• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수온

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수온과 광주기에 의한 볼락(Sebastes inermis)의 성 스테로이드 호르몬 변화와 성숙 조절

  • 장영진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Developmental Biology Conference
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    • pp.39-40
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    • 1998
  • 수온과 광주기를 조절한 실험구는 대조구에 비해 GSI의 peak가 2개월 늦어졌으며, 난소의 발달도 지연되었다. 암컷 혈중의 $E_{2}$와 T 농도도 성숙 단계의 지연에 따라 peak가 각기 다르게 나타났다. 그러나 수온과 광주기를 조절한 그룹의 일부개체는 성숙이 지연되지 않았으며, 수컷의 GSI나 수컷 혈중의 T 농도도 수온과 광주기의 변화에 영향을 받지 않았다.

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Seasonal Variability of Thermal Structure and Heat Flux in the Juam Reservoir (주암호의 계절별 수온 구조와 열수지 변화)

  • Sun, Youn-Jong;Cho, Cheol;Kim, Byong-Chun;Huh, In-Aa;Yoon, Jun-Heon;Chang, Nam-Ik;Cha, Sung-Sik;Cho, Yang-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 2003
  • Temperature profiles were observed to understand seasonal variation of thermal structures in the Juam reservoir from March 2000 to May 2001. Heat flux which affects thermal structures was calculated by observed water temperature and meteorological data. Temperature became homogeneous vertically by convection due to the surface cooling in winter. Maximum heat loss through the surface (109.45W/$m^2$) occurred in December. There was a horizontal gradient of water temperature in winter. The temperature was $3^{\circ}C$ at upstream and $5^{\circ}C$ near the dam. The surface temperature increased by the increase of solar radiation in spring and summer. Maximum heat gained through the surface was 101.95 W/$m^2$ in July. Maximum surface temperature was $29^{\circ}C$ in August, whereas the bottom water was $7^{\circ}C.$ Surface mixed layer became thicker and its temperature decreased by surface heat loss in fall and winter.

Inversion Phenonena of Temperature Off East Cheju Island in Summer , 1986 (1986년 하계 제주도 동부 해역의 수온 역전 현상)

  • Jo, Gyu-Dae;Park, Seong-U
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 1990
  • The temperature inversions were studied on the basis of Digital Memory Bathythermography(DBT) data collected by training ship, Pusan 402, of the National Fisheries University of Pusan in August 23~25, 1986 and Fisheries Reserach and Development Agency of Korea in August, 1986, The results were as follows; Among the 67 stations of studied area, occurrence frequency of temperature inversion was 58.20%, And the frequency of onefold occurrence of temperature inversion at its profile of each station was 13.42%. of twofold occurrence was 20.80%, and of threefold occurrence was 23.88%. In the studied area, the temperature inversion usually occurred below the 40m depth and its layers also located below the thermocline. The temperature range of its inversion was from 14$^{\circ}C$ to 16$^{\circ}C$. The temperature inversion in the study area was oaused by the interaction between Tsushima Warm Current and Korea Coastal Waters.

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Long-Term Observation of Temperature in the Coastal Waters Adjacent to the Wolsung Nuclear Power Plant (월성 원자력 발전소 주변 해역의 장기간 수온관측)

  • Chung, Jong-Yul;Kang, Hyoun-Woo;Shin, Young-Jae;Kim, Kye-Young;Jun, Ho-Kyung
    • The Sea
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.183-192
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    • 1998
  • The long-term observation of temperature in the coastal waters adjacent to the Wolsung Nuclear Power Plant has been carried out from November 10, 1996 to August 22, 1997, for approximately 280 days using a real-time temperature measurement buoy system. The sea-surface temperature was measured at every 10 minute using 10 buoys. The vertical structure of temperature was investigated near the outlet of the plant with two thermistor chains equipped with 10 sensors at 1 m interval The monthly averaged temperature was the lowest with spatial average of $12.8^{\circ}C$ in February and was the highest in August with spatial average of $19.6^{\circ}C$. The extremely low temperature was frequently observed between June and August, which seems to be the consequence of the intrusion of cold water near the southeastern coast of Korea. Distributions of the daily and hourly averaged temperature show that the highest temperature always occurred near the outlet of the plant and the warm-water patch moved along the north-south direction with the semidiurnal period. The semidiurnal fluctuation of temperature was also observed near the surface of the vertical profiles. The spectral analysis of temperature between February and April 1997 shows that the semidiurnal components prevailed near the outlet. It is likely that the semidiurnal components were due to the prevailing semidiurnal tide in this region. In August 1997, the diurnal components were dominant at the surface water of all stations except Station 12, which suggests that the warm water from the outlet of the plant has less effects in summer on the surrounding waters than the strong solar radiation.

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Temporal and Spatial Variations in Sea Surface Temperature Around Boryeong off the West Coast of Korea From 2011-2012 (2011-2012년 서해 보령연안 수온의 시공간적 변동)

  • Choo, Hyo-Sang;Yoon, Eun-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.497-512
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    • 2017
  • Temporal and spatial variations in surface water temperature were studied using data from temperature monitoring buoys deployed at 47 stations around Boryeong from 2011-2012 off the west coast of Korea. Temperature fluctuations are predominant at diurnal and semidiurnal periods for all seasons, and their amplitudes are large in spring and summer but small in autumn. The maximum annual change in air temperature takes place on August 2nd and August 22th for water temperature, which means the phase for air temperature precedes water temperature by 20 days. The diurnal period of water temperature fluctuation is predominant around Daecheon and Muchangpo Harbors, with the semidiurnal period around Wonsan Island, and the shallow water constituent period on the estuary around Daecheon River. On the whole, air and water temperatures fluctuate with wind. Spectral analyses of temperature records show significant peaks at the 0.5, 1 and 15 day marks with 7-10 day periods of predominant fluctuations. Cross-correlation analyses for the temperature fluctuation show that the waters around Boryeong can be classified into four areas: a mixed water zone around the southeast side of Wonsan Island, an off-shore area to the west, an off-shore area to the south and a coastal area along the shore from Song Island to Muchangpo Harbor.

Survival, Hematologic and Histological Changes of File Fish Thamnaconus modestus Adult Exposed to Different Lower Temperature (저수온에 노출된 말쥐치 Thamnaconus modestus의 생존율, 혈액학적 및 조직학적 반응)

  • Kim, Hae Jin;Lee, Hee-Jung;Kim, Won Jin;Shin, Yun Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.201-207
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    • 2019
  • Temperature is one of the most important criteria considered in species preference for aquaculture. Acute drop in temperature during winter is a cause of disease and mass mortality in farmed fish. This study was carried out the low water temperature tolerance, oxygen consumption, hematologic and histological responses to use as basic data for the management of fish farming which frequently cause death due to winter water temperature drop. Low-lethal water temperature for 4 days of file fish Thamnaconus modestus (4day-LT50) was 6.97℃ (6.69~7.27℃). Oxygen consumption rate decreased with decreasing water temperature, showing a significant difference between water temperatures. SOD activity increased significantly at 6℃ experimental group than control group (10℃) (p<0.05), but CAT did not show any significant difference between experimental temperatures (p>0.05). Cortisol increased with decreasing experimental water temperature compared to control group. Histological changes in the liver include decreased blood vessels in the blood vessels, proliferation of acid cells, condensation of the nucleus, atrophy of pancreatic exocrine gland cells, and enzyme source granules.

Effect of El Niño and La Niña on the Coastal Upwelling in East Sea, South Korea (엘니뇨와 라니냐가 한국 동해 연안용승에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Ho-San;Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the effects of El Niño and La Niña on coastal upwelling in the East Sea of Korea using long-term (1967-2017) water temperature observation data and Oceanic Niño Index (ONI). As a result of time series analysis of water temperature, the occurrence frequency of summer coastal upwelling was the highest in the southeastern (Ulgi ~ Gimpo) coast. In 1987-1988 and 1997-1998, when the annual fluctuations of ONI plunged more than 2.5, the water temperature in whole coast areas of the East Sea (Busan ~ Goseung) rose by 4 ~ 7 ℃. The temperature structure of the East Sea coastal water was different when El Niño was strong with ONI above 1.5 and La Niña with strong ONI below -0.8. When El Niño is strong, the water temperature anomaly in coastal waters is negative. This is due to the strong baroclinic tilting and the formation of shallow temperature stratification in the coastal waters. The strong La Niña season is opposite to the strong El Niño season, whereas the water temperature anomaly is positive. In addition, the baroclinic tilting is weaker than the time of strong El Niño and the temperature stratification is formed deeper than the time of strong El Niño. The formation of temperature stratification at shallow depths when El Niño is strong can increase the probability of occurrence coastal upwelling caused by southerly winds in the summer season. On the contrary, when La Niña is strong, occurrence of coastal upwelling is less likely even if the southerly wind blows continuously. This is because the temperature stratification is formed at deeper than when El Niño is strong.

A Study on the Characteristics of Summer Water Temperature Fluctuations by Spectral Analysis in Coast of Korea in 2016 (스펙트럼 분석을 통한 2016년 하계 한국연안의 수온변동 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Ho-San;Jeong, Yong-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.186-194
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    • 2020
  • In this study, spectral analysis was conducted to identify environmental factors af ecting short-term changes in water temperature in the East, West and South coasts of Korea. The data used in the spectrum analysis is the 2016 summer water temperature, air temperature, tide level and wind data provided by Korea Hydrographic & Oceanographic Agency. In power spectrum results, peaks of water temperature and tide level were observed at same periods in West Sea (Incheon, Pyeungteak, Gunsan and Mokpo) and South Sea (Wando, Goheung, Yeosu, Tongyeong and Masan) where mean tidal range was more than 100 cm. On the other hand, periodicity of water temperature did not appear in East Sea and Busan where the mean tidal range was small. Coherence analysis showed that water temperature was highly correlated with tide in West Sea and three stations(Wando, Goheung and Tongyeong) of South Sea. Especially, correlation between water temperature and tide level in Wando and Tongyeong presented 0.96 at semi-diurnal period. Water temperature in Yeosu seems to have influenced by tide and inflow of fresh water. In Masan, water temperature is influenced by south wind, tide and inflow of fresh water. In East Sea, influence of tide on water temperature is small due to current and small tidal range. As a result of comparing the time series graph, stations where the correlation between water temperature and tide is high show that relatively cold water was inputted at flood tide and flow out at ebb tide. short-term variation of water temperature was affected by tide, but long-term variation over a month was affected by air temperature.

Investigation of correlativity between Water Velocity and Water Temperature at a Natural River (자연하천에서의 유속과 수온의 상관성 조사)

  • Lee, Hyun-Seok;Lee, Geun-Sang;Kim, Young-Sung;Yang, Jae-Rheen
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1879-1883
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구는 자연하천에서의 수온과 유속의 정량적인 관계를 도출하고 이를 검증하기위한 지점별 열화상 촬영 및 분석을 실시하였다. 단계별 연구내용은 다음과 같다. 1)서식처별 수온 모니터링: 수온은 시간 변화에 연동하므로 관측기간 내내 장기간의 모니터링을 실시하였다. 2) 서식처별 유속 관측: 하천에서의 지점별 유속은 강우가 없고 지형변화가 발생하지 않으면 그 차이가 크지 않으므로, 날씨가 좋았던 현장조사 기간 중에는 시간을 고려하지 않은 각 지점별 유속을 취득하였다. 3) 자료 분석: 취득된 수온 자료와 유속 자료를 분석하여 수온과 유속간의 정량적인 상관관계를 규명하였다. 4)분포특성 비교: 대표지점에서의 수치계산 결과와 열화상을 이용하여, 유속과 수온의 면적 분포를 제시하였다. 본 연구에서 제안한 수법을 현업에서 활용하기 위해서는 온도 분포의 주기로 볼 수 있는 1년간의 시기별 조사 및 서식환경이 각각 다른 지점에서의 환경특성을 고려한 분석이 보완되어야만 한다. 하지만 그럼에도 불구하고 적외선 카메라로 촬영한 영상을 이용하여 자연하천에서의 서식지 구분 및 유속 분포를 추정한 본 연구는 향후 그 활용성이 매우 크다고 사료된다.

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Derivation of Non-linear Regression Equations Between Air Temperature and Water Temperature Considering Domestic Watershed Properties (국내 유역 특성을 고려한 기온-수온 비선형 회귀식의 도출 및 적용성 평가)

  • Lee, Hyeon Gu;Lee, Gwanjae;Hong, Jiyeong;Yang, Dongseok;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.139-139
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    • 2020
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC)에 따르면 지난 1세기 반 동안 전 세계 평균 기온은 약 1℃가 상승하였으며, 온실가스 축적에 따라 평균기온은 21세기 중반에서 21세기 말까지 1~3℃가 증가할 것으로 전망되고 있다. 이러한 기온의 상승으로 인한 하천의 수온 변화는 수중에서 온도에 민감한 생화학적 반응의 변화를 유발하여 수질 및 수생태 변화에 영향을 미칠 수 있다. 따라서 효과적인 수질 및 수생태 관리를 위해서는 기온과 수온 사이의 명확한 관계 정립을 통해 수질변화를 정확하게 예측하는 것이 중요하다. 본 연구에서는 국내·외로 널리 활용되고 있는 SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool, SWAT) 모형을 통해 기온-수온 회귀식이 하천 수질변화에 미치는 영향을 정량적으로 분석하고자 하였다. 그러나 기존 SWAT 모형에서의 기온-수온 회귀식은 미국 유역의 환경 특성을 바탕으로 도출되었기 때문에 국내 유역에 적용하기에 한계점이 있다. 따라서 본 연구의 목적은 국내 유역에서의 실측 기온자료와 수온자료를 사용하여 SWAT 모형 내 기온-수온 회귀식을 재도출하고 적용성을 평가하는 것이다.

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