• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삶의 질

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Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Cancer (소아청소년 암환자의 삶의 질)

  • Lee, Jung-Won;Han, Ji-Eun;Park, Ho-Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to provide basic data for developing nursing interventions to enhance quality of life of pediatric patients with cancer (children and adolescents) by examining the quality of life and related factors. Methods: Participants were 134; 67 pediatric patients and 67 parents. The PedsQL$^{TM}$ 3.0 Cancer Module was employed to measure quality of life in the participants. The related factors included general and clinical characteristics of the participants. Results: Mean score for quality of life in the patients was 75.07, and mean score for patient quality of life as perceived by their parents was 64.40. Among the quality of life subscales, treatment anxiety had the highest score whereas nausea had the lowest score. Mean score in adolescent patients (13-18 years of age) was 71.62, lower than the 78.04 for child patients (8-12 years of age). Regarding general and clinical characteristics of the participants, there were no significant differences in the scores. Conclusion: The results indicate that there is difference in perception of quality of life between patients and their parents, and between children and adolescents and these differences should be taken into account when planning and providing nursing care.

Housing Poverty and Quality of Life in Urban Korea (도시 저소득층 주거와 삶의 질)

  • 하성규
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.295-306
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    • 2000
  • 본 연구는 삶의 질에 관한 관점을 우리 나라 도시저소득층의 주거실태를 중심으로 살펴보고자 한다. 이를 바탕으로 주거빈곤층의 삶의 질 향상을 위한 발전대안을 모색하도록 한다. 국내외 거의 모든 ‘삶의 질’선행연구에 있어 중요한 지표로서‘주택’,‘주거환경’,‘주거장소’등 주거에 관한 상이 포함되어 있다. 즉 삶의 질 연구에 있어 주택 및 주거환경은 가장 기본적이고 필수적 요소임을 확인할 수 있다. 주거빈곤을 기능적 측면, 경제적 측면, 최저주거기준 측면, 그리고 주거권 측면에서 분석하고, 한국의 주거빈곤실태를 파악하였다. 특히 서울을 비롯한 대도시의 주거빈곤층은 달동네.산동네라 불리는 불량주거지, 비닐하우스, 쪽방 등에 거주하며, 이들은 주로 주택점유 형태상 전세, 보증부월세, 월세 등의 임차가구의 대부분을 차지한다. 삶의 질과 주거환경개선을 위한 발전대안 모색을 위해 주거분야 ‘삶의 질 지표’를 제안하였다. 지표의 내용으로 주택 그 자체뿐 아니라 주거기능이 원활하도록 하는 공공서비스, 안전 등의 광의적 접근이 필요함을 강조하였다. 아울러 삶의 질에 관련된 정책과제를 해결하기 위해서는 적어도 네 가지 부문(정부, 민간부문, NGO/CBO, 주민)별 각자의 역할을 강조하였다.

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Spatial Characterization of the Quality of Life and Community (삶의 질로서 공간의 유형화와 공동체)

  • 최병두
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.321-340
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    • 2000
  • 삶의 질을 구성하는 사회공간적 요소들은 현실 세계의 각 영역들, 즉 물질적, 생태적, 상징적 영역들에 상응하는 입지. 환경, 장소라는 3가지 개념들로 범주화될 수 있다. 이들은 삶의 질의 구체적 내용들, 즉 기본수요에의 접근, 생태적 안전의 보장, 그리고 공동체적 정체성의 확보와 관련된다. 본 논문은 이와 같이 ‘삶의 질’을 위한 공간을 3가지 영역으로 유형화하고, 이의 구체적 지표들을 설정하여, 대구시민들을 대상으로 설문조사한 결과를 분석하였다. 또한 본 논문은 이러한 3가지 사회공간적 요소들을 종합적으로 고려하는 공동체의 개념을 제시하고, 삶의 질을 고양시키기 위한 공동체적 생활정치를 강조한다.

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The Study of Comparing the Factors of Affecting on the Quality of Life for Young-Old Women and Old-Old Women (전기, 후기 여성노인의 삶의 질 및 영향요인 비교연구)

  • Kim, Mee-Ryoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.197-222
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    • 2006
  • This study distinguishes the aging population as young-old and old-old women. It examines the difference of each variable between young-old and old-old women. Also, it examines the effect of physical, psychological, social, economic and environmental factors on the quality of life for older adults in both groups and compares the effects on the quality of life between both groups. The sample of this study is collected from Daegu and Kyungbuk province and the sample size of this study is 310. As statistical method, t-test, $X^2$ and hierarchical multiple regressions are used. As demographic factors, age, marital status, income and education are controlled. The research results show that marriage, perceived health, self-esteem and social support are important factors of affecting on the quality of life for both groups. However, for young-old group, the perceived economic hardship and the receipt of social welfare affect negatively and social participation affects positively on the quality of life. On the other hand, for old-old group, informative social role affects positively and social participation affects on the quality of life negatively.

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Mediating Effect of Depression on Self-rated Health and Quality of Life of Middle-aged and Elderly in Rural Areas (농촌지역 중노년층 주민의 주관적 건강상태와 삶의 질 관계에서 우울의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Yun-Young;Hyun, Hye-Sun;Bang, Hwal Lan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.317-325
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of depression in relation to the subjective health status and quality of life of middle-aged and elderly in rural areas. Subjective health status, depression and quality of life of 235 residents over 40 years of age in A county were collected and analyzed with t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation, and Multiple Regression, and verified with Sobel test. Depression had a mediating effect in relation to the subjective health status and quality of life of the residents. In conclusion, subjective health conditions and depression are important factors that determine the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly residents in rural areas. Various programs for improving subjective health of the residents and relieving their depression are needed to improve the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly in rural areas.

A Study on Sex-specific Quality of Life among the Elderly Aged 65 Years or Older (성별에 따른 65세 이상 노인의 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Ju-youn
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.616-626
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to comprehensively assess the demographic characteristics, health behaviors, subjective health status, health-related restriction of life, and quality of life of male and female elderly aged 65 years older using data from the 2013-2015 Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS). The results showed that compared to the male elderly, the female elderly was less educated, did not have a spouse or had less household income, had poorer health behaviors, and had lower quality of life caused by restrictions in life. The female elderly had significantly lower quality of life than that of the male elderly. Various factors were found to affect quality of life in both sexes. The presence of spouse and BMI did not affect quality of life of men but did affect the quality of life of women. On the other hand, smoking affected the quality of life of men but not of women. Based on these results, more in-depth studies are needed on the female elderly, who have been reported to have lower health-related quality of life, and sex-specific services and programs that could more effectively improve the quality of life among the elderly should also be developed.

The Study on the Elderly Homodialysis Patients' Transition of Health Condition and Health-related Quality of Life (혈액투석노인의 건강상태 변화인식과 건강관련 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Ok Su
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.179-194
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study examines the elderly hemodialysis patients' Health-related quality in life(HRQL) and investigates the relationship between HRQL and transition of health condition. The subject were 443 elderly hemodialysis patients(over 65 years old) in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. The Health-related quality of life scale was used in this research, in which were analysed a wide range of statistical descriptive analysis, Pearson's correlation, reliability analysis, multiple regression and the Scheffe test. The results were as follows. The HRQL were statiscally significant difference by Gender, Educational level, Live with spouse, Best supporter, and Number of Disease. Also the factor related to transition of health condition was Number of Disease. The transition of health condition accounted for 13.9% of variance in HRQL and Number of Disease accounted for an additional 7.4% of HRQL. The factors, which influenced finally on the HRQL in the elderly hemodialysis patients, were transition of health condition and number of disease. In conclusion adequate hemodialysis treatment and social services should be provided in accordance with the factors affecting HRQL in order to improve the HRQL for elderly hemodialysis patients.

The Impact of Social Capital on the Quality of Life of Married Female Immigrants - the Mediating Effect of Empowerment - (여성결혼이민자의 사회자본이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 임파워먼트의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Min Soo;Lee, Hyun Ji
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.56
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    • pp.225-250
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of the social capital among married female immigrant on their quality of life and the mediating effect of empowerment. The data were collected from 260 married female immigrants and SPSS Statistics 20.0 and AMOS 22.0 were utilized to analyze the data. The results showed that social capital had statistically significant relationship with empowerment and quality of life among married female immigrants. In addition, empowerment was a statistically significant mediator in the association of social capital and quality of life. Based on these findings, the implications for social welfare practice to improve social capital and empowerment of married female immigrants and recommendations for the further studies were suggested.

Factors Influencing the quality of life in thyroid cancer patients after thyroidectomy (갑상선암 수술환자의 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jeong, Jeong-Sook;Kim, In-Sook;Lee, Eun-Seon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.5442-5451
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the affection factors of quality of life in thyroid cancer patients after thyroidectomy. The subject of this study were 125 patients with thyroid cancer who were receiving operation and outpatient medical examination in general hospital in Gwangju city. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Sheffe test, Pearson correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS 21.0 program. The significant factors influencing quality of life were depression(${\beta}=-0.39$, p<.001), spiritual fatigue(${\beta}=-0.30$, p<.001) and physical fatigue(${\beta}=-0.24$, p<.001), which explained 57.2% of the quality of life. Therefore, it is necessary to develop nursing intervention program reducing fatigue and depression for thyroid cancer patients after thyroidectomy.

A basic plan for the development of standardized measurement technology to improve quality of life (삶의 질 제고를 위한 측정기술표준화 발전 방안)

  • Nam, Sang-Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.580-593
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    • 2015
  • The quality of life is emphasized as one of the important issue in modern society. Such attention to quality of life started getting more attention lately as it is coupled with the country's competitiveness. In spite the quality of life is very significant, the level of the quality of life in the country is not satisfactory. So, the purpose of this study was to analyze the Korean standard measuring technology in terms of the QOL. First, We identified constructs of the QOL on the basis of several studies to derive an analytical framework. Then, We analyzed the distribution of the measurement standard technology in the country in accordance with the framework. The results of the analysis, many of the current measurement technologies described it regardless of the quality of life. Even if the technologies are relevant. they showed a state biased to the economic QOL. This means that QOL was not considered in the measurement technology standard. Therefore the further improved will be needed.

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