• Title/Summary/Keyword: 삼투막

Search Result 140, Processing Time 0.09 seconds

막분리 공정설계 및 응용

  • 이규현
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.31-56
    • /
    • 1993
  • 투과증방법은 역삼투법보다 더 먼저 개발이 진행되었으나 에너지의 소비가 증류법보다 높아 상업화가 진행되지 못하다가 연료용 에탄올의 탈수공정중 공비혼합물 분리공정에서 고순도의 에탄올제조시 증류법과 혼합하여 사용되고 있다. 그러나 다른 유기물의 분리에 적용하기 위해서는 막재료의 개발이 시급히 요구되고 있다. 이 외에도 가스분리, 투석등도 상업화가 진행되고 있지만 아직은 초기단계에 머무르고 있는 실정이므로 여기에서는 막분리기술의 공정설계를 설명하기 위하여 가장 많이 보급되고 개발이 많이 진행된 역삼투막 공정을 중심으로 공정설계를 설명하고자 한다.

  • PDF

Membrane Perfomance of Sulfonated Polyetherimide

  • 김완주;권영남;전종영;탁태문
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.71-72
    • /
    • 1996
  • Polyetherimide(PEI)계의 고분자는 막 성능이 우수하고 내열성과 내유기용매성 등이 우수한 열가소성수지로서 film, sheet, tubular형으로 만들 수 있어 한외여과막이나 역삼투막, 기체분리막 등에 이용되고 있다. 한편 투과속도를 높이고, fouling을 줄이기 위한 친수성 향상은 막 소재의 화학적 개질에 있어서 주된 목표이다. sulfonation은 막 재질의 소수성을 감소시켜 water permeability를 향상시키는데 있어서 매우 유용한 방법으로 이온교환수지, 이온교환막, anion형 하전막의 제조에 이용되어 왔다. 본 실험에서는 polyetherimide계 고분자를 chlorosulfonic acid(CSA)를 이용하여 술폰화시킨 sulfonated polyetherimide(SPEI)를 제조하여 막 성능을 측정하였다.

  • PDF

원전 방사성 세탁폐액 특성 및 처리에 관한 연구

  • 김종빈;박종길;안희진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.335-340
    • /
    • 1997
  • 원전에서 발생하는 방사성 세탁폐액을 환경방사능 Zero Release 개념하에 완전히 처리하는 공정으로서 역삼투막을 이용한 방법이 연구되고 있는데 이에 앞서 역삼투막 공정의 주요 장애요소인 계면활성제 및 현탁물에 의한 탁도 제거를 위한 전처리 공정으로 활성탄과 한외여과막 결합장치를 제작하여 운전하였으며 실험 결과 90% 이상의 높은 세제 제거율과 60% 이상의 탁도 제거율을 얻을 수 있었다.

  • PDF

Preparation and Characteristics of Fouling Resistant Nanofiltration Membranes (내오염성 나노여과막의 제조 및 특성)

  • Kim, No-Won
    • Membrane Journal
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.44-53
    • /
    • 2007
  • The primary objective of this study is to increase the extent of water flux and fouling resistance of nano-filtration or reverse osmosis membranes. This study was performed to investigate the effect of surface characteristics of silane coated membranes on modified fouling index. Commercial polyamide composite RO membrane (RE1812-LP) and NF membrane (ESNA4040-LF) were treated with silane coupling agents in ethanol at five different concentrations. The silane coupling reagent, aminopropylmethoxydiethoxysilane, contains one aminoalkyl and three alkoxy groups. The hydrophilic effect of aminoalkyl group of APMDES on the permeability and fouling resistance of the modified membrane was examined. The surfaces of the modified membranes were characterized by FE-SEM, contact angle analyzer, and zeta potentiometer in order to confirm successful sol-gel methods. The modified NF membranes showed significantly enhanced water flux and fouling resistance without a decrease in salt rejection in divalent ionic feed solution.

Study on the Fouling Reduction of the RO Membrane by the Coating with an Anionic Polymer (역삼투막 표면에 음이온 고분자 코팅을 통한 파울링 현상 감소연구)

  • Cho, Eun Hye;Cheong, Seong Ihl;Rhim, Ji Won
    • Membrane Journal
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.481-488
    • /
    • 2012
  • The anionic exchange polymer, poly(vinyl amine)(PVAm), was coated onto polyamide (PA) reverse osmosis (RO) membranes by using 'salting-out' method. The effects of the fouling phenomena for these PVAm coated membranes were investigated using the model foulants, bovine serum albumin (BSA), humic acid (HA), and sodium alginate (SA). The surface coating and the fouling phenomena were observed by the scanning electron microscopy. And the flux was measured for each 100 ppm of above foulant aqueous solution at the operating pressure, 2, 4, 8 bar. The PVAm-coated PA membranes showed somewhat fouling improvements and the fouling reduction was shown in the order of HA > SA > BSA, particularly HA case was distinct.

Characterization of Reverse Osmosis Membrane Surface Modified by Silane-epoxy Using UV (UV를 적용한 역삼투막의 실란-에폭시 표면 개질 및 특성 평가)

  • Park, Hee Min;Yang, Won Yong;Lee, Yong Taek
    • Membrane Journal
    • /
    • v.28 no.3
    • /
    • pp.169-179
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purposes of this paper were to improve both fouling and chlorine resistance by increasing the hydrophilicity of the reverse osmosis membrane. In order to improve chlorine resistance, the surface of RO membrane was activated by ultraviolet irradiation, and then it was modified by the sol-gel method using Octyltriethoxysilane (OcTES) such as the silane coupling agent to low sensitivity to chlorine, thereby the polyamide active layer was protected and chlorine resistance was improved. In addition, polyglycerol polyglycidyl ether (PGPE) and sorbitol polyglycidyl ether (SPE) coating with different number of epoxides, ring opening reaction of epoxide improved the anti-fouling resistance. The surface modification condition was optimized by FT-IR, XPS, and contact angle analysis. As a result, the permeability reduction rate of the silane-epoxy modified membrane after the fouling test was decreased about 1.5 times as compared with that of the commercial membrane. And the salt rejection was maintained over 90% at $20,000ppm{\times}hr$ even after chlorine resistance test.