• Title, Summary, Keyword: 산후우울

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Development and Validation of a Postpartum Care Mobile Application for First-time Mothers (초산모를 위한 산후관리 모바일 앱 개발 및 효과 검증)

  • Lee, Ju Yeon;Kim, Hye Young
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.210-220
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aims of the study were to develop mobile application for postpartum care of first-time mothers and to validate it's effect. Methods: Using a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design, 52 first-time mothers were recruited (26 each in experimental and control) and the experimental group used the mobile application for 6 weeks after delivery. Postpartum self-care knowledge and confidence, infant care knowledge and confidence, and postpartum depressive mood (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) were measured before discharge from the hospital and 6 weeks later. Results: Women who have used the postpartum care mobile application reported higher levels of postpartum self-care knowledge (p=.030) and confidence (p=.023) infant care knowledge (p=.001) and confidence (p=.004), while scores of postpartum depression (p=.021) were lower than those in the control group. Conclusion: The postpartum-care mobile application developed in this research may be effective in reinforcing knowledge and confidence for postpartum self-care and infant care and in reducing postpartum depressive mood.

The Trajectories and Predictors of Maternal Post Natal Depressive Symptoms in a High Risk Group, Based on Latent Growth Modeling (우울위험 집단 어머니의 우울 변화궤적 및 예측요인 분석: 잠재성장모형을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Wanjeong;Kim, Gyunhee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.77-92
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to employ the Latent Growth Curve Model to investigate the developmental trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms and to identify predictors that might have an effect on change and the level of developmental trajectories. The results of this study indicated that the maternal depressive levels of a high risk group had increased significantly over the past 5 years. The predictors for these developmental trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms were as follows; birth order, maternal prenatal depressive levels, self-esteem, marital satisfaction, parenting stress and the level of family crisis experienced by the high risk group.

The Effects of Music on the Frontal EEG Asymmetry of the Mothers with Postpartum Blues (산후 우울감을 보이는 산모에서 나타나는 전두엽 뇌파 비대칭에 대한 음악의 영향)

  • Lim, Sung-Jin;Shin, Chul-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.134-140
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    • 2011
  • Objectives Postpartum blues is known to be a major risk factor for postpartum depression and can be associated with the problems of language skills, behaviors or learning skills of their children. Therefore, it is very important for clinicians to evaluate precisely and control postpartum blues. Recent studies have found that music has an effect on depressive mood and the frontal EEG asymmetry of the patients with depression. The purpose of this study was to find out the effects of music on the frontal EEG asymmetry of the mothers with postpartum blues. Method Among one hundred and seventy mothers assessed with Korean version of the Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), nine mothers with postpartum blues (EPDS ${\geq}$ 10) as postpartum blues group and nine non-depressive mothers (EPDS < 10) as non-depressive mother group were included. Ten non-labored, non-depressive women were also included as a normal control group. The subjects were evaluated with the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)-X1, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Depression Adjective Checklist-Korean version (K-DACL) and EEG twice before and after the music sesssion with the length of twenty minutes and thirty two seconds. The statistical analyses were done for A1 score (log R - log L) which were computed from the alpha powers at F3 and F4. Results No significant difference was noted in demographic data among all three groups. The postpartum blues group had higher scores in the STAI-X1, the VAS and the K-DACL compared to the other groups at baseline, and their A1 scores were lower than those of only normal controls. There was a statistically significant increase of A1 score only in the postpartum blues group after the music session. Conclusion This study suggests that the mothers with postpartum blues may have a frontal EEG asymmetry which is possibly associated with their depressive mood, and the music session can affect the frontal asymmetry positively.

Impact of Maternal Depression on Their Children: A Literature Review (임산부 우울이 자녀건강에 미치는 영향에 대한 고찰)

  • Bang, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2008
  • Maternal depression is known to have important negative effects on mother, child and mother-child relationship. To review current research evidence of association between maternal depression and their children's health and development, relevant studies were identified using Medline and Kiss(Korean studies Information Service System). The majority of research has reported that children of mother with depression are at risk for impaired physical functioning, growth and developmental delays, and behavioral problems compared to general population. From these studies, it is suggested that these kinds of studies are necessary in this country to examine the relation between maternal depression and children's health and development. Recommendations are included for future research and screening programs for maternal depression.

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The Effects of Supportive Nursing Management on Postpartum Depression of Mothers with Premature Infants (지지간호가 미숙아 어머니의 산후 우울에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eun Sook;Kim, Eun Young;Lee, Ji Yeon;Kim, Jin Kyoung;Lee, Hyun Ju;Lee, Seung Hee;Kim, Ji Young;Won, Ha Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.157-170
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This quasi-experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of supportive nursing management on postpartum depression in the mothers with premature infants. Methods: The subjects were 21 mothers who delivered premature babies in a university hospital. The experimental group of 10 mothers was provided with supportive nursing management program by nurses in neonatal ICU and the control group of 11 mothers was provided with usual management only. The designed programs were given 4 times to the experimental group while their babies were hospitalized, and telephone consultation was provided 3 times after discharge. The stress, anxiety, identity, support from their husbands & family members, and postpartum depression were measured 3 times using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (the 4th day of premature's hospitalization, the day of discharge and the day of 4 weeks after discharge). Results: There was no significant difference in general characteristics and the influential factors of postpartum depression between the two groups, so they were homogeneous. There was no significant difference in depression (F=0.01, p=.917). However there was significant difference over time (F=6.74, p=.003) and the interaction between measurement time and treatment (F=3.59, p=.037). Conclusion: The supportive nursing management on postpartum depression of mothers with premature infants is considered effective and useful in reducing postpartum depression. Further research is warranted to investigate paternal depression and the program's long-term effects.

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Relationship Between Postpartum Depression and Body Image in Postpartum Women (분만 여성의 산후 우울과 신체상의 관계)

  • Kim, Boon-Han;Jeon, Hye-Won;Jung, Yun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.906-916
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the change and difference and relationship of postpartum depression and physical image. Method: The subjects consisted of 86 postpartum women at one general hospital in Seoul. The data was collected from September to November 2001. The instrument used for this study were SRD (Self-Rating Depression Scale) and Norris' Body Image Scale to evaluate depression and body image. The collected data was analyzed with frequency, mean, t-test, paired t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Result: The result of this study were as follows: 1. The mean score of D2 was significantly higher than D1(p=.003). There was no difference significantly B1 and B2(p=310). 2. There was significant correlation between the two, D1-D2(r=.381, p<.01), B1-B2(r=.364, p<.01), D1-B1(r=.579, p<.01), D2-B2(r= .567, p<.01). (*D1: depression of postpartum 1-3days, D2: depression of postpartum 6-8weeks, B1: body image of postpartum 1-3days, B2: body image of postpartum 6-8weeks) Conclusion: There was very high postpartum depression in postpartum women, but body image was positive. Also, there was correlated to postpartum depression and body image. Thus it is necessary to implement nursing intervention focused on to decrease the postpartum depression and to enhance the body image of the postpartum women.

The Experience of the Postpartum Depression : A Grounded Theory Approach (산후 우울 경험에 관한 연구 -근거 이론적 접근-)

  • 배정이
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.107-126
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    • 1996
  • The Purpose of this study was to build a substantive theory about the experience of postpartum depression. The qualitative research method used was rounded theory. The interviewees were eight others who had experienced postpartum depression. The data were collected through in-depth interviews with audiotape recording done by the investigator over a period of twelve months. he data were analyzed simultaneously by a constant comparative method in which new data were continuously coded into categories and properties according to Strauss and Corbin's methodology. Analysis the grounded data resulted in 28 concepts being identified. Eight categories emerged from the analysis. The categories were regret, loss of freedom, isolation of oneself, heartache, loss, emotional upset, avoidance, recovery. These substantive categories are consistent with precious research results. Causal conditions included : regret, loss of freedom. Phenomena : heartache, loss, emotional upset. Context : isolation oneself. Intervention condition : avoidance. Action/interaction strategies : desire for recovery. Consequences : recovery. These categories were synthesized into the core concept-The process of filling the empty loss of self. The process of the experienced postpartum depression was ① change after delivery, ② searching for a reason for depression, ③ effort to recover from postpartum depression, ④ recovery from postpartum depression and return to previous life. The process of recovery from postpartum depression was proceeded by ① support from others, especially husband, ② resolution of stressful life events, ③ reconstructing of life goals and resolution strategies, ④ acceptance of depression and seeking psychiatric treatment. Seven hypotheses were derived from the analysis. ① Mothers who experienced stressful life event and economic problem are more depressive. ② Mothers who have conflict with parents are more depressive. ③ The more somatic symptoms, the more depression. ④ Social support facilitates recovery from postpartum depression. ⑤ Mothers who have lower self-esteem are more depressive. ⑥ Mother's role overload disturbs recovery from postpartum depression. ⑦ Ideal maternal identity facilitates recovery from postpartum depression. Through this substantive theory, nurses can understand the importance of postpartum depression management.

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Plasma Levels of Nitric Oxide Metabolites in Patients with Postpartum Depression (산후우울증 환자에서 혈중 Nitric Oxide Metabolites의 혈장 농도의 변화)

  • Lee, Bun-Hee;Kim, Kye Hyun;Shin, Young Chul;Kim, Jung Bum;Kim, Yong-Ku
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2006
  • Background : Some reports have suggested that decreased nitric oxide metabolites($NO_x$) and activity of nitric oxide synthase could be related to the pathophysiology of depression. We evaluated plasma levels of $NO_x$ in pregnant women with and without postpartum depression at prenatal and postnatal period. Methods : The plasma concentrations of $NO_x$ were measured in 104 pregnant women in the third trimester and at 6 weeks postpartum and in 64 normal controls. The severity of depression and anxiety was measured with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale(EPDS), Beck Depression Inventory(BDI), and Beck Anxiety Scale(BAI). Results : Plasma $NO_x$ levels at 6 weeks postpartum were significantly lower in cases of postpartum major depression(EDPS scores${\geq}$13 points) than in cases without depression(EDPS scores${\leq}$9 points). Plasma $NO_x$ levels had significantly negative correlation with EPDS scores at 6 weeks postpartum. Conclusion : We demonstrate that decreased plasma $NO_x$ is associated with postpartum depression. Further studies are required to determine whether individual serum concentration of plasma $NO_x$ alone could predict maternal depression.

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Postpartum Depression and Maternal Role Confidence, Parenting Stress, and Infant Temperament in Mothers of Young Infants (영아기 어머니의 산후 우울 정도와 모성역할 자신감, 양육 스트레스, 영아기질에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Mi-Kyung;Kim, Hye-Won;Kim, Nam-Sun;Jang, Jung-Ae
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.314-321
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purposes of this descriptive survey study were to describe postpartum depression level and to identify the influence of postpartum depression on maternal role confidence, parenting stress and infant temperament, in order to develop a base for nursing intervention programs for mothers who have postpartum depression. Method: Data were collected from 183 mothers of infants who visited one public health center in Goyang city. The instrument used for this study was a self-report questionnaire to identify the postpartum depression (BDI), maternal role confidence, parenting stress (PSI) and infant temperament (WBL). Results: Of the mothers 42.1% were in the normal range for postpartum depression, 33.3% in the mild group and 24.6% were in the moderate to severe group. There were significant differences in parenting stress, and infant temperament according to level of postpartum depression. There were correlations between maternal role confidence (r=-0.13), infant temperament (r=-0.20), parenting stress (r=0.51) and postpartum depression, and weak negative correlation between parenting stress and infant temperament (r=-0.30). Conclusion: Postpartum depression in the infant period when the mother's role is very important and the effect is not only on the mother's role but also on the infant's growth. It is essential to assess and provide immediate care to mothers who have postpartum depression.

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Predictors of Postpartum Depression: Prospective Cohort Study (산후우울증 관련요인: 전향적 코호트 연구)

  • Youn, Ji Hyang;Jeong, Ihn Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.225-235
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This prospective cohort study was done to investigate recall bias to antepartum variables measured at postpartum periods and predictors of postpartum depression. Methods: Participants were 215 women who answered a self-administered questionnaire which included demographics, Postpartum Depression Predictors Inventory-Revised and Korean version of Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale at antepartum 36-40 weeks and postpartum 2 weeks and 6 weeks. Data were analyzed using kappa, and hierarchical multiple logistic regression. Results: Agreement between antepartum variables at both antepartum and two postpartum periods was relatively high (${\kappa}$=.55- .95). Postpartum depression rates were 36.3% and 36.7% at two follow-up points. In hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis, prenatal depression (OR=4.32, 95% CI: 1.41-13.19; OR=5.19, 95% CI: 1.41-19.08), social support (OR=1.40, 95% CI: 1.18-1.66; OR=1.27, 95% CI: 1.06-1.53) and maternity blues (OR=4.75, 95% CI: 1.89-11.98; OR=4.22, 95% CI: 1.60-11.12) were commonly associated with postpartum depression at two follow-up points. Child care stress (OR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.01-3.37) was only associated with postpartum depression at 2 weeks postpartum and pregnancy intendedness (OR=1.57, 95% CI: 1.09-2.27) was only associated with postpartum depression at 6 weeks postpartum. Conclusions: The results indicate a need to apply nursing interventions such as prenatal education and counseling with families from antenatal period.