• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사회자본

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자녀의 학업성취에 미치는 가족배경, 사회자본 및 문화자본의 영향

  • Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Lee, Byeong-Hun
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.125-148
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구에서는 부모의 사회경제적 지위가 자녀의 학업성취를 통해 재생산되도록 만드는 변수들의 영향을 밝히려고 하였다. 가족의 사회경제적 변수, 극히 사회자본과 문화자본이 독립적으로 또는 가족배경을 맥락으로 자녀의 학업성취도에 미치는 영향에 대해 분석하였다. 연구대상으로는 중고등학생 총 2771명의 사례를 분석하였다. 중학생에 비해 고등학생들의 학업성취에 미치는 부모의 사회경제적 배경변수의 영향력은 감소하였다. 그러나 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향력은 증가하였다. 성별에 따라 분석한 결과, 남학생의 경우는 부모의 사회경제적 변수와 가족의 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향력이 동시에 존재하나 여학생의 경우에는 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향이 거의 없고, 부모의 사회경제적 변수 중에서 아버지의 직업과 자산이 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향력은 상당부분 부모의 사회경제적 자원에 흡수되는 경향이 있으나 가족의 자녀에 대한 관심은 여전히 학업성취도에 중요한 영향을 미치는 사회자본임을 발견하였다. 이번 연구결과를 통해 경제적 지원만으로는 자녀의 학업성취를 높이기 어려우며 사회자본이나 문화자본과 함께 결합된 사회경제적 지원이 자녀의 학업성취에 기여함을 발견하였다.

The Roles of Public Libraries as a Construction Mechanism of Social and Cultural Capital (사회자본과 문화자본 형성 기제로서의 공공도서관의 역할)

  • Lee, Seungmin
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.139-160
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this research is to empirically analyze the effect of public library use on the construction of social and cultural capital and the close of social classes reproduction through the survey targeting public library users. As a result, the use of public libraries positively affects the construction of both social and cultural capital. In contrast, it partially addresses the problems in social classes reproduction because the social classes with higher levels of education and income tend to use public libraries more often. In order to take a role of and contribute to equal construction of social and cultural capital, public libraries need to be public places for open and social interaction. In addition, it is necessary for public libraries to improve their roles to allow community members to access and utilize various cultural resources.

Effect of Social Capital on the Movement of Population between Local Regions in South Korea: Empirical Analysis Using the Gravity Model (우리나라 지역간 인구이동에 대한 사회적 자본의 영향: 중력모형을 이용한 실증분석)

  • Choe, Jong Il;Oh, Gabjin;Lee, Ki-Dong
    • New Physics: Sae Mulli
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    • v.67 no.5
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    • pp.615-620
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    • 2017
  • We investigate the factors influencing the movement of population between local regions by using the data generated via the concept of social capital. We employ the gravity model to analyze the factors of population mobility by using the two distinct travel costs reflected in social capital: bonding social capital and bridging social capital. We find that bonding social capital plays a role of inhibition because of the creation of travel cost whereas bridging social capital can be increased by the population's mobility to other regions through the social capital accumulated from a residential area.

A Study on the Cause and Effect of Assessment Index of Intellectual Capital and Performance of the Public Library (공공도서관 지적자본 평가지표와 성과의 인과관계 연구)

  • Park, Seong-Woo;Chang, Woo-Kwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.279-307
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    • 2011
  • Intellectual capital is the driving force for the competitive advantage and durability of the public library. This asset consists of the library members' competences, the organizational structure constructed by the members, and the interrelationships among the people sharing the same interests. These are called human capital, structural capital and social capital in the respective order. The purpose of the study was to provide foundational information for the public library's intellectual capital assessment as well as creating an experimental assessment model. It analysed the three characteristics of the capital, which generated an assessment index. In addition, it identified the relationship between the components of the intellectual capital and performance were discovered through empirical study to improve the assessment system.

A Study on Social Capital Formation and Model Applicability of Intellectual Capital in Public Libraries (공공도서관의 사회자본 형성과 지적자본 모형 적용 가능성)

  • Park, Seong-Woo;Chang, Woo-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.233-254
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    • 2010
  • This research attempted to examine the concept of social capital and intellectual capital for re-conceptualizing the library's total values. This approach enabled research to analyze that social capital formation is created by public libraries as functioning agencies. Intellectual capital consisted of human capital, structural capital and social capital was examined on applicability in the public libraries by understanding social capital. The research outlined the mechanism for total values of libraries. Finally the findings of this research were expected to help to research for libraries' identity.

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The Impact of Social Capital on the Quality of Life of Married Female Immigrants - the Mediating Effect of Empowerment - (여성결혼이민자의 사회자본이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 임파워먼트의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Min Soo;Lee, Hyun Ji
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.56
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    • pp.225-250
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of the social capital among married female immigrant on their quality of life and the mediating effect of empowerment. The data were collected from 260 married female immigrants and SPSS Statistics 20.0 and AMOS 22.0 were utilized to analyze the data. The results showed that social capital had statistically significant relationship with empowerment and quality of life among married female immigrants. In addition, empowerment was a statistically significant mediator in the association of social capital and quality of life. Based on these findings, the implications for social welfare practice to improve social capital and empowerment of married female immigrants and recommendations for the further studies were suggested.

Social Capital of Married Women: Variations by Employment Status (취업 여부에 따른 기혼 여성의 사회자본 특성)

  • Lee, Yoon-Joo;Chin, Mee-Jung
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.91-111
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    • 2011
  • Based on social capital theory, this study intends to understand accessed and mobilized social capital of married women with young children and the difference between two types of social capital in terms of their employment status. Factors related to accessed and mobilized social capital are also investigated. The subjects are 571 married women (284 employed and 287 unemployed) who have children younger than 5 years old. Their networks are revealed to show different composition and resource distribution according to the respective employment status. No significant difference is found in accessing social capital depending on the employment status. However, working women are capable of mobilizing more social capital for economic resources and child-care assistance than non-working women. The employment status is significant only in mobilizing social capital related to child-caring assistance. The effects of variables related to social networks of married women differ according to the types of resources sought for. The choices of married women on the employment status and child-rearing are observed in the findings of the ability to mobilize social capital for child-care assistance. The importance of kin ties and various social services for building social capital are discussed.

The Effects of Social Capital on Social Enterprise Performance (사회적 자본이 사회적 기업의 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.644-654
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the elements of virtuous cycle to lay a foundation for the coevolution of corporations(organizations) and communities through corporate growth and distribution based on the social capital of social enterprises. The study aimed to categorize social capital into structural, cognitive, and relational capital and examine their effects on the economic and social performance of social enterprises. The subject companies include 250 of social enterprises registered at and certified by the Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency through random sampling. The study set two hypotheses and 6 particular hypotheses and performed correlation and regression analysis to empirically analyze the effects of social capital on social enterprise performance. The findings were summarized as follows: First, the study looked into the effects of social capital on economic performance and found that relational capital was proper for it. Second, the study also looked into the effects of social capital on social performance and found that relational capital was proper for it.

A Study on the Effect of Smart Device and SNS on Social Capital (스마트기기와 SNS 활용이 사회자본 형성에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Lee, Seungmin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.161-180
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    • 2013
  • This research analyzed how smart devices and Social Network Service (SNS) change the construction of social capital. The results show that smart devices provide the foundation of expending 'bridging social capital' by offering various communication tools. SNS reinforces 'bonding social capital' and extends 'bridging social capital' by expanding social relationships from off-line to online and supporting the construction of online communities. In contrast, the use of SNS through smart devices is not related to the generation of social capital. However, it builds a multi-aspect social capital by making people participate in various social activities.