• Title, Summary, Keyword: 생애역량

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Changes of Nursing Activities on Patients with DNR Orders (DNR 결정 환자에 대한 간호사의 간호활동 변화)

  • Lee, Ji Yun;Jang, Jae In
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.46-57
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the changes to nursing activities of nurses on patients with DNR (Do-Not-Resuscitate) order and factors associated to the changes. Methods: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire for 173 nurses at general hospitals. Logistic regression analysis was performed on the data using SAS 9.4. Results: With 39 nursing activities, an average of 60.4 (34.9%) nurses reported an increase in the activities, 102.4 (59.2%) no change and 10.1 (5.9%) a drop. The activity increase was the greatest in the social area, and the physical area was where the activities decreased the most. The activity increase was associated knowledge competency (9 items), attitudes (2 items), practical competency (4 items) and work load (14 items were). Conclusion: To offer systematical care for DNR patients, it is necessary to expand nurses' knowledge through end-of-life education and adjust their workload and provide a support system at the department level.

Practical Arts(Technology.Home Economics) Textbook Evaluation Criterion based on Perspectives of the National Curriculum (교과 교육과정에 제시된 관점에 근거한 실과(기술.가정) 교과서 평가기준 방향 탐색)

  • Kwon, Yoojin
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.61-77
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    • 2013
  • Developing textbook evaluation criterion is as important as textbook development in education. Home economics subject has been involved in textbook evaluation since 1995, at which the first home economics textbook was under the national authorization system in South Korea. There has been little research on home economics textbook evaluation criterion even though there were more studies using textbook analysis. The purposes of this study were to explore the reason why subject perspectives were reflected on the textbook evaluation criterion, the relationships between the perspectives presented by national curriculum and technology home economics textbook evaluation criterion, and the future direction for developing textbook evaluation criterion. So this study was related to analyze practical arts(technology home economics) textbook evaluation criterion and the meaning of subject perspectives in textbook evaluation criterion, to drive perspectives consistently presented by the 2007 revised and 2011 revised national curriculum, to analyze the relationships between the perspectives in national curriculum and textbook evaluation criterion, and to provide the future direction for textbook evaluation criterion development. Textbook evaluation criterion is very important because it provides subject perspectives for developing textbook, delivers the core concepts and unique values of our subject, and provides the direction for teacher education. According to the analysis of both national curriculum, the perspectives such as management competency, life competency, practical experience, integrative competency for understanding individual and family, career and life planning, and life problem-solving were presented in this study. Implication for future research would be needed to develop the factors of textbook evaluation criterion based on the perspective presented by national curriculum.

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Analysis of Knowledge and Competency for the Fourth Industrial Revolution Based on Anderson's Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy: Focused on Achievement Standard in the 2015 revised Practical Arts(Technology·Home Economics) (Bloom의 신교육목표 분류체계에 기초한 4차 산업혁명 시대에 요구하는 지식과 역량 분석: 2015 개정 실과(기술·가정) 교육과정의 가정과 성취기준을 대상으로)

  • Yang, Ji Sun;Lee, Gyeong Suk
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.129-149
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    • 2018
  • This study has attempted to analyze the achievement standards in the 2015 revised curriculum, based on the revision of Bloom's Taxonomy and aims to identify the knowledge and required competencies in the fourth industrial era. The results of this study are as follows: First, the knowledge dimensions was the highest 'metacognitive knowledge' in middle school, while 'factual knowledge' was the highest in high school, and 'knowledge of specific details and elements' was the highest subtype of all of the knowledge dimensions. The dimensions of the cognitive process, such as the terms 'apply' and 'analyze' in middle school, as 'understand' and 'evaluate' in high school have been treated inattentively. Second, the knowledge dimension and the cognitive process dimension according to key concepts display the metacognitive knowledge and 'understand' in development, the conceptual knowledge and 'understand' in relationship. While the 'metacognitive knowledge' and 'apply' in life culture, the 'procedural knowledge' and 'evaluate' in safety, the 'factual knowledge' and 'apply' in management and the 'metacognitive knowledge' and 'understand' in life design were extremely high. Third, the verbs used in the achievement standards displayed as 'explore', 'understand', 'analyze', 'practice', 'suggest', 'recognize' and 'evaluate'. Since the statement of the action verb is the very basis for determining the performance process, specific competencies may be achieved by reflecting on the actual achievement standards. These standards should provide us with a effective cognitive process for to understand a learner's performance skills and support the direction of the education required, through a strategy that refines the connection between content elements and functions and develop their competences for the future.

Effects of Digital Textbook Usage on the Improvement of Problem Solving Competency (디지털교과서 활용이 문제해결력 향상에 미치는 효과)

  • Suh, Soon-Shik;Seo, Jeong-Hee;Hwang, So-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.263-271
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    • 2009
  • Problem solving competency has always been a prime issue in education, and it is defined as core skills of a life competency or as 21st century skills that students need to successfully learn. This study aims to discover the scope and impact of digital textbooks on students' competencies. This study also examines meaningful differences brought about using digital textbooks and taking lessons specifically adapted to improve 5th grade students' problem solving competencies. The pretest-posttest control group design was adopted and a performance-based measurement tool for problem solving competency was developed and applied. The results indicate that the classes using digital textbooks achieved higher scores in problem solving competency. Also, a lesson that was specifically adapted with the aim to improve students' problem solving competency had a positive influence on students' achievement. Moreover, there was reciprocal influence between using digital textbooks and adapting instructions to improve problem solving competency. In conclusion, the effect of digital textbooks should be discussed further while also considering the influence of teachers' instructional strategies.

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Case Study on the Survival Experiences of Gambling Dependents (도박의존자의 생존경험에 관한 사례연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Sook;Cha, Myeong-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.519-531
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to learn about the meaning and factors of gambling in one's life. Thus, it is to develop contents that help gamblers improve their quality of life by broadening their understanding of gambling. To this end, data from women who had experienced gambling and also quit gambling were collected and analyzed. What are the factors that deter gambling and gambling and what is the dynamics that lead to life? The research approach is a technical case study. The story and context of her life were in mind. The results of the matrix analysis were derived from 15 subcategories and 8 upper categories. The result was to adapt and cope within the mental and economic deficits and to survive survival. The researcher suggested that content development is necessary. It is necessary to develop counseling contents that can heal their pain, stress, and heartache and to help one parent's family's economic survival. It also suggested that the development of capacity-enhancing contents such as technical training to cope with social structural changes is necessary.

Owner-driven Lean Construction based on Participants' Needs Analysis (건설주체간의 니즈분석을 통한 발주자 참여형 린 건설 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Woo;Ryu, Chung-Gyu;Park, Hee-Dae;Han, Seung-Heon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.222-226
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    • 2008
  • The construction industry has remained stagnant for a long time. So many researchers have wanted to solve this problem not only focusing on enhancement of construction process, but also introducing the culture of cooperation. The Last Planner System(LPS), one of the elementary techniques of Lean Construction, aims for improving the work reliability and reducing variability by measuring and managing the daily or weekly performance for overcoming the weakness of recent complex schedule management tools such as Critical Path Method. This research propose a framework for implementation of LPS conducted by owner focused on construction stage and introduce optimal owner participation model in plant construction, based on needs analysis for construction participants. Furthermore, this research introduce a modified needs analysis, so called IPBA(Importance-Performance-Betterment Analysis), and an advanced LPS procedure which add the needs analysis during pre-LPS and(or) main LPS stages.

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A Study of Korea Tasks through Standard Contents of Special Teacher Training in Germany (독일의 특수교사 표준양성내용으로 본 한국의 과제 탐색)

  • Nam, Suk
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.53-84
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    • 2018
  • With the change of society and the rapid development of science and technology, the direction of future education and the functions of schools have changed. Also the roles and tasks of teachers are changing rapidly. As Germany entered into the 21st century, many discussions let to a consensus on the direction of future education and schooling withholding a sense of responsibility and solidarity for the education of all members of the society. As a result, standards for the training of general teachers and teachers for special education were presented. The purpose of this study is to compare the standard contents of teacher training for special education in Germany with the qualification criteria for special school, teachers in Korea, focusing on evaluation and giving as well detailed information on the examination of teachers for special school, as on basic subjects for the qualification of special school teachers for special education in Korea will be explored. As a result, the content of this study can be summarized by four items. The first one is dealing with the creation of a consciousness of solidarity and a sense of responsibility among the members of the society for the future education and the role of schools and teachers. The second item ist about including the capacity and competence of teachers in the restructuring of the school and in the minimum standards of teacher training for special education. Third, the specificity of each state (provincial and local) is considered in the content of standards for teacher training. Fourth, standards for teacher training are linked to each other, previous teacher education, trainee teacher education, and current teacher education.

The Analysis of Counseling Elements in the Life and Philosophy of Yeonam Park Ji Won (연암 박지원의 삶과 사상 속에 담긴 상담요소 분석)

  • Jeong, Mi- Jeong;Im, Jin-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to understand traditional values, attitudes, the methods of expression and to develop Korean-style counseling method through the life and philosophy of Yeonam Park Ji Won. This study found the value of counseling in the life and philosophy of Yeonam Park Ji Won and extracted the counseling elements. Finally, this study systematized them as the counselor's good attitude, the counselor's ability for human relationships and the counseling strategy for helping other people. The counselor's attitude which we can learn from Yeonam is to give a deep impression, to converse making other's thought to expand, to initiate other people into the way of enjoying life, to scold for other's desirable change and growth, to use various cautionary topic, to make use of a good sense of humor, to make use of a creative methods, to make other people to mature in their ability. It is meaningful that this study systematized the counselor's good attitude and counseling strategy which are able to be used in modern counseling through the life and philosophy of Yeonam. In the future, it can be developed into more worthy counseling knowledge which can be used in reality through continuous study and verification.

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Career Education in Technology.Home Economics Education and Application Plan in Free Learning Semester - Focus on Home Economics education Unit - (자유학기제 도입에 따른 기술.가정 교과통합 진로교육 운용 방안 - 가정 교과 영역을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Eun Jeung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.105-121
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to investigate the validity and appropriate way of career education according to the integration of home economics subjects, as a way of revitalization of career education in technology and home economics subjects, after the implementation of free semester system. For this goal, the meaning and trend of free semester system, trend of subject-integrated career education, analysis of curriculum in technology home economics education subject, and trend of research about career education in home economics were investigated. The result was as in the following. First, in spite of the ambiguity of the meaning of free semester, the career education will be expanded as the importance of lifelong career education was more and more required. Second, the career paths separated from subjects had problem in its effectiveness, therefore, subject-integrated career education emphasizing on school subjects will become more crucial. Third, it was presented that extracting core achievement standard in subject-integrated career education in technology home economics education according to core achievement standard was critical. For these reasons, the objective and model of career education in home economics education under free semester system were illustrated.

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Framework and Core Competency of Integrated Design Management (IDM) (통합설계관리의 개념적 틀 및 역량강화 요소 - 건축과 플랜트를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Yesol;Jung, Youngsoo
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.122-133
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    • 2014
  • Recent diversification of project delivery systems coupled with increasing mega-projects requires highly advanced construction management techniques. Among those techniques, procurement and design management are recognized as being the first priority for overseas construction projects. Nevertheless, previous research in design management has been limited to the quality management of the design documents at design stage. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the design management from a comprehensive perspective throughout the project life cycle. In this context, the purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptual framework for integrated design management (IDM). Several different concepts in relation to design management were investigated first in order to identify the major variables of the IDM framework. A comprehensive comparison of construction management methodologies was also analyzed in order to identify key factors of IDM. Finally, an IDM framework was proposed by combining those factors and relevant issues. Based on the proposed framework, a survey was conducted in order to validate the framework as well as to identity important areas for improving competitive capability of Korean construction companies.