• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수소생산

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Hydrogen Production from Tofu Manufacturing Wastewater by Heat-treated Anaerobic Microflora from the Concentrated Sewage Sludge (농축 하수오니 유래 열처리 혐기세균 복합체를 이용한 두부제조 폐수로부터 수소 생산)

  • Oh, You-Kwan;Kim, Mi-Sun
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.410-416
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    • 2008
  • 합성 및 두부 제조 폐수로부터 혐기 세균 복합체를 이용하여 수소를 생산하였다. 수소생산 혐기 세균 복합체는 하수처리장 농축 소화조에서 발생하는 슬러지를 $90^{\circ}C$에서 20분간 열처리하여 얻었다. 혐기 세균 복합체는 $37^{\circ}C$ 회분식 운전조건에서 1% (w/v) 포도당 함유 PYG (peptone-yeast extract-glucose) 배지로부터 1.15 L-$H_2$/g-균체건조량의 수소를 생산할 수 있었고, 이때 주요 유기산으로 15 mM acetate와 32 mM butyrate가 생성되었다. 같은 발효조건에서 1.4% 전분과 0.07% 환원당을 포함하는 두부 제조 폐수로부터 1.76 L $H_2$/L-두부제조폐수의 수소를 발생하였다. 이와 같은 결과로 부터 포도당과 두부 제조 폐수로부터 혐기세균 복합체에 의한 수소생산 효율은 각각 1.9과 0.9 mol $H_2$/mol 포도당을 나타내었다. 반연속운전(HRT, 12 시간)시 합성폐수를 이용하여 60일 이상 안정적으로 수소를 생산할 수 있었고, 이 때 혐기 세균 복합체는 1.3-2.0 L $H_2$/L-배양액을 발생하였다. PCR-DGGE(polymer chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis) 분석결과, 반응기 내 세균 복합체의 주요 미생물은 Clostridium 종이었다. 본 연구는 적절한 열처리를 통해 혐기 소화조 슬러지로부터 고활성 수소생산 세균 복합체를 얻을 수 있으며, 이들 세균 복합체를 이용하여 합성 및 두부제조 폐수로부터 효율적인 수소생산이 가능하다는 것을 나타내고 있다.

Current Status of Photobiological Hydrogen Production Technology Using Unicellular Marine Cyanobacterial Strains (단세포성 해양남세균 종주를 이용한 광생물학적 수소생산 기술)

  • Park, Jong-Woo;Kim, Jae-Man;Yih, Won-Ho
    • The Sea
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 2009
  • Among various microscopic organisms producing photobiological hydrogen, cyanobacteria have long been recognized as the promising biological agents for hydrogen economy in 21 century. For photobiological production of hydrogen energy, marine unicellular $N_2$-fixing cyanobacteria have been evaluated as an ideal subgroup of Cyanophyceae. To develope the hydrogen production technology using unicellular $N_2$-fixing cyanobacteria, 3 important factors are pre-requisite: 1) isolation of the best strain from marine natural environment, 2) exploration on the strain-specific optimal conditions for the photobiological hydrogen production, and finally 3) application of the molecular genetic tools to improve the natural ability of the strain to produce hydrogen. Here we reviewed the recent research & development to commercialize photobiological hydrogen production technology, and suggest that intensive R&D during next 10-15 years should be imperative for the future Korean initiatives in the field of the photobiological hydrogen production technology using photosynthetic marine unicellular cyanobacterial strains.

Hydrogen Production in Biological Way as Alternative Energy (생물학적인 방법을 통한 대체 에너지로서의 수소생산)

  • Jo, Younghwa;Jo, ByungHoon;Cha, Hyung Joon
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2011
  • Development of alternative energy is needed as the fossil is started to be exhausted. This alternative energy should be environmental friendly and renewable. Currently, the alternative energy which gets the most attraction is hydrogen. Hydrogen can be produced by a number of different processes. Among those methods, hydrogen production in biological way is considered as the most environmental friendly method. However, productivity of biological hydrogen production is not good enough to be commercialized yet. Thus, many researchers are trying to improve productivity and yield of biohydrogen production. Here, progress in the diverse developmental approaches on biological hydrogen production, is reviewed.

Nuclear Hydrogen Production Technology Development Using Very High Temperature Reactor (초고온가스로를 이용한 원자력수소생산 기술개발)

  • Kim, Yong-Wan;Kim, Eung-Seon;Lee, Ki-yooung;Kim, Min-hwan
    • Transactions of the KSME C: Technology and Innovation
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.299-305
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    • 2015
  • Nuclear hydrogen production technology is being developed for the future energy supply system. The sulfur-iodine thermo-chemical hydrogen production process directly splits water by using of the heat generated from very high temperature gas-cooled reactor, a typical Generation IV nuclear system. Nuclear hydrogen key technologies are composed of VHTR simulation technology at elevated temperature, computational tools, TRISO fuel, and sulfur iodine hydrogen production technology. Key technology for nuclear hydrogen production system were developed and demonstrated in a laboratory scale test facility. Technical challenges for the commercial hydrogen production system were discussed.

Economic Evaluation of Two-step Biohydrogen/biomethane Production Process (이단계 바이오 수소/메탄 생산공정의 경제성 평가)

  • Oh, You-Kwan;Kim, Yu-Jin;Kim, Mi-Sun;Park, Sung-Hoon
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.98-108
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 이 단계 연속 바이오 수소/메탄 생산공정의 경제성을 조사하였다. 경제적 관점에서 다양한 수소 및 메탄 발효용 생물반응기를 비교 평가하였다. 이를 바탕으로 포도당으로부터 일 단계 수소발효를 위해 고온 trickling biofilter 반응기 (TBR, $100\;m^3$ 규모)를, 일 단계 반응의 부산물로 생성된 유기산과 알콜류의 이 단계 메탄전환을 위해 고온 upflow anaerobic sludge 반응기 (UASB; $700\;m^3$ 규모)를 선정하였다. 본 이 단계 공정의 수소생산 비용은 $$\;0.26/Nm^3$으로 계산되었고, 이는 고온 TBR 반응기만을 이용한 경우보다 약 30 % 낮았다. 이 단계 공정의 낮은 수소생산 비용은 높은 에너지 회수율과 낮은 슬러지 처리비용에 의한 것이었다. 생물학적 수소 생산공정의 경제성은 탄소원의 종류, 생물반응기의 형태 등 여러 인자에 의해 변경될 수 있으나, 본 연구결과는 향후 연구를 위한 유용한 기준으로 고려될 수 있다.

Technical Trends of Hydrogen Production (수소생산 기술동향)

  • Ryi, Shin-Kun;Han, Jae-Yun;Kim, Chang-Hyun;Lim, Hankwon;Jung, Ho-Young
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2017
  • The increase of greenhouse gases and the concern of global warming instigate the development and spread of renewable energy and hydrogen is considered one of the clean energy sources. Hydrogen is one of the most elements in the earth and exist in the form of fossil fuel, biomass and water. In order to use hydrogen for a clean energy source, the hydrogen production method should be eco-friendly and economic as well. There are two different hydrogen production methods: conventional thermal method using fossil fuel and renewable method using biomass and water. Steam reforming, autothermal reforming, partial oxidation, and gasification (using solid fuel) have been considered for hydrogen production from fossil fuel. When using fossil fuel, carbon dioxide should be separated from hydrogen and captured to be accepted as a clean energy. The amount of hydrogen from biomass is insignificant. In order to occupy noticeable portion in hydrogen industries, biomass conversion, especially, biological method should be sufficiently improved in a process efficiency and a microorganism cultivation. Electrolysis is a mature technology and hydrogen from water is considered the most eco-friendly method in terms of clean energy when the electric power is from renewable sources such as photovoltaic cell, solar heat, and wind power etc.

$H_2$ Production by a Purple Sulfur Bacterium Blooming in Lake Kaiike (카이이케호에서 농밀하게 분포하는 Purple Sulfur Bacterium의 수소생산)

  • Matsuyama, Michiro;Moon, Sang-Wook
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 1997
  • $H_2$ production by Chromatium sp., a large purple sulfur bacterium blooming in lake Kaiike, under various environmental conditions was examined. Chromatium sp. produced $H_2$ only in the presence of light and $H_2$. Maximum $H_2$ production ($0.01\;{\mu}mol/hr/(mg\;dry\;cell\;weight)$) was obtained in the solution of 20 mg $H_2S-S/l$ under low light intensity (1000 lux) at $30^{\circ}C$. $H_2$ production was severely inhibited by the presence of $N_2\;or\;NH_4^+$. The rate observed for Chromatium sp. was relatively low compared to that of other phototrophic bacteria. Chromatium sp. is probably a most potent Ha producing species in lake Kaiike, since the bacterium readily produced $H_2$ photoautotrophically even at low light intensities by the application of suboptimal $H_2$ concentrations. Based on the photoautotrophic characteristics of bacterial $H_2$ production, it is suggested that Chromatium sp. can be an economic and practical species for biological $H_2$ production system, particularly in temperate region.

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Carbon-free Hydrogen Production Using Membrane Reactors (막촉매반응기를 이용한 수소생산)

  • Do, Si-Hyun;Roh, Ji Soo;Park, Ho Bum
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.297-306
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    • 2018
  • This review focused carbon-free hydrogen productions from ammonia decomposition including inorganic membranes, catalysts and the presently studied reactor configurations. It also contains general information about hydrogen productions from hydrocarbons as hydrogen carriers. A Pd-based membrane (e.g. a porous ceramic or porous metallic support with a thin selective layer of Pd alloy) shows its efficiency to produce the high purity hydrogen. Ru-based catalysts consisted of Ru, support, and promoter are the efficient catalysts for ammonia decomposition. Packed bed membrane reactor (PBMR), Fluidized bed membrane reactor (FBMR), and membrane micro-reactor have been studied mainly for the optimization and the improvement of mass transfer limitation. Various types of reactors, which contain various combinations of hydrogen-selective membranes (i.e. Pd-based membranes) and catalysts (i.e. Ru-based catalysts) including catalytic membrane reactor, have been studied for carbon-free hydrogen production to achieve high ammonia conversion and high hydrogen flux and purity.