• Title/Summary/Keyword: 수면장애

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Dysmenorrhea in High School Girls and Its influencing Factors (여고생의 월경곤란증 실태 및 그 영향 요인)

  • Kim, Song-Soon;Kim, Hyang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.409-420
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    • 2021
  • The study is a descriptive research to determine high school girls' the status of dysmenorrhea and to look into influencing factors about how relationships between variables: sleep disturbance, stress, anxiety, dietary habit have an effect on dysmenorrhea. Our collected data consisted of 160 high school girls living in B metropolitan city. The study period lasted four weeks, going from Oct 12 to Nov 6, 2020. The resulting data was analyzed with SPSS/WIN 21.0 version to analyze. As a result of this study, The correlated factors of dysmenorrhea included sleep disturbance(r=.531, p<.001), stress(r=.349, p<.001), anxiety(r=.300, p=.003) and dietary habit(r=-.205, p=.041). The prevalent factors influencing dysmenorrhea are sleep disturbance, menstrual periods, menstrual cycles, and anxiety. Therefore, it will be needed to improve the quality of sleep, reduce anxiety, try to regulate menstrual periods and menstrual cycle in order to relieve high school girls' dysmenorrhea.

Sleep Habits and Sleep Disorders among the Elderly Between 65-84 years Who are Living in a Part of Pusan (부산광역시 일지역 65-84세 노인 인구에서의 수면습관 및 수면장애에 대한 조사)

  • Yang, Chang-Kook;Yoo, Seung-Yoon;Joo, Young-Hee;Hahn, Hong-Moo
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.66-76
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    • 1997
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to analyse sleep habits and sleep disorders in the elderly population ased 65-84 years. Methods : Epidemiological survey was performed at home by means of semi structured interviews in the city of Pusan, Korea. Subjects were randomly selected. The questionnaire consisted of 128 items including demographic findings, sleep habits, sleep disorders, somatic illnesses, and psychological distresses. Results : (1) The mean retiring time was 10.28 h (SD 1.30 h) and the mean wake-up time was 5.24 h (SD 1.33 h). The mean duration of sleep was 5.63 h (SD 1.80 h). The mean sleep onset time was 44.51 min. The mean frequency of daytime napping was 2.49 (SD 3.23). The subjects reported they woke up an average of 2.05 (SD 1.59) times per night. All of the above results were not related to age or gender. However, the mean frequency of difficulty in initiating/maintaining sleep was 2.2 times for men and 3.2 times for women (p<0.05). (2) The prevalence of insomnia was 57.7% and was not related to age or gender. Difficulty in initiating sleep was the most commonly reported insomnia complaint(52.4%). Early morning awakening was reported by 50.0% of patients and difficulty in maintaining sleep was reported by 45.1% of them. Worrying in bed and physical pain were strong contributing factor to insomnia. Conclusions : The results of our study showed several characteristics of sleep habits in the elderly. Sleep disorder in old age is not inevitable or trivial. Since sleep disturbance in older adults is common and distressing, it has implications for general health and well-being. Active concern and therapeutic intervention for the sleep habits and sleep disorders in the elderly are needed.

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Open Clinical Trial of Morning Light Therapy in Sleep Disturbance of Alcohol Dependent Patients (알코올의존 환자에서의 수면장애에 대한 아침 광치료의 임상시도)

  • Ko, Young-Hoon;Joe, Sook-Haeng;Jeon, Seung-Kyu;Kim, Byoung-Kyu;Kwon, Sung-Min
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.196-204
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    • 2003
  • Objectives: It is known that sedative hypnotics would make cross tolerance with alcohol and deteriorate quality of sleep in alcoholics. Light therapy is effective non-pharmacological intervention for sleep disturbance in circadian phase disorders, jet-lag, shift-work and age-related sleep disorders. Authors would investigate the effects of morning light therapy on sleep of patients with alcohol dependence during recovery state without withdrawal symptoms. Methods: 13 patients with alcohol dependence who have not any alcohol withdrawal symptom were recruited. Light therapy during 1 hour in the morning had been administered by 2500 Lux light box through serial 3 days. Sleep state of subjects were assessed by sleep log and the subjective satisfaction at sleep was by 100 mm visual analogue scale. Sleepiness, depressive mood, anxiety were evaluated by 100mm visual analogue scale at 8 AM, 2 PM and 8 PM. For assessment of performance ability that would be associated with sleepiness and vigilance, trail making test A, B and digit symbol substitution test were performed by two times on base line and 4th day. Univariate repeated-measures ANOVAs were performed for each measures except performance tests which were analysed by paired t-test. Results: Sleep latency and sleep efficiency were significantly improved with light therapy and satisfaction at sleep was. There was no significant difference in sleepiness at 2 PM with light therapy but sleepiness at 8 AM significantly decreased and at 8 PM increased. The time to complete Trail making test and digit symbol substitution test were significantly shortened at 4th day compared with baseline. Fatigue at 8 AM were not significantly changed with light therapy but at 2 PM and 8 PM significantly decreased. Depressive mood and anxiety were not significantly changed with light therapy. Conclusion: Although this study had some limitations, it showed that light therapy would be effective modality on sleep disturbance of patients with alcohol dependence who have recovered from alcohol withdrawal symptoms. It is proposed that short term light therapy could be used clinically for alcoholics with insomnia. In the future, long term controlled studies using more objective tools for sleep are required to further investigate the effect of light therapy in alcoholics.

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Reduction Effect of Aromatherapy on Stress and Insomnia (아로마요법의 스트레스 및 수면장애 감소효과)

  • Park, Sang-Ock;Kim, Seok-Beom;Lee, Kyeong-Soo;Kang, Pock-Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2002
  • Reducing the level of stress and insomnia by aromatherapy is proposed as a method of self-care and health promotion in the future. Of the people who received aromatherapy from July, 1999 to February, 2000 at the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Center at the Gyeongu City Health Center, 48 people agreed to participate in a questionnaire survey, presented before and after their aromatherapy, and the data were analyzed. When the people received aromatherapy at the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Center, they inhaled the aroma from a vaporizer and when at home, they inhaled from a tissue, gauze or washbowl. Two sessions per week (2 hrs./session) were provided at the Center in the total 1-month duration of the therapy. The oil made from a blend of clarysage, geranium, rose at a ratio of 3:2:1 was used for relieving stress, and the oil made from a blend of clarysage, lavender, and lemon at 2:2:1 ratio was used for relieving insomnia. The scores of stress of 92.5 17.5 points before aromatherapy significantly reduced to $87.4{\pm}4.2$ points after therapy(p<0.01), and the scores of insomnia of $2.5{\pm}1.2$ points before aromatherapy significantly reduced to $1.0{\pm}1.1$ points after therapy(p<0.01). The reduction in stress and insomnia from aromatherapy was more significant in those who were experiencing high levels of stress and insomnia. Therefore, stress and its related insomnia can be effectively relieved with proper application of aromatherapy. With benefits such as little side-effects, convenient and simple education, low cost, and the do-it-yourself feature. aromatherapy can be expanded into a self-management program for promoting health of the community people.

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Effects of the Brain waves according to participation in Therapeutic recreation programs on the Depression, Sleep Disturbance and Quality of Life in the Elderly with Dementia (치료레크리에이션 프로그램에 따른 치매노인의 뇌파 변화가 우울감 및 수면장애와 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Moon-Sook;Cho, Byung-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.5096-5110
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of brain wave change through therapeutic recreation programs on depression, sleep disturbance and quality of life among elderly with dementia. The subjects of this quasi-experimental study consisted of two groups, one experimental group (N=14) and one control group (N=18), after excluding 8 participants from a total of 40 participants. The subjects of experimental group were randomly selected from the elderly (order than 65 years old) of senior care center in Daejoen and participated in 3-month therapeutic recreation program. On the other hand, the subjects of control group did not participated in any therapeutic recreation program. Each group's pre-post brain wave change, depression, sleep disturbance and quality of life were estimated. Through ANCOVA and Analysis of Structural Equation Modeling with SPSS window 17.0 and AMOS 7.0, this study found followings. Frist, the therapeutic recreation program group indicated significant improvement of brain waves, sleep disturbance and quality of Life. In addition, depression was significantly reduced in the therapeutic recreation program group. Second, significant causal relationships was found among brain waves, depression, sleep disturbance, and Quality of Life.