• Title, Summary, Keyword: 산후우울

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Convergence effects of husband's help on self-efficacy and postpartum depression in mother (남편의 도움이 산모의 자기효능감과 산후우울에 미치는 융합적 영향)

  • Jung, In-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2018
  • This study is to find the convergence effect of a husband's help on self-efficacy and postpartum depression in mother. Each husband did mother and baby care until postpartum 6th week after completing three sessions of education. The data was collected in the 1st and 6th week postpartum, and analyzed using SPSS 20.0. Husbands's practice rate was 80%. Factors affecting to mothers' self-efficacy were parity, antepartum admission and husband's job, and to their postpartum depression were mothers' education, monthly income and antepartum depression. Prevalence of postpartum depression in the 1st and 6th week were 33.3% and 1.7% each. There were significant differences in increasing self-efficacy and in decreasing postpartum depression(p<.001), and there was a negative correlation between two variables(r=-.62, p=.01). Husbands' help brought convergence effects on increasing mothers' self-efficacy and decreasing postpartum depression(p<.001). This results could be used in developing intervention programs in managing mothers' self-efficacy and postpartum depression after repeated studies with wider range of subjects.

Convergence effect of spouse's support on postpartum depression and self-efficacy in primipara (배우자지지가 초산모의 산후우울과 자기효능감에 미치는 융합적 효과)

  • Yang, Ji-Woon;Jung, In-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2018
  • This study is to find the convergence effect of a spouse's support on postpartum depression and self-efficacy in primipara. The subjects were 37 primipara who gave birth to normal full term babies and their spouses. Each spouse supported their mother and baby from the period of postpartum 1st to 6th week after finishing three sessions of postpartum mother and baby care using teaching material. The data was collected in the 1st and 6th week postpartum and analyzed using SPSS 20.0. The prevalence of postpartum depression in the 1st and 6th week were 24.3% and 0% each. The spouses' support lowered mothers' postpartum depression and increased self-efficacy(p<.001). And, the factors affecting to mothers' postpartum depression were additional personnel for postpartum management, income and antepartum depression, and to their self-efficacy was hospital treatment during pregnancy(p<.05). The results could be used in developing intervention programs on lowering primiparas' postpartum depression and increasing their self-efficacy after further studies with wider range of subjects and setting control group.

Effects of Self Efficacy, Body Image and Family Support on Postpartum Depression in Early Postpartum Mothers (산욕초기 산모의 산후우울에 자기효능감, 신체상, 가족지지가 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji-Won;Eo, Yong-Sook;Moon, Eun-Hye
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.4011-4020
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the self efficacy, body image and family support affect on postpartum depression in early postpartum mothers. The data was collected 306 mothers on the first week after delivery from one hospital located in B city. The instruments were a survey of general characteristics, obstetrical characteristics, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale(EPDS), self-efficacy, body image and family support. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. The results revealed that the average item score of the EPDS was 6.09. The significant predictors of postpartum depression were body image, emotional state in pregnancy, and family support. These variables had a 38.4% explainability. The results indicate that the postpartum mothers should be screened for postpartum depression early in the postpartum period and it's necessary to implement nursing intervention focused on to enhance the body image and family support, especially the weak emotional state mothers in pregnancy.

The Effect of Postpartum Depression on Breast-Feeding Practice in Puerperium Mothers (산욕기 산모의 산후우울이 모유수유 실천에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sun Mi;Kim, Byung Kwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between postpartum depression and breast-feeding in puerperium mothers to practice healthy breast-feeding. Puerperium mothers at postnatal care center completed an anonymous survey. Postpartum depression severity was observed at ($x^2=19.556$, p = 0.000). Postpartum depression was found to negatively affect healthy breast-feeding at a rate of Exp (B) = 0.887, p = 0.014. Puerperium mothers' postpartum depression has shown significant effect on breast-feeding practice, thus, when postpartum depression rate decrease, regular breast-feeding practice rate increased. Despite lacking robust statistical evidence, these results indicate that postpartum depression leads to bottle-feeding.

Relations of Postpartum Depression with Socio-Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Preterm Infants and Mothers (미숙아와 어머니의 인구사회학적, 임상적 특성과 산후우울과의 관련성)

  • Bang, Kyung-Sook;Kang, Hyun-Ju;Kwon, Mi-Kyung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore relationships of postpartum depression with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of preterm infants and mothers. Methods: Participants were the mothers of 80 premature infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Postpartum depression was measured using the Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Clinical characteristics were examined through the medical records. The physiological state for the infants was evaluated using the revised Neurobiologic Risk Score (NBRS). Data were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: Average for EPDS was $9.75{\pm}5.06$, and 30% of the participants were at high risk for postpartum depression. There were significant differences in postpartum depression according to mother's education level (F=3.493, p=.035), economic state (F=5.828, p=.004), multiple pregnancy (t=2.141, p=.037), chorioamnionitis (t=2.349, p=.021), oligohydramnios (t=-2.226, p=.029), broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (t=2.085, p=.040), germinal matrix hemorrhage (t=2.259, p=.027), and revised NBRS (t=-2.772, p=.007). There was a significant positive correlation between postpartum depression and number of health problem of infants (r=.252, p=.024) and revised NBRS (r=.316, p=.004). Conclusion: As 30% of the mothers with preterm infants were at high risk for postpartum depression, they require attention. When providing interventions, socioeconomic status as well as the physiological state of premature infants should be considered.

Psychosocial Risk Factors of Postpartum Depression (산후우울증의 심리사회적 위험요인)

  • Park, Si-Sung;Han, Kwi-Won
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.124-133
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    • 1999
  • Objective : Postpartum depression(PPD) was known to be caused by many factors including various psychosocial risk factors. This study was performed to identify the psychosocial risk factors for ppd, preliminarily in Korea. Methods : A group of 119 postpartum women, each of whom was at 6 to 8 weeks after delivery was identified at the time when they visited to the child health clinic or postnatal check-up clinic. The risk factors were surveyed by the self-reported questionnaire. The items of questionnaire were consisted of known risk factors in other studies and other possible stress-related factors. PPD was assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale(EPDS) and the degree of postpartum depression was determined by its score. Results : 16 women(13.45%) in the high risk group were diagnosed as PPD among the 119 women. Risk factors including past experience of depressive symptoms and low level of marital satisfaction were founded more frequently in women in the high risk group than in the low risk group. The score of EPDS was significantly high in the group who experienced depressive symptoms in the past, anxiety or depression during pregnancy, stressful life event during the period of recent pregnancy and postpartum, and who had low level of marital satisfaction. There was a positive correlation between age and the score of EPDS. However, the postpartum depressive symptoms were not influenced by the level of education, job, retirement due to pregnancy and delivery, wanted or unwanted pregnancy, delivery method, feeding method, the hospitalization of infant, expected and real gender of infant. Conclusion : These results suggest that PPD is quite frequent at postpartum period. Various risk factors contribute to the development of PPD. If clinicians pay attention to the risk factors of PPD and give appropriate psychiatric intervention to the mothers during pregnancy and postpartum, it will be easy for the clinicians to recognize and treat PPD in the early stage.

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Predictors of Early Postpartum Depression in Mothers of Preterm Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (신생아중환자실에 입원 중인 미숙아 어머니의 산욕초기 산후우울 예측요인)

  • Lee, Jae-Young;Ju, Hyeon-Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the point prevalence of postpartum depression and its predictors during early postpartum in mother of preterm infants. Methods: Participants were 101 women, 2-3 weeks after delivery whose preterm babies were hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit. Data were collected from June 2010 to January 2011. The instruments included 'Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale', 'Prenatal depression', 'Subjective health status of infant', 'Medical staff support', and 'Husband support'. Collected data were analyzed using t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, and multiple logistic regression with SPSS/WIN version 18.0. Results: The point prevalence was 86.1% that postpartum depression occurred during the early postpartum period in mothers of preterm infants. Three significant predictors of postpartum depression in mothers of preterm infants were identified; 'Type of delivery (OR, 5.57; 95% CI, 1.25-24.77)', 'Subjective health status of infant (OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.16-0.70)', and 'Medical staff support (OR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.28-0.97)'. Conclusion: The results indicate that postpartum mothers should be screened for postpartum depression early in the postpartum period and that, medical personnel should pay particular attention to mothers with a caesarean section and should help mothers of preterm babies to develop positive perceptions of their babies.

The Effects of Postpartum Depression Intervention Programs in Korea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (국내 산후우울 중재프로그램의 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석)

  • Kim, Mina;Kim, Young A
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.649-658
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of postpartum depression intervention program performed in Korea and to evaluate its effectiveness. Of the Korean academic journals reported until November 2018, 13 experimental studies were selected and used for final analysis. The average age of the subjects was 26.9 to 34.4 years, and subjects were puerperal women or couples. The sample size was 6~39 (mean: 20.4) in the experimental group, 5~40 in the control group (mean: 20.0), and the intervention program consisted of 0.5~12 weeks/2~14 sessions/10~120 minutes per session. The design of all the studies was a non-equivalent control group pre-post test design. The main dependent variables, postpartum depression, fatigue, and maternal role self-confidence, were all found to have a statistically significant median level of effect size in the meta-analysis. This study confirms the composition and effects of various experimental studies used to mediate postpartum depression in Korea. This could be used as specific evidence-based data to form an optimal postpartum intervention program.

Effects of husband's help on the mother's postpartum depression and self-efficacy : A pilot study (남편의 도움이 산모의 산후우울과 자기효능감에 미치는 영향에 관한 예비연구)

  • Jung, In-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of husbands' help on postpartum depression and self-efficacy of mothers, to investigate what to fix of research design and to examine the feasibility of following experimental study. There was no significant difference in the general characteristics of two groups, which consisted 10 pairs of postpartum mothers and husbands, respectively, confirming the homogeneity of between groups. The prevalence of postpartum depression was 45% in the subjects who were measured at 1 week postpartum, and the average performance of the husbands' help in the experimental group was 3.2 out of 4 points. In the Mann-Whitney U Test, the husbands' help lowered the mean rank of postpartum depression in the experimental group(p<.001), and the mean rank of self-efficacy was higher than the control group, but there was no significant difference. In the process of this study, it was confirmed that, on the side of postpartum mothers of control group had burdens of responding to the questionnaire without the benefit of treatment so it is necessary to revise the design of following experimental study.

The Relationship between Perineal Demage in Delivery and Postpartum Depression (분만 시 회음부 손상과 산후 우울간의 관계)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to examine the relationship between perineal demage, a physiological element that mothers experience immediately after delivery, and postpartum depression. The postpartum depression level of women after delivery was $6.67{\pm}4.34$ points at delivery, $7.41{\pm}4.77$ after 2 weeks, and $7.77{\pm}5.27$ after 6 weeks. The degree of mild postpartum depression increased to 26% after delivery, 33% after 2 weeks, and to 41.4 after 6 weeks. At 2 weeks and 6 weeks postpartum, the feeling of discomfort during walking or sitting caused by perineal incision had a direct correlation with postpartum depression. Therefore, in order to prevent postpartum depression, management of discomfort associated with the perineal incision should be given priority.