• Title, Summary, Keyword: 성취기준

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Analysis of Change of Achievement Standards according to Curriculum of Mathematics in Elementary School: Focusing on Number and Computation Area (초등학교 수학과 교육과정에 따른 성취기준 변화 분석: 수와 연산 영역을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyunmi;Sihn, Hanggyun
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.19-41
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we present an analysis framework based on the 2015 revised curriculum to analyze how mathematical contents and achievement standards for domains of numbers and computations have changed in the curriculum of elementary mathematics in Korea. Based on this, we classified the achievement standards by type and investigated their characteristics. The achievement standards for numbers and computations can be divided into the successive, the extinctive, and the additive achievement standards depending on their characteristics. The successive achievement standards are the ones that have consistently existed without being removed from the 1-st curriculum to the latest revision in 2015. The extinctive achievement standards are the ones that have been removed at some point during the revisions of nine times and do not remain in the current revision in 2015. The characteristics of the extinctive achievement standards were analyzed to be different before and after the 4-th curriculum. The additive achievement standards refer to the ones that have been newly added to the curriculum or that have been removed at a certain moment but added back in later and thus exist in the current revision in 2015. The characteristics of each type according to the changes of the achievement standards can be thought to be the results that the revision for the mathematics curriculum in Korea has been faithfully conducted. Based on the results of this study, we suggest some implications for organizing the achievement standards in the future curricular development.

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A Comparative Analysis of South Korean and the U.S. Home Economics Curricula and Achievement Standards (한국과 미국의 가정과 교육과정과 성취기준 비교 분석 연구)

  • Kwon, Yoojin;Kim, Eun Jeung;Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.29-46
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    • 2013
  • The concepts of core competencies and achievement standards were newly introduced within national curriculum documents since the 2009 Revised National Curriculum. The purpose of this introduction was to develop a curriculum that reflects unique characteristics of each subject and for the effectiveness of student evaluation. The purpose of this study was to suggest a direction for the future national curriculum and achievement standards development through comparing the national curriculum and standards between South Korea and the U.S. In particular, this study focused on two aspects: 1) the hierarchical relationships and the structural system of achievement standards in the curricula of two countries, and 2) the details of differences in two countries' achievement standards of a specific content area, 'family'. The results are as follows: the Korean national curriculum includes core competencies was included in the objective statement, and standards were provided as a lower-level system, while the U.S. national standards was composed of hierarchical system of comprehensive standards(higher-level), contents standards(middle-level), and competencies(lower-level). This may be attributable to the difference in the definition of competencies. The analysis results of detailed contents of the curriculum was related to the terminologies used in curriculum documents of the two countries. For example, work and family balance was frequently mentioned in Korean document, while the U.S. national curriculum just displayed multiple roles of individuals rather than using the term explicitly. Also, terms such as happiness and welfare were frequently mentioned in Korean curriculum, while 'well-being' was more frequently used in the U.S. curriculum. These differences in usage of terms reflects the differences in cultural values and perspectives of the two countries.

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An Analysis of Achievement Standards Statements in the Elementary Mathematics Curriculum of Korea (초등학교 수학과 교육과정 성취기준 진술 방식 분석)

  • Cho, Inyoung;Kang, Wan
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.69-92
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    • 2018
  • In this study, we analyzed whether 2015 revised elementary school mathematics curriculum 's standards statements reflect the direction of 2015 revised curriculum. For the objectivity of analysis, 128 achievement standards statements were analyzed based on content - centered statements, activity - centered statements, and performance - centered statements by Seo Young - jin 's (2013). As a result of the analysis, it can be seen that the 2015 revision elementary mathematics curriculum achievement standards statements do not contain enough information to expand the mathematical competence of students. To complement this, the achievement standards statements should include more elements than 'content + function', and other criteria should be developed to clearly communicate the meaning of the achievement standards statements. And it is necessary to supplement the expression of 'function' in the achievement standards in order to improve the expression of the elementary school mathematics curriculum achievement standards statements.

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Analysis of Change of Achievement Standards According to Curriculum of Mathematics in Elementary School: Focusing on Geometry Domain (초등학교 수학과 교육과정에 따른 성취기준 변화 분석: 도형 영역을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyunmi;Sihn, Hanggyun
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.437-457
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we analyzed how the content and achievement criteria of the Geometry domain of Korean elementary school mathematics curriculum have changed. To this end, based on the analysis framework based on the 2015 revised curriculum, the achievement standards for each period were classified into continuous, extinct, and additional types, and their characteristics were examined. In the domain of Geometry, continuous achievement standards accounted for 51% of the total, and there were many achievement standards that remained unchanged in grade and domain. The extinctive achievement standard is 20.4% of the total, and the mathematics contents that were rapidly introduced due to the modernization of mathematics in the 3rd curriculum were eliminated the most from the 4th curriculum, and after the 7th curriculum, With the introduction of staged curriculum and the system of school year group, the contents of learning were either integrated or moved to middle school. The additional achievement standard was 28.6% of the total, and the achievement standard was added the most with the introduction of spatial sensory development in the 7th curriculum. The GAct that the additivel achievement standard is more than the extinction achievement standard in the Geometry domain is the result of the efforts to actively introduce the geometric contents appropriate to the times despite the great flow of curriculum revision of the curriculum reduction. It is hoped that the results of these studies will be used as basic data in the formation of new achievement standards in future curriculum development.

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Analysis for the Duplication of Achievement Standards between Science and Other Subjects in the 2009 Revised National Curriculum (2009개정 교육과정에서 과학과와 타교과의 성취기준 중복성에 대한 분석)

  • Park, Jae-Keun
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.231-243
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the duplication problem of achievement standards between science and other subjects in the 2009 Revised National Curriculum and to search for solutions and implications for this problem. From the results of this study, we found that the achievement standards of practical arts, social studies, physical education and ethics were overlapped with science's ones. The duplication of content elements for 'our body and health', 'living things and environment', 'biodiversity' and 'natural disaster' categories was not high, that is, their achievement standards were relatively well-differentiated and reflected the intrinsic characteristic of each subject under common topics. But, in case of 'reproduction and development' and 'world of technology' categories, the problem of duplications was serious. In order to cope with this problem, we need to consider solutions such as merging or integrating the achievement standards of related subjects. The relevant experts should conduct in-depth discussion and negotiation, and develop achievement standards more consistent with the identity of each subject.

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The Direction for Revising the Achievement Standards in Korean Home Economics Education: Focussing on the Comparison with the U.S. National Standards (가정교과 성취기준의 서술방식 개선 방향 - 미국 국가 기준과의 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Eun Jeung;Kwon, Yoojin;Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.37-54
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed at examining the characteristics of the Korean home economics achievement standards at secondary education level, and comparing with those of U.S. home economics national standards. The specific research questions were as follows. First, the characteristics of Korean and U.S. achievement standards were examined respectively. Second, the standards of the two countries were examined in terms of the grades involved, development areas, specification level, sequence of courses, and format of statements, adopting the analysis framework of Lee, Jang, and Park(2012). Third, the achievement standards of the two countries for specific content areas, i.e. 'understanding adolescents' and 'understanding family' were compared in terms of the styles and format of statements. The findings suggest that in developing the Korean achievement standards, integration with the curriculum and detailed and specific statements are important to facilitate adoption at schools. The results of the comparison with the U.S. national standards indicates that it is important to emphasize academic rationale to home economics as a subject by clearly presenting the concepts, contents, and categories. Also, the standards will need to be stated in specific terms to allow practices and evaluations, rather than in terms that reflect value judgments.

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A study on the method of developing achievement and assessment standards for the Subject of "Human Development", "Food and Nutrition" (가사ㆍ실업계 고등학교 전문교과에 대한 성취기준 및 평가기준 개발 방안 연구 -"인간발달"및 "식품과 영양"과목을 중심으로-)

  • Wang Seok-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.81-98
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    • 2004
  • This study is to conduct the basic study for the achievement and assessment standards for the subject of 'Human Development' and 'Food and Nutrition', which are the curricula of Vocational Home Economics High Schools. These two subjects were newly adopted in the Vocational study Section of the 2005 College Entrance Examinations. In other words, this study is to provide the basic data for implementing the quality education based on the proper assessment of the curricula. For this purpose. this study analyzed the character & objective of 'Human Development' and 'Food and Nutrition'. Secondly. through the theoretical review for the concept & necessity of absolute evaluation standards. this study ensures the concept of achievement and assessment standards. and also designs the developing measures (including procedures). The achievement standards were developed by the following 5 step procedures. (1) Analyzing the objectives & contents of curricula. (2) Designating the development field of achievement standards (3) Developing the achievement standards. (4) The assessment of achievement standards. (5) Confirming the achievement standards. The assessment standards were developed by the following 5 step procedures. (1) Analyzing the achievement standards, (2) Designating the assessment field (3) Developing the assessment standards (4) Evaluating the assessment standards (5) Confirming the assessment standards Thirdly, this study suggested the exemplary achievement standards and assessment standards for the subject of Human Development, Food and Nutrition. Future study needs some critical review for the method of developing achievement and assessment standards for the subject of Human Development, Food and Nutrition. For example. the properness of 'Contents Element' which was designated as the developing field in the achievement standards, the discussion on validity of Contents Element abstract. the base of evaluating classification in terms of low, middle and high level, and other things should be considered through critical discussion. Especially the follow-up study should include the development of various evaluating methods to enable the clear communication for the achievement and assessment standards based on abstract concept and theory, thereby it could enable the actual interpretation and practical use.

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A study on achievement and assessment standards of the "Construction and Operation of Information Device" unit for middle school 'Informatics' subject in the revision of the 7th National Curriculum (2007년 개정 중학교 정보과목 '정보기기의 구성과 동작' 영역의 성취기준과 평가기준에 관한 연구)

  • kim, KyungHoon;Huh, Min;Kim, Yungsik
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the achievement standards of the "Construction and Operation of Infomation unit were established as the revision of the middle school Infomatice Curriculum in 2007. Based upon archievement standards, the assessment standards were made. And the exemplification was presented for it. The levels of the achievement unit were set in the small unit level through the understanding and the analysis of the new curriculum. The achievement standards were stated in the point of views of the students. The assessment standards divide students' achievement into three level(high/middle/low) and state each level so that it can guide evaluation of achievement. Considering the education environments, the time of the course, and the students' levels, the achievement and assessment standards can be reconstructed and would be used. Before the application of the revised Informatics curriculum, we intend for the understanding about new curriculum to be improved and for the informatics of educational activities to be advanced in quality.

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Effective Use of Teaching Aids According to Achievement Level of Mathematics in Elementary School (초등학교 수학과 성취기준에 따른 수업용 교구의 효과적인 활용 방안)

  • Ahn, Byoung Gon
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.39-53
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    • 2018
  • Most of the studies of mathematics so far have found positive changes in the effectiveness of the academic achievements of academic achievement, as well as positive changes in the effectiveness of academic achievement or attitudes or attitudes towards mathematics. The purpose of this study was to investigate the achievement criteria for the use of the teaching aids and to present the teaching aids and the methods for teaching the learning contents appropriate to the achievement standards. Specifically, it finds the achievement standard suitable for the learning contents instruction course of the textbooks of the elementary school 1st and 2nd graders, finds the available diocese in the standard diocese for the math class, and investigates the diocese in use in the present textbook.

Analysis on Gender Difference Appearing in Middle School Students at Each Achievement Standard (성취기준 단위로 분석한 중학교 학생의 성차)

  • Jo, Yun Dong
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.231-256
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    • 2016
  • In this paper I will look into achievement standards which show gender difference. This work is based on the average of percentage of correct answer about items taken in National Assessment of Educational Achievement (2010~2014) at each male and female student of middle school. Achievement standard becomes the basic unit when teachers make study plans as the smallest unit that composes the curriculum. Study plans are expressed concretely according to lesson time numbers, and then lesson time numbers are determined by achievement standards. Therefore, objective informations about gender difference appearing in achievement standards will play an important role in embodiment of programs to obliterate gender difference when teachers make study plans. Also This research is expected to play a role as an indicator in studying on gender difference in mathematics education.