• Title, Summary, Keyword: 선량계

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A Study on the Presentation of Entrance Surface Dose Model using Semiconductor Dosimeter, General Dosimeter, Glass Dosimeter: Focusing on Comparative Analysis of Effective Dose and Disease Risk through PCXMC 2.0 based on Monte Carlo Simulation (반도체 선량계, 일반 선량계, 유리 선량계를 이용한 입사표면선량 모델 제시에 관한 연구: 몬테카를로 시뮬레이션 기반의 PCXMC 2.0을 통한 유효선량과 발병 위험도의 비교분석을 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Jun-Ho;Lee, Kyung-Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2018
  • One of the purposes of radiation protection is to minimize stochastic effects. PCXMC 2.0 is a Monte Carlo Simulation based program and makes it possible to predict effective dose and the probability of cancer development through entrance surface dose. Therefore, it is especially important to measure entrance surface dose through dosimeter. The purpose of this study is to measure entrance surface dose through semiconductor dosimeter, general dosimeter, glass dosimeter, and to compare and analyze the effective dose and probability of disease of critical organs. As an experimental method, the entrance surface dose of skull, chest, abdomen was measured per dosimeter and the effective dose and the probability of cancer development of critical organs per area was evaluated by PCXMC 2.0. As a result, the entrance surface dose per area was different in the order of a general dosimeter, a semiconductor dosimeter, and a glass dosimeter even under the same condition. Base on this analysis, the effective dose and probability of developing cancer of critical organs were also different in the order of a general dosimeter, a semiconductor dosimeter, and a glass dosimeter. In conclusion, it was found that the effective dose and the risk of diseases differ according to the dosimeter used, even under the same conditions, and through this study it was found that it is important to present an accurate entrance surface dose model according to each dosimeter.

Evaluation of Usability and Radiation Dose Measurement Using Personal Radiation Exposure Dosimeter (방사선 개인피폭선량계를 이용한 피폭선량 측정 및 유용성 평가)

  • Kang, In-Seog;Ahn, Sung-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.864-870
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    • 2014
  • To propose a basis for the selection of personal dosimeters to measure radiation dose administration of radiation workers as a way to evaluate the usefulness dosimeter. For the dosimetry of the radiation workers 2012, during 1 year, 30 were radiation workers to measure personal dose. By personal exposure is measured cumulative dose, is investigated the performance of the TLD, PLD, OSLD. And comparing the measured value of each dosimeter dose and analyzed. Medical institutions, inspection work and quarterly confirmed the cumulative exposure dose of radiation workers. Using DAP and Ion-Chamber, to measure to compare TLD, PLD, OSLD dosimeter performance. A comparison of the directly through the X-ray dosimeter and The absolute value of the Ion-Chamber, OSLD more similar than in the TLD and PLD showed the dose values so the excellent ability to measure the results. Also in radiation generating area dose of radiation workers is higher than that in OSLD. Consequently, in terms of the individual exposure management OSLD is appropriated and beneficial than others.

A Dosimeter System using Bluetooth (블루투스 통신을 이용한 선량계 시스템 구현)

  • Son, Jong-Dae;Lee, Nam-Ho;Kim, Seung-Ho;Lee, Hung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2616-2618
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    • 2004
  • 본 논문에서는 휴대용 선량계 시스템에 대해 논하였다. 휴대용 선량계는 감마선과 속중성자 및 열중성자를 현장에서 실시간으로 측정 할 수 있는 휴대용 선량계이다. 선량계는 선량계의 소형화를 위해 모듈별로 구성하여 공간의 최적화를 취하였다. 모듈의 구성은 시스템의 전반적인 제어를 하는 CPU부 센서로부터 측정한 데이터를 처리하는 신호처리부 방사선량을 측정하는 센서부로 구성되어졌다. 센서 모듈의 PIN 다이오드와 MODFET 센서를 이용하여 감마선, 속중성자, 열중성자를 측정한다. 휴대용 선량계를 관리하고 측정한 데이터의 백업 및 분석을 위하여 PC용 관리프로그램과 블루투스 통신을 사용하여 통신하도록 만들어 사용하였다. 측정 지역의 방사선량을 휴대용 선량계로 측정하여 PC용 관리프로그램에서 방사선량을 확인 할 수 있다.

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A Dosimeter System using a short distance radio communication (근거리 무선 통신을 이용한 선량계 구현)

  • Seo, Yong-Chil;Son, Jong-Dae;Lee, Heung-Ho;Kim, Seung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.571-573
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    • 2004
  • 본 논문에서는 휴대용 선량계 시스템에 거리 무선 통신 방식중 Bluetooth를 이용하여 선량계를 구현한 것에 대해 논하였다. 휴대용 선량계란 감마선과 속중성자 및 열중성자를 현장에서 실시간으로 측정 할 수 있는 기기이다. 휴대용 선량계는 선랑계의 소형화를 위해 모듈별로 구성하여 공간의 최적화를 취하였다. 모듈의 구성은 시스템의 전반적인 제어를 하는 CPU부 센서로부터 측정한 데이터를 처리하는 신호처리부 방사선량을 측정하는 센서부로 구성되어졌다. 센서 모들의 PIN 다이오드와 MODFET 센서를 이용하여 감마선, 속중성자, 열중성자를 측정한다. 휴대용 선량계를 관리하고 측정한 데이터의 백업 및 분석을 위하여 PC용 관리프로그램과 근거리 무선 통신(Bluetooth)을 사용하여 통신하도록 만들어 사용하였다. 측정 지역의 방사선량을 휴대용 선량계로 측정하여 PC용 관리프로그램에서 실시간으로 방사선량을 확인 할 수 있다.

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Comparison on the Dosimetry of TLD and OSLD Used in Nuclear Medicine (광자극발광선량계와 열형광선량계를 이용한 핵의학과 선량 측정비교)

  • Lee, Wang-Hui;Kim, Sung-Chul;Ahn, Sung-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2012
  • For the dosimetry of the radiation workers, film badge, Thermo Luminescent Dosimeter (TLD), and glass dosimeter are being used and recently, there is a growing trend of using Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeter (OSLD) in the world. However, OSLD is only being applied some of the field in Korea and there has been almost no study made related to OSLD. Thus, the accumulated radiation dose of TLD and OSLD that have been most frequently used in the field was compared in the radiation workers of nuclear medicine and their working areasfor 3 months. As a result, the average surface dose showed 0.85 mSv difference with 1.27 mSv for TLD and 2.12 mSv for OSLD while having 0.73 mSv difference for the average depth dose with 1.33 mSv for TLD and 2.06 mSv for OSLD. The surface dose and depth dose of OSLD showed statistically significant result with higher measurement (p<0.05).

Element Correction Method of Thermoluminescent Dosimeters (개인 피폭선량계 소자 보정법)

  • 송명재
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.17-28
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    • 1991
  • Generally, it is an accurate radiation measurement technique for processors fo thermoluminescent dosimenters(TLDs) to characterize each element they use by producing element correction factors(FCFs). TLDs are classified into three groups such as reference. control, and field TLDs. Reference TLDs are used only for the production of ECFs for the control and field TLDs. They are kept locked in a safe place except when it is necessary to use a subset of them to produce ECFs for the control and field TLDs. The ECF of a given element is a measure of the response of the element relative to the mean response of an arbitrarily selected group of reference elements. As TLDs are used in the field, their relative responses to radiation might be decreased due to muliple readings and physical abuse. Therefore, the producditon of ECFs are performed initially and periodically during the field use. This element correction method provides an excellent tool to examine new TLDs and to monitor the reliability of old TLDs. This paper discuss the 10 step procedures developed to produce and examine ECFs.

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Development of Phantom and Comparison Analysis for Performance Characteristics of MOSFET Dosimeter (MOSFET 선량계 특성분석을 위한 팬톰 개발 및 특성 비교)

  • Chung, Jin-Beom;Lee, Jeong-Woo;Kim, Yon-Lae;Lee, Doo-Hyun;Choi, Kyoung-Sik;Kim, Jae-Sung;Kim, In-Ah;Hong, Se-Mie;Suh, Tae-Suk
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2007
  • This study is to develope a phantom for MOSFET (Metal Oxide Semiconductors Field Effect Transistors) dosimetry and compare the dosimetric properties of standard MOSFET and microMOSFET with the phantom. In this study, the developed phantom have two shape: one is the shape of semi-sphere with 10cm diameters and the other one is the flat slab of $30{\times}30cm$with 1 cm thickness. The slab phantom was used for calibration and characterization measurements of reproducibility, linearity and dose rate dependency. The semi-sphere phantom was used for angular and directional dependence on the types of MOSFETs. The measurements were conducted under $10{\times}10cm^2$ fields at 100cm SSD with 6MV photon of Clinac (21EX, Varian, USA). For calibration and reproducibility, five standard MOSFETS and microMOSFETs were repeatedly Irradiated by 200cGy five times. The average calibration factor was a range of $1.09{\pm}0.01{\sim}1.12{\pm}0.02mV/cGy$ for standard MOSFETS and $2.81{\pm}0.03{\sim}2.85{\pm}0.04 mV/cGy$ for microMOSFETs. The response of reproducibility in the two types of MOSFETS was found to be maximum 2% variation. Dose linearity was evaluated In the range of 5 to 600 cGy and showed good linear response with $R^2$ value of 0.997 and 0.999. The dose rate dependence of standard MOSFET and microMOSFET was within 1% for 200 cGy from 100 to 500MU/min. For linearity, reproducibility and calibration factor, two types of MOSFETS showed similar results. On the other hand, the standard MOSFET and microMOSFET were found to be remarkable difference in angular and directional dependence. The measured angular dependence of standard MOSFET and microMOSFET was also found to be the variation of 13%, 10% and standard deviation of ${\pm}4.4%,\;{\pm}2.1%$. The directional dependence was found to be the variation of 5%, 2% and standard deviation of ${\pm}2.1%,\;{\pm}1.5%$. Therefore, dose verification of radiation therapy used multidirectional X-ray beam treatments allows for better the use of microMOSFET which has a reduced angular and directional dependence than that of standard MOSFET.

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Comparisons and Measurements the Dose Value Using the Semiconductor Dosimeter and Dose Area Product Dosimeter in Skull, Chest and Abdomen (두개부, 흉부, 복부검사 시 반도체 선량계와 면적 선량계를 이용한 선량 값의 측정 및 비교)

  • Kim, Ki-Won;Son, Jin-Hyun
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2015
  • Recently, There has been a growing interests in exposure dose to the patient who take a examination using radiation. The radiological technologists should be concerned about the exposure dose to patients and make an efforts to reduce the patient dose without decreasing the image quality. In the case of foreign, the exposure dose of general X-ray examination have been managed by standard value of exposure dose using dose area product (DAP) and entrance surface dose (ESD) dosimeter. This study is to compare DAP and ESD in skull anterior posterior (AP), chest posterior anterior (PA), and abdomen AP projections of phantom by using DAP and ESD dosimeter. In the results, there were no differences between DAP and ESD dosimeter.

A Study on the Usefulness of Glass Dosimeter in the Evaluation of Absorbed Dose by Comparing the Doses of Multi-purpose Dosimeter and Glass Dosimeter Using Kerma with PCXMC 2.0 in DR(Digital Radiography) (DR(Digital Radiography)에서 PCXMC 2.0을 이용한 Kerma와 다목적 선량계, 유리선량계의 선량비교를 통한 흡수선량 평가 시 유리선량계의 유용성에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jun-Ho;Lee, Kyung-Bae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.292-299
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    • 2017
  • Radiation protection aims to prevent a deterministic effect and minimize a stochastic effect. Overestimating a deterministic effect and a stochastic effect can result in an inaccurate assessment of the risks that will occur in the future, and thus accurate evaluation of the absorbed dose of these fundamental amounts is especially important. This study was intended to measure Kerma using PCXMC 2.0 based on Monte Carlo simulations and to assess the exact absorbed dose by comparing doses produced using multipurpose dosimeter and glass dosimeter. It has been decided to conduct experiments for skull, abdomen and pelvis, and Kerma measured PCXMC 2.0 based on Monte Carlo simulations. The absorbed dose was measured using muli purpose dosimeter and glass dosimeter. The results for the experiments conducted in skull, abdomen, pelvis show that the difference in dose appears great in the order of PCXMC 2.0, muli purpose dosimeter, and the glass dosimeter, and muli purpose dosimeter showed a value closer to that of Kerma. As a result, it has been found that the glass dosimeter was the most advantageous in measuring the actual absorbed dose.

Comparison of Skin Dose Measurement Using Glass Dosimeter and Diode for Breast Cancer Patients (유리 선량계와 다이오드 측정기를 이용한 유방암 환자의 체표면 선량측정 비교)

  • Ko, Young-Eun;Park, Sung-Ho;Choi, Byoung-Joon;Kim, Hee-Sun;Noh, Young-Ju
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to measure the skin dose using the glass dosimeter and diode and to compare those measurements to the planned skin dose from the treatment planning system. For the reproducibility of the glass dosimeter (ASAHI TECHNO GLASS CIRPORATION, Japan), the same dose was irradiated to 40 glass dosimeters three times, among which 28 with the reproducibility within 3% were selected for the use of this study. For each of 27 breast cancer patients, the glass dosimeters and diodes were attached to 4 different locations on the skin to measure the dose during treatment. All the patients received one fraction of 180 cGy each. The maximum difference of measurements between the glass dosimeter and diode at the same location was 3.2%. Comparing with the planned skin dose from the treatment planning system (Eclipse v6.5, Varian, USA), the dose measured by the glass dosimeter and the diodeshowed on an average 3.4% and 2.3% difference, respectively. The measured doses were always less than the planned skin dose. This may be due to the specific errors of both detectors. Also, the difference may be caused by the fact that since the skin where the detectors were attached is pretty moveable, it was not fix the detectors on the skin.

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