• Title, Summary, Keyword: 생태형

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Ecological Studies on Heading of Rice Plant I. The Response to Photoperiod of Major Rice Varieties (수도의 출수생태에 관한 연구 제1보 주요수도 품종의 일장반응)

  • 최경구;장영남;이성춘
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.151-163
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    • 1983
  • This study was conducted to investigate the responses to photoperiod of some Korean rice cultivars at four levels of the day length, 10, 12, 14 and 16 hours. Generally the days to heading were reduced in the short day length. Japonica varieties seemed to have shorter basic vegetative growth phase and, were more sensitive to day length, while Japonica crossed Indica varieties showed longer basic vegetative growth phase and, were less sensitive to day length. All tested varieties could be classified into 19 ecotypes based on the periods of the basic vegetative growth phase and the sensitivity to day length.

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Management after Restoration of Close-to-nature Techniques for River (in Musim River) (친자연공법의 조성후 자연형하천 관리방안(무심천을 중심으로))

  • Yeon, Gyu-Bang;Cho, Yong-Soo;Yeon, In-Sung;Maeng, Seung-Jin;Jun, Kye-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.116-120
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    • 2011
  • 무심천에는 2002년부터 자연형 하천정비사업에 착수하면서 저수로, 저수로 하안, 고수부지 등 하도내에 여러 자연형 하천 공법과 함께 시설들을 설치하였다. 본 모니터링 조사사업은 '무심천 살리기'의 일환으로 이루어진 하천종합조사사업으로써 무심천의 수리/수환경 변화와 생태계의 변화를 조사를 통해 생태 수환경 수리특성 등 생태복원에 필요한 기초자료를 축적하고, 필요한 공법 등 향후 추진될 무심천 하천정비 및 관리에 반영하기 위하여 저수량, 홍수량, 생태계 및 하천공법 등에 대한 조사 및 분석을 전문가, 시민참여 그리고 공무원이 함께 수행하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 무심천을 친자연형 하천으로 복원하기 위하여 실시한 친자연형공법에 대하여 모니터링을 실시하고 얻은 수리/공학적 그리고 생태적 성과물을 자연형하천정비사업에 피드백시키는 자연형 하천관리방안에 대하여 논하였다. 무심천의 친자연형하천관리를 위하여 하천의 3대기능과 관련한 항목을 이용하여 평가지표를 설정하고, 평가를 하고 자연형 하천공법 등급을 I-V로 구분하여 하천관리를 위한 기준으로 사용하였다. 평 저수시 무심천 본류와 지류에 대한 유량측정을 실시하고, 하천유지유량을 산정하였다. 저수/고수호안, 하상, 둔치에 대한 조사분석을 실시하고 관리방안을 제시하여 무심천을 점차 자연형하천으로 변화시키고 있다. 또한 생태계의 적응관리로 하천식생을 유지하기 위한 관리를 실시하고, 유해식물과 외래식물을 제거하고, 하도내 직경이 10(m) 이상되는 버드나무 수목에 밑둥치기를 실시하여 치수기능의 저해를 방지하였다.

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A Classification of Ecotourism Storytelling Types for Standardization of Ecotourism Information (생태관광 정보 표준화를 위한 생태관광 스토리텔링 유형분류)

  • Lee, Seung-Ju;Lee, Hyun-Sook;Seo, Jong-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2012
  • As the tourists of ecotourism are increasing, the supply for detailed information on tourist attraction is also significantly increasing. As a result of survey given to tourists, it showed that they are more interested in natural ecological resources rather than history or culture among resources of ecotourism and pointed out that more information on the region needs to be supplemented. In order to provide accurate, detailed and standardized information to tourists, ecotourism resources were categorized as experience type from the position of consumer and ecological resource type. And the category of experience is again divided into 4 types - nature, education, communication and adventure. Moreover, after developing the web-based homepage for it, the research proposed the cases of Tae-an area and Ulleungdo Island. If the problems from test operation are supplemented, it is expected to suggest the standard of mobile based digital storytelling technology in the field of ecotourism.

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Estimation of Ecology of Urban Areas Natural Rivers that use LAWA (LAWA를 이용한 도심지역 자연형 하천의 생태성 분석)

  • Kim, Joo-Hwan;Choi, Gye-Woon;Koo, Bon-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.2098-2102
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 국내에서 자연형 하천의 복원이 이루어진지 5년 이상이 된 도시지역의 하천을 LAWA(Laenderarbeits-gemeinschaft Wasser = 연방물관리연구공동체)(2000)를 이용하여 하천의 물리적 구조를 평가하였다. 물리적 구조 평가에서는 하천의 종적특성 및 종단면, 횡단면, 하상구조, 하안구조 및 하천변의 토지 이용성 등 6개항의 25개 세부항목으로 구성된 하천의 자연성과 하천의 인공성 정도를 가늠하였다. 그 결과 기 조성된 국내의 하천의 생태성이 크게 개선되어지지 않았음을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 결과를 근거로 볼 때에 과거의 자연형 하천 조성방법에 대한 근본적인 문제점을 살펴보고 개선책을 찾아야할 것으로 사료된다. 특히 도심하천의 경우 이, 치수의 기능 위주로 정비가 되어 있었기 때문에 자연형 하천으로의 복원 후에도 주변의 좋지 않은 구조물들에 의해서 물리적 등급이 낮게 평가되었다. 따라서 앞으로 하천 스스로 생태성, 자연성을 회복할 수 없는 구간에 대한 하천설계에서는 물리적 구조 향상을 위한 적극적인 방안이 시도 되어야 할 것으로 사료된다.

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Analysis of Animal Usage of Eco-bridge and Ecoduct Using an Infrared CCTV at the Baekdudaegan Mountain Range, Korea (적외선 CCTV를 활용한 백두대간 육교형 생태통로와 터널형 생태통로의 동물이용현황 분석)

  • Cho, Hye-Jin
    • Ecology and Resilient Infrastructure
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.177-181
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    • 2016
  • In order to prevent the fragmentation of animal habitat due to road construction, the most widely applied solution is building animal passes worldwide. In Korea, animal passes were introduced in the early 2000s, and through trial and error, the national guidelines for them and their design standards were published in 2010. These were criticized by politicians because of their relative inefficiency considering their high construction cost and their lack of animal usage. This study investigated the extent to which animals used the facilities. For this study, two types of animal passes, eco-bridges and ecoducts, were considered and the test sites were chosen from the Baekdu Mountains. The animal usage data was captured using infra-red CCTV cameras. The results showed that various types of animals used eco-bridges and ecoducts. Interestingly various types of birds were captured by cameras and endangered animals were also in them. The season, weather, and their surrounded vegetation also had effects on their usages. The infrared CCTV allowed detailed captures of animals but the electricity shortage was one disadvantage. During the last decades, a number of eco-bridges were constructed throughout the country and now we need to focus on their monitoring and maintenance for their successful efficiency and application.

Gross Morphological and Herbicide Susceptibility Variation in Collections of Echinochloa Species (피속(屬) 잡초(雜草) 수집종(蒐集種)의 외부형태적(外部形態的) 변이(變異)와 제초제(除草劑)에 대한 내성차이(耐性差異))

  • Chun, J.C.;Shin, H.S.;Kim, J.S.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 1988
  • Three varieties of Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. and five collections different in gross morphology from the E. crus-galli species were obtained in a lowland rice field located in Jukjeol-Ri, Soyang-Myeon, Wanju-Kun, Jeonbug to compare the ecological and physiological characteristics. There were great variations in seed dormancy, relative growth rates, days required to panicle emergence and panicle morphology among the collections. On the basis of the cluster analysis using the different characteristics, the collections were divided into three groups; E. crus-galli var. frumentaceae and its two ecotypcs, E. crus-galli var. echinata and its two ecotypes, and E crus-galli var. crus-galli and its one ecotype. There were differential responses in percent germination and post-germination growth of the collections to butachlor (2-chloro-2', 6'-diethyl-N-butoxymethyl acetanilide).

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한국형 처분 시스템에 대한 생태계 평가의 한 예시

  • 이연명;황용수;강철형
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
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    • pp.290-299
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    • 2003
  • 고준위 방사성 폐기물 처분장으로부터 유출된 핵종이 인간 생태계에 도달하여 어느 정도의 선량률로서 피폭을 일으키는가를 보이기 위한 생태계 피폭 모델링 및 평가 연구는 처분안전성 평가의 최종 단계로서 핵종 유출의 결과가 인간에게 어느 정도의 방사선 피폭을 주는가를 보이는 것이 그 주요한 내용이 된다. 이 연구를 통하여 도출된 시나리오 중에서 가장 기본이 될 수 있는 생태계에 대하여 AMBER를 사용하여 피폭 계산을 수행하여 선량 환산 인자 평가를 계산해 보았다. AMBER 코드는 핵종 이동 계산을 위해 여러 개의 구획을 설정하고 구획간의 핵종 이동은 핵종 전이 계수(mass transfer coefficient)를 이용하여 계산한다.

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Response of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to Vegetation Structure in Wildlife Crossings (생태통로 내부 식생구조에 대한 지표성 딱정벌레류(딱정벌레목: 딱정벌레과)의 반응)

  • Jung, Jong-Kook;Park, Yujeong;Lee, Sun Kyung;Lee, Hyoseok;Park, Young-gyun;Lee, Joon-Ho;Choi, Tae Young;Woo, Donggul
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.185-198
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    • 2016
  • Korea has put in significant efforts to increase the number of wildlife crossings between fragmented habitats to prevent loss of biodiversity and to encourage the habitat connectivity in Korea. However, there is a lack of biological data on the effect of vegetation structure in these wildlife crossings and guidelines for design and management of wildlife crossing structures in Korea. Therefore, we selected ground beetle assemblages as model organisms to compare the effect of vegetation structure in wildlife crossings, i.e. bare ground- and shrub-type corridors, in agro-forested landscapes. For this study, 4,207 ground beetles belonging to 33 species were collected through pitfall trapping along the northern forest-corridor-southern forest transects from late April to early September in 2015. Dominant species, abundance, and species richness of ground beetles were significantly higher in the shrub-type corridors than the bare ground-type corridors. Also, the species composition of bare ground-type corridor was significantly different compared to the other habitats such as shrub-type corridor and forests. Similarly, environmental variables were also influenced by vegetation management regimes or trap locations. Collectively, our study clearly indicates that the movement of forest associated ground beetles between forest patches can increase as the vegetation in wildlife crossings becomes complex. Although further studies are needed to verify this, there are indications that the current wildlife crossings that comply with the guidelines may be unfriendly to the movement of ground dwelling arthropods as well as ground beetles. To enhance the ecological function of wildlife crossings, the guidelines need to be rectified as follows: 1) Shrubs or trees should be planted along the corridor verges to provide refuge or movement paths for small mammals and ground dwelling arthropods, and 2) Open spaces should be provided in the middle of the corridors to be used as a path for the movement of large mammals.