• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사회복지서비스 이용행동

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Factors Affecting Intention to Use Community Organizing Services at a Community Welfare Center: The Impact of Welfare Consciousness based on Andersen's Behavioral Model (지역사회복지관 주민조직화 서비스의 이용의사에 영향을 미치는 요인: 앤더슨 행동모형의 적용을 통해 본 복지의식의 영향)

  • Lim, Hyo Yeon;Jeong, Eun Su
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.159-172
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the predisposing, enabling and need factors, based on Andersen's behavioral model, affecting intention to use community organizing services at a community welfare center. 725 people aged 20 and older who lived in Gwang-jin-gu participated in this study and multiple linear regression analyses were utilized to analyze the deputation. The results demonstrate that intention to use is primarily affected by predisposing factors, age and duration of education. Female and more educated people were significantly associated with the intention to use community organizing services. Enabling factors, reputation and image of the community welfare center significantly affect intention to use community organizing services. People are more likely to use community organizing services when there is higher reputation of the community welfare center and better image of the community welfare center. Finally, intention to use is primarily affected by welfare consciousness, a need factor. People who have liberal welfare consciousness are more likely to use community organizing services. These findings provide implications and suggestions for increasing intention to use community organizing services at a community welfare center.

A Research on Value Structure on Use Behavior about Social Service of the Mentally ill elderly (노인정신장애인의 사회복지서비스 이용행위의 가치 사슬 구조 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Joo;Kwon, Sunae;Bak, Mi-Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.667-675
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study is to predict use behavior for social welfare service of the elderly mentally ill through means-end chain theory. Means-end chain theory explains cognitive structure related to the consumer's preference to various products and services. Although the elderly mentally ill begin to emerge as new client population, social welfare services for them do not seem to be enough in the community. Based on this awareness, this study tried to analyse service use behavior of the elderly mentally ill through means-end chain theory to develop new social welfare services. The data were collected from 15 elderly mentally ill and found 5 attributes, 10 consequences, and 11 values. Hierarchical Value Map was composed of 'disease management, rehabilitation preparation, hobby leisure ${\rightarrow}$ health maintenance, energy of life ${\rightarrow}$ social reintegration, life satisfaction, harmonious family life'. To activate the social service for the elderly mentally ill, it should be developed various programs such as disease management, rehabilitation preparation, hobby leisure for the elderly mentally ill. The ultimate value of these programs will be improve life satisfaction and integrated into society.

Study on Development of Physical Health Behavior Scale (신체건강행동 측정을 위한 척도개발연구)

  • Yang, Ok Kyung;Kim, Hak Lyoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.3
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    • pp.151-180
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed to develop a scale to measure physical health behaviors among social work clients using general services. The scale items were constructed based on literature review and FGI of social workers. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmative factor analysis affirmed the factor structure of Physical Health Behavior Scale with two sub-scales: Health Promotion Behavior Scale and Health Hindrance Behavior Scale. Promotion Scale had 7 factors and Hindrance Scale had 5 factors. Both sub-scales showed acceptable ranged goodness-of-fit for the model, and internal consistency test proved that the scale was reliable. The analyses of discriminant validity, convergent validity, and concurrent validity resulted significant validation. Based on those results, the developed Physical Health Behavior Scale were proved well-constructed, reliable and valid. The Scale will be utilized for both clients in general to check their own health related behaviors and social workers to adopt as a tool for assessment in order to perform an evidence based practice.

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Development of Social Work Strategies for School-linked services - Based on Latent Class Growth Analysis of Delinquent Behaviors in adolescence - (학교연계 서비스를 위한 사회복지실천 전략 개발 - 청소년기 경비행행동의 차별적 발달궤적에 대한 잠재계층성장분석 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Gyun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.377-406
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    • 2009
  • This study used laten class growth analysis to identify discrete developmental patterns of delinquent behaviors in adolescence. This present article also examined associations among these trajectories to determine how the development of delinquent behaviors relates to protective and risk factors, which include parental monitoring, attachment with parent, association with deviant peers, self-control, and negative stigma from others. Four-wave panel data from a Korea Youth Panel Study were used for the latent class growth model analysis. The sample consisted of 3,446 adolescents who were assessed at 4 measurement waves with approximately 1-year interval. Four trajectories of delinquent behaviors emerged: delinquency persistence, delinquency increaser, delinquency decreaser, normative group(almost no delinquent behaviors). Association with deviant peers had the most proximal strong influence on the probability of being in the delinquency increaser and delinquency persistence group compared, noed to the normative group. Parental monitoring, self-efficacy and negative stigma also differentiated the four delinquent behavior trajectories from one another after controllig for socio-demographic variables. The study suggested that there is a significant heterogeneity in the timing and change rate of delinquency progression. Adolescent delinquency prevention and intervention programs will need to consider this heterogeneity and enhance attention to protective and risk factors depending on the subpopulation.

A Study on Drug Users' Intention to Use Treatment Services - Application of Extended Behavioral Model of Health Services Use - (약물사용자의 치료서비스 이용 의도 예측 연구 - 확장된 건강서비스이용행동모형의 적용 -)

  • Kim, Nang hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.165-191
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the major predictive factors of intention of drug users to use treatment services. The theoretical framework was used extended Behavioral Model of Health Services Use which integrates the Andersen model and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Thus, this study examined the effects of individual characteristics(predisposing, enabling, need factor) and attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavior control on drug users' intention to use treatment services. Factors with a statistically significant effect were as follows: from the individual characteristics - gender and past treatment experiences of the predisposing factors along with psychiatric diagnosis, anxiety and depression, and severity of drug abuse of need factors. From the Theory of Planned Behavior - subjective norm and perceived behavior control turned out to have impacts on their intention to use treatment services. The study emphasizes that a concern of women, increasing positive experiences of treatment, efforts to change the subjective norms and perceived behavior control of drug users to promote their determination to get treatment.

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A study on Danger Detecting and Alarming System for Seniors who live alone in Ubiquitous Environment (유비쿼터스 환경에서 독거 노인을 위한 위험감지 및 통보 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, In-Moon;Yoo, Nam-Hyun;Son, Cheol-Su;Kim, Won-Jung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.880-883
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    • 2007
  • 우리나라의 고령화 단계는 매우 심각한 수준으로 이미 초고령화 사회에 진입하기 바로 전 단계이다. 한다. 그러나 사회복지 관련 정부예산 및 부족한 전문인력 등의 여러 가지 문제점으로 인하여 지속적으로 늘어가는 독거노인들에 대한 효율적인 서비스를 제공하지 못하고 있는 것이 국내의 현실이다. 이에 본 논문에서는 웹캠과 유비쿼터스 센서들을 이용하여 독거노인들의 위험 감지 및 알람 시스템을 제안한다. 이 시스템은 독거노인들의 일상생활을 웹캠과 유비쿼터스 센서들을 이용하여, 24시간 모니터링을 하면서 불규칙한 이상 행동 패턴이 발생하게 되면, 해당 행동 패턴을 추출하고, 보호자 및 관계기관과 응급의료구조시스템을 호출하는 등의 서비스를 제공함으로써, 독거 노인들에 대한 세심하고 밀접한 관리 및 폭 넓은 서비스를 기대할 수 있게 될 것이다.

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Population Characteristics Influencing Treatment Service Use among Individuals with Drug Dependency (마약류 의존자 치료재활 서비스 이용에 영향을 미치는 개인적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Nang-hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.39
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    • pp.395-423
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    • 2008
  • This study investigated population characteristics that influencing treatment service use of people who are voluntarily using drug dependency treatment services by using logistic and hierarchical regression analysis. The research model of the current study was driven by the framework of the 'the Behavioral Model of Health Services Use(the Andersen model)' that has been broadly applied to study on health behavior. This study used data from a sample group of 80 adults by using purposive sampling. This study found that some predisposing factors, enabling factors and need factors have direct effects on service use. In detail, individuals who graduated from high school use drug dependency treatment utilities more than those who did not. Further, individuals who were given more support from family, peers, or others, use the treatment utilities more frequently and were more willing to use the utilities continuously. Furthermore, the greater the perceived need felt by the dependent, the greater the tendency to enter hospitals or shelters. The important implications of this study for social work practice and social policy can be summarized as follows: first, this study supports the idea that intervention for drug dependents in Korea should be focused on environment resources rather than population characteristics; and government must support drug dependent treatment systems; the present study was the first to investigate Korean drug dependents through taking a more positive view, as well as the first to apply 'the Behavioral Model of Health Services Use', and as such represents an example of how studies could be productively conducted in the future. Despite these implications, there remain some limitations in this study. These include the following: limitation in generalizability of the results; the cross-sectional nature of the study design; survey research through the questionnaire method; using foreign scales; and the difficulty of classifying treatment settings.

A Study on Factors of Elderly Residential Care Service Utilization for using Decision Tree Regression (의사결정분석을 이용한 우리나라 노인의 요양시설서비스 이용 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Jeong-Gi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.60 no.3
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    • pp.129-150
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    • 2008
  • This study examined the factors affecting service utilization of elderly residential care among long term care services recipients during long term care insurance pilot project period in Korea. Help-seeking Behavior model developed by Andersen and Newman(1973) was used to analyze the factors affecting their utilization residential care service among 1,939 long term care services recipients. Frequency and Decision Tree Regression analysis on SPSS 13.0 used. Analyses show strong significant factor is service preference(predisposing factors), and then significant factors are enabling factors such as co-residence type, household income. According to this results, need factors such as cognition disorder, problem behavior, ADL and IADL disabilities are affecting utilization behavior of elderly residential care services. These findings provide implications and suggestions about how long term care service system would be settled in Korea. And these finding provide information about target-efficient long term care continuum system to policy makers and helping professionals.

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A Study on Family Caregivers' Preferences for Utilization of Community-based Welfare and Health-care Services (요보호 노인 부양가족의 재가복지 및 재가보건 서비스 유형별 이용의향에 관한 연구 - 2002년도 서울시 노인복지 기초수요조사 자료 분석 -)

  • Kim, Hye-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.123-147
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    • 2004
  • The purposes of this study are, 1) to explore the factors related to the family caregivers' preferences for service utilization both of the community-based welfare and health-care services, and 2) to examine the reasons why not want to use services analyzing a survey data obtained from family caregivers(n=1,000). Anderson and Newman's Behavior model was employed to examine the factors related to the preferences for service utilization. The main results are as follows. 1) Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that predisposing factor(such as age and relations with frail elderly) and enabling factor(such as economic status, secondary caregiver, informal informational support provider, etc) were significant predictor for caregivers' preference for service utilization. Contrary to an expectation, needs factor was negatively related to the preference for service. More specifically, the more they have service needs, the less they show their willingness to use community-based service both in welfare and health-care services except for care education program. 2) Caregiver identified 'family caregiving consciousness'(family should take care of frail elderly, elderly dislike be taken care of) as an important reason not want to use community services next to financial factor. These findings have several implications for policy making especially for 'public long-term care insurance' which was planned to start in 2007.

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A Study on Human Rights Behavior of Korean Care Workerin Long Term Care Facilities: The Interaction Effect of Human Rights Awareness and Service Orientations (장기요양기관 요양보호사의 노인인권옹호행동 영향요인: 개인의 인권의식과 조직의 서비스 지향성을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Min-Kyoung;Kim, Mee-Hye;Kim, Ju-Hyun;Chung, Soon-Dool
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.673-691
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    • 2016
  • As the provision of long-term care policy takes root and with a gradual increase in elderly population, the use of elderly care service has become a growing norm. More than ever, there exists an urgent need for a paradigm shift in the building of an institutional basis for the improvement of care service, from the prevalent practice of 'need based service' toward the concept of 'human rights based service'. A great focus is being shed on care-workers, at the 'front line' of advocating human rights, as their human rights advocacy behaviour is seen as a key variable in providing high quality care service for elders. This study aims to examine how care-workers' individual human rights awareness levels, and the influence of their respective organizations, as an environmental factor, affect their human rights advocacy behaviour. The study includes a comprehensive analysis of the interactions between the regulatory effect of environmental factors (service orientation?) on an organizational level, human rights awareness (individual level) and the service environment (organizational). The analysis sample consisted of 782 registered non-profit corporation of long-term care facilities all over the country in 2014. The findings of the thesis suggest that human rights awareness at individual levels has a significant influence on human rights advocacy behavior. The interaction of human resources management in service orientations was also found to influence human rights advocacy on a significant level. Both human rights awareness at individual level and service orientations at organizational level were thus determined as key variables for improving the human rights awareness of care worker in long-term care facilities in Korea.