• Title/Summary/Keyword: 성별

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BGOLAM-Based Gender Classification for Intelligent Smart TV Applications (지능형 스마트 TV 응용을 위한 BGOLAM 기반의 성별분류)

  • Oh, Daeyoung;Choi, Jiwon;Kim, Changick
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • 2011.07a
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    • pp.552-555
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    • 2011
  • 최근 스마트폰, 태블릿 PC와 같은 모바일 스마트 디바이스(mobile smart devices)와 더불어 스마트 TV에 대한 관심이 크게 증가하면서 사용자들의 컨텐츠와 기능에 대한 요구 또한 다양해지고 있다. 스마트 TV가 컨텐츠와 기능적 측면에서 사용자의 편의와 재미, 그리고 유익함을 동시에 만족시키기 위해서는 더욱 지능화된 기능을 탑재할 필요가 있다. 일반적으로 남녀에 따라 TV를 시청하는 경향이 다르기 때문에 현재 TV를 시청하는 사용자의 성별분류(gender classification)를 통해 성별에 따른 따른 채널이나 광고, 응용 프로그램을 달리 제공하는 성별 기반의 스마트 TV 응용을 개발할 수 있게 된다. 본 논문에서는 스마트 TV 응용에 적합한 BGOLAM 기반의 성별분류 방법에 대해 제안하고, 실험을 통해 제안하는 방법의 적절성을 보인다.

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청년층 고학력자의 성별 노동시장 차별에 관한 실증연구

  • Lee, Si-Gyun;Yun, Jeong-Hyang
    • Korean Journal of Labor Studies
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.59-93
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    • 2008
  • 본 논문은 한국고용정보원의 '대졸자 직업이동경로조사(2007)' 자료를 활용하여 청년 고학력자의 성별 노동시장 차별이 존재하는지를 확인하고자 하였다. 청년 고학력층은 경력단절, 육아와 가사부담에 따른 노동시장 차별을 비교적 덜 받을 것으로 예상된다는 점에서 이들 집단에서의 차별 존재는 최근 노동시장 문제를 파악하는 데 있어 매우 중요한 의미가 있다. 우리는 성별 노동시장 차별을 분석하기 위해서 차별에 관한 실증분석 방법으로 일반적으로 많이 사용되는 오하카 요인분해 모형을 활용하였다. 특히 고용차별을 확인하기 위해서 이항선택 모형에 적용한 요인분해 분석방법을 활용하였다. 전반적인 결론은 청년층 고학력자 여성들도 청년층 고학력자 남성에 비해 고용 및 임금차별을 경험한다는 것이다. 특히 본 연구에서는 성별 임금차별 뿐만 아니라 비정규고용 및 비공식고용과 같은 고용형태상의 차별도 확인할 수 있었다. 연령, 4년제졸 여부, 결혼여부가 성별 고용 및 임금격차를 초래하는 주요 요인으로 분석되었다.

Subjective sensibility factors determining the preference of perfume (향 선호도 결정에 영향을 미치는 주관적 감성 요인)

  • 백은주;이윤영;김완석;이배환
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 1999
  • 향은 방향성 또는 휘발성 물질에 의해 코의 점막을 통해 흡입되어 뇌파등의 생체 신호의 변화를 초래하고 풍부한 감성도 유발시킨다. 향은 기억력에 관련된 원시 감정을 유발시킬 뿐만 아니라 생체에서 나오는 페로몬(pheromone)은 행동 양식까지 영향을 미친다. 또한 향을 이용하여 증상의 경감, 예방효과등 질환을 치료하는 aromatherapy는 매우 유망한 분야이다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 페로몬향과 aromatherapy에 사용되는 essential oil등을 이용하여 주관적 감성 평가를 실시하고 이를 통계 분석하여 여러 종류 향들의 자극으로 유발되는 감성의 특징을 밝혀내고자 하였다. 둘째로 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 작용하는 감성요인을 알고자 하였다. 실험에 사용된 향은 26종류이고, 총33명의 지원자가 참여하였다. 설문지는 9점척도의 18문항을 선별하여 4가지 유형으로 작성한 후 유형별로 자료를 정리하여 베리막스의 요인분석, 외귀분석, 군집분석등을 이용하여 분석하였다. 베리막스의 요인분석으로 설문에 사용한 감성 형용사를 쾌한 감성으르 결정하는 요인, 자극의 강도를 결정하는 요인, 이외의 다른 고풍스럽거나 현대적인 요인 등 비슷한 3개 요인으로 나누었다. 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 중요한 감성척도에서는 피검자 성별에 따라 차이가 있음을 보여주었다. 남성의 경우 '황홀하다, 여성적이다' 인데 반해 여성인 경우 '쾌적하다. 친숙하다'라는 감성 척도가 중요하게 작용하였다. 또한 각 향별로 군집을 분류하여 향의 종류를 구분할 수 있었으며 또한 각 향별 선호도를 결정하는 감성 척도도 구해 보았다. 또한 향의 분류에 따른 감성 척도의 특징을 성별로 관찰한 결과 페로몬 향의 경우 essential oil과는 달리 성별에 따른 차이가 나타났다. 결론적으로 후각을 자극하는 향물질로 유발된 감성을 측정해 본 결과 성별에 다라 선호도를 결정하는 감성요인의 차이를 알 수 있었으며, essential oil에서는 성별 차이가 없는데 비하여 페로몬 향의 경우 성별의 차이를 나타내었다.

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GMM-Based Gender Identification Employing Group Delay (Group Delay를 이용한 GMM기반의 성별 인식 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Kye-Hwan;Lim, Woo-Hyung;Kim, Nam-Soo;Chang, Joon-Hyuk
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.243-249
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    • 2007
  • We propose an effective voice-based gender identification using group delay(GD) Generally, features for speech recognition are composed of magnitude information rather than phase information. In our approach, we address a difference between male and female for GD which is a derivative of the Fourier transform phase. Also, we propose a novel way to incorporate the features fusion scheme based on a combination of GD and magnitude information such as mel-frequency cepstral coefficients(MFCC), linear predictive coding (LPC) coefficients, reflection coefficients and formant. The experimental results indicate that GD is effective in discriminating gender and the performance is significantly improved when the proposed feature fusion technique is applied.

Factors Affecting Level of Perceived Stress by Gender (성별에 따른 스트레스 인지 정도 관련 요인)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Beom;Lee, Ju Hyun;Lee, Yejin;Noh, Jin-Won;Kwon, Young Dae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.235-245
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the gender differences in affecting factors of perceived stress level. The present study analyzed 2011 data of the Korea Community Health Survey and a total of 229,226 participants was included. To investigate the affecting factors of perceived stress, multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. There were gender differences in affecting factors of perceived stress by education level, number of family members, household income, and self-care. This suggests that gender differences may exists between perceived stress level and health related quality of life. Further studies are necessary to investigate whether the cause of the gender differences in stress perception.

A Study for Dietary Behaviors of Elementary School Students in Seoul by Gender (서울 지역 초등학교 학생들의 성별에 따른 식행동 양상 연구)

  • Rha, Young-Ah;Kim, Yi-Su
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.11 no.4 s.27
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    • pp.77-91
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was to determine what kinds of an effect on dietary behaviors of elementary school students in seoul by gender. So this survey is classified into nutrition knowledge, food habit dietary behaviors. Nutrition knowledge is different from gender, male is scoring 6.90 out of 10 and female is scoring 7.03 out of 10. Food habit is also different from gender, male is scoring 4.17 out of 10 and female is scoring 4.79 out of 10. Dietary behaviors also female is better than male. This result shows that food service should be more highly satisfied with the food service quality than the food service quantity.

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Occupational Segregation, Occupational Skills, and Gender Gaps in Wage and Job Satisfaction in the Capital Region, Korea (직종 성별 분리 및 숙련 특성이 임금 및 직무만족도에 미치는 영향 - 수도권 임금근로자를 대상으로 -)

  • Song, Changhyun;Lim, Up
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.47-60
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze gender gaps in wage and job satisfaction according to skill characteristics and gender composition in occupation type. Most of the previous studies dealing with gender gaps in wage and job satisfaction have limitations in using a model at a single level. To overcome these limitations, this study integrated the analysis of worker level and job level variables through the application of hierarchical linear model. For the empirical analysis, the 20th year of the Korea Labor Institute Panel Survey and Korea Network for Occupations and Workers data used, factor analysis was utilized to derive cognitive, technical and physical skills. According to the empirical results, female workers in the metropolitan area showed lower average wage and job satisfaction than male worker. these gender gaps were alleviated in occupations which requiring a high level of cognitive skill, while deepening in occupation with a high occupational segregation. The purpose of this study is to derive implications for the policy aimed at reducing the gender gap in the labor market by analyzing the relationship between gender gaps in wage and job satisfaction according to skill characteristics and gender composition rates of wage workers in the metropolitan area.

Usefulness of RPS4Y Gene on Sex Determination in Human Teeth (사람치아에서 성별감정시 RPS4Y 유전자의 유용성)

  • Yoon, Wang-Ro;Ahn, Jong-Mo;Yoon, Chang-Lyuk
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2008
  • Ribosomal Protein S4Y(RPS4Y) gene is the human sex-linked gene on the Y chromosome. There are a number of reports on the sex determination using RPS4Y gene analysis for prevention and diagnosis in sex-linked disease. Thus RPS4Y gene is a reliable genetic marker for sex determination in forensic medicine. In general, the sex determination of an unidentified body can be achieved based on anatomical characteristics, but sometimes sex determination was considered to be difficult such as pre-adolescent bodies or decomposed, mutilated bodies. In this case, Sex determination using PCR method in human teeth produces good results. Because human teeth have a great structural durability, the DNA well preserved in the teeth. So author isolated nuclear DNA from the 20 human teeth(10 males, 10 females), performed to detect RPS4Y gene by PCR method. Samples were divided four group(10 pulp and 10 dentinal tissue in male, 10 pulp and 10 dentinal tissue in female). It was found that detection of RPS4Y gene for sex determination was possible in all the male pulp tissues and 6 out of 10 male dentinal tissues. But there was not detected in female pulp and dentinal tissues. In the view of this results demonstrates the possibility that detection of RPS4Y gene with other sex chromosome genes from the human teeth is useful to sex determination in forensic medicine.

The Relationship of the Preschool Children's Self Regulation Ability and Multiple Intelligences (유아의 다중지능이 자기조절 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chae Ho
    • Korean Journal of Child Education & Care
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.209-232
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship among self-regulation and multiple intelligences of preschool children. The participants were 275 children between the ages 3, 4 and 5 and their mothers and teachers from kindergarten in Ulsan. The collected data were analyzed by using the SPSS v.21 computer program. The major results of this study were as follows; First, children's self-regulation ability was statistical significant disparity between sex and age. Second, children's Spatial Intelligence and Linguistic Intelligence were statistical significant disparity between sex and age. Logical-mathematical Intelligence, Interpersonal Intelligence were statistical significant disparity only age. Musical Intelligence, Intrapersonal Intelligence were statistical significant disparity only sex. but Bodily-kinesthetic Intelligence was not statistical insignificant disparity between sex and age. Third, Intrapersonal Intelligence, Linguistic Intelligence, Spatial Intelligence, Logical-mathematical Intelligence and Interpersonal Intelligence were significant predictors on children's self-regulation ability. These results could be used as stepping stone in developing preschool children's self-regulation program in near future.

Gender Differences in Computational Thinking, Creativity, and Academic Interest on Elementary SW Education (초등 SW교육에서 성별에 따른 컴퓨팅 사고력, 창의성, 학습흥미의 차이)

  • Lee, Jeongmin;Jung, Yeonji;Park, HyeonKyeong
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.381-391
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to propose instructional-learning strategies for designing effective software education investigating gender differences in computational thinking, creativity and academic interest on elementary SW education. 86 elementary school students who had SW education for 4 months, consisting of 49 boys (57%) and 37 girls (43%), participated for this study. They responded surveys regarding computational thinking, creativity, and academic interest. With the use of independent t-tests, this study found that there was significant differences in creativity and academic interest between boys and girls at elementary SW education. The mean of creativity of girls was higher than that of boys. however, the mean of academic interest of males was higher than that of girls. On the other hand, there was no difference in computational thinking between boys and girls. In conclusion, this study suggests design and implementation of successful SW education class considering gender.