributary water quality using integrated Water Quality Index (통합수질지수를 이용한 지류지천 수질평가)

  • Kal, Byungseok;Park, Jaebeom;Kim, Sanghun;Im, Taehyo
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.311-317
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the water quality index was calculated using the water quality monitoring data in the Nakdong River water system and the water quality status was compared with the living standard. The water quality index was selected by the RWQI method CCME-WQI currently used by the Ministry of Environment. The water quality items were selected as 7 items for pH, DO, EC, water temperature, TOC, T-N and T-P. The evaluation period was selected from the last three years (2013~2015) and water quality monitoring data measured within the period were used. As a result of the evaluation, the results of the previous evaluation showed similar tendency to the index of living environment, but the monthly evaluation showed different BOD and T-P results. Therefore, it is concluded that it is more reliable that more complex evaluation than single water quality evaluation is needed for efficient river management.

Development of River Recreation Index Model by Synthesis of Water Quality Parameters (수질인자의 합성에 의한 하천 레크리에이션 지수 모델의 개발)

  • Seo, Il Won;Choi, Soo Yeon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.1395-1408
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    • 2014
  • In this research, a River Recreation Index Model (RRIM) was developed to provide sufficient information on the water quality of rivers to the public in order to secure safety of publics. River Recreation Index (RRI) is an integrated water quality information for recreation activities in rivers and expressed as the point from 0 to 100. The proposed RRIM consisted of two sub models: Fecal Coliform Model (FCM) and Water Quality Index Model (WQIM). FCM predicted Fecal Coliform Grade (FCG) using a logistic regression and WQIM synthesized water quality parameters of, DO, pH, turbidity and chlorophyll a into Water Quality Index (WQI). FCG and WQI were integrated into RRI by the integrating algorithm. The proposed model was applied to upstream of Gangjeong Weir in Nakdong River, and compared with Real Time Water Quality Index (RTWQI) which is the existing water quality information system for recreation use. The results show that calculated RRI reflected change of integrated water quality parameters well. Especially chlorophyll a showed Pearson correlation coefficient -0.85 with RRI. Also, RRIM produced more conservative index than RTWQI because RRI was calculated considering uncertainty of water quality criteria. Further, RRI showed especially low values when fecal coliform was predicted as low grade.

Water Quality Assessment at Coastal Area of the East Sea of Korea (한국 동해연안의 수질 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Sug;Lee, Yong-Hwa;Choi, Hee-Gu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2012
  • This study aims to investigate characteristics of water quality factors by using survey results of national marine environmental monitoring system from 2004 to 2010 at coastal area of the East Sea of Korea. In this study, we chose statistical methods to analyze the correlation among water quality parameters and principal component analysis for characteristics of each water environment. In addition to this, we evaluated each water's pollution level based on eutrophication standard of OECD, Eutrophication Index(EI), and Organic Pollution Index(OPI). Major factors were chlorophyll a and salt according to the analysis at coastal area of the East Sea. The sea was divided into the south and the central part by Jukbyeon. Also, Jukbyeon in the central part of the East Sea and Gampo in the southern sea coastal waters have been classified separately. The nutritional status of coastal area of East Sea presented Mesotrophic to Oligotrophic level and EI showed less than 1. OPI in all of the coastal area at the East Sea represented that the water quality condition was favorable.

Development and Evaluation of Integrated Watershed Soundness Index (통합 유역건전성 평가지수 개발 및 평가)

  • Ahn, So Ra;Jung, Chung Gil;Lee, Ji Wan;Kim, Seong Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.320-320
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구에서는 자연환경, 수생태환경과 관련된 모니터링자료 및 수문/수질 SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) 모델링 자료를 이용하여 유역건전성을 평가하기 위한 지수를 개발하고, 한강유역($34,148km^2$)을 대상으로 표준유역단위 유역건전성 평가를 수행하였다. 본 연구에서는 미국 EPA(Environmental Protection Agency)의 유역건전성 분석 사례를 개선하여 우리나라에 유역 특성에 맞는 통합 유역건전성 평가지수를 개발하였다. 본 연구에서 분석하고자 하는 유역건전성은 유역이 본래 가지고 있는 자연적인 건전성을 평가하고자 하는 것으로, 평가를 위한 지표로 자연토지피복, 하천환경, 수문, 수질, 서식지, 수생태 관련 요소를 각각 선정하였다. 자연토지피복 및 하천, 서식지 유역건전성 평가를 위해서 DEM, 토지이용도, 하천도, 저수지, 습지자료를 이용하였고, 수생태 유역건전성 평가를 위해서는 6년간(2008년~2013년) 모니터링 된 TDI, BMI, FAI 자료로 이용하였다. 수문/수질 유역건전성 평가를 위해서는 SWAT 모형의 장기모의 결과를 활용하였으며, 30년간(1985년-2014년) 모의된 강수량, 총유출, 지표유출, 침투, 토양수분, 중간유출, 침루, 지하수 충진, 기저유출, Sediment, T-N, T-P 결과를 이용하였다. 각 평가지표로부터 표준유역별 sub-index를 도출하였으며, 6가지 sub-index를 이용하여 통합 유역건전성 지수를 산정하였다. 산정된 지수는 0부터 1까지의 값으로 나타나며, 1에 가까울수록 유역건전성이 좋은 유역을 의미한다. 연구결과 한강유역의 통합 유역건전성은 상류에서 하류로 갈수록 건전성이 안 좋아지는 것으로 분석되었으며, 특정 표준유역에 대하여 자연환경, 수문, 수질, 수생태환경 각각의 유역건전성을 평가할 수 있었다.

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Long-term Trend Analysis of Major Tributaries of Nakdong River Using Water Quality Index (수질지수를 이용한 낙동강 주요 지류지천의 장기 경향성 분석)

  • Park, Jaebeom;Kal, Byungseok;Kim, Sanghun
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.201-209
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the water quality index was calculated using the water quality monitoring data of the major tributaries of the Nakdong River and long-term trend analysis was performed to identify the tributaries requiring priority management. We used a Real-Time Water Quality Index method implemented by the Ministry of Environment. Linear regression as a parametric method and Mann-Kendall Test and Sen Slope Test as a nonparametric method were applied for the trend analysis. The water quality index of major tributaries except for Migeon2 and Seokyo2 was in the range below Fair grade and there were no significant trends for the rest of the sites except Bukan, Chennae, Hogye, Yongdeok. Therefore, in order to improve the water quality of the main stream, management of the tributaries should be preceded.

Estimation of Water Quality Index for Coastal Areas in Korea Using GOCI Satellite Data Based on Machine Learning Approaches (GOCI 위성영상과 기계학습을 이용한 한반도 연안 수질평가지수 추정)

  • Jang, Eunna;Im, Jungho;Ha, Sunghyun;Lee, Sanggyun;Park, Young-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.221-234
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    • 2016
  • In Korea, most industrial parks and major cities are located in coastal areas, which results in serious environmental problems in both coastal land and ocean. In order to effectively manage such problems especially in coastal ocean, water quality should be monitored. As there are many factors that influence water quality, the Korean Government proposed an integrated Water Quality Index (WQI) based on in situmeasurements of ocean parameters(bottom dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll-a concentration, secchi disk depth, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, and dissolved inorganic phosphorus) by ocean division identified based on their ecological characteristics. Field-measured WQI, however, does not provide spatial continuity over vast areas. Satellite remote sensing can be an alternative for identifying WQI for surface water. In this study, two schemes were examined to estimate coastal WQI around Korea peninsula using in situ measurements data and Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) satellite imagery from 2011 to 2013 based on machine learning approaches. Scheme 1 calculates WQI using estimated water quality-related factors using GOCI reflectance data, and scheme 2 estimates WQI using GOCI band reflectance data and basic products(chlorophyll-a, suspended sediment, colored dissolved organic matter). Three machine learning approaches including Random Forest (RF), Support Vector Regression (SVR), and a modified regression tree(Cubist) were used. Results show that estimation of secchi disk depth produced the highest accuracy among the ocean parameters, and RF performed best regardless of water quality-related factors. However, the accuracy of WQI from scheme 1 was lower than that from scheme 2 due to the estimation errors inherent from water quality-related factors and the uncertainty of bottom dissolved oxygen. In overall, scheme 2 appears more appropriate for estimating WQI for surface water in coastal areas and chlorophyll-a concentration was identified the most contributing factor to the estimation of WQI.

Characteristics of the Eutrophication of Yeongsan River by using the Korea Trophic State Index(TSIKO) (한국형 부영양화지수에 의한 영산강의 부영양화특성)

  • Park, Sung Chun;Oh, Chang Yeol;Kim, Jong O;Lee, U-Beom;Gwak, Pil Jeong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.533-537
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    • 2017
  • 우리나라는 2012년에 4대강 사업을 통하여 수자원확보를 통한 가뭄대응전략으로 16개의 대형보가 건설되었고 영산강에는 승촌보와 죽산보 2개의 보가 건설되었다. 보의 건설로 흐름은 급격히 감소하여 정체구역의 수역이 확장되면서 여름에서 초가을까지 녹조현상은 매년 지속적으로 발생하고 있으며, 최근 국민들은 안전한 농산물의 안정적인 생산에 요구가 점증함에 따라 농업용수질 오염문제가 범국가적 문제로 대두되고 있고, 그 중요도 및 심각성이 점차 커져가고 있다(한강유역환경청, 2007). 많은 량의 물을 농업용수로 사용하고 있는 영산강의 녹조현상 및 수질개선이 절실하다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 영산강의 승촌보와 죽산보의 건설과 수질오염총량관리제의 시행에 따른 부영양화특성의 변화를 파악하기 위하여 환경부, 국립환경과학원(2006)에서 개발한 한국형 부영양화지수(TSIko) 평가법을 이용하여 영산강유역의 12개 주요지점에 대하여 수집한 자료를 봄(3월~5월), 여름(6월~8월), 가을(9월~11월), 겨울(12월~2월)로 분리하고, 다시 4대강 사업의 영향을 검토하기 위하여 2013년을 전후하여 분리하였으며, 계절별 수질인자 COD, T-P, Chl-a 값을 이용하여 계절별 $TSI_{Ko}$를 산정하여 영양상태를 4개의 등급으로 구분하여 부영양화특성을 파악하였다.

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Evaluation of Spatial and Temporal Variations of Water Quality in Lake Shihwa and Outer Sea by Using Water Quality Index in Korea: A Case Study of Influence of Tidal Power Plant Operation (수질평가지수를 이용한 시화호 내측 및 외측 해역의 시·공간적 수질 변화 평가: 조력발전소 가동에 따른 영향 연구)

  • Ra, Kongtae;Kim, Joung-Keun;Kim, Eun-Soo;Kim, Kyung-Tae;Lee, Jung-Moo;Kim, Sung-Keun;Kim, Eu-Yeol;Lee, Seung-Yong;Park, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.102-114
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    • 2013
  • The basin of Lake Shihwa is one of highly industrialized region of Korea and a current environmental issue of study area is the operation of tidal power plant (TPP) to improve water quality. The application of water quality index (WQI) which integrates five physiochemical parameters (transparency, DO, DIN, DIP and chlorophyll-a) of water quality in Lake Shihwa and outer sea during 2011~2012 were performed not only to evaluate the spatial and temporal distribution of the water quality but also to assess the effect of water quality improvement by the operation of tidal power plant. The higher WQI values were observed in monitored sites near the industrial complexes in Lake Shihwa and the outfall of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in outer sea. This indicates that the quality of seawater is influenced by diffuse non-point sources from industrial, municipal and agricultural areas in Lake Shihwa and by point sources from the effluence of municipal and industrial wastewater throughout WWTPs in outer sea. Mean WQI value decreased from 53.0 in 2011 to 42.8 in 2012 of Lake Shihwa. Water quality has improved significantly after TPP operation because enhancement of seawater exchange between Lake Shihwa and outer sea leads to improve a hypoxic condition which is primarily a problem in Lake Shihwa. Mean WQI of outer sea showed similar values between 2011 and 2012. However, the results of hierarchical cluster analysis and the deterioration of water quality in summer season indicate that the operation of tidal power plant was not improved the water quality in the upper most area of Lake Shihwa. To successfully improve overall water quality of Lake Shihwa, it is urgently necessary to manage and reduce of non-point pollution sources of the basin of Lake Shihwa.