• Title/Summary/Keyword: 수면장애

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Convergence Factors Influencing Sleep Disturbance of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Patients (전립선비대증 환자의 수면장애 융합적 영향요인)

  • Ahn, Min-Kweon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.12
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing sleep disturbance among benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) patients in South Korea. A trained reporter filled out the questionnaire by explaining and reading the sentences to 164 BPH patients in J city. The questionnaire consisted of international prostate symptom score (IPSS), anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance. There was a statistically significant difference in sleep disturbance of participants according to income, regular exercise, and number of disease. There were statistically significant correlations between sleep disturbance and IPSS (r=.45, p<.001), anxiety (r=.59, p<.001), depression (r=.42, p<.001). The influential factors for sleep disturbance were anxiety (${\beta}=.41$, p<.001), income (${\beta}=-.36$, p<.001), IPSS (${\beta}=.28$, p=.021). These factors accounted for 41.2% of the variance in sleep disturbance. The result of this study can be used as a basic data for development of a management strategy considering convergent relationship between IPSS and anxiety in order to decrease sleep disturbance of BPH patients.

Effect of Different Exercise Intensity in Sleep Disorder (운동 강도별 수면장애에 미치는 영향 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyun;Lee, Jae-Hong
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2014
  • Objective : In this study, we tried to know what kind of exercise was more effective in sleep disorder by comparing melatonin in blood after applying low, median, with high intensity exercise in sleep disorder. Methods : We divided 90 into 3 groups and performed low, moderate, and high intensity exercise, respectively for 8 weeks in K city. Results : As a result, first, there was a significant change of global PSQI score in moderate intensity exercise comparing with before and after exercise. Second, there was a significant change of global PSQI score in moderate intensity exercise comparing with low and high intensity exercise. Third, there was a significant change of melatonin in blood in moderate intensity exercise comparing with before and after exercise. Forth, there was a significant change of melatonin in blood in moderate intensity exercise comparing with low and high intensity exercise. Conclusion : In this study, we observed change of EEG and melatonin in blood to know how did continued exercise according to intensity of exercise have effect on sleep disorder. In conclusion, it was more effect to apply moderate exercise. It can help progress of life of quality through improvement of sleep disorder and they stay healthy during the rest of time.

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Effect of Life Stress on the Sleeping Disorder of University Student (대학생의 생활 스트레스가 수면장애에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Sun-Hee;Park, Jong
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.345-353
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to clarify the effect of sleeping disorder on the life stress of the university student on the side of cooking for himself, housing noise, dissatisfaction in school life, ill health, problem in future and a sense of values. A self-boarding student apart from a family (p<.042) had a higher sleeping stress. Noise of housing environment (p<.002), life dissatisfaction in university (p<.007), ill health (p<.010), life stress (p<.004) led to a more sleeping stress. Both gloomy prospects (p<.002) and a sense of values (p<.001) disturbed a university man's sleep. Cooking food for oneself, housing noise, displeasure in university life, ill health, gloomy prospects and a sense of values gave risen to the university student's sleeping disorder.

우리 나라 성인 중 73.4%가 불면증 경험

  • KOREA ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION
    • 건강소식
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    • v.24 no.4 s.257
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    • pp.11-11
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    • 2000
  • 수면은 우리 삶의 많은 부분을 차지하는 중요한 삶의 영역이다. 그러나 여러 가지 원인으로 인하여 많은 현대인들이 수면의 즐거움을 제대로 누리지 못하고 있다. 미국의 경우 수면 장애에 의한 졸리움증으로 생기는 사회적ㆍ개인적 손실의 규모를 연간 약 150억 달러로 추정하고 있을 정도다. 우리나라 성인 중에 수면 장애의 하나인 불면증을 경험한 사람의 비율은 73.4%나 될 정도로 광범위하게 나타나고 있지만 정작 그 해결책을 찾지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 수면장애에는 크게 불면증을 보이는 수면 장애, 낮에 과도한 졸리움을 일으키는 수면 장애, 자다가 이상한 행동을 보이는 수면 장애로 구분되어지는데 우리가 일상에서 인식하는 수면 장애는 불면증 정도로 그치는 것이 일반적이다. 더욱이 이러한 수면 장애를 해결하는 방법의 이해 부족으로 수면제나 담배, 술 등에 의존하기 쉽고 단순히 잠을 자야 한다는 강박관념에 시달려 오히려 증상을 악화시키는 경우가 많다. 그러나 수면 장애를 올바르게 이해하고 있다면 그 해결 방안은 의외로 간단하다. 우리의 몸속에 있는 생체 시계의 주기를 규칙적으로 맞추어 가는 것이 중요하다. 또한 수면은 신체적인 요소보다는 정신적인 요소가 많이 작용하기 때문에 무엇보다도 편안한 마음가짐과 무의식적인 수면 유도가 필요하다. ('이달의 건강길라잡이'에 관한 자세한 내용은 건강길라잡이 홈페이지(http://healthguide.hihasa.re.kr)에 있습니다.)

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Effect of Different Environmental Application on Blood Melatonin Density in Sleep Disordered Rats (환경적용이 수면장애 모델 쥐의 혈중 멜라토닌 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Sang-Hun;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2017
  • Objective : The study was to find out the effect of sleep disorder bt melatonin when we applied the evironmental change to rats wirh sleep disorder. Methods : We performed the study in lab which is located in Gyungbuk. We divided 26 rats into two groups. The experimental group had the environmental change for 3 days. The control group didn't have the change. We checked the level of melatonin of each group. Results : There was a significant difference of the level of melatonin in experimental group after applying the environmental change for 3 days (p=.000). The level of melatonin was increased a little for 3 each day in control group, but there was no significance(p=.212). There was a significant difference of the level of melatonin in both groups before and after applying the environmental change. However, the level of melatonin was increased significantly in experimental group, and the level was decreased significantly in control group. Conclusion : The patients with sleep disorder are increasing in modern society. We made a animal model with sleep disorder to find out the effect of the environmental change. We applied the environment like human's and could know the improvement effect of sleep disorder.

The Effect of Combined Exercise on Brain Function and Sleep Disorder of Sleep Disturbance Rats (복합운동프로그램이 수면장애 모델 쥐의 뇌기능과 수면장애에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2018
  • Objective : The study was to investigate the neurophysiological approach to the effect of complex exercise on memory, one of brain functions, and the degree of sleep disorder using experimental animals with sleep disorders. Methods : This study carried out a complex exercise that designed in an animal laboratory for 4 days to 16 sleep - disordered model rats. After the exercise, brain function was confirmed with the changes of BDNF in the hippocampus and the change of sleep level was confirmed with the concentration of melatonin in the blood. Results : First, the effect of the complex exercise program on brain function was significantly increased in the experimental group(p<0.01). Second, the effect of complex exercise program on sleep disturbance was significantly increased in the experimental group and control group(p<0.01)(p<0.05). Conclusion : The rate of increase of the elderly in the community is rapidly increasing, and the sleep disorder of the elderly can affect the quality of life of these elderly people. Secondary memory impairment due to sleep disturbances can also be a problem. Although there are many ways to improve sleep disturbance, it has been scientifically proven through experimental animals that sleep and memory can be improved with complex exercise that is not economically, spatially burdensome.

The Comparison of ICSD and DSM-Ⅳ Diagnoses in Patients Referred for Sleep Disorders (정신과에 의뢰된 환자 중 수면장애에 대한 ICSD와 DSM-Ⅳ 진단 비교)

  • Lee, Bun-Hee;Kim, Leen;Suh, Kwang-Yoon
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2001
  • Background: Sleep disorders are prevalent in the general population and in medical practice. Three diagnostic classifications for sleep disorders have been developed recently: The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD), The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition (DSM-IV) and The International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10). Few data have yet been published regarding how the diagnostic systems are related to each other. To address these issues, we evaluated the frequency of sleep disorder diagnoses by DSM-IV and ICSD and compared the DSM-IV with the ICSD diagnoses. Method: Two interviewers assessed 284 inpatients who had been referred for sleep problems in general units of Anam Hospital, holding an unstructured clinical interview with each patient and assigning clinical diagnoses using ICSD and DSM-IV classifications. Results: The most frequent DSM-IV primary diagnoses were "insomnia related to another mental disorder (61.1% of cases)" and "delirium due to general medical condition (26.8%)". "Sleep disorder associated with neurologic disorder (38.4% of cases)" was the most frequent ICSD primary diagnosis, followed by "sleep disorder associated with mental disorder (33.1%)". In comparing the DSM-IV diagnoses with the ICSD diagnoses, sleep disorder unrelated with general medical condition or another mental disorder in DSM-IV categories corresponded with these in ICSD categories. But DSM-IV "primary insomnia" fell into two major categories of ICSD, "psychophysiologic insomni" and "inadequate sleep hygiene". Of 269 subjects, 62 diagnosed with DSM-IV sleep disorder related to general medical condition or another mental disorder disagreed with ICSD diagnoses, which were sleep disorders not associated with general medical condition or mental disorder, i. e., "inadequate sleep hygiene", "environmental sleep disorder", "adjustment sleep disorder" and "insufficient sleep disorder". Conclusion: In this study, we found not only a similar pattern between DSM-IV and ICSD diagnoses but also disagreements, which should not be overlooked by clinicians and resulted from various degrees of understanding of the pathophysiology of the sleep disorders among clinicians. Non-diagnosis or mis-diagnosis leas to inappropriate treatment, therefore the clinicians' understanding of the classification and pathophysiology of sleep disorders is important.

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Comparison of Daytime Sleepiness between Normal Subjects and Patients with Sleep Disorders and Analysis of Its Clinical Implications (정상인과 수면장애 환자군 간의 주간졸림증 비교 및 임상적 의미 분석)

  • Lee, Jin-Sung;Kim, Seog-Ju;Choi, Jong-Bae;Jeong, Do-Un
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.106-114
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    • 2002
  • Objectives: Daytime sleepiness is a common symptom and is associated with sleep behavior, sleep deprivation, and night shift, etc. It is also one of the most important symptoms of sleep disorders like obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). According to our survey on Korean literature, a few studies have dealt with daytime sleepiness, and we have not been able to locate any study comparing normal subjects with polysomnography-proven sleep disorder patients regarding daytime sleepiness. We aimed at comparing daytime sleepiness among normal healthy daytime workers, medical students being expected to have daytime sleepiness due to chronic sleep deprivation, and patients having sleep disorders diagnosed with polysomnography. We also studied the association between subjective daytime sleepiness and objective polysomnographic findings in patients with sleep disorders. Methods: One hundred three hospital workers, 137 medical students, and patients with sleep disorders were studied. Sleep disorders included OSA, periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS), insomnia, and narcolepsy. The degree of subjective sleepiness in each group was measured by the Korean version of Epworth sleepiness scale and compared. The relationship between polysomnographic findings reflecting severity of sleep disorder in each patient group and subjective sleepiness was analyzed. As for patients with narcolepsy, the relationship between the mean sleep latency and subjective sleepiness was studied. Results: There was a significant difference of ESS score (F=68.190, dF=5.752, p<0.001) among daytime workers, medical students, and sleep disorder patients. In OSA patient group, the degree of the sleepiness had no significant correlation either with mean O2 satuaration (p=0.062) or with RDI (p=0.807). In PLMS patient group, there was no correlation between periodic limb movement index (PLMI) and subjective sleepiness (p=0.761). In narcolepsy patient group, the subjective sleepiness had no correlation with mean sleep latency measured with MSLT (p=0.055). Conclusion: We found a significant difference of subjective sleepiness among daytime workers, medical students, and patients with sleep disorders. However, no consistent correlation was found between severity of subjective sleepiness and objective polysomnographic findings reflecting severity of each sleep disorder. This research confirms that the evaluation of subjective sleepiness is important clinically, but it cannot substitute the objective measures such as nocturnal polysomnography and MSLT.

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Design and Implementation of Sleep Disorders Improvement System Based on Multi-Sensor (멀티센서 기반 수면장애 개선 시스템 설계 및 구현)

  • Le, Young-Woo;Park, Seok-Cheon
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.2653-2660
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    • 2013
  • Representative sleep disorders represent sleep apnea and snoring. Although researches to diagnose sleep disorders as solutions for these problems are going on, the original researches only diagnose and measure sleep disorders but ones to find out the reasons are not activated much. Therefore, to reinforce this, this paper suggests sleep disorder improvement system based on multi-sensor. To design the system proposed in this paper, the entire system's structure was found and data's flow was planned. To ensure that the system works, mobile application and user interface was built based on Android. To test the results on accuracy of sleep disorders improvement system based on ontology using multi sensor built and planned in this paper, a scenario was written. As a result of testing inference results' accuracy changing factor values of sleep disorders following test scenario, proposed sleep disorders improvement system's accuracy was checked.