• Title, Summary, Keyword: 산후 조리원

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A Study on Breast milk volume of Women according to Sasang Constitution (산후조리원에 입원한 산모의 사상체질과 1회 유축한 모유량과의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Ho-Lim;Bae, Kyeong-Yeon;Jung, Jae-Joong;Yoo, Sang-Min;Hwang, Jin-Woo;Choi, In-Ho;Yuk, Sang-Suk;Lim, Eun-Mee;Lee, Yong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.271-281
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : Although the breast milk is the very important physiological function to women, there is no previous study on the breast milk volume of women according to Sasang Constitution. this study was to analyze the difference of breast milk volume pattern according to Sasang Constitution. Methods : This study investigated 109 breast feeding women who were treated by Spostpartum care center from March 2005 to November 2005. The result of survey was collected from the questionnaires that included postpartum pattern and QSCC H .Results : The results of Sasang Constitution analysis showed that 53 women in childbirth of 109 were classified into Soeumin(48.6%), 27 as Taeumin(24.8% ) and 29 as Soyangin(26.6% ). Mean milk volume according to the Sasang Constitution showed statistically no difference between Soeumin and Taeumin, but mean milk volume according to the Sasang Constitution showed statistically the significant difference between Soyangin and Soeumin, Soyangin and Taeumin. Conclusion These results suggest that milk volume of Soyangin is much larger than that of Soeumin and Taeumin.

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Concentration and risk assessment of indoor air quality in day care centers and postnatal care centers (보육시설, 산후조리원의 실내공기질 농도 및 위해성평가)

  • An, Jihee;Oh, Yujin;Im, Ji Young;Ahn, Mun Seob;Hong, Eunju;Son, Bu-Soon
    • Journal of odor and indoor environment
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.337-345
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    • 2018
  • In this study, we measured the concentration of Particulate Matter($PM_{10}$), Formaldehyde(HCHO), and Total Bacteria Count (TBC) at two facilities: day care centers, and postnatal care centers located in the cities of Gyeonggi, Gangwon, Jeolla and Gyeongsang from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015. $PM_{10}$ concentration was similar to the day care centers and postnatal care centers. HCHO concentration was the highest in the postnatal care centers. TBC concentration was the highest in the day care centers. Comparing the different cities, $PM_{10}$ concentration was the highest in Gyeonggi, HCHO concentration was the highest in Gyeonggi, and TBC concentration was the highest in Gyeonggi. As a result of HCHO's risk assessment, it was found that adults exceeded the carcinogenicity tolerance of $10^{-6}$ specified by the US EPA. This study is expected to be helpful in preventing damage to health from the contaminated indoor air at sensitive facilities, and can be used as basic data for indoor air quality management.

A Survey on the Understanding of Breast-feeding in Pregnant Woman (임신시 모유수유에 대한 인식조사)

  • Seo, Jeong Wan;Kim, Yong Joo;Lee, Kee Hyoung;Kim, Jae Young;Sim, Jay G;Kim, Hae Soon;Ko, Jae Sung;Bae, Sun Hwan;Park, Hye Sook;Park, Beom Soo
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.575-587
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    • 2002
  • Objective : To investigate the understanding of breast-feeding in pregnant woman and the proper way of encouraging breast-feeding. Methods : Each questionnaire included items about demographic characteristics and the understanding of breast-feeding. The questionnaires were filled up by pregnant women visiting obstetric clinics in Seoul and its vicinities, Busan, Choongjoo and Chungjoo from July 2001 to August 2001. One thousand, two hundred ninety questionnaires were analysed by Chi square tests and multiple logistic regressions. Results : The majority of pregnant women(87.4%) planned breast-feeding. Forty three percent of them had plans to breast-feed for 4-6 months. There were no differences in the level of education, the family size and the source of information about breast-feeding in planning to breast-feed (P>0.05). The main reasons for not choosing to breast-feed were returns to work(41.3%), previous failures of breast-feeding(17.4%), concerns about insufficient amount of breast milk(10.9%), breast and nipple problems(10.3%) and maternal illness(9.4%). The average score on the test of the understanding about breast-feeding was 59.7/100. The average scores on the understanding about the methods and advantages of breast-feeding were 45.3/100 and 86.1/100, respectively. The maternal status of employment, previous history of breast-feeding, the time of decision to breastfeed, person advocating breast-feeding and the understanding on the advantages of breast-feeding were significant determinant factors in planning to breast-feed(P<0.05). Conclusion : Pediatricians should take steps to make an effort to increase the breast-feeding rate and to encourage breast-feeding by timely education. Beyond the medical field, political and social supports for breast-feeding are urgently needed.

A Study on the Relationship between the Experience of Sanhujori, the Traditional Postpartal Care in Korea and Present Health Status of Chronic Arthritis Female Patient (만성관절염 여성 환자의 산후조리 경험과 건강상태와의 관계)

  • Yoo, Eun-Kwang;Lee, Sun-Hyae;Kim, Myoung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.217-230
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to define the relationship between the experience of Sanhuujori, Korean traditional non-professional postpartal care after delivery and abortion and present health status of chronic arthritis female patient who visited to outpatient clinic of rheumatic internal medicine at a hospital located in Seoul, Korea. A convenience sample of 64 women who orally agreed to be a participant and data were collected form October 1996 to May, 1997 for sis months by way of interview with semistructured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by the SPSS pc program using t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe test as a post hoc and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The results of the study were as follows ; Mean age of participants was 53.2 years and mean number of children was 3.1. Mean frequency of abortion was 2.1 times per woman. Seventy four percentage of respondents did not have Sanhujori after abortion. The mean period of Sanhujori after delivery was 17.7, 15.2, 13.8 days from the first child to third child and shorter than that of general woman such as 20.0, 19.0, 17.3 days in the previous study. On the subjective evaluation of whether the women did Sanhujori well or not, the rate of 'did Sanhujori wrongly' was the highest rank in each child where as general woman 'did Sanhujori well' at the first child, 'moderate' at the second and third child and 'did Sanhujori wrongly' at the 4th and fifth child. The health status implies both subjective health status women perceived and the rate of complaints of physical symptom distress women are experiencing presently. The respondents of 82.5% perceived them as unhealthy or sick and 68.9% of women complained more than two symptoms. Mean number of physical symptom distress women complained was 2.33. The main sites of physical symptom distress were upper & lower extremities 69.1% including knee and hand, whole body 19.1%, neck 3.7%, waist & shoulders 2.7% respectively. The characteristics of the symptoms were mostly pain 60%, swelling 19.8%, rigidity & deformity 7.9% respectively, sensation of heat 6.8% and weakness 1.7%. Women perceived the etiology of the chronic arthritis as stress 25.8%, 'did Sanhujori wrongly' & overwork 23.4% respectively, genetic 12.9%, malnutrition, 4.8%, and aging process 3.2%. There were significant positive correlation between subjective health status and the period of Sanhujori after delivery of the second child(r=-0.22) and negative correlation with the number of child at the level of 5% of significance statistically(r=0.27). There were significant negative correlation between the rate of complaints of physical symptom distress and the subjective evaluation whether she did Sanhujori well or not at the level of 5% of significance statistically(r=-0.23). And the rate of complaints of physical symptom distress in the group of women who experienced abortion was significantly higher than that of women who did not experience it at the level of 5% significance statistically(t=2.00) In conclusion, this finding reconfirmed the possible relationship between health status of chronic arthritis female patient and the experience of Sanhujori after delivery & abortion. It provides a challenge to the professional care givers to research further on the effects of Sanhujori on the health status, health recovery after abortion or delivery from the various aspects through the crosssectional and longitudinal research for the refinement of the reality of not only as cultural phenomenon but as conceptual model for the appropriateness of intervention and quality of care for desirable health outcomes.

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Isolation rate of 4 type virus of acute gastroenteritis in full-term neonates during neonatal period (신생아기 급성 장염의 4종 바이러스 양성률)

  • Moon, Soo Kyoung;Lee, Jae In;Yoon, Hye Sun;Ahn, Young Min
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.50 no.9
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    • pp.855-861
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : The most common causes of acute viral gastroenteritis in newborn period are rotavirus, astrovirus, norovirus and enteric adenovirus. This study was designed to investigate the clinical characteristics, clinical symptoms, isolation rate and distribution of these viruses in full-term neonates during neonatal period. We also studied the influence on the viral isolation rate by postnatal care place and feeding type. Methods : We evaluated 112 healthy full-term neonates who were admitted to Eulji hospital, presenting with symptoms of acute viral gastroenteritis from September 2004 to August 2005. Epidemiologic, clinical and laboratory data were reviewed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for rotavirus, astrovirus and norovirus and RT-PCR for enteric adenovirus were performed in study subjects.Results : The mean age at the admission was $11.4{\pm}5.4days$, mean weight loss was $5.9{\pm}5.1%$, mean hospitalization duration was $6.3{\pm}3.4days$. Moderate and severe weight loss were expressed in 51.7% and metabolic acidosis was in 13.4%. The percent of living in postnatal care facility (PCF) was 74.1 % and the percent of mixed feeding was 64.3%. Isolation rate of virus was 33%. The most prevalent virus was rotavirus (59.5%), followed by astrovirus (29.7%) and norovirus (10.8%). There was no differences in virus isolation rate by postnatal care place and by feeding type. The rotavirus was main virus in both home group and PCF group. But astrovirus was more detected in PCF and norovirus was more detected in home (P<0.05). According to monthly distribution of virus, acute viral gastroenteritis in newborn period was concentrated in September to December. Conclusion : The isolation rate of 4 type viruses was 33% and rotavirus was the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis during neonatal period. There was no differences in clinical characteristics on each viral groups.

Development of an Infants' Sleep Health Program Using a Video for SIDS Prevention Education and Measurement of the Program's Effects (영아 수면건강 교육프로그램의 개발 및 효과)

  • Jang, Sook;Kim, Il-Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to develop an infant sleep health education program using a video for SIDS prevention education and to measure the effects of the program. Methods: The infant sleep health education program consisted of presentations and motor images. The formation of educational material was directed by the systematic design of instruction. Participants in this study were 59 primiparous women from postpartum care centers. The instruments used in this study were criterion referenced test items for knowledge about infant sleep health and confidence inventory. Experimental group I was given the treatment of infant sleep health education program. Experimental group II was given the program using a video reinforcement after 2 weeks. On the other hand, control group was given no treatment. Results: There was a significant increase in knowledge and confidence in the performance of mother's roles of both experimental group I and experimental group II over the control group. No significant difference was founds for knowledge and confidence in the performance of mother's roles between experimental group I and II. Conclusion: The results indicate that this program is a very effective intervention for better sleep health in infants by helping the mothers increase confidence in their role performance.

Studies of nutrient composition of transitional human milk and estimated intake of nutrients by breast-fed infants in Korean mothers (한국인 수유부의 수유초기 이행유의 모유성분 분석과 영아의 섭취량 추정 연구)

  • Choi, Yun Kyung;Kim, Nayoung;Kim, Ji-Myung;Cho, Mi Sook;Kang, Bong Soo;Kim, Yuri
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.476-487
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the concentration of nutrients in transitional breast milk from Korean lactating mothers and to evaluate daily intakes of their infants based on the Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans 2010 (KDRIs 2010). Methods: Breast milk samples were collected at 5~15 days postpartum from 100 healthy lactating Korean mothers. Macro- and micro-nutrients, and immunoglobulin (Igs) concentrations in breast milk were analyzed. Results: The mean energy, protein, fat, and carbohydrate concentrations in breast milk were $59.99{\pm}8.01kcal/dL$, $1.47{\pm}0.27g/dL$, $2.88{\pm}0.89g/dL$, and $6.72{\pm}0.22g/dL$. The mean linoleic acid (LA), a-linolenic acid (ALA), arachidonic acid (AA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations were $181.44{\pm}96.41mg/dL$, $28.15{\pm}8.89mg/dL$, $5.67{\pm}1.86mg/dL$, and $5.74{\pm}2.57mg/dL$. The mean vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin $B_1$, vitamin $B_2$, vitamin $B_{12}$, and folate concentrations were $2.75{\pm}1.75{\mu}g/dL$, $2.31{\pm}1.12ng/dL$, $0.74{\pm}1.54mg/dL$, $3.02{\pm}1.84mg/dL$, $7.51{\pm}20.96{\mu}g/dL$, $61.78{\pm}26.78{\mu}g/dL$, $63.71{\pm}27.19ng/dL$, and $0.52{\pm}0.26{\mu}g/dL$. The mean concentrations of calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, zinc, and copper were $20.71{\pm}3.34mg/dL$, $0.59{\pm}0.86mg/dL$, $66.71{\pm}10.35mg/dL$, $27.72{\pm}10.16mg/dL$, $0.44{\pm}0.41mg/dL$, and $70.48{\pm}30.41{\mu}g/dL$. The mean IgA and total IgE concentrations were $61.85{\pm}31.97mg/dL$ and $235.00{\pm}93.00IU/dL$. The estimated daily intakes of infants for protein, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin $B_2$, vitamin $B_{12}$, iron, potassium, sodium, zinc, and copper were sufficient compared to KDRIs 2010 adjusted by transitory milk intakes. The estimated infants' intakes of energy, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin $B_1$, folate, and calcium did not meet KDRIs 2010 adjusted by transitory milk intakes. Conclusion: In general most estimated nutrient intakes of Korean breast-fed infants in transitory breast milk were sufficient, however some nutrient intakes were not sufficient based on KDRIs 2010. These results warrant conduct of future studies for investigation of important dietary factors associated with nutrients in breast milk to improve the quality of breast milk, which may contribute to understanding nutrition in early life and promoting growth and development of breast-fed infants.