• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삽입손실

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Effect of scratches on optical connector interface surface on the insertion loss (광 커넥터 접합면의 스크래치가 삽입손실에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤영민;윤정현;김부균;신영곤;송국현
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.287-292
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents the effect of scratches on an optical connector interface surface on the insertion loss of optical connectors. We propose a model for calculating the insertion loss of optical connectors. The model is expressed in terms of geometrical parameters of scratches assuming that the transmission coefficient of a light wave on the scratch surfaces is linearly varied as a function of scratch depth. Geometrical parameters of scratches such as location, width, and depth of scratches are measured using 3D optical interferometry surface profiler. We obtain the equation of the transmission coefficient in terms of scratch depth comparing the experimental insertion loss data to the insertion loss data using the model presented in this paper. Using the model and the equation of the transmission coefficient presented in this paper, we present the results of the insertion loss of optical connectors for various geometrical parameters of scratches. Scratches which are located at longer than two times the core radius from the center of the core show negligible effect on the insertion loss of optical connectors.

Isolator Design and Analysis as a Function of YIG Ferrite Material Properties (YIG 페라이트 소재에 대한 아이솔레이터 설계 및 분석)

  • Jun, D.S.;Lee, H.Y.;Ko, K.S.;Kim, D.Y.;Lee, S.S.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문은 아이솔레이터의 소재 파라미터에 의한 삽입손실 영향에 대하여 서술하였다. 본 논문에서는 페리자성공명반치폭($\Delta$Η), 유전손실, 자계세기 그리고 포화자화에 대한 아이솔레이터 삽입손실의 관계를 알아 보았고, 또한 공진 아래 모드를 사용한 아이솔레이터의 온도안정화 연구 및 구조설계에 대하여알아 보았다. 아이솔레이터의 온도특성은 영구자석, YIG(Yttium Iron Garnet) 페라이트 그리고 공진기로사용되는 도체 등에 의한 변화에 대하여 본 논문에서는 실험시제품을 제작하여 측정 분석하였다. 측정결과 시뮬레이션 결과와 실험시제품 측정결과가 거의 일치하는 것을 알 수 있었다. 삽입손실 0.18~0.24dB, 반사손실 27dB, 아이솔레이션 27dB 그리고 대역폭 500MHz를 얻을 수 있었다. 이때 실험에 사용한 소재 파라미터는 포화자화 550G, 유전손실, $0.0004\Delta$Η20, 유전율 14로 하였다. 또한 온도안정화실험에서는 구조를 개선하여 온도안정화를 이루었다.

Comparison of the Insertion Loss Results of Semi-infinite Plane Screen by the Analytical Method and Boundary Element Method (반무한 방음벽의 삽입손실의 이론과 BEM해석에 의한 결과치 비교)

  • 김문섭;김관주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구는 방음벽의 성능예측을 위해 BEM의 접근 방법을 시도하였으며 범용 음향 소프트웨어인 Sys-noise 5.2의 direct collocation bem을 사용하여 반무한 평면 방음벽에 대한 해석을 수행하였으며, 그 결과를 검증하기 위해 Maekawa에 의한 근사해와 해석적 점근해에 비교하였다. 또한, 수음점이 방음벽으로부터 떨어진 거리, 방음벽의 폭, 방음벽의 높이에 따른 삽입손실을 계산하였고, 방음벽에 흡음처리를 한 경우와 방음벽상단의 형상변화에 따른 삽입손실의 변화를 계산하였다.

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Evaluation and analysis of the acoustic performance of ducted silencers based on ISO 7235 (공조용 소음기의 성능시험 평가 및 분석 (ISO 7235))

  • Kim, Doo-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2000
  • 본 논문에서는 공조용 소음기에 대한 삽입손실 및 압력손실과 같은 음향성능 평가를 위해 필요한 제반 사항을 ISO 7235에 근거하여 소개하였다. 이를 위해 시험설비의 종류 및 구비조건, 측정방법, 측정시 유의사항 등을 기술하였고, 이로서 공조용 소음기의 보다 정확한 음향성능평가가 이루어지도록 검토 하였다.

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A Study on the Insertion Loss of Noise Barrier with the Variation of Top Shape (방음벽 상단부 형상에 따른 삽입손실 연구)

  • 정성수;김용태;이우섭
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.624-631
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    • 2002
  • The insertion loss of the noise barriers with several top shape is measured in an anechoic room by using a reduced scale model test. The insertion loss differences between a straight vertical barrier having 0.3 m height and several barriers with simple top shaped are compared. The results show that the latter is more effective than the former and absorptive barrier is more effective than the reflective one. Among the barrier types of 'T', 'Y', and '(equation omitted)', type 'Y' is the best one and the rest have similar effect. This result is well agree with Alfredson (PIOC. Inter-Noise 95, p. 381, 1995)'s but contradict to May (J. Sound Vb. 71, p. 73, 1980)'s. Therefore, it is difficult to determine which type is the best. In order to find out this discrepancy, boundary element method is adopted and the result shows one can have different result because each supposed different experimental conditions like height of noise barrier, positions of sound source and receiver, etc.

Acoustic Performance Evaluation of Noise Barriers Installed Adjacent to Rails and Suggestion of Approximation Formula for the Prediction of Insertion Loss (근접 방음벽의 음향성능평가 및 삽입손실 예측을 위한 근사식의 제안)

  • Yoon, Je Won;Jang, Kang Seok;Cho, Yong Thung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.629-637
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, an investigation was conducted to evaluate the acoustic performance of low height noise barriers installed adjacent to rails; an easy-to-use approximation formula was suggested for the evaluation of insertion loss (IL), instead of using the boundary element method. At first, the acoustic performance of the low height noise barriers was measured in an anechoic chamber using a scaled down model; the overall IL according to the source location was analyzed with the equivalent IL contour line. Using the measurement results obtained from the scaled down model, an approximation formula was suggested for the IL of low height noise barriers having various shapes. Also, the prediction program was validated through a comparison between the actual measurement results in the anechoic chamber and the prediction results. Finally, using the prediction program, an approximation formula for IL was suggested for the low height noise absorption barriers. Considering the frequency characteristics of the noise sources of the train, the absorptive low height noise barriers have a 'ㄱ' type shape, a height of 1.0m, and a length of 0.5m when they are installed on the structure gauge for the train.

Manufacturing and Communication properties of Capacitive Coupler for the low Voltage Power Line Communication (전력선 통신용 접촉식 커플러의 제조와 통신 특성 향상)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sik;Lee, Hae-Yon;Lee, Geane;Kim, Choon-Bae;Oh, Young-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.369-370
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    • 2009
  • 전력선 통신용 접촉식 커플러의 제조 방법 확립과 응용 가능성을 파악하기 위해 440V이하의 저압용 3상 4선식 접촉식 커플러를 설계 및 제조하였다. 60Hz의 교류 전압 신호를 차단하는 캐패시터의 용량이 증가할수록 삽입 손실의 증가하였으며, 68nF의 캐패시터를 적용하여 90~450kHz, 2~30MHz의 전력선통신 주파수 대역에서 최소 삽입 손실 특성을 얻었다. 커플링 트랜스의 권선수 증가는 전자계 결합계수의 상승으로 자기유도 효율이 증가하여 삽입 손실 특성이 증가하였으며. 6턴 이상의 권선수에서는 거의 일정한 삽입 손실 특성을 나타내었다. 설계 완료된 접촉식 커플러를 이용하여 전력선 통신 주파수인 90~450kHz, 2~30MHz 대역에서 $-2\pm1dB$의 삽입 손실 특성을 얻었다.

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Design and Fabrication of Diplexer using Lumped Elements (집중 소자를 이용한 다이플렉서 설계 및 제작)

  • Park, Yong-Wook
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the diplexer used a separator or a combine of signals was designed and its characteristics were investigated. The diplexer consists of two fixed tuned bandpass filter such as low pass filter(LPF) and high pass filter(HPF) sharing a common part and was simulated. The diplexer with micro-strip structure was fabricated. The LPF of diplexer has insertion loss of -0.4 dB, return loss of -30 dB and 1.6 GHz cut-off frequency and HPF has insertion loss of -0.8 dB, return loss of -30 dB and 1.9 GHz cut-off frequency, respectively.

Evaluation of Noise Reduction Performance of HVAC System for Ships (선박용 HVAC 시스템의 소음저감성능 평가)

  • Kim, Sang-Ryul;kim, Hyun-Sil;Kim, Jae-Seung;Kim, Bong-Ki;Lee, Sung-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.497-503
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, evaluation of noise reduction performance of HVAC system for ships by means of HVAC mock-up system is presented. Test is done for six different types of HVAC elements including room unit, silencer, etc. It is found that when diameter of silencer is small and air flow is large, flow noise degrades insertion loss. However, as diameter of silencer becomes larger, the effect of flow noise becomes smaller, and insertion loss up to 25 dB is measured. It is observed that insertion loss of diffuser type room unit is usually between zero and 10 dB, whereas that of the nozzle type room unit can be down to - 15 dB. In addition, it is shown that changing duct arrangement can reduce cabin noise by up to 2 dB, and providing same air flow to each room unit is crucial for generating less noise.

Reversible Data Hiding Using Histogram of Wavelet Coefficients' difference (웨이블릿 계수차분의 히스토그램을 이용한 무손실 정보은닉)

  • Jeong, Cheol-Ho;Eom, Il-Kyu;Kim, Yoo-Shin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.290-293
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    • 2005
  • 무손실 정보은닉은 추출과정에서 원본 영상으로의 완벽한 복원이 가능하도록 정보를 삽입하는 기술이다. 본 논문에서는 영상에서의 회복적인 무손실 정보은닉 알고리즘을 제안한다. 제안된 알고리즘은 히스토그램 수정을 Haar 웨이블릿 계수차분에 적용한 방법으로, 두 단계 삽입과정으로 나누어진다. 1차 삽입과정에서 웨이블릿 계수차분 히스토그램의 수정으로 인해 발생하는 왜곡은 2차 삽입과정을 통해 보상된다. 이러한 회복적인 특성은 실험을 통해 영상의 왜곡을 줄여주는 동시에 높은 삽입용량으로 나타난다.

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