• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사회경제적 박탈 경험

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Depression as a Mediator in the relation between The Socioeconomic Deprivation Life Satisfaction in Older Adults (노인의 사회경제적 박탈과 삶의 만족도의 관계연구: 우울의 매개효과 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hong-Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.231-247
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    • 2019
  • This research aims to examine whether depression has mediating effects in the effects of socioeconomic deprivation, especially of lower variables of socioeconomic deprivation on life satisfaction of the elderly. For this purpose, the 12th year(2017) data of the Korea Welfare Panel Study were used. The mediated effect analysis method of Baron and Kenny(1986) were used, and mediating effect of depression was validated through Sobel Test. The results of this research are as follows. Firstly, the lower variables of socioeconomic deprivation of the elderly -deprivation of housing, deprivation of dietary life, social deprivation, deprivation of employment, and deprivation of healthcare- had partial mediating effects of depression in life satisfaction. It was verified that as the elderly experienced deprivation of housing, deprivation of dietary life, social deprivation, deprivation of employment and deprivation of healthcare, depression increased and life satisfaction was lowered. Therefore, it was suggested that to enhance the living satisfactions of the elderly, policies and services reflecting the personal characteristics of socioeconomic deprivation and depression must be made, and that criteria to identify the multidimensional poverty and deprivation experienced in everyday life must be prepared in addition to poverty focusing on income.

The Effects of Elderly's Socio-economic Deprivation Experience on Suicidal Ideation (사회경제적 박탈 경험이 노인의 자살생각에 미치는 영향: 6가지 박탈 유형을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Dong Hoon;Kim, Yun Tae
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.271-290
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    • 2018
  • The study aims to analyze the effects of socio-economic deprivation on suicidal ideation. The analysis data were used as a guide for Korea Welfare Panel Study 9. the frequency analysis, mean difference analysis, correlation analysis, and logistic regression were performed by SPSS programs. The results of analysis are as follows. First, The results of frequency analysis by deprivation type showed a high frequency of deprivation in the following order. Experience of not receiving a public pension, experience of being able to work but unemployed, experience of not being able to eat a balanced diet due to financial difficulties, and experience where you had nothing to eat but no more money to buy. Second, the average difference analysis shows that when a person does not have a spouse, the lower the academic background and the income level, the higher the likelihood of suicide. Third, regression analysis shows that the following deprivation patterns have a statistically significant effect on older adults' thoughts of suicide. Experience in which the respondents or their family could not go to hospital because they had no money, experience that move house because is back rent more than 2 months or can not pay rent, experience that they could not afford to buy food and eat well-balanced meals, experience of failing to pay your bills on time, experience of being able to work but not having a job, and experience in which financial difficulties left them short of food and no money to live. Based on such research results, some policy measures, such as the expanding management of medical care benefits cases, the improvement of elderly housing, residential conditions and the diet survey for the elderly, and the expansion of measures to support elderly people's tax rates, were proposed.

Effects of Experiences of Elderly Using Social Welfare Organizations in Socio-economic Deprivation on their Relational Aggression Damage Experiences: Verification of the Mediating Effects of Rejection Sensitivity (기관이용 노인의 사회경제적 박탈 경험이 관계적 공격성 피해 경험에 미치는 영향: 거부민감성의 매개효과 검증)

  • Jeong, YoungHee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.267-282
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzes the impact of the experiences of elderly using social welfare organizations in socio-economic deprivation on their relational aggression damage experiences, and verifies the mediating effects of rejection sensitivity. For data collection, 275 of 290 questionnaires, excluding 15 questionnaires with inadequate responses, were used for the final analysis. The SPSS and AMOS programs were used for data analysis through the following procedures. The analysis showed that socio-economic deprivation experiences, relational aggression damage experiences, and rejection sensitivity were higher for the groups of male elderly, higher age, education above college, absence of spouse, and longer institutionalization. The size of indirect effect (${\beta}=.32$) was larger than that of direct effect (${\beta}=.14$), signifying that the indirect impact through rejection sensitivity was larger than the impact of socio-economic deprivation on the experiences of damage by relational aggression. With the above findings, this study makes practical suggestions for institutional measures to reduce the elderly's relational aggression damage experiences and rejection sensitivity and programs on socio-economic deprivation, etc.

A Study on the Influence of Socio-economic Deprivation on Depression : Focusing on Latent Growth Modeling Analysis (사회경제적 박탈이 우울에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 잠재성장모형 분석을 중심으로)

  • Sohn, Yong Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.3227-3238
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    • 2018
  • This study attempts to investigate the trajectories of socio-economic deprivation on the depression trajectories among middle-aged individuals using a latent growth model over the last five years. Using the Korea welfare panel study data ranged from the year 2013 (8th wave) to the year 2017 (12th wave), a sample of 7,437 aged over 40 was selected. Three hypothesis was proposed as follows. Is the trajectory of depression changing over the years? Are the initial values of socio-economic deprivation causally related to the initial values of depression? Are the rates of change in socio-economic deprivation causally related to the rates of change in depression? Results showed that the growth curve of depression tended to decline negatively over the five-year period. As the intial values of socio-economic deprivation increased, so did the initial values of depression move upwards. Finally, as the changes of socio-economic deprivation tended to get larger, those changes of depression also accordingly increased as well. The public policy implications based on the current study were discussed to pay more attention to those middle-aged individuals suffering from socio-economic deprivations.

Poor Custodial Grandparents' Life Story and Care-giving Experiences of Their Grandchildren (저소득층 조손가족 조부모의 인생이야기와 손자녀 양육경험)

  • Oh, Kyung Seuk
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.65-84
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    • 2010
  • This study examined poor custodial grandparents' life story and care-giving experiences of their grandchildren. 8 grandparents were selected and in-depth interview and participant observation method were used. They showed a miserable life from the birth and discriminative experience of the deprivation of educational opportunities as childhood nadir experiences. They showed the regret for their inability as youth/midlife low point and financial difficulty as old life nadir experiences. In terms of care-giving experiences of their grandchildren, they showed non-voluntary care-giving, anxiety for the generational continuation of hardship, and lack of familial assistance. Poor custodial grandparents also used family-centered value, community-based social assistance, and self-assurance through their sacrifice as their adjustment strategy. Several research themes such as the importance of basic trust in childhood, the experience of financial difficulties, the importance of community-based social assistance, and self-assurance through their sacrifice were suggested for further research.

A Study of Determinants Influencing the Economic Preparation for the Aging among People with Severe Disabilities (중증 장애인의 경제적 노후준비에 영향을 미치는 결정요인)

  • Lee, Gye-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.244-252
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the aging of people with severe disabilities experiencing relative alienation and deprivation in an aging society to find ways to make them happy and economically stable. This study identified the determinants of economic preparation for aging among people with severe disabilities using the ecosystem perspective. For this study, data were drawn from Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled (PSED). A total of 950 samples were used from the eighth wave. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the influence of various factors. As a result, age, level of education, employment, subjective socioeconomic status, self-esteem, income, homeowner, and non-beneficiaries affected the economic preparation for aging. These findings have practical and political implications concerned with improving the economic preparations for aging among people with severe disabilities.

Awareness and Needs of Original Inhabitants on Urban to Rural Migration (귀농귀촌에 대한 원주민의 인식과 욕구)

  • Lee, Jun-Woo;Hong, Yoo-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to observe the awareness and needs of original inhabitants on urban to rural migration and propose public projects with a consideration of their stance based on the results. To comprehend their awareness and needs on urban to rural migration through their experience related to it, focus group interview was done and three categories were identified as a result, which are 'relative deprivation', 'limitations and difficulties of urban to rural migration', and 'plans for successful settlement'. First, the original inhabitants were discontent towards the government policies related to urban to rural migration and migrant's behaviors seemed to form negative perception on it. Second, financial difficulty and trouble in stable crop cultivation and acquirement of farming techniques were identified as limitations and difficulties of urban to rural migration. Third, the original inhabitants recognized the need of direct communication between original inhabitants and migrants and activation of meetings for exchange of information to positive relationship between the two groups and migrants should have proper attitude and effort to learn the rural culture for interaction and cooperation. Fourth, there's in need for an institution, which serves as a focal point that provides information and support urban to rural migration. Fifth, successful plans for settlements of migrants thought by the original inhabitants were found. Sixth, there's a need for the original inhabitants to play the role of a mentor to the migrants for their settlement and to promote positive relationship between them.