• Title/Summary/Keyword: 수면장애

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Relationship between Smoking and Sleep Disturbance (흡연과 수면장애의 관계)

  • Bae, Sanghyeok;Kim, Hong Soon;Kang, Seung-Gul
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2018
  • Smoking is one of the most harmful causes of disease. Many previous researches have shown that cigarette smoking leads to cardiovascular, respiratory, oncologic, and cerebrovascular diseases. In addition to such adverse effects, the literature indicates that cigarette smoking can worsen sleep quality and induce sleep disorders. This review focuses on the relationship between smoking/nicotine and sleep and sleep disorders of insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and restless legs syndrome. Because smoking is a behavioral pattern that can be changed, it is important to quit smoking to improve overall health and sleep.

A Convergence Study of Depression, Health-Related Quality of Life and Sleep Disturbance according to the Level of Physical Activity of Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석 환자의 신체활동량 수준에 따른 우울, 건강관련 삶의 질 및 수면장애에 관한 융합 연구)

  • Park, Young-Joo;Kim, Young-Suk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.345-355
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the convergence factors affecting of physical activity level on hemodialysis patients' depression, health-related quality of life and sleep disorders. The participants were 193 hemodialysis patients undergoing hemodialysis in five hospitals in two cities. Data were analyzed by technical statistics, correlation and hierarchical regression. The results showed that depression and physical activity were negatively correlated (r = -.259, p <.01), and physical and mental health related quality of life and physical activity correlated positively (R = .273, p <.01, r = .186, p <.01), respectively. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that the higher the quality of life related to physical health, the higher the level of physical activity of hemodialysis patients (${\beta}=.22$, p <.01). Therefore, it is required to develop an intervention program to improve health-related quality of life by improving the physical activity of hemodialysis patients.

The Influence of Cancer Fatigue, Quality of Sleep, and Environmental Sleep Disturbance on Comfort in Hospitalized Cancer Patients (입원한 암환자의 암피로, 수면의 질 및 환경적 수면장애가 안위에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee-Jin;Chang, Hee-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.643-653
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    • 2020
  • This study is a descriptive research study to identify the relationship between cancer fatigue, quality of sleep, environmental sleep disturbance, and comfort perceived by hospitalized cancer patients. Data were collected with structured questionnaires from 113 cancer patients from a university hospital in J city, Gyengnam, from September 17 to November 5, 2019, and analyzed using SPSS 21.0, using independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. The subjects' Comfort is significantly different depending on education level, Cancerous type, Radiation treatment status, Usual exercise status. The result showed that comfort was negatively correlated with cancer fatigue(r=-.609, p<.001), quality of sleep(r=-.478, p<.001), and environmental sleep disturbance(r=-.297, p=.001). The variables that had a significant effect on comfort were cancer fatigue(β=-.42, p<.001), subjective quality of sleep(β=-.30, p=.001), and cancer type(β=-.18, p<.015), and the explanatory power was 46.1%(F=27.24, p<.001). Based on these results, it is necessary to develop a program to improve the quality of sleep and to reduce the cancer fatigue by cooperating with medical and nursing staff in multidisciplinary ways to enhance the comfort of hospitalized cancer patients.

Attenuation Effects of Herbal Mixture Extract on Stress and Sleep Disturbance in Rats (구속 스트레스 및 수면장애를 유도한 흰쥐에서 허브 복합추출물에 의한 개선 효과)

  • Jung, An Na;Lee, Bo Kyung;Lee, Doo Yi;Lee, Ji In;Jung, Yi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.313-320
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    • 2016
  • In the present study, we examined whether or not an herbal mixture extract (HME) has attenuation effects on immobilization stress and sleep disturbance in rats. Immobilization stress was induced by restricting movement using a constraint box for 2 h, and sleep disturbance was induced by exposure to 300 lx of constant light for 24 h and injection of caffeine (1 mg/kg, i.p.). Rats were orally treated with distilled water (vehicle) or HME for 3 weeks at different doses of 10, 30, and 100 mg/kg/d (HME I, II, and III, respectively). In the immobilization model, HME III treatment significantly decreased adrenal gland weight, whereas HME II and III treatment reduced plasma levels of cortisol. HME II and III also reduced the level of IL-6. In the sleep disturbance model, HME II and III meaningfully reduced the plasma level of cortisol, and the increased plasma level of melatonin. HME III significantly increased body weight. HME reduced immobilization stress and ameliorated disturbance in rats. These findings suggest that HME may have beneficial potential for attenuation of sleep disturbance and stress.

Effects of Dan Jeon Breathing on Stress, Sleep Disturbance and Self-esteem of Hemodialysis Patients (단전호흡이 혈액투석환자의 스트레스, 수면장애 및 자아존중감에 미치는 효과)

  • Jeong, Mi-Hyun;Park, Ok-Lae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.5882-5892
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to examine the effects of Dan Jeon Breathing on stress, sleep disturbance and self-esteem of hemodialysis patients. This study used the nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Before applying the Dan Jeon Breathing program, the patients were divided into the experimental group and the control group, respectively, and were requested to report their self-ratings to measure their stress, sleep disturbance and self-esteem. The Dan Jeon Breathing program was given to experimental groups for 60 minutes a day and 2 times a week for 12 weeks. The data collected from the program were analyzed by means of ${\chi}^2$ test, Fisher's exact probability test, Shapiro-Wilk and t-test. The analyses revealed that the stress(t=-2.95, p=.006) and sleep disturbance(t=-2.13, p=.041) levels of the experimental group decreased after Dan Jeon Breathing compared to those of the control group. The difference in self-esteem(t=2.44, p=.020) level was statistically significant. From the above results, it was verified that Dan Jeon Breathing could be used as nursing intervention for hemodialysis patients to mitigate their stress, sleep disturbance and to improve their self-esteem.

Effects of non-pharmacological interventions for adults with insomnia in Korea: A meta-analysis (국내 수면장애 성인을 위한 비약물적 중재 효과에 대한 메타분석)

  • Chung, Bok-Yae;Park, Hyeon-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of non-pharmacological interventions for Korean adults with insomnia. Literature review was performed for articles published between 2000 and 2016 in electronic databases. Sixteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Data were analyzed by R version 3.3.1 for windows. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model; the overall effect size of non-pharmacological interventions on sleep was significantly large (Hedges' g=2.36, 95% CI: 1.44~3.28). For heterogeneity, a moderator analysis was performed using the study design, participants, age group, intervention, presence of hospitalization, and sleep measurement. There was a statistically significant difference between the effects of moderator variables, except for the study design and participants. Of the interventions, auricular acupressure reported to have the largest effect size on sleep. The findings in this study indicate that non-pharmacological interventions have a positive effect on sleep, providing objective evidence to improve sleep in adults with insomnia using effective interventions.

Prediction of Sleep Disturbances in Korean Rural Elderly through Longitudinal Follow Up (추적 관찰을 통한 한국 농촌 노인의 수면 장애 예측)

  • Park, Kyung Mee;Kim, Woo Jung;Choi, Eun Chae;An, Suk Kyoon;Namkoong, Kee;Youm, Yoosik;Kim, Hyeon Chang;Lee, Eun
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.38-45
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Sleep disturbance is a very rapidly growing disease with aging. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sleep disturbances and its predictive factors in a three-year cohort study of people aged 60 years and over in Korea. Methods: In 2012 and 2014, we obtained data from a survey of the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. We asked participants if they had been diagnosed with stroke, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, arthritis, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, cataract, glaucoma, hepatitis B, urinary incontinence, prostate hypertrophy, cancer, osteoporosis, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, or metabolic syndrome. Cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination for dementia screening in 2012, and depression was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale in 2012 and 2014. In 2015, a structured clinical interview for Axis I psychiatric disorders was administered to 235 people, and sleep disturbance was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The perceived stress scale and the State-trait Anger Expression Inventory were also administered. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict sleep disturbance by gender, age, education, depression score, number of coexisting diseases in 2012 and 2014, current anger score, and perceived stress score. Results: Twenty-seven percent of the participants had sleep disturbances. Logistic regression analysis showed that the number of medical diseases three years ago, the depression score one year ago, and the current perceived stress significantly predicted sleep disturbances. Conclusion: Comorbid medical disease three years previous and depressive symptoms evaluated one year previous were predictive of current sleep disturbances. Further studies are needed to determine whether treatment of medical disease and depressive symptoms can improve sleep disturbances.

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Snoring in School-Aged Children (학동기 아동에서 코골이의 유병률과 관련인자)

  • Cho, Sung Jong;Kim, Eun Young;Rho, Young Il;Yang, Eun Suk;Park, Young Bong;Moon, Kyung-Rye;Lee, Chul-Gab
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.45 no.11
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    • pp.1340-1345
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : We studied the prevalence of snoring and its association with diseases, obesity and environmental factors, as well as sleep disturbance arising from snoring, in school-aged children. Methods : The survey was performed by a special questionnaire on 1,707 children at elementary schools from 1 to 30 July 2001 in Gwangju City. The prevalence of snoring, associated factors, and sleep disturbance were evaluated. Results : 266(16.5%) of the children snored at least once a week. 73(4.3%) of the children snored almost every day. Regarding the associated factors of snoring : There was a statistically significant difference between snoring and nonsnoring groups due to gender, obesity, sinusitis, tonsillar hypertrophy, bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. Of them, male gender, tonsillar hypertrophy, and obesity were significant risk factors for development of snoring. Especially, the odds ratio increased to 1.048(CI, 1.004-1.659), 1.748(CI, 1.175-2.599), and 2.266(CI, 1.300-3.950) in children with an obesity index of 20-29%, 30-49%, ${\geq}50%$, respectively. There was a statistically significant association of snoring with decreased sleep duration, sleep talking, and drowsiness during the day as a result of sleep disturbance. Conclusion : 16.5% of school-aged children snored at least once a week. The association of snoring with tonsillar hypertrophy, obesity and gender as risk factors was demonstrated in this study.

건강관리코너 - 성인비만

  • Jo, Su-Hyeon
    • 방재와보험
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    • s.100
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    • pp.50-51
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    • 2004
  • 요즘 비만은 대사성증후군의 하나로, 질병으로 인식되고 있다. 그러한 이유는 비만한 사람이 의학적으로 뿐 아니라, 사회적, 정신적으로도 장애를 일으키기 때문이다. 비만과 관련된 질환으로는 제2형 당뇨병, 고혈압, 뇌졸증, 심장질환, 고지혈증, 골관절염, 위장관질환, 담낭질환, 수면무호흡증, 암, 통풍, 정서장애, 수면장애, 섭식장애, 불임이 있으며, 그 외에도 다낭성 난소증후군 등 산부인과 질환이 있다.

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