• Title, Summary, Keyword: 성별

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A Comparative Analysis on The Age and Gender of Player Character : Focusing on The USA and Japanese Video Games (미국과 일본 게임의 플레이어 캐릭터 나이와 성별 비교 분석)

  • Nam, Ki-Teok;Yoon, Hyung-Sup
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 2017
  • A player character has a significant influence on immersion. In order to understand the consumers, it is necessary to compare age and gender of player characters, which is the most basic feature of the player character. We selected a prize winning work of 15 years of USA and japanese as research subjects(in RPG and Adventure), classified age and gender of player characters and analyzed the result. In the japanese games, the ratio of pre-set player characters was 94.3% for age and 88.6% for gender. In the USA games, It was the order of the pre-set character which did not specify the age and the customized type character. In this research, we would like to contribute guidelines for player character setting to successfully advance into the USA and Japanese game market.

Subjective sensibility factors determining the preference of perfume (향 선호도 결정에 영향을 미치는 주관적 감성 요인)

  • 백은주;이윤영;김완석;이배환
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 1999
  • 향은 방향성 또는 휘발성 물질에 의해 코의 점막을 통해 흡입되어 뇌파등의 생체 신호의 변화를 초래하고 풍부한 감성도 유발시킨다. 향은 기억력에 관련된 원시 감정을 유발시킬 뿐만 아니라 생체에서 나오는 페로몬(pheromone)은 행동 양식까지 영향을 미친다. 또한 향을 이용하여 증상의 경감, 예방효과등 질환을 치료하는 aromatherapy는 매우 유망한 분야이다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 페로몬향과 aromatherapy에 사용되는 essential oil등을 이용하여 주관적 감성 평가를 실시하고 이를 통계 분석하여 여러 종류 향들의 자극으로 유발되는 감성의 특징을 밝혀내고자 하였다. 둘째로 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 작용하는 감성요인을 알고자 하였다. 실험에 사용된 향은 26종류이고, 총33명의 지원자가 참여하였다. 설문지는 9점척도의 18문항을 선별하여 4가지 유형으로 작성한 후 유형별로 자료를 정리하여 베리막스의 요인분석, 외귀분석, 군집분석등을 이용하여 분석하였다. 베리막스의 요인분석으로 설문에 사용한 감성 형용사를 쾌한 감성으르 결정하는 요인, 자극의 강도를 결정하는 요인, 이외의 다른 고풍스럽거나 현대적인 요인 등 비슷한 3개 요인으로 나누었다. 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 중요한 감성척도에서는 피검자 성별에 따라 차이가 있음을 보여주었다. 남성의 경우 '황홀하다, 여성적이다' 인데 반해 여성인 경우 '쾌적하다. 친숙하다'라는 감성 척도가 중요하게 작용하였다. 또한 각 향별로 군집을 분류하여 향의 종류를 구분할 수 있었으며 또한 각 향별 선호도를 결정하는 감성 척도도 구해 보았다. 또한 향의 분류에 따른 감성 척도의 특징을 성별로 관찰한 결과 페로몬 향의 경우 essential oil과는 달리 성별에 따른 차이가 나타났다. 결론적으로 후각을 자극하는 향물질로 유발된 감성을 측정해 본 결과 성별에 다라 선호도를 결정하는 감성요인의 차이를 알 수 있었으며, essential oil에서는 성별 차이가 없는데 비하여 페로몬 향의 경우 성별의 차이를 나타내었다.

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GMM-Based Gender Identification Employing Group Delay (Group Delay를 이용한 GMM기반의 성별 인식 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Kye-Hwan;Lim, Woo-Hyung;Kim, Nam-Soo;Chang, Joon-Hyuk
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.243-249
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    • 2007
  • We propose an effective voice-based gender identification using group delay(GD) Generally, features for speech recognition are composed of magnitude information rather than phase information. In our approach, we address a difference between male and female for GD which is a derivative of the Fourier transform phase. Also, we propose a novel way to incorporate the features fusion scheme based on a combination of GD and magnitude information such as mel-frequency cepstral coefficients(MFCC), linear predictive coding (LPC) coefficients, reflection coefficients and formant. The experimental results indicate that GD is effective in discriminating gender and the performance is significantly improved when the proposed feature fusion technique is applied.

Usefulness of RPS4Y Gene on Sex Determination in Human Teeth (사람치아에서 성별감정시 RPS4Y 유전자의 유용성)

  • Yoon, Wang-Ro;Ahn, Jong-Mo;Yoon, Chang-Lyuk
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2008
  • Ribosomal Protein S4Y(RPS4Y) gene is the human sex-linked gene on the Y chromosome. There are a number of reports on the sex determination using RPS4Y gene analysis for prevention and diagnosis in sex-linked disease. Thus RPS4Y gene is a reliable genetic marker for sex determination in forensic medicine. In general, the sex determination of an unidentified body can be achieved based on anatomical characteristics, but sometimes sex determination was considered to be difficult such as pre-adolescent bodies or decomposed, mutilated bodies. In this case, Sex determination using PCR method in human teeth produces good results. Because human teeth have a great structural durability, the DNA well preserved in the teeth. So author isolated nuclear DNA from the 20 human teeth(10 males, 10 females), performed to detect RPS4Y gene by PCR method. Samples were divided four group(10 pulp and 10 dentinal tissue in male, 10 pulp and 10 dentinal tissue in female). It was found that detection of RPS4Y gene for sex determination was possible in all the male pulp tissues and 6 out of 10 male dentinal tissues. But there was not detected in female pulp and dentinal tissues. In the view of this results demonstrates the possibility that detection of RPS4Y gene with other sex chromosome genes from the human teeth is useful to sex determination in forensic medicine.

A Study for Dietary Behaviors of Elementary School Students in Seoul by Gender (서울 지역 초등학교 학생들의 성별에 따른 식행동 양상 연구)

  • Rha, Young-Ah;Kim, Yi-Su
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.77-91
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was to determine what kinds of an effect on dietary behaviors of elementary school students in seoul by gender. So this survey is classified into nutrition knowledge, food habit dietary behaviors. Nutrition knowledge is different from gender, male is scoring 6.90 out of 10 and female is scoring 7.03 out of 10. Food habit is also different from gender, male is scoring 4.17 out of 10 and female is scoring 4.79 out of 10. Dietary behaviors also female is better than male. This result shows that food service should be more highly satisfied with the food service quality than the food service quantity.

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Occupational Segregation, Occupational Skills, and Gender Gaps in Wage and Job Satisfaction in the Capital Region, Korea (직종 성별 분리 및 숙련 특성이 임금 및 직무만족도에 미치는 영향 - 수도권 임금근로자를 대상으로 -)

  • Song, Changhyun;Lim, Up
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.47-60
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze gender gaps in wage and job satisfaction according to skill characteristics and gender composition in occupation type. Most of the previous studies dealing with gender gaps in wage and job satisfaction have limitations in using a model at a single level. To overcome these limitations, this study integrated the analysis of worker level and job level variables through the application of hierarchical linear model. For the empirical analysis, the 20th year of the Korea Labor Institute Panel Survey and Korea Network for Occupations and Workers data used, factor analysis was utilized to derive cognitive, technical and physical skills. According to the empirical results, female workers in the metropolitan area showed lower average wage and job satisfaction than male worker. these gender gaps were alleviated in occupations which requiring a high level of cognitive skill, while deepening in occupation with a high occupational segregation. The purpose of this study is to derive implications for the policy aimed at reducing the gender gap in the labor market by analyzing the relationship between gender gaps in wage and job satisfaction according to skill characteristics and gender composition rates of wage workers in the metropolitan area.

A Study on the Factors Affecting Gender Wage Difference in the Creative Class (창조계층 성별 임금격차에 영향을 주는 요인 연구)

  • Joo, Mijin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.248-258
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    • 2019
  • The importance of the creative class has been emphasized as the industrial structure changes. However, there are only a few studies on gender wage difference in the creative class. The purpose of this study is to analyze the various factors influencing the gender wage gap in the creative class by using labor panel data. The results of this study are as follows: First, it was found that the wage of the male creative class is higher than the wage of the female creative class. Second, there were different factors affecting wages depending on the gender of the creative class. Third, female workers in the creative class suffer wage discrimination due to differences, but a larger part is due to gender discrimination. Fourth, compared to the non-creative classes, the gender wage gap of the creative classes was small. The gender gap caused by discrimination was the highest among the younger generation.

성별에 따른 향 선호도 결정에 미치는 주관적 감성요인

  • 백은주;이윤영;김완석;이배환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.148-153
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    • 1998
  • 향은 방향성 또는 휘발성 물질에 il해 코의 점막을 통해 흡입되어 여러 감성의 변화와 뇌파등 생체 신호의 변화를 초래하고 또한 풍부한 감성도 유발한다. 특히 기억력에 관련된 원시 감정을 유발하고 생체에서 나오는 phermone(페르몬)은 행동 양식까지 영향을 미친다. 또한 질환치료에도 적용되거나 증상의 경감, 예방효과 등을 보여주는 aromatherapy는 매우 유망한 분야이다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 페르몬 향과 aromatherapy에 사용되는 essential oil등을 이용하여 주관적 감성 평가를 실시하고 이를 통계분석하여 이들 여러 종류의 향들의 자극으로 유발되는 감성의 특징을 밝혀내고자 하였다. 둘째로 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 어떠한 감성요인이 작용하는지를 알고자 하였다. 실험에 사용된 향은 26종류이고 총 33명의 지원자가 참여하였다. 설문지는 18문항을 선별하여 4가지 유형으로 작성한 후 유형별로 데이타를 정리하여 베리막스의 요인분석, 회귀분석, 군집분석등을 이용하여 분석하였다. 베리 막스의 요인분석으로 감성 형용사를 비슷한 척도끼리 묶어 .괘한 감성을 결정하는 요인, 자극의 강도를 결정하는 요인, 이외의 다른 고풍스럽거나 현대적인 요인등 3개 요인으로 grouping하였다. 향의 선호도를 결정하는데 중요한 감성척도에서는 피검자 성별에 따라 차이가 있음을 보여주었다. 남성의 경우 황홀하다, 여성적이다인데 반해 여성인 경우 재적하다, 친숙하다라는 감성 척도가 중요하게 작용하였다. 또한 각 향별로 군집 분류하여 향의 종류를 구분할 수 있었으며 또한 각 향별 선호도를 결정하는 감성 척도도 구해 보았다. 또한 향의 분류에 따른 감성 척도의 특징을 성별로 관찰한 결과 페르몬 향인 경우 essential oil과 달리 성별의 차이가 나타났다. 결론적으로 후각을 자극하는 향물질로 유발된 감성 측정을 해 본 결과 성별에 따라 선호도를 결정하는 감성요인의 차이를 알 수 있었으며 또한 essential oil에서는 성별 차이가 없는데 반해 페르몬 향의 경우 성별의 차이를 나타내었다.

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Gender Differences in Computational Thinking, Creativity, and Academic Interest on Elementary SW Education (초등 SW교육에서 성별에 따른 컴퓨팅 사고력, 창의성, 학습흥미의 차이)

  • Lee, Jeongmin;Jung, Yeonji;Park, HyeonKyeong
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.381-391
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to propose instructional-learning strategies for designing effective software education investigating gender differences in computational thinking, creativity and academic interest on elementary SW education. 86 elementary school students who had SW education for 4 months, consisting of 49 boys (57%) and 37 girls (43%), participated for this study. They responded surveys regarding computational thinking, creativity, and academic interest. With the use of independent t-tests, this study found that there was significant differences in creativity and academic interest between boys and girls at elementary SW education. The mean of creativity of girls was higher than that of boys. however, the mean of academic interest of males was higher than that of girls. On the other hand, there was no difference in computational thinking between boys and girls. In conclusion, this study suggests design and implementation of successful SW education class considering gender.

Voice-Based Gender Identification Employing Support Vector Machines (음성신호 기반의 성별인식을 위한 Support Vector Machines의 적용)

  • Lee, Kye-Hwan;Kang, Sang-Ick;Kim, Deok-Hwan;Chang, Joon-Hyuk
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.75-79
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    • 2007
  • We propose an effective voice-based gender identification method using a support vector machine(SVM). The SVM is a binary classification algorithm that classifies two groups by finding the voluntary nonlinear boundary in a feature space and is known to yield high classification performance. In the present work, we compare the identification performance of the SVM with that of a Gaussian mixture model(GMM) using the mel frequency cepstral coefficients(MFCC). A novel means of incorporating a features fusion scheme based on a combination of the MFCC and pitch is proposed with the aim of improving the performance of gender identification using the SVM. Experiment results indicate that the gender identification performance using the SVM is significantly better than that of the GMM. Moreover, the performance is substantially improved when the proposed features fusion technique is applied.