• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사회경제적 요인

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자녀의 학업성취에 미치는 가족배경, 사회자본 및 문화자본의 영향

  • Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Lee, Byeong-Hun
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.125-148
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구에서는 부모의 사회경제적 지위가 자녀의 학업성취를 통해 재생산되도록 만드는 변수들의 영향을 밝히려고 하였다. 가족의 사회경제적 변수, 극히 사회자본과 문화자본이 독립적으로 또는 가족배경을 맥락으로 자녀의 학업성취도에 미치는 영향에 대해 분석하였다. 연구대상으로는 중고등학생 총 2771명의 사례를 분석하였다. 중학생에 비해 고등학생들의 학업성취에 미치는 부모의 사회경제적 배경변수의 영향력은 감소하였다. 그러나 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향력은 증가하였다. 성별에 따라 분석한 결과, 남학생의 경우는 부모의 사회경제적 변수와 가족의 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향력이 동시에 존재하나 여학생의 경우에는 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향이 거의 없고, 부모의 사회경제적 변수 중에서 아버지의 직업과 자산이 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 사회자본과 문화자본의 영향력은 상당부분 부모의 사회경제적 자원에 흡수되는 경향이 있으나 가족의 자녀에 대한 관심은 여전히 학업성취도에 중요한 영향을 미치는 사회자본임을 발견하였다. 이번 연구결과를 통해 경제적 지원만으로는 자녀의 학업성취를 높이기 어려우며 사회자본이나 문화자본과 함께 결합된 사회경제적 지원이 자녀의 학업성취에 기여함을 발견하였다.

Socioeconomic Status in Perceived Oral Health and Contribution of Oral Health Behavioral Factors on Convergence (사회경제적 상태에 따른 주관적 구강건강과 구강건강행태 기여요인에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.337-343
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    • 2018
  • The study is investigated socioeconomic variations in perceived oral health status and contribution of oral health behavioral factors. A nationally representative sample (365 health and 1,787 unhealth aged 20 over years) from the 2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys was analyzed using logistic regression. Perceived oral health was lower among lower socioeconomic groups compared with higher socioeconomic groups. This association was increased when demo-socioeconomic factors and oral health behavioral were adjusted. When each oral health behavioral factor was considered separately, mediators such as smoking, frequency of tooth brushing and used oral care products or oral health examination explained a large part of the increased socioeconomic oral health status. Subjective bad oral health arise from different socioeconomic status, but this difference is increased by oral health behavioral factors. Therefore, socioeconomic inequity in perceived oral health status can be corrected more effectively by promotional oral health behaviors.

The Relationship between Socioeconomic Factors, Health Behaviors and Overweight among Korean Adolescents (우리나라 청소년에서 사회경제적 요인 및 건강행태가 과체중에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ji-Hye
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.353-364
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between socioeconomic factors, health behaviors and overweight and to provide information in the policy making process for ensuring health equity. Data of 66,249 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years were derived from the Ninth Korean Youth's Risk Web-based Study, which was conducted in 2013. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that overweight were related with gender, parental education, frequency of having breakfast, fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, snack consumption, and frequency of physical activity. Therefore public health programmes should target unhealthy behaviour of adolescents from lower socioeconomic groups to help prevent future life-course disadvantages in terms of health and social inequalities.

Do Organizational Factors Influence the Outcome of Social Enterprise? (조직요인은 사회적 기업의 성과에 영향을 미치는가?)

  • Cho, Sang-Mi;Kwon, So-Il;Kim, Su-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.3
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    • pp.29-50
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    • 2012
  • Recently, social enterprises are expanded quantitatively and continuously, so it is timely to suggest effective management for sustainability of social enterprises. Therefore, this study was conducted to explore various organizational factors which influence on social enterprises' economic and social outcomes. This study investigated the effects of strategic factors, management system, external environment and organizational culture on the outcomes. Strategic factors emerged as the most critical factors for both outcomes. Human resource management and innovative organizational culture affected economic outcomes. Among external environment, community support has significant effect on social outcomes. Based on the results, implications were suggested for effective management and further research.

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Relationship between Unmet Dental Needs and Social Determinants of Health (건강의 사회적 결정요인과 필요 치과진료 미수진과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Min-Young;Kim, Ji-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.360-370
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    • 2020
  • In order to understand the factors related to the unmet dental needs, analysis was performed using the data of community health survey data. Targeting population of 214,861 aged 25 and over demographic factors, socioeconomic factors, social support, social environmental factors, social and physical environmental factors, and factors related to necessary unmet dental needs visit it was confirmed. The lower the age, the higher the income level, the lower the education level, the less contact with relatives and friends, the less likely they are to participate in relatives and leisure activities, dissatisfied with sociophysical environment(safety level, natural environment, living environment, public transportation, medical services) the higher unmet dental needs. It was confirmed that not only demographic and socioeconomic factors but also social support, social environmental factors, social and physical environmental factors had a statistically significant impact on the need of unmet dental needs. Future research that includes policy factors as social determinants of health will be needed as a way to increase the unmet dental needs.

Comparative, Integrated Study on emotional support, physical support, Socio-economic Factors related with Suicidal Ideation of 75 or older Seniors: Using the 2017 National Survey of Elderly (후기노인의 정서적, 신체적, 사회경제적 요인과 자살생각과의 비교융합연구: 2017년도 노인실태조사 자료를 활용하여)

  • Kim, Young-Ran;Park, Chang-Soo;Nam, Ho-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the effect of emotional factors, physical factors and socioeconomic factors on suicidal ideation of 75 or older seniors and sought to identify what kinds of factors should be satisfied to prevent their suicide. Using "2017 National Survey of the Elderly", the study conducted survey among 75 or older 3,023 males and 1,295 females. It used multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify the factors affecting suicidal ideation. As a result, the study found that ties with their offspring, the number of chronic diseases, being abused or not, depression and living with or without espouse had significant effects on their suicidal ideation and abuse was the largest factor. Therefore, in order to reduce suicide rate of 75 or older seniors, more active attention should be rendered to their physical, socioeconomic and emotional health problems, and measures to reduce elderly abuse should be sought. In particular, institutional improvement and revitalization of elderly counseling institutions are needed to reduce elder abuse

Police Officers to Identify the Impact of the Job Satisfaction (경찰공무원의 직무만족 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Seung-Gyoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.314-321
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    • 2009
  • This study investigates how the external factors of police organization, such as organizational environments, job characteristics, and compensations can influence job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Especially, this study considers what kind of organizational culture is dominant and what kind of compensation influences job satisfaction and organizational commitment in Korea. The purpose of this study is to find out the ways to maximize compensation and job satisfaction of police officers and to improve organizational commitment. The results are as follows: First, the more perceived job interest, social approval, organizational cohesion, and financial compensation, the higher job satisfaction, whereas the more perceived work environment, the lower job satisfaction. Second, the more perceived job interest, social approval, organizational cohesion, and financial compensation, the higher job satisfaction. However, the perceived work environment does not influence the job satisfaction. Third, the higher job satisfaction, the higher organizational commitment. Fourth, organizational cohesion, financial compensation and organizational environment have an effect on organizational commitment mediated by job satisfaction.

Dietary habit of college students by the socioeconomic status of their parents (사회경제적 수준 및 성별에 따른 대학생의 식생활 특성)

  • 최정숙;정금주;전혜경;권성옥
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • pp.114-115
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    • 2003
  • 대학생은 성인기로 전환하는 과도기 연령으로 과거 세대의 식생활 양식을 반영할 뿐만 아니라 다음 단계인 성인기의 식생활을 가장 잘 나타내는 시기이다. 식생활에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 인구학적ㆍ지리적ㆍ사회적ㆍ경제적ㆍ과학적 요인 등 여러 가지가 있으며, 그 중에서도 대학생은 성인이 되어 생활의 자립을 하기 전까지는 가정의 사회경제적 수준에 영향을 많이 받는다. (중략)

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Socioeconomic Conditions and Divorce Rate in Korea: An Analysis of Time-series Data, 1970-2002 (사회경제 상황이 이혼율 변화에 미치는 영향: 시계열 자료의 분석, 1970-2002)

  • Cheong Keywon
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.57-80
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    • 2004
  • 이 연구에서는 1970년부터 2002년까지의 시계열 자료를 이용하여 우리나라의 사회경제상황이 이혼율 증가에 어떤 영향을 미쳤는지를 분석하였다. Land and Felson(1976)의 거시 동태 사회지표 모형을 바탕으로 경제상황과 남녀 성비, 그리고 이혼 관련법의 개정 등을 분석모형에 포함시켰다. 경제상황에는 여성의 경제활동 참여율, 실업률 그리고 1인당 국내총생산으로 측정된 소득수준을 포함시켰다. 분석의 결과는 실업률과 소득수준이 이혼율의 증가 추이에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타나고 있다. 1인당 국내총생산의 수준이 높을수록 이혼율도 증가하는 분석의 결과는 경제적 호황기에는 이혼율이 증가하고 경제적 쇠퇴기에는 이혼율이 감소한다는 선행연구의 주장을 실증적으로 뒷받침해주고 있다. 그러나 실업률이 증가할수록 이혼율도 높아지는 것으로 분석되고 있는데 이는 혼인의 결정 요인과 관련한 남성 중심의 가설을 뒷받침하고 있다. 이러한 연구의 결과는 경제상황을 구성하는 하위요인(소득수준과 실업률)이 이혼율의 변화에 미치는 영향의 기제가 다름을 보여주고 있다. 사회경제상황 자체보다는 경제상황의 변화가 이혼율의 변화에 어떤 영향을 미치는지를 분석하기 위하여 회귀분석의 모형에 변화율을 변수로 포함시킬 경우에는 1977년의 가족법 개정만이 이혼율의 변화율에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 분석에서 이혼율에 영향을 미치는 모든 거시적 요인을 통제하지 못하고 있는데, 이는 이 연구의 내적 타당도를 저해하는 요인이 된다. 우리나라의 경우 이혼율은 경제적 상황보다는 오히려 문화적 또는 사회적 요인에 의해서 결정될 수도 있기 때문에 이혼율을 결정짓는 경제적, 문화적, 그리고 사회적 요인들을 모두 포함하는 분석 모형의 개발과 실증 자료를 이용한 검증은 향후의 연구 과제로 남는다.

A Study on the Influence of Socio-economic Deprivation on Depression : Focusing on Latent Growth Modeling Analysis (사회경제적 박탈이 우울에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 잠재성장모형 분석을 중심으로)

  • Sohn, Yong Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.3227-3238
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    • 2018
  • This study attempts to investigate the trajectories of socio-economic deprivation on the depression trajectories among middle-aged individuals using a latent growth model over the last five years. Using the Korea welfare panel study data ranged from the year 2013 (8th wave) to the year 2017 (12th wave), a sample of 7,437 aged over 40 was selected. Three hypothesis was proposed as follows. Is the trajectory of depression changing over the years? Are the initial values of socio-economic deprivation causally related to the initial values of depression? Are the rates of change in socio-economic deprivation causally related to the rates of change in depression? Results showed that the growth curve of depression tended to decline negatively over the five-year period. As the intial values of socio-economic deprivation increased, so did the initial values of depression move upwards. Finally, as the changes of socio-economic deprivation tended to get larger, those changes of depression also accordingly increased as well. The public policy implications based on the current study were discussed to pay more attention to those middle-aged individuals suffering from socio-economic deprivations.