• Title, Summary, Keyword: 세포고사

Search Result 167, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

Studies on the Radiation Induced Apoptosis by Morphological and Biochemical Analysis in A431 Cells (방사선에 조사된 인체세포주(A431)에서 형태학적 분석법과 생화학적 분석법을 이용한 방사선 유도 세포고사에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Keun-Hee;Bom, Hee-Seung;Kim, Ji-Yeul
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.306-315
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: We performed this study to evaluate the process of radiation induced apoptosis in A431 skin epithelial cancer cell line. Materials and Methods: Low to high dose radiation (0, 2, 5, 10, 25 Gy) was given to A431 cells by Cs-137 cell irradiator. Apoptosis was evaluated by cell morphology, dye exclusion test, and DNA laddering. Results: Cell viability decreased as the radiation dose increased. Number of apoptotic bodies increased as radiation dose increased. It increased most significantly at 12 hours after irradiation. Lactate dehydrogenase activity in culture medium increased according to radiation dose and time after irradiation. DNA ladders could be identified in irradiated cells, but, it had no correlation with radiation dose or time after irradiation. Conclusion: Radiation-induced apoptosis which was the main course of cell death in A431 cells could be analyzed quantitatively by counting apoptotic bodies under microscope. Apoptosis increased as radiation dose increased.

  • PDF

A study on the mechanism of NO-induced apoptosis in human gingival fibroblast (사람 치은 섬유아세포에서 산화질소 유도 세포고사에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Kang-Moon;Chung, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Won-Jae
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.34 no.4
    • /
    • pp.807-818
    • /
    • 2004
  • 산화질소는 생리적 농도에서 세포내 신호전달자로 작용하지만 높은 농도에서는 세포독성을 일으킨다. 최근 치은 섬유아세포와 치주인대 섬유아세포는 산화질소 합성효소를 가지고 있고 세균의 lipopolysaccharide나 cytokine에 의해 대량의 높은 농도의 산화질소가 합성된다는 보고가 있음에도 지금까지 치은 조직에서 산화질소의 세포독성에 대한 연구는 아직 이루어 지지않고 있다. 본 연구는 사람의 치은 섬유아세포에서, 산화질소유도세포 고사기전을 밝히는데 목적이 있다. 세포 생장력은 MTT 방법으로 측정하였고, 세포의 형태적 변화는 Diff-Quick 염색법으로 조사하였다. Bcl-2 famly와 Fas 발현 정도는 RT-PCR 방법에 의해 확인하였으며, caspase-3, -8 와 -9의 활성은 spectrophotometer로 reactive oxygen species (ROS)는 형광분광계에 의해 측정되었다. 미토콘드리아에서 세포질로 분비된 cytochrome c는 western blot으로 조사하였다. 산화질소 유리제인 sodium nitroprusside (SNP) 처리는 사람 섬유아세포의 생존률을 시간과 농도 의존적으로 감소시켰고, 세포용적축소, 염색사 용축, DNA 절편화를 일으켰다. 또한, SNP 처리로 미토콘드리아에서 세포질로 유리되는 cytochrome c 양이 증가되었고, caspase-9 과 caspase-3 의 활성이 증가되었다. 한편, SNP 처리에 의해 death receptor 구성요소인 Fas 발현이 증가되었고, caspase-8의 활성이 증가되었다. Bcl-2 family 에 대한 RT-PCR 분석결과, 세포고사를 억제하는 Bcl-2 발현은 감소되었으나 세포고사를 자극하는 Bax와 Bid의 발현은 증가되었다. Soluble guanylate cyclase 억제제인 ODQ는 SNP에 의한 세포 생존율 감소를 차단하지 못했다. 따라서, 본 실험의 결과들은 사람 섬유아세포에서 산화질소유도 세포고사에 Bcl-2 family나 ROS가 매개하는 미토콘드리아 의존 및 death receptor 의존 세포고사기전이 관여함을 시사하였다.

Apoptosis in Human Corneal Epithelial cells induced by Exhausted Medium (Exhausted Medium에 의한 각막상피 세포의 세포고사 유도)

  • Kim, Jae-Min
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-87
    • /
    • 2000
  • To investigate exhausted-medium-induced apoptosis in human corneal epithelial(HCE) cells, this study was performed DNA gel electrophoresis, M30 CytoDEATH staining and FAS-FAS ligand ELISA. SV-40 transfected cells were grown to confluency in culture for 7days. The supernatant was harvested and filtered with $0.22{\mu}m$ filter paper. Fresh HCE cells were exposed to the filtered exhausted medium for 1~2 days. Apoptotic cells were prepared for DNA extraction and run the agarose gel for DNA ladder pattern. M30 CytoDEATH was used a tool for easy and reliable determination of very early apoptosis in HCE cells. The control and exhausted medium were assayed for soluble FAS/FAS ligand protein by ELISA. HCE cells exposed to exhausted medium showed a typical DNA ladder pattern. Sporadic M30 CytoDEATH positive cells were detected among HCE cells exposed to exhausted medium. Soluble FAS/FAS ligand levels were not elevated in the exhausted medium compared to the fresh medium control. This study suggests that possible mechanism of exhausted medium induced apoptosis does not include the FAS-FAS ligand system.

  • PDF

Apoptotic response to various apoptotic inducers on cultured HCE cells (여러 가지 apoptosis 유도 물질의 각막 상피세포에 대한 apoptosis 유도 반응)

  • Kim, Jai-Min;Kim, Soon-Ae;Yoo, Geun-Chang;Seo, Eun-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.65-71
    • /
    • 2003
  • The corneal epithelium is constantly being shed. The mechanism of corneal desquamation is not fully understood. Apoptosis, programmed cell death, may play a role. Apoptosis can be induced by a number of factors and different mechanisms. The study was performed to examine the apoptotic index induced in human corneal epithelial cells maintained in tissue culture by various apoptotic inducers. Various inducers, recombinant human cytokines($INF{\gamma}$, $TNF{\alpha}$, FASAb), actinomycin D. camptothecin, cycloheximide, dexamethasone and etoposide, were purchased from commercial suppliers. Inducers at manufacturer-recommended concentration were added to the corneal epithelial cells for 48 hours. Cell viability was measured using MTT assay. The cells were then assessed for the level of apoptosis. Morphologic changes and quantification of apoptotic cells were determined and counted under fluorescence microscope after inducers-treated human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells for 48 hours with Hoechst 33342 staining. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and DePsipher assay. The expression of Fas protein was studied by immunocytochemistry. All inducers induced apoptosis in HCE cells in a dose dependent manner. Actinomycin D. camptothecin and etoposide induced apoptosis at lower than manufacturer-recommended concentration, while cytokines, cycloheximide and dexamethasone induced apoptosis at higher concentrations at the end of 48 hours. All inducers elicited typical apoptotic morphologic changes (chromatin condensation, nucleus fragmentations non-orange-red colored mitochondria) and expresses Fas protein highly. Apoptotic index of HCE cells by these inducers was different from the other cell lines. RNA synthesis inhibitor and topoisomerase inhibitors induced apoptosis at lower concentration than manufacturer-recommended concentration. Cytokines, cycloheximide and dexamethasone were able to produce apoptosis at 10 times higher concentrations. RNA synthesis inhibitor and topoisomerase inhibitors are more sensitive than intracellular receptor-activators in apoptotic induction of HCE cells.

  • PDF

Radiation-Induced Apoptosis and Mitotic Death in the Small Intestinal Crypts of Rat (방사선에 의해 흰쥐 소장에서 발생되는 세포고사 및 유사분열사)

  • Choi, Young-Min;Lee, Ji-Shin;Cho, Heung-Lae
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.259-264
    • /
    • 2001
  • Purpose : We investigated the temporal alterations of apoptosis and mitotic death following irradiation in the rat's small intestinal crypts. Materials and methods : Male Sprague-Dawley rats were irradiated 2 Gy by 6 MV linear accelerator and sacrified at 2, 4, 8, 24, 48 hours after irradiation. The mean numbers of the apoptotic cells and mitotic cells per their small intestinal crypts were measured in the unirradiated control and irradiated groups. To compare with H & E staining, ISEL (In Situ End Labelling) were peformed in the group having the highest apoptotic count. Results : The mean number of the apoptosis per crypt in the control group was 0.14 and those at 2, 4, 8, 24, 48 hours after irradiation were 1.43, 3.19, 1.15, 0.26, 0.17, respectively. So the apoptosis development was increased upto 4 hours and then normalized around 24 hours following irradiation. The mean number of the mitotic cells per crypt in the control group was 1.29 and those at 2, 4, 8, 24, 48 hours after irradiation were 0.56, 0.47, 0.23, 0.65, 1.19, respectively. The mitotic cell counts following irradiation was decreased to 8 hours and recovered to the normal level about 48 hours. So the increment of apoptotic cell count was occurred earlier and more remarkable than the decrement of mitotic cell count after irradiation. According to the staining time, false positivity was found in the ISEL staining. Conclusions : The cell death in the small intestinal crypt developed by acute radiation damage was usually decreased to the normal level within $24\~48\;hours$ after irradiation and the apoptosis was thought to be more important process than the mitotic death.

  • PDF

Relationship between Radiation Induced Activation of DNA Repair Genes and Radiation Induced Apoptosis in Human Cell Line A431 (인체세포주 A431에서 방사선 조사 후 DNA수선 유전자 발현과 세포고사와의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Bom, Hee-Seung;Min, Jung-Jun;Choi, Keun-Hee;Kim, Kyung-Keun
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.34 no.2
    • /
    • pp.144-153
    • /
    • 2000
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between radiation-induced activation of DNA repair genes and radiation induced apoptosis in A431 cell line. Materials and Methods: Five and 25 Gys of gamma radiation were given to A431 cells by a Cs-137 cell irradiator. Apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry using annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate and propidium iodide staining. The expression of DNA repair genes was evaluated by both Northern and Western blot analyses. Results: The number of apoptotic cells increased with the increased radiation dose. It increased most significantly at 12 hours after irradiation. Expression of p53, p21, and hRAD50 reached the highest level at 12 hours after 5 Gy irradiation. In response to 25 Gy irradiation, hRAD50 and p21 were expressed maximally at 12 hours, but p53 and GADD45 genes showed the highest expression level after 12 hours. Conclusion: Induction of apoptosis and DNA repair by ionizing radiation were closely correlated. The peak time of inducing apoptosis and DNA repair was 12 hours in this study model. hRAD50, a recently discovered DNA repair gene, was also associated with radiation-induced apoptosis.

  • PDF

Suppressive Effect of Der p 2 on Constitutive Neutrophil Apoptosis by Cytokine Secretion of Normal and Allergic Lymphocytes (정상인과 알레르기 환자의 림프구에서 Der p 2에 의한 사이토카인 분비가 호중구의 세포고사 억제에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, In Sik;Lee, Na Rae;Lee, Ji-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
    • /
    • v.48 no.2
    • /
    • pp.102-108
    • /
    • 2016
  • Der p 2 is the major allergen of the house dust mite (HDM) associated with the development of allergic diseases. The pathogenic mechanism of the allergy is related to cytokine release of lymphocytes and constitutive apoptosis of neutrophils. In the present study, we examined whether Der p 2 induces cytokine release of lymphocytes, which is involved in regulation of neutrophil apoptosis. In normal and allergic subjects, Der p 2 enhanced the secretion of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and GM-CSF in a time-dependent manner. Although Der p 2 was weakly effective against neutrophil apoptosis, conditioned media collected from normal and allergic lymphocytes after Der p 2 treatment inhibited the apoptosis of normal and allergic neutrophils. Der p 2 showed stronger inhibition of apoptosis of allergic neutrophils cocultured with allergic lymphocytes than normal neutrophils cocultured with normal lymphocytes. These findings improve our understanding of the role of Der p 2 in regulation of lymphocytes and neutrophils and will enable elucidation of allergy pathogenesis.

Effects of 8-week Exercise on Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase-8, Caspase-3 and HSP70 in Mouse Gastrocnemius Muscle (8주간 운동이 생쥐의 gastrocnemius에서 Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-8, caspase-3와 HSP70에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ki-Bum;Kim, Yong-An;Park, Jung-Jun
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.20 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1409-1414
    • /
    • 2010
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis signaling pathways in skeletal muscle. ICR-type white male mice were divided into a control group (CON: n=10) and an exercise training group (EX: n=10) after a 1 week adaptation period. EX performed treadmill running at 16.4 m/min with a 4% incline, 40 min/day and 5 days/week for 8 weeks. Cervical dislocation was performed at 48 hours after the last bout of exercise, after which gastrocnemius skeletal muscles were immediately collected. The results of verifying the intrinsic apoptosis pathway showed that there were no significant differences in Bcl-2, Bax, or the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 proteins between EX and CON. On the other hand, the results of verifying the extrinsic apoptosis pathway showed that caspase-8 proteins were significantly lower in EX than in CON (p<0.05). Apoptosis suppressing protein HSP70 was higher in EX than in CON. In addition, caspase-3, which is the final factor for apoptosis, was not activated. These results indicate that apoptosis did not develop since caspase-3 is non-cleaved by the effects of caspase-8 and HSP70 extrinsic pathways rather than Bcl-2 and Bax intrinsic pathways among signal pathways for apoptosis.

Involvement of apoptotic signals in cyclosporin A-induced proliferation of human gingival fibroblast (사람 치은 섬유모세포에서 Cyclosporin-A 유도 세포증식에 대한 항세포고사 기전)

  • Jeong, Tea-Sul;Chung, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Won-Jae
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.731-745
    • /
    • 2005
  • Cyclosproin A(CsA)는 세포 이식거부방지를 위한 면역 억제제 및 자가 면역질환 치료제로 널리 사용되어 왔다. CsA는 매양된 사람 치은섬유아세포를 증식시킴이 알려져 있지만 CsA에 의한 세포증식기전에 대한 세포사멸기전 및 Bcl-2의 역할은 연구되어 있지 않다. 이번 연구는 사람 섬유아세포에서 CsA에 의한 세포증삭기전에 세포고사기전 및 Bcl-2 family가 관여하는지 밝히는 데에 목적이 있다. 세포 생장력은 MTT 방법으로 측정하였다. Bcl-2 family와 Fas 발현 정도는 RT-PCR 방법이나 western blot으로 확인하였다. Caspase-3 및 -9의 활성은 ELISER reader로, reactive oxygen species(ROS)는 fluorescence spectrometer에 의해 측정되었다. 미토콘드리아에서 세포질로 분비된 cytochrome c는 Western blot으로 조사하였다. CsA는 $0.1{\sim}10\;{\mu}M$에서 사람 섬유아세포의 생존률을 시간과 농도 의존적으로 증가시켰으며, 50 ${\mu}M$ CsA에서는 오히려 세포가 죽였다. 또한, CsA 처리로 미토콘드리아에서 세포질로 유리되는 cytochrome c 양과 VDAC 1 및 3 발현량이 감소되었고, caspase-9과 caspase-3의 활성도도 감소되었다. 한편, CsA 처리한 섬유아세포에서 death receptor 구성요소인 Fas 발현이 감소되었다. Bcl-2 family에 대한 RT-PCR, western blot 분석결과, 세포고사를 억제하는 Bel-2 발현은 증가되었으나 세포고사를 자극하는 Bax와 Bid의 발현은 감소되었다. 이러한 결과들은 사람 섬유아세포에서 CsA유도 세포증식에 Bcl-2 family와 ROS가 매개하는 미토콘드리아 의존 및 death receptor 의존 세포고사기전이 관여함을 시사하였다.

Susceptibility to FAS induced apoptosis in mycoplasma contaminated HCE cells (Mycoplasma가 오염된 배양 각막상피 세포의 FAS 유도 세포고사의 민감성)

  • Kim, Jai-Min
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-86
    • /
    • 2007
  • The aim of the present study was to determine mechanisms of corneal epithelial cell apoptosis in vitro following exposure to anti-FAS and anti-FAS ligand antibody and during infection with mycoplasma sp.. A cultured human corneal epithelial(HCE) cell line was treated with anti-FAS antibody or anti-FAS ligand antibody for 2 and 4 days. The original cell line was found to be contaminated by mycoplasma removal agent(MRA) was used to eliminate the bacterium from the cell line. MRA($0.5{\mu}{\ell}$ tissue culture medium) was added to the cell line and incubated for 1 week. The cell line underwent multiple passages in media not contaminating MRA and cells were grown to 50-80% confluency on coverslips and stained using the Hoechst stain provided in the kit to ensure mycoplasma removal. Apoptosis experiments were performed before and after mycoplasma removal. The apoptotic index of anti-FAS and anti-FAS ligand antibody on mycoplasma contaminated cell line was studied using Hoechst 33342 staining and Annexin V-FITC and Propidium Iodide Staining. In conclusion, anti-FAS antibody induces apoptosis in HCE cells in a time and concentration-dependent mechanism. Cell lines contaminated with mycoplasma have an incresed susceptibility to FAS induced apoptosis.

  • PDF