• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수업개선

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Meaning of improving early childhood music classes by teaching in small group mentoring - Early childhood music teaching activities based on musical concepts; using microteaching analysis - (소그룹-멘토링을 활용한 유아음악 수업개선의 의미 탐색 - 음악적 개념에 기초한 유아음악 수업활동에 대한 마이크로티칭 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Chang, Eun-Ju;Jo, Hye-Seon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.503-513
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the meaning(significance) of improving early childhood music teaching classes while analyzing microteaching in small group mentoring process. Improvement on teaching was carried out in the form of fellow teacher mentoring made up of small groups of 4 members through microteaching analysis, and the research findings are as follows. First, it was discovered that a clear understanding of musical concepts and theories must take precedence for desirable teaching of early childhood music. Second, it could be confirmed whether musical concepts are well integrated with actual early childhood music teaching activities through small group mentoring. Third, in the process of small group mentoring using microteaching analysis, sympathy was found to be highly important in the improvement on early childhood music teaching by research participants.

Understanding and predicting elementary teachers' intention to change in mathematics instruction (초등교사의 수학과 수업 개선 의지의 예측과 이해)

  • 오영열
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.267-286
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to understand the structures underlying Korean elementary teachers' attitudinal beliefs toward reform-oriented mathematics instruction and predict their intentions to change traditionally-oriented teaching practice. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) developed by Fishbein and Ajzen provided a conceptual framework for the examination of factors that influence Korean teachers' beliefs, attitudes, subjective norms and perceptions of control factors. Data were gathered through a survey instrument from 281 teachers who teach mathematics in a metropolitan city of Korea. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were conducted to analyze the data. Findings indicate that Korean elementary teachers' change in Instructional practice is based primarily on their judgements regarding the likelihood of occurrences of certain consequences if they engage in teaching mathematics in a reform-oriented way. Teachers' perceptions of important others regarding the reform-oriented mathematics instruction seem to play a minor role in teachers' instructional change. Teachers' perceptions about control factors that prohibit or help teach mathematics in a reform-oriented way do not seem to make significant improvement in predicting their intentions to change traditionally-oriented teaching practice.

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The Effects of Secondary School Teachers' Efforts on Instructional Improvement on Teacher Efficacy: Focused on Comparison among Types of School Climate (중등교사의 수업개선 노력이 교사 효능감에 미치는 영향: 학교풍토 유형 간 비교를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Won Seok;Kil, Hyeji
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.472-483
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    • 2019
  • This study purposed to analyze how teacher experience of instructional change (EIC), teacher morale (TM), and school climate (SC) mediate or moderate the relationship between teacher efforts on instructional improvement (EII) and teacher efficacy (TE). For the purpose, the 6th year data of Gyeonggi Education Panel Study (GEPS) which was administered in 2017 for the 9th grade students and their teachers from 197 middle schools in Gyeonggi Province was used. As results, the mediation effects of EIC on the link between EII and TE was found only under the innovative climate. The moderation effects of TM on the connection between EIC and TE were appeared in both of the permissive and the innovative climate. Finally, the moderated mediation effects of the TM in the innovative climate were bigger rather than in the permissive climate.

Exploring Teacher Change Through the Community of Practice Focused on Improving Mathematics Teaching (수업개선 관행공동체를 통한 교사의 변화 탐색: 수학 수업관행을 중심으로)

  • Oh, Young-Youl
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.251-272
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of the present study is to explore the process of teacher change as elementary school teachers participated in a community focused on improving mathematics teaching. To do so, a professional community lot improving instructional practice consisted of a group of voluntary elementary school teachers. The professional community provides participating teachers with great opportunities to share their understanding of practical knowledge related to mathematics teaching and learning and change mathematical beliefs as well as to learn pedagogical content knowledge. This study approached to teacher professionality in terms of mathematical beliefs and teaching practice. The change of teaching practice was measured coherently both with a questionnaire and with a mathematics teaching standard developed for this study. The findings of this study point out that techers' beliefs about how students learn mathematics have chantged. This study also indicated that after participating in the professional community focused on improving mathematics teaching, teachers' mathematical teaching is changed toward the more students' oriented way. Especially, it is observed that the meaningful change in participating teachers' teaching practice took place with respect to the role of teachers, students' interaction, mathematical tasks, and problem solving. Finally, this study implies that teachers can have an opportunity to change their beliefs and deepen their professionality about elementary mathematics teaching and learning through participating in the community of practice, through which participating teachers can share their practical knowledge and their understandings about teaching and learning of elementary mathematics.

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Development of flipped learning course model based on instructor coaching (교수자 코칭에 기반한 대학의 플립러닝강좌 개발 모델)

  • Kim, EunHee;Byun, HoSeung
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.39-52
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    • 2018
  • There has been a lot of interest in flipped learning, but lacked practical research to support the faculty developing flipped learning courses in higher education institutions. The purpose of this study is to develop a consulting model for developing a flipped learning course that can be practically used by institutions such as center for teaching and learning that support faculty teaching to improve the quality of instruction. A 'Coaching based on flip learning course development consulting model' was derived through literature review and expert feedback. The 8-step model is as follows: 1) survey of class development, 2) course orientation, 3) flipped learning, 4) expert class analysis, 5) flipped learning coaching, 6) flipped learning operation, 7) instructor reflection, and 8) feedback and revision. Based on the results of this study, it is possible to provide professional and practical guide systematically, and also help to improve quality of lesson.

A Study on Methodology for Teaching Improvement on the University (대학교 수업개선을 위한 방법론에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Eun Jee
    • The Journal of Korean Institute for Practical Engineering Education
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2012
  • The Knowledge-Based Society in $21^{st}$ century requires innovation in colleges' roles and characteristics. The recent colleges stress researches on industry and school in industrialized society; they try to improve the quality of higher education and to have responsibility of instructing vocational education. However, professors do not have enough opportunities to consider about teaching methods. Thus, during the class, they often fail to demonstrate their actual experience. This is because they have not gained enough chances to improve professionalism of lecture. Therefore, colleges have to provide more opportunities to professors to improve their abilities of teaching. This paper proposes mentoring programs, portfolio, and micro-teaching for improvement of lecture.

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Evaluation and Feedback Model for Improvement of Education Quality (교육 품질 향상을 위한 수업 평가 및 환류 모델)

  • Kim, Do-Hyeun;Koh, Eun-Hyeon;Park, Jung-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.1193-1196
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    • 2010
  • 최근 전국의 각 대학교와 한국대학교육협의회에서는 대학교 경쟁력을 우수한 인재를 양성하는 교육에 있다고 보고, 교육 활동에 비중을 높이고 강의 및 학생 지도에 역량을 집중하고 있다. 지금까지 대학 교육 활동의 대부분을 차지하는 수업에 대한 평가는 학생의견을 바탕으로 한 강의평가와 교수업적 반영 위주로 진행되고 있다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 교육 활동영역에서 수업의 평가 지표를 마련하고 체계적인 수업 개선을 위해 수업 평가 요인을 도출하고, 평가 결과물을 토대로 평가 요인에 적합한 개선 방안을 제시하는 환류 체계를 제시하고자 한다. 이를 통하여 강의평가 결과가 평가 항목에 따른 측정 결과 제시에서 수업 개선의 피드백을 제공하는데 초점을 맞추어 체계적으로 수업의 품질을 관리할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

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For the Reflective Practice of Math Classes : Case Study on the Learning Community of Math Teachers in a School (수학 수업의 성찰적 실천을 위하여 : 학교 안 수학교사 학습공동체 운영 사례 연구)

  • Oh, Taek-Keun
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.105-126
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    • 2016
  • Math classes has been regarded as an independent area of a teacher and his/her students of a particular class. In Recent discussions about the professional development of teachers, for the improvement of practices, the point of view of that the community of teachers must work together is spreading. What are the considerations in organization and operation of learning communities for professional development of teachers? In this study, we analyzed the case of the learning community of math teachers in a Science Academy for the purpose of improving math classes to promote the participation of learners. Research results show that teachers share the principles and goals of mathematics teaching through the learning community. Also, through participation in learning communities, the members were practicing the lessons improved by reflection on the lessons of his/her and their colleagues. These results provide implication that it is important to provide opportunities for objectifying his/her classes through the learning community for a substantial improvement in math classes.

예비 초등교사의 수학 수업에 대한 자기효능감

  • O, Yeong-Yeol
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구의 목적은 예비 초등교사의 수학 수업에 대한 자기효능감을 조사함으로써 예비 교사를 위한 수학 교육프로그램 개선에 도움이 되고자 하는데 있다. 기존의 문헌 분석에 의하면 수업에 대한 교사들의 자기효능감은 수업 수행 능력과 학생들의 학습에 크게 영향을 미치는 것으로 알려졌다. 뿐만 아니라 최근 우리가 지향하고 있는 교사들에 대한 학습자 중심 수학 수업으로의 개선과 변화된 수업 방식의 지속성에 매우 유효한 요인이 된다. 예비 초등교사들을 대상으로 한 본 연구 결과에 의하면 이들의 수학 수업에 대한 자기효능감은 보통의 수준에 머물러 있으며, 특히 상당수의 예비 교사들은 자신의 수학 수업에 대한 자신감이 매우 부족한 것으로 들어났다. 이러한 결과는 아마도 현재 교육대학교에서 예비 교사들에게 제공하는 수학 교육과 관련된 과목을 수강할 수 있는 기회가 매우 제한적인 데서 그 원인을 찾을 수 있으며, 이는 또한 수학 교육 프로그램의 초점이 예비 교사들의 수학 수업 능력의 측면에 초점이 맞추어져야 한다는 것을 시사한다. 예비 교사들의 수학 수업에 대한 자기 효능감은 그들이 이해하고 있는 수학 교수법적 지식과 매우 관련이 깊은 것으로 나타났다.

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Application of the KTOP (Korean Teaching Observation Protocol) for Observing and Improving Science Teaching in Teaching Practicum (교육실습에서 과학수업의 관찰과 개선을 위한 KTOP (Korean Teaching Observation Protocol)의 활용)

  • Kim, Sujung;Park, Jongwon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.961-970
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    • 2017
  • In this study, KTOP (Korean Teaching Observation Protocol) was applied to teaching practicum for improving pre-service teachers' science teaching. To do this, four pre-service teachers and supervisor teacher observed and analyzed the lessons using the KTOP, and tried to improve he succeeding lessons through collaboration activities. As a result, the pre-service teachers conducted the collaboration activities based on the lesson analysis using the KTOP, therefore it was concluded that the KTOP took a practical role of guidance for improving pre-service science teachers' teaching. And it was found that the collaboration activities using the KTOP helped the improvement of the succeeding lesson, however, more iterative application is necessary for more effective improvement of teaching. Based on the analysis of questionnaire, observation, and interview, it was found that pre-service teachers need to be confident about the use of the KTOP and strive to become a student-centered lesson. And, the KTOP needs to be modified by reducing the number of items and as a more convenient form. Finally, it was inferred that we need to give an effort to help students recognize that learning should be self-directed.