• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수단적 일상생활 수행능력

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The Influence of IADL to Life Satisfaction and the Double-mediating Effects of Self-Rated Health, Leisure Activities in Adolescents with Disabilities (장애청소년의 수단적 일상생활 수행능력이 생활만족도에 미치는 영향과 주관적 건강인식, 문화·여가활동참여의 이중매개효과)

  • Choi, Jang Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.582-592
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to identify the causal pathways of variables affecting life satisfaction in adolescents with disabilities to establish a basis for concrete intervention in their daily lives. This study was conducted on 239 adolescents with disabilities aged 9 to 24 years who responded to the survey on the actual conditions of people with disability in 2017. The SPSS macro process was used for analysis of the dual mediation effect. The results showed that there was a statistically significant correlation between instrumental daily life performance capacity, life satisfaction, Self-Rated Health, and participation in culture and leisure activities. It confirmed the mediating effects of Self-Rated Health and cultural leisure activities when the instrumental daily life performance capacity affected life satisfaction. This confirmed the dual mediating effect of instrumental daily life performance capacity on life satisfaction through causal pathways of Self-Rated Health and participation in cultural leisure activities. Based on the results of this study, it was possible to identify the focus of practical intervention through the identification of sequential pathways of Self-Rated Health and cultural and leisure activities on influence of instrumental daily life performance capacity and life satisfaction in adolescents with disabilities.

Relation between Leisure Sports' Activities among Older Adults on Activities of Daily Living and Successful Aging (노인의 여가스포츠 활동참가와 일상생활수행능력 및 성공적 노화의 관계)

  • Kim, Kyong-Sik;Lee, Eun-Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.424-432
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to analyse relationship between leisure sports' activities among older adults on activities of daily living and successful aging. For accomplish this purpose of study, the survey questionnaires were used to collect data. This study firstly set up the population as the Korean elderly who were aged over 65 and living at Seoul as of 2009, 300 persons were chosen by sampling. The numbers, used in actual analysis is leisure sports' activities participant 162, non participant 128. total 300. The statistics method utilized in this study for analyzing the collected data were ANCOVA analysis, multiple regression analysis, path analysis. Activities of daily living reliability is $\alpha$=.876 above and successful aging reliability is $\alpha$=.807 above. The conclusions of this study were as being follows. First, according to the experience of in leisure sports' activities of older adults, it was not difference between the activities of daily living. Secondly, the experience of in leisure sports' activities of older adults had positive effect on successful aging. Thirdly, more intensity of in leisure sports' activities of older adults, had positive effect on instrumental activities of daily living. Fourth, more frequency and intensity of in leisure sports' activities of older adults, had positive effect on social successful aging, more frequency and period(time) of participated in leisure sports' activities of older adults, had positive effect on psychological social successful aging. Finally, the degree of in leisure sports' activities of older adults, had direct or indirect positive effect on activities of daily living and successful aging.

The Effects of Task-Oriented Training on IADL in Dementia : Case Study (과제지향적 훈련이 치매 환자의 수단적 일상생활활동에 미치는 영향: 사례연구)

  • Moon, Mi-Sook;Park, Ji-Hyuk
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.67-77
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    • 2014
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to examine task-oriented training affects on instrumental activity of daily living for elderly with dementia. Methods : The participant is a 75 years old female with dementia. The intervention was performed for 45 minute on 3 times per week over 1 month. Independent variable was task-oriented training and dependent variable were memory(DST), executive function(TMT-A, CDT), changing of IADL(AMPS). Results : The results showed that the participant significantly improved in executive function, performance of IADL. However, the participant did not show significant improvement in memory. Conclusion : In conclusion, the findings of this study indicate that task-oriented training is positive effect on performance of IADL in dementia.

The Effects of Time-use on the Elderly for Facilities in Activity of Daily Living (시설 노인들의 시간 사용이 일상생활 수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Deok-Gi;Kang, Hyo-Suk;Seo, Min-Ji;Yang, Seung-i;Jeon, Byoung-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2011
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the activities of daily living on time-use of the Elderly in facility. This study is also to provide basic data of the redesign time management and lifestyle as occupational therapy. Methods : The subjects were 20 elderly people (over 65 years) who live in S institution of Daejeun from August 11th, to August 22th in 2008. We used time table, interview and FIM which was to evaluate the ability to collect the general characteristics of these subjects(gender, age, moving period, education). Results : There was no significant different between the general characteristics of the subjects and activity of daily living. The more they spent time in Active BADL and IADL, the more they got higher scores in ADL performance ability(p<0.01). The more they spent time in the more they got higher score in ADL performance ability(p<0.05). Conclusion : We could know the amount of spending time of the elderly in Daejeun area facility and it related to activity of daily living. To improve the efficiency of time-use of the elderly, it is needed the role of occupational therapists. They should prepare a intervention to maintain active and positive life of the elderly.

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Comparison of Activities of Daily Living Differences with Dementia Stage (치매 단계별 일상생활수행능력의 차이 비교)

  • Jang, Jong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.557-563
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to obtain information about the ADL and I-ADL functions of people with dementia living in the community and nursing care facilities regarding their dementia stages for the purpose of supporting occupational therapists working in dementia care centers. The information was collected from 100 people with dementia living in the community and 100 people with dementia staying in care facilities from October 1 to November 20, 2015. 15 facilities participated in this study, including nursing homes, day care centers, health centers, geriatric hospitals and metropolitan dementia centers. All of the assessors were trained in the use of the instruments, ADCS-ADL, S-IADL, S-ADL and MMSE-K, by the researcher before conducting any evaluations or interviews. In order to compare the differences in the levels of ADL according to the dementia stage, an analysis was made via the post-hoc test after conducting a one-way ANOVA. An analysis of the residence type and dementia stage was made through the independent t-test. The comparison of the level of ADL between the people with dementia living in the community and those living in nursing homes showed differences in the moderate level of dementia for all items of the I-ADL and ADL (p<.01). The post-hoc test showed that there is a difference among the minimum, mild, and moderate levels. When the differences in ADL according to the residence type were examined, there were no significant differences in any of the stages (p>.05). Considering these results, it may be critical to identify the changes in the I-ADL rather than those in the ADL for the outcome index when conducting future intervention studies on dementia.

The Physical and Social Disability of Aged Persons Who Live Alone in Goksung Area (곡성지역(谷城地域) 독거노인(獨居老人)의 신체적(身體的) 사회적(社會的) 능력장애(能力障碍)에 관(關)한 조사(調査))

  • Kim, Shin-Woel;Kim, Young-Lak;Ryu, So-Yeon;Park, Jong;Kim, Ki-Soon;Kim, Yang-Ok
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.245-268
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    • 1999
  • It is necessary that the old should have the physical and social ability to perform their daily life. This study is to grasp their degree of disability and problems and suggest their solutions. It surveyed the 87 old people over 65 years old from September 1st until September 30th, in 1997. The findings are as follows. 1) The activities of daily living(ADL) to find their degree of physical disability shows that their average performance ability is 75.9% of all the action while 24.1% of all the old people needs the others' help. As they get older and older, the aged drop off in their physical ability, which is related to a statistical sense (p<0.001). 2) The social disability shows that the aged have their great difference from 9.2% to 85.1% in their instrumental activities of daily living(IADL), intellectual ability and social role. 3) A simple analysis shows that the activities of daily living are, in a statistical sense, related to age(p<0.001), the use of elder's hall(p<0.001), the understanding degree of health(p<0.01) and so forth. 4) A simple analysis shows that the instrumental activities of daily living are, in a statistical sense, related to age(p<0.001), the degree of education(p<0.05), the life of leisure(p<0.001), the understanding degree of health and so forth. 5) A multivariate logistic regression analysis shows that the disability of daily living is related to age, the visit of elder's hall, the period of solitary living, instrumental activities of daily living is age and the visit of elder's hall, and social role is the visit of elder's hall and the decree of education, while intellectual activity has no related variables in a statistical sense.

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Comparison of the activities of daily living and sleep according to the presence depression in the elderly (노인의 우울유무에 따른 일상생활수행능력과 수면의 비교)

  • Jung, Eun-Sook;Jeon, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2013
  • The destination of this study is a convenience sample of 301 people age 65 and older to use each one elderly welfare center D, M received a structured questionnaire for one-on-one interviews with the subjects to read all the questions and questionnaire was written. The depressed group and the normal group, identify the general characteristics, the ADL, and sleep, and the difference between the two groups, and relative risk were analyzed. The results of the study are as follows: Showed depressed group compared to normal group was the low level of ability to perform daily living, sleep well, not more than the ability to perform daily living, dressing, bowel and bladder management, and complained of the difficulty to perform instrumental activities of daily living ability of grooming, more difficult to appeal to public transportation, shopping. In conclusion, elderly health promotion strategy when you want to take into account whether or not the depression of the elderly will require the development of a variety of education and physical activity programs, and suggest the need for expanded research to determine the effectiveness.

Related Factors with Medication Task Ability in Rural Elderly (일부 농촌 노인에서의 약물복용 수행능력과 관련된 요인)

  • Lee, Moo-Sik
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 1999
  • Medication non-compliance among the elderly results in medical problems and substantial cost to the health care system. This study investigate predicted variable related to the medication task ability among elderly. This study was done in the selected 4 villages in Kimchun County of Kyungbuk Province from July to August, 1996. The subject was the resident that 202 adults above 60 years of age. The questionnaire of interview included medication task ability, socio-demographic data, COOP/WONCA chart, family ABGAR score. BDI(Beck depression inventory), ADL(activities of daily living), IADL(instrumental activities of daily living), and MMSE-K(minimental state examination-Korean version). The results were as followed : 1. Approximately 49% of study population was taking drug medication currently. We found that 93% of study population was successful at the medication task all alone, 6% was failure at the medication task all alone, so need help partly or completely. 2. Significant variables between group of medication task ability were age, educational attainment, IADL, and MMSE-K in univariate analysis. And significant correlated variables with medication task ability were ADL, IADL, MMSE-K, and BDI in correlation analysis. 3. Major predictors to medication task ability on multiple logistic regression were IADL and sex finally. Findings suggest that IADL is related to medication task ability than other test battery of health status, so IADL could be used to necessary for medication management and add information to conventional methods of assessing mental status.

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The Effects of Spaced Retrieval Training with Errorless Learning on Memory, IADL, Depression in Mild Cognitive Impairment: Single-Subject Design (오차배제훈련을 병행한 시간차 회상훈련이 경도인지장애 환자의 기억력에 미치는 효과와 수단적 일상생활(IADL) 및 우울에 미치는 영향: 단일대상연구)

  • Kim, Yeonju;Park, Hae Yean
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.73-83
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    • 2015
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the Spaced Retrieval Training (SRT) with Errorless learning on the elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)'s memory, Instrumental Activities Daily Living, Depression symptom. Methods: A single subject experimental research with ABA design was conducted in this study on the 78-years-old person who was enrolled in day-care center. The total experimental sessions were 16 which composed of 3 sessions for baseline, 10 sessions for intervention and 3 sessions for second baseline. K-Auditory Verbal Learning Test (K-AVLT) was measured for the memory each session. For the measurement of cognitive function, IADL, depression Symptom, Korean version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-K), Philadelphia Geriatric Center Instrumental Activities Daily Living (PGC IADL), Geriatric Depression Scale Korean Version (GDS-K) was measured at pre-post test. Results: Memory at the phase B was improved than Phase A. At the phase B, the scores trend was ascending, but after the intervention at the phase A', the scores trend was descending. The scores of MoCA-K were improved, PGC IADL were maintained, GDS-K were decreased. Conclusion: This results support the evidence of the SRT with EL on the elderly with MCI in the clinical setting. In the future, the correlation researches about MCI's memory and other functional factors will be needed for effective occupational therapy service.