• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사회적 능력

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The Physical and Social Disability of Aged Persons Who Live Alone in Goksung Area (곡성지역(谷城地域) 독거노인(獨居老人)의 신체적(身體的) 사회적(社會的) 능력장애(能力障碍)에 관(關)한 조사(調査))

  • Kim, Shin-Woel;Kim, Young-Lak;Ryu, So-Yeon;Park, Jong;Kim, Ki-Soon;Kim, Yang-Ok
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.245-268
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    • 1999
  • It is necessary that the old should have the physical and social ability to perform their daily life. This study is to grasp their degree of disability and problems and suggest their solutions. It surveyed the 87 old people over 65 years old from September 1st until September 30th, in 1997. The findings are as follows. 1) The activities of daily living(ADL) to find their degree of physical disability shows that their average performance ability is 75.9% of all the action while 24.1% of all the old people needs the others' help. As they get older and older, the aged drop off in their physical ability, which is related to a statistical sense (p<0.001). 2) The social disability shows that the aged have their great difference from 9.2% to 85.1% in their instrumental activities of daily living(IADL), intellectual ability and social role. 3) A simple analysis shows that the activities of daily living are, in a statistical sense, related to age(p<0.001), the use of elder's hall(p<0.001), the understanding degree of health(p<0.01) and so forth. 4) A simple analysis shows that the instrumental activities of daily living are, in a statistical sense, related to age(p<0.001), the degree of education(p<0.05), the life of leisure(p<0.001), the understanding degree of health and so forth. 5) A multivariate logistic regression analysis shows that the disability of daily living is related to age, the visit of elder's hall, the period of solitary living, instrumental activities of daily living is age and the visit of elder's hall, and social role is the visit of elder's hall and the decree of education, while intellectual activity has no related variables in a statistical sense.

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A Study on Antecedents and Consequences of Empathy Ability of Service Employee (서비스 제공자 공감능력의 영향요인과 결과요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yu-Kyung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.121-142
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    • 2015
  • This study focused on finding how to raise the positive effect of a service employee on the organization by strengthening his sympathetic feeling at the position of business, not the position of customer and how to reduce the negative effect. The specific objectives of the study are: First, the effect factors of the empathy abilities (cognitive empathy, emotional empathy) of a service employee are largely classified as the social support (supervisor support, co-worker support) to the service employee and the self-soothing ability. Therefore, this study tries to verify the relationship between the self-soothing ability, and social support and empathy which are preceding factors of the empathy of a service employee. Second, it also tries to verify the relationship between job stress and empathy ability(cognitive empathy, emotional empathy) of a service employee. As a result of the verification of the study hypothesis, first, the social support was distinguished as supervisor support and co-worker support, and the empathy ability was distinguished as cognitive empathy and emotional empathy. As a result of verifying the relationship between social support and empathy ability, the supervisor support did not have a positive effect on cognitive empathy while the co-worker support did have a positive effect of cognitive empathy. The supervisor support had a positive effect on emotional empathy and the co-worker support had a positive effect on emotional empathy. Second, the self-soothing ability of a service employee had a positive effect on empathy ability and a positive effect on both cognitive empathy and emotional empathy. Finally, the empathy ability(cognitive empathy, emotional empathy) of a service employee was shown to have a negative effect on the job stress of a service employee.

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The Influence of Mother's Perfectionism and Parenting Beliefs on Preschooler's Socal Competence (어머니의 완벽주의와 양육신념이 유아의 사회적 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young Yae;Kim, Lee Jin
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.183-199
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to examine the effects of mother's perfectionism and parenting beliefs on her preschooler's social competence. The participants were 277 mothers residing in Daejeon, Korea. Basic descriptive statistics, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression were used for statistical treatment. The results were as follows: First, a mother's perfectionism and parenting beliefs did not differ according to her educational level. One factor of perfectionism, 'holding high standards', alone showed significant difference between highschool graduates and graduate school graduates, the latter's scores being higher than the former's. There were no significant differences in preschooler's social competence by sex or age. However, a few sex and age differences were found in sub-factors of social competence. Girls scored higher than boys on 'showing affection', and 5 year olds scored lower on 'showing affection' and higher on 'leadership' than 3 years olds. Second, a mother's perfectionism and parenting beliefs were able to explain 22.8% of variance in preschooler's social competence, the former showing more predictive power than the latter. Each of the two factors of maternal perfectionism affected five factors of preschooler's social competence in a different manner. 'Holding high standards' of perfectionism positively influenced preschooler's social competence factors such as 'social capability', 'leadership', and 'showing affection', whereas maternal 'fear of failure' had a negative impact on 'showing affection', 'disturbing'(reversed), and 'instability'(reversed). These results were discussed in relation with changes in social atmosphere and value systems, changes in child-rearing behaviors, or the construct and concept of perfectionism itself, It was suggested that these results be utilized in developing parent education programs for preschoolers lacking social competence.

Influence of Empathy, Aggression, Self-Esteem on Social Preference and Social Impact in Preschoolers (유아의 사회적 선호도 및 영향력과 공감능력, 공격성 및 자아존중감의 관련성)

  • Oh, Myung Ja;Shin, Yoo Lim
    • Korean Journal of Child Education & Care
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.171-182
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of empathy, aggression, and self-esteem on social preference and social impact in preschoolers. Methods: The participants were 307 five year olds who were recruited from day care centers and preschools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. Social preference and social impact was measured with peer nominations. Empathy and aggression were measured by teacher ratings. Moreover, self-esteem was asessed using self-reports. The data was analysed using Pearson correlation and hierarchial regression. Results: Findings indicate that social preference is associated with empathy, however, social impact was associated with physical as well as relational aggression. Conclusion/Implications: The findings suggest that the practice of physical and relational aggression may be related with peer status as early as preschool.

Modeling Community Capacity Building Using Spatial Asset Mapping (공간자산매핑을 이용한 지역사회 능력배양의 모델링에 관한 연구)

  • Liou, Jaeik
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.98-108
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    • 2004
  • The concept of community capacity is regarded as the ability of people and communities to do works associated with the determinant factors and indicators of the circumstances of socio-economic, environmental and physical contexts. Building capacity of communities to effectively analyze our problematic issues and planning of community development is often required to scrutinize current status of community of socio-economic and infrastructural capacity development with GIS. We consider community development as a planned effort to build assets that increase the capacity of communities. Spatial asset mapping is the process enabling to identify and make inventories of tangible and intangible assets. This mapping requires developing a capacity inventory that collects individual organizational and community capacities in view of human, socio-cultural, natural, financial, digital, and physical capacity. The purpose of this research is not only designed to suggest a new concept capacity building, but also proposes a more creative framework of asset-based community cap linking to parcel-based spatial asset mapping and capacity mapping process.

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Development of FDRRI Based Community Preparedness Index (지역사회 대비능력을 고려한 홍수피해저감지수 개발)

  • Yang, Seung-Man;Choi, Seon-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.803-803
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    • 2012
  • 최근 선진국에서는 지역사회의 지역특성, 대비능력 등을 토대로 맞춤형 재난 대비책을 마련하여 시행하고 있다. 이는 중앙정부의 한정된 자원을 효율적으로 배분하고, 지방정부는 지역의 취약성을 파악하여 구체적 적응정책의 방향성 제시를 가능하게 한다. 우리나라 역시 재해위험에 대한 각 지역의 방재능력을 여러 가지 방법으로 진단하고 있으나 대부분 지역의 인구, 재정력, 시설, 인력, 자원 확보 및 계획 등 정량적 정보만을 종합하여 위험도를 진단하고 있어 재해위험에 대한 지역민과 지역사회가 느끼는 취약성을 제대로 반영하지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 홍수 취약성 개념 틀을 정의하고 지역사회를 기반으로 취약성을 평가할 수 있는 홍수피해저감지수(Flood Disaster Risk Reduction Index, FDRRI)를 개발하였다. FDRRI는 지형적 기상적 요인을 고려한 홍수노출지표, 사회적요인과 과거피해 요인을 고려한 민감도지표, 지역안전도 피해저감능력지수를 고려한 피해저감능력지표, 지역민의 대비능력을 나타내는 지역사회대비능력 지표를 결합하여 평가된다. 특히, 지역사회대비능력지표는 지역민 설문조사를 통해 지역민의 역량을 정량화한 것으로 본 연구에서 처음으로 도입한 것이다. FDRRI의 적용성 검토를 위해 지형적 특성, 홍수피해정도 등을 고려하여 낙동강 유역의 경북 봉화, 김천, 경남 고성, 김해를 시범지역으로 선정하고 FDRRI를 산정하였으며 타당성을 검증하였다. FDRRI는 홍수위험에 대한 지역의 저감능력을 잘 반영하고 있으며, 지역별 맞춤형 저감대책 및 지역사회가 참여한 지속가능한 재난관리 정책 수립 등에 활용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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The Effects of Communication Competence and Empathy on Stress Coping in College Students (대학생의 커뮤니케이션 능력과 공감능력이 스트레스 대처행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Yang-Shin;Jang, Seong-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.346-356
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    • 2018
  • The Purpose of this study is to examine the effect of communication competence and empathy on stress coping in college students. The research problems were verified by correlation analysis and multivariate regression analysis. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 292 college students. The findings are as follows. First, college students who have high communication competence show more problem-focused coping, social-support seeking coping, and self-soothing coping in stressful conditions, but less emotion-oriented coping and avoidance-oriented coping. Particularly, it is found that behavioral flexibility in communication competence has the greatest effect on problem-focused coping and emotion-oriented coping. Similarly, affiliation/support influences social support seeking coping, interaction management influences self-soothing coping and avoidance-oriented coping. Second, college students who have high empathy are also found more problem-focused coping, social-support seeking coping, and self-soothing coping in stressful conditions. Especially it is found that role-taking in empathy has the greatest effect on problem-focused coping self-soothing coping. Similarly, emotion recognition influences avoidance-oriented coping, emotional resonance influences emotion-oriented coping, authenticity influences social-support seeking coping.

Impact Self-leadership, Caring Ability, Self-efficacy on Social Problem Solving Ability in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 셀프리더십, 돌봄 능력, 자기효능감이 사회적 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Pak, So-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.395-403
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    • 2019
  • Since nursing is carried out in a relationship between nurses and nursing subjects in a social context, the social problem solving ability of nursing college students is very important. The purpose of this study was to identify impact of self-leadership, caring ability and self-efficacy on social problem solving ability in nursing student's. The subjects of this study were 203 nursing college students from a university. Data was analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression. The result of multiple regression indicate that caring ability(${\beta}=0.39$, p<.001) self-efficacy(${\beta}=0.28$, p<.001), self-leadership(${\beta}=0.23$, p<.001) were the most consistent predictors of social problem solving ability and explained 53.0%. It is suggested to establish an autonomy-based program and feedback system and to develop a convergence education program to balance cognitive and emotional aspects.

The Effects of Convergence Design Thinking on Preliminary Health Administrators' Social Problem Solving Competency: Intrapreneurship Integrated Curriculum (융복합 디자인씽킹 교육이 예비보건행정가의 사회적 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향: 사내기업가정신 통합교과 교육방안)

  • Yoo, Jin-Yeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.271-283
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study is to verify the effectiveness the preliminary Health Administrators' Social Problem Solving Competency(SPSC) through the application of the learner-centered program Convergence Design Thinking(CDT) conducted by undergraduate school of Intrapreneurship the integrated curriculum, and evaluation of SPSC improvement effect. A pre-post-questionnaire survey was carried out that started March to June 2016 among the forty-five second-year college students from the Health Administration Department who participated in the CDT during the 15 weeks training. The main results are as follows. CDT were positive influenced on the improvement of Negative problem orientation, Impulsive careless style(ICS) and Avoidance coping style of the preliminary Health Administrators' SPSC. Especially, female college student or the absence of working experience, it was effective on the improvement of ICS of the participants. This CDT program identified having positive effects on their participation, SPSC. To further improve SPSC, The development of integrated curriculum and application of creative teaching method like this CDT is highly recommended.

A Study on the Socio-Psychological Factors in Forming Information Problem-solving Abilities (정보문제 해결능력 형성의 사회심리적 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Kyung-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.83-99
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    • 2009
  • The holistic approach to the variables that influence people's information problem-solving abilities is relatively scant compared to the importance of the issue. The purpose of this study is to analyze the socio-psychological factors that have an influence on the information problem-solving abilities of youths, and finally to analyze how these factors influence the information problem-solving abilities of youths. In order to identify the critical socio-psychological factors, related literature was reviewed and the model framework for this research was constructed based on the resulting factors and socio-psychological theories.