• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사전-사후 비교 평가

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Development and Effect of Nursing Process Scenarios for Cerebral Infarction: HPS (뇌경색환자 간호과정 시나리오 개발 및 효과: HPS)

  • Jang, Ae Ri;Oh, Moon Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this study was to develop and apply a nursing process simulation scenario for cerebral infarction patients using HPS for nursing students. The effects of this simulation were evaluated and compared with the effects of traditional teaching methods. This study was conducted on 3rd grade students at the College of Nursing from December 7 to December 26, 2018. This study examined 38 subjects in the experimental group and 39 in the control group. This research went through the analysis phase, design phase, and development phase for the development and application of the scenario. The confidence, knowledge, and performance before and after the intervention in the experimental and control groups were analyzed using a t-test. This study developed a simulation scenario based on a nursing process for cerebral infarct patients and was designed to infer three nursing diagnoses. Both groups showed significant pre-post scores except for the clinical performance. The experimental group had higher post-score scores and greater difference between the post-test and pre-test. This study is meaningful in that a standardized scenario of nursing process of infarct patients was developed. In addition, the developed scenario shows the possibility of developing teaching and learning methods that can integrate theoretical learning and practice.

Water supply shortage cost estimation for drought impact assessmen (가뭄 영향평가를 위한 생·공용수 공급지장비용 추정기법)

  • Lee, Jeong Ju;Shin, Hyun Sun;Kim, Mihyun;Chun, Gun Il
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.55-55
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    • 2017
  • 가뭄은 국민생활 및 경제 등에 막대한 손실을 초래하며, 지역사회 공동체나 사회기능에 심각한 영향을 끼칠 수 있는 재해이다. 가뭄피해 최소화를 위해서는 단기대응, 복구지원 등의 사후대책에서 사전대비 및 예방으로의 정책 전환이 필요하며, 이러한 정책 수립을 뒷받침하기 위해서는 가뭄에 따른 정량적인 피해영향 평가가 우선적으로 필요하다. 하지만 가뭄 피해의 범위 및 형태는 워낙 광범위하기 때문에, 피해추정을 위한 잣대라 할 수 있는 영향평가 기법조차 제대로 정립되지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 국내에서는 분야별(기상, 농업, 수문)로 지수화 된 지표를 이용한 가뭄 평가가 주로 수행되고 있으며, 경제적 영향평가는 방법론에 대한 시범 연구 수준이다. 가뭄기록조사 등 과거 가뭄피해 자료에서도 피해액의 금액환산이 되지 않은 사례가 대부분이며 급수차지원, 관정개발 등 사후복구비 위주의 일부 자료만이 피해금액으로 제시되어 있을 뿐이다. 댐, 저수지 등에 의한 용수공급 안정성으로 인해, 기상학적인 가뭄이 즉시 물부족으로 인한 피해로 이어지지는 않지만, 물부족이 발생하거나 부족량이 예측되는 상황에서 피해규모를 시스템적으로 추정 및 비교할 수 있는 기법 개발의 필요성에 의해 잠재피해액 개념의 공급지장비용 추정기법을 개발하였다. 공급지장비용 또는 편익 도출을 위한 이론적 배경으로, 경제적 가치 또는 파급효과를 분석하기 위한 방법은 경제학적 접근법과 비경제학적 접근법으로 구분된다. 경제학적 접근법에서 사용하는 진술선호 기법의 경우 전국을 대상으로 설문 등의 과정을 거쳐 지불의사액을 도출하는 과정이 필요하기 때문에 많은 조사비용이 소요된다. 비경제학적 또는 공학적 접근법으로 분류되는 대체비용법은 이론적 배경이 약하고 대체항목의 선택에 주의가 필요하다는 단점이 있으나, 물가자료, 산업통계, 수자원통계 등 기초자료의 주기적 업데이트가 유리하며, 정신적 피해를 제외할 경우 피해비용 추정결과의 편차가 진술선호기법 보다는 작은 장점이 있다. 본 연구에서는 피해비용의 과대추정에 유의하여 대체비용법에 기반한 일본 후생노동성의 감 단수피해추정기법을 우리나라 자료에 맞게 수정하여 공급지장비용을 추정하였으며, 경제학적 접근법에 의한 용수의 한계가치비용 등과 비교를 통해 적용성을 검토하였다.

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Impact of Peer Assessment Activities on High School Student's Argumentation in Argument-Based Inquiry (논의 기반 탐구 과학수업에서 동료평가 활동이 고등학생의 논의에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seonwoo;Bak, Deokchan;Nam, Jeonghee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.353-361
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    • 2015
  • This study focused on the use of peer assessment activities to investigate its the impact on students' argumentation skills in argument-based inquiry. The participants of the study were 106 10th grade students (four classes). Two classes were assigned to the experimental group, and the other two classes were assigned to the comparative group. The experimental group was taught argument-based inquiry through the application of peer assessment activities. The comparative group was taught argument-based inquiry without peer assessments. At the claim and evidence stage, students were asked to evaluate whether peers' claims fit with the evidence and whether peers' explanation of the evidences validity was sufficient. The quality of argumentation used in the students' writing was different in each group. According to the analysis of the summary writing test, the results showed that the experimental group had a significantly higher mean score than the comparative group in argumentation components, including evidence and warrant/backing. In addition, the experimental group used better multimodal representation including explanation of evidence than the comparative group. The findings showed that argument-based inquiry applying peer assessment activities had an effect on the argumentation skills in students' writing.

Effects of Psychomotorik and Sensory Integration on the Motor Skills of Children with Development Disabilities (심리운동과 감각통합치료가 발달장애유아의 운동기술에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Il Myeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.647-654
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    • 2018
  • This study was designed to compare the effects of individual sensory integration treatments on the improvement of motor skills and group psychomotorik activities that produce a wide range of interactions with peers. The research targets two 4-year-old children, who are currently in the main building, and 40 minutes of psychomotorik and sensory integration treatment were applied to them twice a week from April 2017 to January 2018. The study method used assessment tools such as B-O test, DeGangi-Berk Test of Sensory Integration (TSI), and MOT4-6 respectively. The results of the study showed that programs in both areas had positive effects on motor skills, with significantly improved performance in balance and postural control, in particular.

A Study on Youtube Video-Watching Activities and their Effects on Improving English Reading Comprehension Skills (유튜브 비디오 보기 활동이 영어 독해 능력 향상에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Na-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2019
  • In an effort to explore the effects of Youtube video-watching activities on Korean college students' English reading comprehension skills, 148 undergraduate students who enrolled in a General English class at a university in Korea participated in the present study. Participants were randomly classified into four groups - three experimental groups and one control group - according to when they watch videos: before class (n = 33), during class (n = 42), after class (n = 36), and none (n = 37). Over 16 weeks, the three experimental groups engaged in Youtube video-watching activities for about 10 minutes before, during, and after the class, while the control group did not. Pre- and post-tests were administered to confirm the effects of the use of Youtube videos on improving English reading comprehension skills. To compare the improvement between groups, a one-way ANOVA was also run. Major findings are as follows: First, participants in all the three experimental groups significantly improved their English reading comprehension skills, indicating the beneficial effects of Youtube video-watching activities. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the mean improvement between the groups. Based on this, limitations and suggestions for the future research are discussed at the end.

The Effects of 'Airplane' Science Program for the Gifted Elementary Students' Self-Directed Learning Attitude, Attitude toward Laboratory Work and Creative Personality ('비행기' 주제의 과학영재프로그램이 초등영재의 자기주도적 학습 태도, 실험활동에 대한 태도, 창의적 성향에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Geum-Hwa;Park, Gi-Su;Yoo, Mi-Hyun
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.415-429
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the 'airplane' science program based on Renzulli's Enrichment Triad Model for the gifted elementary students and investigate the effects of the program on attitude toward self-directed learning attitude, attitude toward laboratory work, and creative personality. Participants were 37 gifted students of local elementary school gifted classrooms. The results of this study were as follows: First, self-directed learning attitude was improved significantly including all sub-areas. Second, the attitude toward laboratory work was improved significantly including all sub-areas. Third, creative personality was improved significantly including all sub-areas. Finally, students' satisfaction about program had an average of 4.52 out of 5 points. Boys showed higher satisfaction on 'program management' and 'teacher's activities' than girls.

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Pedagogical Effect of Learning-Teaching Module of Unit for the Logarithm According to Historico-Genetic Principle (역사발생적 원리에 따른 교수학습 모듈을 적용한 수행평가의 교수학적 효과 분석)

  • Kim, Bu-Mi;Jeong, Eun-Seun;An, Youn-Jin
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.431-462
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    • 2009
  • Introduction of logarithm in mathematics textbook in the 7th national curriculum of mathematics is the inverse of exponent. This introduction is happened that students don't know the necessity for learning logarithm and the meaning of logarithm. Students also have solved many problems of logarithm by rote. Therefore, we try to present teaching unit for the logarithm according to the historico-genetic principle. We developed the learning-teaching module of unit for the logarithm according to historico-genetic principle, especially reinvention for real contexts based RME. Loaming-teaching module is carried out as the performance assessment. As a results, We find out that this module helps students understand concepts of logarithm meaningfully Also, mathematical errors of logarithm is revised after the application of learning-teaching module.

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Comparisons of Nursing Skills, Self-Directed Learning Ability, and Problem Solving Competency, and Satisfaction by Learner-led vs. Faculty-led Fundamental Nursing Practice (학습자 주도와 교수자 주도 기본간호학실습에 따른 술기수행능력과 자기주도 학습능력, 문제해결능력, 실습만족도 비교)

  • Kim, Young-Ju;Song, Hyo-Bin;Na, Yoon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.391-400
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    • 2020
  • This study was done to compare the effects of learner-led and faculty-led fundamental nursing practice on skill performance, self-directed learning, problem-solving competency, and satisfaction. The learner-led practice was consisted of pre-class open lab and peer supervision. The faculty-led practice was consisted of faculty supervision for a student individually without pre-class open lab. The study was a pre-posttest, non-synchronized, quasi-experimental design between two groups. Data from 134 nursing students in either faculty-led (n=54) or learner-led fundamental nursing practice group (n=80) was collected using a checklist and self-reported questionnaire. Nursing skill performance score and class satisfaction of the learner-led group were significantly higher than those of the faculty-led group. This study showed that learner-led fundamental nursing practice consisting of pre-class open lab and peer supervision was an efficient practice method to improve students' skill performance and satisfaction maintaining their self-directed learning ability and problem-solving competency.

Public Infrastructure Practitioner's Recognition on Project Performance (공공토목공사 실무자의 성과요인 인식차이 분석)

  • Park, Hee-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2007
  • Performance measurement and evaluation is a critical issue in public funded civil infrastructure projects in recent years. As a results, Korean government has introduced the related policies and regulations based on the foreign cases to evaluate public construction projects. However, construction circumstances are different from other countries and the results from adopted regulations are not satisfied. Therefore this research proposes the critical success factors(schedule, cost, productivity, change order, safety, quality) for public construction projects based on previous related research outputs to successfully implement construction performance evaluation. Then, this paper also proposes the weights for the critical success factors. The proposed weights are developed by AHP of construction experts. Furthermore, the paper shows the difference of the weights of the critical success factors by project participants (owner, constructor, engineering, and inspector). This efforts will enhance the ability to develop an effective performance evaluation process and system for public construction projects.