• Title/Summary/Keyword: 수심 정확도

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Accuracy Analysis of Velocity and Water Depth Measurement in the Straight Channel using ADCP (ADCP를 이용한 직선 하천의 유속 및 수심 측정 정확도 분석)

  • Kim, Jongmin;Kim, Dongsu;Son, Geunsoo;Kim, Seojun
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.367-377
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    • 2015
  • ADCPs have been highlighted so far for measuring steramflow discharge in terms of their high-order of accuracy, relatively low cost and less field operators driven by their easy in-situ operation. While ADCPs become increasingly dominant in hydrometric area, their actual measurement accuracy for velocity and bathymetry measurement has not been sufficiently validated due to the lack of reliable bench-mark data, and subsequently there are still many uncertain aspects for using ADCPs in the field. This research aimed at analyzing inter-comparison results between ADCP measurements with respect to the detailed ADV measurement in a specified field environment. Overall, 184 ADV points were collected for densely designed grids for the given cross-section that has 6 m of width, 1 m of depth, and 0.7 m/s of averaged mean flow velocity. Concurrently, ADCP fixed-points measurements were conducted for each 0.2m and 0.02m of horizontal and vertical spacing respectively. The inter-comparison results indicated that ADCP matched ADV velocity very accurately for 0.4~0.8 of relative depth (y/h), but noticeable deviation occurred between them in near surface and bottom region. For evaluating the capacity of measuring bathymetry of ADCPs, bottom tracking bathymetry based on oblique beams showed better performance than vertical beam approach, and similar results were shown for fixed and moving-boat method as well. Error analysis for velocity and bathymetry measurements of ADCP can be potentially able to be utilized for the more detailed uncertainty analysis of the ADCP discharge measurement.

Improvement of Multi-beam Echo Sounder's Depth Accuracy (다중빔 음향측심기 수심 정확도 개선)

  • Choi Chul Eung;Kim Youn Soo;Suh Yong Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2005
  • Multi-beam echo sounder is more precise and efficient than single beam echo sounder relatively because it is able to survey a wide area with 3 times or 4 times swath width as much as the depth of water using multi-beam echo sounder. It is sure to be needed to control supplementary equipment accurately, however, because the principle of creation and measurement of the beam is elaborate and influenced a great deal by vessel's motion. We analyzed using visual and statistical methods in both sections of the depth of water where were the places of the center of the beam and ± 45° angles from the central beam to improve the precise of Multi-beam echo sounder in this study. In result, it was required to control supplementary equipment because of errors from the vibration of an inertia governor and misalignment of extra units. Therefore, we reduced the vibration from the vessel's engine by sticking rubbers to the inertia governor and measured the offset values of extra units accurately, converted them to the values of horizontal position and lined up. In result, the precise in sounding the depth at the place of ± 45° from the center of the beam was improved from the level of the 1st order to the special order in a hydrographic survey of the IHO S44 standards and a phenomenon of ripple patterns in the overlapped area by misalignment was decreased remarkably.

A precision analysis of Baengnyeongdo Multi-beam echosounder data using acoustic ray theory (음선이론을 이용한 백령도 부근해역 다중빔 수심측량 자료의 수직.수평 오차 분석)

  • You, Seung-Ki;Joo, Jong-Min;Choi, Jee-Woong;Kim, Young-Bae;Jung, Hyun;Kim, Seo-Cheol;Park, Sung-Kyeu
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2009.10a
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2009
  • Bathymetry survey around the Baengnyeong-do was made by the Korea Hydrographic and Oceanographic Administration (KHOA), using the Simrad EM3000 Multi-Beam EchoSounder (MBES) mounted at the hull of the R/V Badaro 1. Sound velocity were monitored with frequent sound velocity profiler(SVP) casts during the acoustic measurements. The depth distribution and fluctuation of thermocline varied locally owing to the effect of several current flows such as Kuroshio current and Yellow sea coastal waters. These uncertainties cause the falling-off in accuracy of MBES results. In this paper, the bathymetry results will be presented and their accuracy will be discussed along with comparisons to the time and spatial variations in sound velocity profile.

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Estimation of river water depth using UAV-assisted RGB imagery and multiple linear regression analysis (무인기 지원 RGB 영상과 다중선형회귀분석을 이용한 하천 수심 추정)

  • Moon, Hyeon-Tae;Lee, Jung-Hwan;Yuk, Ji-Moon;Moon, Young-Il
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.53 no.12
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    • pp.1059-1070
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    • 2020
  • River cross-section measurement data is one of the most important input data in research related to hydraulic and hydrological modeling, such as flow calculation and flood forecasting warning methods for river management. However, the acquisition of accurate and continuous cross-section data of rivers leading to irregular geometric structure has significant limitations in terms of time and cost. In this regard, a primary objective of this study is to develop a methodology that is able to measure the spatial distribution of continuous river characteristics by minimizing the input of time, cost, and manpower. Therefore, in this study, we tried to examine the possibility and accuracy of continuous cross-section estimation by estimating the water depth for each cross-section through multiple linear regression analysis using RGB-based aerial images and actual data. As a result of comparing with the actual data, it was confirmed that the depth can be accurately estimated within about 2 m of water depth, which can capture spatially heterogeneous relationships, and this is expected to contribute to accurate and continuous river cross-section acquisition.

An Improvement of Efficiently Establishing Topographic Data for Small River using UAV (UAV를 이용한 소하천 지형자료 구축에 관한 효율성 제고)

  • Yeo, Han Jo;Choi, Seung Pil;Yeu, Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 2016
  • Due to the recent technical development and the enhancement of image resolution, Unmanned Airborne Vehicles(UAVs) have been used for various fields. A low altitude UAV system takes advantage of taking riverbed imagery at small rivers as well as land surface imagery on the ground. The bathymetric data are generated from the low altitude UAV system. The accuracy of the data is analyzed along water depths, comparing GPS observations and a DSM generated from UAV images. It is found that the depth accuracy of the geospatial data below 50 cm depth of water satisfies the regulation(${\pm}10cm$ spatial accuracy) of bathymetric surveying. Therefore this research shows that the geospatial data generated from UAV images at shallow regions of rivers can be used for bathymetric surveying.

Coastal Shallow-Water Bathymetry Survey through a Drone and Optical Remote Sensors (드론과 광학원격탐사 기법을 이용한 천해 수심측량)

  • Oh, Chan Young;Ahn, Kyungmo;Park, Jaeseong;Park, Sung Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.162-168
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    • 2017
  • Shallow-water bathymetry survey has been conducted using high definition color images obtained at the altitude of 100 m above sea level using a drone. Shallow-water bathymetry data are one of the most important input data for the research of beach erosion problems. Especially, accurate bathymetry data within closure depth are critically important, because most of the interesting phenomena occur in the surf zone. However, it is extremely difficult to obtain accurate bathymetry data due to wave-induced currents and breaking waves in this region. Therefore, optical remote sensing technique using a small drone is considered to be attractive alternative. This paper presents the potential utilization of image processing algorithms using multi-variable linear regression applied to red, green, blue and grey band images for estimating shallow water depth using a drone with HD camera. Optical remote sensing analysis conducted at Wolpo beach showed promising results. Estimated water depths within 5 m showed correlation coefficient of 0.99 and maximum error of 0.2 m compared with water depth surveyed through manual as well as ship-board echo-sounder measurements.

Design of Dam Spillway with One Dimensional Numerical Model (1차원 수치모형을 이용한 댐 여수로 설계)

  • Kim, Won;Han, Kun-Yeun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2006.05a
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    • pp.1737-1740
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 1차원 수치모형을 이용하여 댐 여수로에서 발생하는 흐름을 해석하였다. 본 연구에서 사용한 1차원 수치모형은 매우 복잡한 지형에 적용이 가능하며, 상류가 사류가 동시에 발생하거나 도수가 발생하는 흐름도 해석할 수 있는 모형이다. 이 모형은 해석해를 가지는 도수의 경우에 적용하여 검증된 바 있으며, 자연하천의 보에서 발생하는 불연속 흐름에 대해서도 적용된 바 있다. 또한 매우 불규칙한 자연하천에서 발생하는 흐름도 효과적으로 모의할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 댐 여수로 흐름 해석을 평가하기 위해 단순화된 하도에서 발생하는 불연속 흐름에 대해 이론적인 해와 비교하였다. 또한 댐 수리모형 결과에 수치모형을 적용하여 빈도별로 발생하는 흐름을 해석하였다. 해석결과 여수로에서 발생하는 매우 작은 수심을 정확하게 모의하였으며, 여수로 직하류부에서 발생하는 도수의 발생위치, 발생 전후의 수위도 잘 모의하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 여수로 및 도수 전후에 발생하는 유속도 정확하게 모의하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 본 연구에서는 1차원 수치모형을 여수로 뿐만아니라 댐 상류 하천, 저수부, 여수로 접근수로, 여수로, 도수, 하류하천등으로 구성되는 전 구간의 흐름을 동시에 모의하기 적용하였다. 적용 결과 댐 저수지 상류 하천과 저수지, 저수지와 접근수로, 접근 수로와 여수로, 여수로와 도수, 도수 발생 후와 하류하천 등에서 복잡하게 형성되는 흐름을 동시에 잘 모의하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구에서 사용한 1차원 수치모형을 이용하면 댐 여수로나 저수지, 연계되어 있는 상하류 하천에서의 흐름을 동시에 해석할 수 있기 때문에 향후 수리모형실험과 연계하여 댐 설계에 효율적으로 사용될 수 있을 것으로 전망된다.지는 것으로 평가되었다. 그러나 본 연구결과를 통하여 투수성 포장과 지하수에 관련된 매개변수의 집적과 분석결과는 현장기술 적용 시 매개변수의 유용한 선택과 도시유역의 물 순환 건전화 대안기술 적용에 효과적인 방법론을 제시할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.첨두홍수량을 저류하기 위해서 상대적으로 넓은 저류면적이 필요한 것으로 나타난다. 대등한 수위감소값의 홍수저감효과를 발휘하기 위해서 본 연구에서는 On-Line 저류지 면적은 Off-Line 저류지에 비 두배 이상이 필요한 것으로 보여졌다.들에 관한 정보는 종종 현장관측에서 조차 무시되는 경우가 많다. 이에 본 연구에서는 수질모형의 매개변수 중 특히 수리특성에 관련된 매개변수들이 수질에 미치는 영향을 파악하는 것을 목적으로 하고 있다. 이를 위해 적용된 수질모형은 QualKo를 사용하였으며, 대상 하천은 낙동강 본류 경남구간 시점 부근인 회천 합류 전부터 낙동강 본류 경남구간 종점 부근인 밀양강 합류 전까지의 경남 오염총량관리 기본계획 시 구축된 모형 매개변수를 바탕으로 분석을 수행하였다. 일차오차분석을 이용하여 수리매개변수와 수질매개변수의 수질항목별 상대적 기여도를 파악해 본 결과, 수리매개변수는 DO, BOD, 유기질소, 유기인 모든 항목에 일정 정도의 상대적 기여도를 가지고 있는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이로부터 수질 모형의 적용 시 수리 매개변수 또한 수질 매개변수의 추정 시와 같이 보다 세심한 주의를 기울여 추정할 필요가 있을 것으로 판단된다.변화와 기흉 발생과의 인과관계를 확인하고 좀 더 구체화하기 위한 연구가 필요할 것이다.게 이루어질 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.는 초과수익률이 상승하지만, 이후로는 감소하므로, 반전거래전략을 활용하는 경우 주식투자기간

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Integrated Geospatial Information Construction of Ocean and Terrain Using Multibeam Echo Sounder Data and Airborne Lidar Data (항공 Lidar와 멀티빔 음향측심 자료를 이용한 해상과 육상의 통합 지형공간정보 구축)

  • Lee, Jae-One;Choi, Hye-Won;Yun, Bu-Yeol;Park, Chi-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.28-39
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    • 2014
  • Several studies have been performed globally on the construction of integrated systems that are available for the integrated use of 3D geographic information on terrain and oceans. Research on 3D geographic modeling is also facilitated by the application of Lidar surveying, which enables the highly accurate realization of 3D geographic information for a wide area of land. In addition, a few marine research organizations have been conducting investigations and surveying diverse ocean information for building and applying MGIS(Marine Geographic Information System). However, the construction of integrated geographic information systems for both terrain and oceans has certain limitations resulting from the inconsistency in reference systems and datum levels between two data. Therefore, in this investigation, integrated geospatial information has been realized by using a combined topographical map, after matching the reference systems and datum levels by integration of airborne Lidar data and multi-beam echo sounder data. To verify the accuracy of the integrated geospatial information data, ten randomly selected samples from study areas were selected and analyzed. The results show that the 10 analyzed data samples have an RMSE of 0.46m, which meets the IHO standard(0.5m) for depth accuracy of hydrographic surveys.