• Title, Summary, Keyword: 빈곤

Search Result 676, Processing Time 0.098 seconds

Effects of Poverty Status on Socio-Emotional Development in Childhood : Focused on Comparing the Effects of Proxy Variables and Poverty-Co-Factors (빈곤지위가 아동의 사회·정서발달에 미치는 영향 :빈곤대리변수와 빈곤동반 위험요소와의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hyun-sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
    • /
    • no.26
    • /
    • pp.113-137
    • /
    • 2008
  • Present study investigated the effects of poverty and poverty-co-factors in childhood. The effect of poverty status was measured by needs-income ratio. It compared its effect on children's socio-emotional development with that of poverty proxy variables such as recipient of public assistance, financial stress, subjective perception about social class, residence in public housing. It also examined the effects of poverty-co-factors after poverty status were controlled. Results show that poverty status has a more consistent negative relationship with socio-emotional development than other proxy variables. However, the relationship between them disappeared after poverty-co-factors were controlled. Findings from the present study suggest that targeted efforts for decreasing poverty-co-factor risks should be made along with financial support.

A Dynamic Analysis of Poverty Durations in Korea (우리나라 빈곤가구의 빈곤지속기간에 대한 동태적 분석)

  • Kim, Hwanjoon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.65 no.3
    • /
    • pp.183-206
    • /
    • 2013
  • Using Korean Labor and Income Panel Study (wave 1~11) database, this study analyzed the poverty duration of the poor as a whole and by households' characteristics. For this purpose, I first estimated poverty exit rates and reentry rates applying discrete-time hazard model to the sample, and then calculated poverty duration combining these two probability rates. The results show that about a half of poor households are transitory (short-term) poor with 1~2 years of poverty duration. A quarter is chronic (long-term) poor lasting for 5 or more years of poverty duration. The remained quarter can be categorized as the recurrent or mid-term poor. The socioeconomic characteristics of households greatly affect poverty duration. Long-term poverty is prevalent among female-head households, elderly households, single households, or households headed by a person with a lower level of education. If households' heads do not work, or work as temporary or daily-employed workers, the poverty duration tends to be longer. The findings suggest that the poor consist of various social classes with different characteristics. Efficient anti-poverty policy should be based on thoroughly identifying the specific characteristics and needs of each class.

  • PDF

Trends and Causes of Poverty among Urban Wage Earners' Households (도시 근로자 가구의 빈곤 추이(推移)와 원인에 관한 연구: 조세와 이전소득의 빈곤완화효과를 포함하여)

  • Kim, Kyo-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.59 no.2
    • /
    • pp.143-169
    • /
    • 2007
  • The major purpose of this study was to offer a comprehensive analysis of the changing trends and causes of poverty among urban wage earners' households from 1995 to 2005. In order to do that, this study used the micro data of "Income and Expenditure Survey of Urban Households" by the National Statistical Office(NSO) and GEE(Generalized estimating equation) regression model which is know as an appropriate method for the longitudinal and clustering data. The results show that (1) the numbers of poverty rate and poverty gap in recent years are even getting seriously worse than those in the IMF crisis. (2) Main characteristics of poor are female headed, old aged, low educated households, and having atypical working position. (3) Major determinants of poverty are also related to the variables as mentioned the above. (4) However, poverty reduction effect of public transfer increased preferably in recent years.

  • PDF

A Study on the Poor Residing in the Deprived Areas : Double Poverty, Neighborship, and Mental Health (빈곤한 지역사회에 거주하는 빈곤층의 실태에 대한 연구 : 중첩된 가난과 이웃관계, 그리고 정신건강)

  • Tak, Jang Han
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • v.47 no.4
    • /
    • pp.43-69
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study explored whether there are differences in the lives of the poor when they reside in areas with different socioeconomic conditions. Especially the poor living in areas with high poverty are the main focus here, so this study demonstrated their levels of neighborship and mental health. In order to analyze it, 2012 Korean General Society Survey(94 areas, 1,396 individuals) was used and the interaction effect between area poverty and individual poverty was found. As a result, the poor living in deprived areas reported higher social ties with neighbors than the poor living in wealthy areas. Furthermore, double poverty status also increased their psychological well-being level so that it suggested the poor community could be the supportive base for the poor in terms of mental health as well. The meanings of relationships the poor have in poor areas were discussed, and the implications were followed.

Poverty Dynamics in Korea: Poverty Duration and its Determinants (빈곤의 동태적 분석: 빈곤지속기간과 그 결정요인)

  • Ku, In-Hoe
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.57 no.2
    • /
    • pp.351-374
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study examines dynamics of poverty in Korea, focusing on poverty duration and its determinants. Data come from Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS), 1998-2003. KLIPS is a longitudinal survey of 5,000 families and their members which are representative of urban residents in Korea. Respondents of KLIPS annually report detailed information on their income, economic activities, and other socio-economic characteristics. This study use poverty exit probabilities to generate distributions of spell lengths, following Bane and Ellwood(1986)'s methodology. This study finds a high level of poverty exit rates in Korea. About three quarters of those beginning a poverty spell exit from poverty within two years. Only 14.3 percent of all the poverty spells consist of long spells which persists five years or more. Yet, a different picture emerges when spells of the poor persons at a given time are analysed. Persistent poor occupy a considerable share of all the poor. Almost 50 percent of those who would be in poverty at a given time are in the midst of poverty spells lasting five years or more. When repeat spells of poverty are also included in the analyses, the proportion of long-term poor increases further. 63 percent of persons poor at a given time are long-termers. The majority of long-term poor are members of families headed by the aged. They show both a low level of poverty exit rates and a high level of reentry rates, and thus are most likely to experience long-term poverty. In the first place, they occupy a substantial share of all the poor. The second who are likely to be poor longer is members of families headed by non-aged women. Researchers have recentlty paid much attention to the working poor who have increased since the economic crisis in 1997. Yet, it is very likely that families headed by non-aged male who largely consist of the working poor temporarily experience poverty. Findings for this study suggest that further studies and policy proposals addressing persistent poverty are necessary.

  • PDF

Generation of Working Poor as New Urban Poverty and Its Policy (새로운 도시빈곤으로서 근로빈곤층의 발생과 대책)

  • No, Dae-Myung;Choi, Byung-Doo;Cho, Myung-Rae;Ryu, Jeong-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
    • /
    • v.12 no.6
    • /
    • pp.671-692
    • /
    • 2006
  • In recent years, it seems that a considerable stratum of working poor as a new urban poverty among labor population within large cities has been generated, deepening socio-spatial conflicts. This paper is to bring focus on the working poor which can be seen as a newly emerged special problem intermingling labor and poverty. It first begins with a consideration of definitions on the working poor, then discusses on the internal relationship between labor and poverty problems by analyzing causes of the generation of the working poor and looking into actual conditions of working poor from both static and dynamic perspectives, and finally considers existing policies for supporting the working poor, suggesting some alternative policy tasks for resolving the problem of the working poor.

  • PDF

Regional Variations of Poverty in Korea -How are Capital and Metropolitan Area Different from Non-Capital and Non-Metropolitan Area?- (한국사회 빈곤구조의 지역 편차 분석 - 수도권과 지방의 빈곤 격차를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Rok;Baek, Hak-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.60 no.4
    • /
    • pp.205-230
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study analyzed the regional effects on the poverty status of households and the poverty difference between Metropolitan and Non-metropolitan area in Korea. The Korea Welfare Panel Study was used for the study, and the results are as follows. First, the poverty rate of Non-metropolitan area is higher than Metropolitan area, and the poverty rate of small-sized regions is the highest area among Non-metropolitan areas. It shows that the poverty of regions is deeply related with the development of region. Second, the people living in Non-metropolitan area have experienced more hardships than the people of Metropolitan area, even though they have similar socio-demographic characteristics. It implies that living in the Non-metropolitan area is to have much more risk of poverty. Third, the regional effects on the poverty are found, that is, living in Non-metropolitan areas is positively associated with the poverty probability. Lastly, regional effect, that is the differences of the poverty probability between Metro and Non-metropolitan areas, is estimated as $49.2{\sim}73.7%$ of total poverty differences. Results of this study suggest that regional poverty policies are necessary to solve the regional differences of poverty in Korea.

  • PDF

A Study on Poverty Characteristics of Rural Elderly Households (농촌노인가구의 빈곤특성에 대한 비교연구 - 빈곤율과 빈곤감을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Young-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.60 no.4
    • /
    • pp.31-53
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study intends to verify the poverty characteristics of the rural elderly households so as to provide more specific data for the intervention of social welfare in the improvement of quality of life of the rural elderly. According to my study of the absolute poverty ratio, the poverty gap, the relative poverty ratio, the subjective poverty ratio, the subjective economic level and the life satisfaction level of the rural elderly households in comparison with those of the other groups, the conclusion is as follows: First, the total living cost of the rural elderly households is rather low with the food cost taking about 30% of the total living cost. Second, in terms of the poverty ratio based on socio-demographic characteristics, higher poverty ratio show among women, older people and households of fewer members. Third, 82.2% of the rural elderly households living with an income below the minimum living cost is found around the poverty line. Fourth, the rural elderly households show a comparatively higher poverty ratio than the other groups in the absolute and relative poverty, but lower economic strain than other groups in the subjective poverty ratio and life satisfaction level. In short, the rural elderly households' poverty level is generally high and therefore need ways of active economic supports, while a political approach to the subjective needs of the regional and intergenerational groups is also required.

  • PDF

A Study on Working Poor in Korea After the Financial Crisis (외환위기 이후 한국의 근로빈곤 설태에 관한 연구)

  • Keum, Jaeho
    • Journal of Labour Economics
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-73
    • /
    • 2006
  • Using 1998~2003 data of the Korea Labor and Income Panel Survey, we analyze the scale, characteristics, and dynamic transition of working poors. The result shows that more than half of the poor families are working poors and that a considerable portion of economically active households is in poverty. However, compare to other kinds of poor families, working poors can easily escape from poverty once after they entered into poverty. When household head is elderly and less educated, the risk of working poor is relatively high. Also, self-employed households have high risk of working poor compare to households having wage worker(s). To ease the problem of working poor, creation of decent jobs and human resource development for vulnerable groups are important. Especially, the creation of decent jobs will do critical roles not only in solving employment issues but also in moderating income inequality among families. Policy development for self-employed in the brink of poverty and establishment of a solid social security system for working poors are also recommended.

  • PDF

The Determinants of Working Poor' Poverty-Exit Possibility : Path Dependency of Working Poor Labor Market (근로빈곤층의 빈곤탈출 결정요인 연구 : 근로빈곤노동시장의 경로제약성을 중심으로)

  • Ji, Eun-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.59 no.3
    • /
    • pp.147-174
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study examines how path dependency of working poor labor market segmented from the primary and the secondary labor market affects employment and quality of employment of working poor. It Further examines how path dependency makes working poor to remain in the labor market and makes it difficult for them to escape from a vicious poverty cycle. Data is based on the $3{\sim}7th$ Korea Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS). Markov's transition probability and discrete-time hazard analysis are used for analysis. This study finds that Korea labor market is divided into three parts; the primary labor market, the secondary labor market and the working poor labor market. The proportion of employed poor has been reduced, but the proportion of non economically-active working poor has been increased and has become the main group among the working poor. This shows that labor demand of working poor is fundamentally lacking and there are structural barriers that block working poor's employment itself. The regression analysis shows that the longer working poor labor market participation is, the lower poverty-exit rate. This is an evidence of vicious poverty cycle that the poor have little chance to exit from working poor labor market, once they step into it. Therefore, the longer their participation in poor labor market, the more likely they would move only within the closed working poor labor market. Consequently, it is necessary to fundamentally reform labor market structure and to alleviate negative perception and discrimination about the poor labor while activating labor demand.

  • PDF