• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비행경로

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New Mathematical Model for Travel Route Recommendation Service (여행경로 추천 서비스를 위한 최적화 수리모형)

  • Hwang, Intae;Kim, Heungseob
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2017
  • With the increased interest in the quality of life of modern people, the implementation of the five-day working week, the increase in traffic convenience, and the economic and social development, domestic and international travel is becoming commonplace. Furthermore, in the past, there were many cases of purchasing packaged goods of specialized travel agencies. However, as the development of the Internet improved the accessibility of information about the travel area, the tourist is changing the trend to plan the trip such as the choice of the destination. Web services have been introduced to recommend travel destinations and travel routes according to these needs of the customers. Therefore, after reviewing some of the most popular web services today, such as Stubby planner (http://www.stubbyplanner.com) and Earthtory (http://www.earthtory.com), they were supposed to be based on traditional Traveling Salesman Problems (TSPs), and the travel routes recommended by them included some practical limitations. That is, they were not considered important issues in the actual journey, such as the use of various transportation, travel expenses, the number of days, and lodging. Moreover, although to recommend travel destinations, there have been various studies such as using IoT (Internet of Things) technology and the analysis of cyberspatial Big Data on the web and SNS (Social Networking Service), there is little research to support travel routes considering the practical constraints. Therefore, this study proposes a new mathematical model for applying to travel route recommendation service, and it is verified by numerical experiments on travel to Jeju Island and trip to Europe including Germany, France and Czech Republic. It also expects to be able to provide more useful information to tourists in their travel plans through linkage with the services for recommending tourist attractions built in the Internet environment.

Analysis of Load Value acting Free Falling Object according to Disturbance using Nonlinear Load Control Model (비선형 하중 제어 모델에서 외란에 따른 자유낙하 물체에 작용하는 하중값 분석)

  • Wang, Hyeon-Min;Woo, Kwang-Joon
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.55-59
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    • 2010
  • Recently it is tried to use load control model for maneuver moving object. MIN design method proposed to solve control problem of nonlinear system using load concept. The Min design method shows direct method for finding control value on the load control model. In this paper, is shown realization free falling model using nonlinear load control model and analysis of load values acting falling object according to disturbance. And made a trajectory according to acting load values due to disturbance. This paper's result is able to be applied to design algorithm for improvement accuracy of MLRS, GPS air-to-surface missile(ASM) and returning spacecraft with nonlinear model predictive control.

Inertial Sensor Error Rate Reduction Scheme for INS/GPS Integration (INS/GPS 통합에 따른 관성 센서 에러율 감소 방법)

  • Khan, Iftikhar;Baek, Seung-Hyun;Park, Gyung-Leen;Kang, Sung-Min;Lee, Yeon-Seok;Jeong, Tai-Kyeong
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.22-30
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    • 2009
  • GPS and INS integrated systems are expected to become commonly available as a result of low cost Micro-Electro-Mechanical Sensor (MEMS) technology. However, the current performance achieved by low cost sensors is still relatively poor due to the large inertial sensor errors. This is particularly prevalent in the urban environment where there are significant periods of restricted sky view. To reduce the inertial sensor error, GPS and low cost INS are integrated using a Loosely Coupled Kalman Filter architecture which is appropriate in most applications where there is good satellite availability. In this paper, we present the GPS/INS sensor Integration using Loosely Coupled Kalman Filter approach. We also compare the simulation results of Wander Azimuth Strapdown Mechanization Scheme with the reference values generated by the ZH35C trajectory simulator that is describe mathematically either by the geometry of the path, or as the position of the object over time.

Development of Flight Control System for Gliding Guided Artillery Munition - Part II : Guidance and Control (유도형 활공 탄약 비행제어시스템 개발 Part II : 유도 및 제어)

  • Lim, Seunghan;Pak, Changho;Cho, Changyeon;Bang, Hyochoong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, the guidance laws and controllers for the gliding guided artillery munition is studied. The gliding guided artillery munition has wings for gliding to increase a range; therefore previous guidance laws and controllers for the guided munition could not be applied. Concepts of vector field guidance and proportional navigation guidance are applied for mid-term and terminal guidance, respectively. The gliding guided artillery munition is operated within wide altitude and speed areas; therefore, the controllers are designed for each area, and gain-scheduling and the linear interpolation technique is applied to compute the appropriate gains.

Relationship of Social Skills & Social Support from Family and Friends to Adjustment Between Children and Adolescents (아동과 청소년의 사회적 기술과 가족 $[\cdor}$ 친구의 지원 및 적응과의 관계)

  • Sim, Hee-Og
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 1999
  • This study focused on the relationship of social skills and social support from family and friends to adjustment between children and adolescents. Subjects were enrolled in the fifth, sixth, 1st, & 2nd grades of elementary and junior high schools. The instruments were Teenage Inventory of Social Skills, Perceived Social Support from Family & Friends, Child Depression Inventory, and Antisocial Behavior Scale. Results indicated that there were positive relations between social skills and social support from family and friends. The more social support from family children and adolescents had, the less depression and antisocial behavior they reported. For depression, children and adolescents showed a significant sex difference. In the case of antisocial behavior, only adolescents revealed a significant sex difference. Depression was explained by social support from family most for both children and adolescents. Antisocial behavior was explained by social skills most especially for children. The results discussed in the context of the effects of social skills and social support on emotional and behavioral adjustments.

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Analysis and Implication on the International Regulations related to Unmanned Aircraft -with emphasis on ICAO, U.S.A., Germany, Australia- (세계 무인항공기 운용 관련 규제 분석과 시사점 - ICAO, 미국, 독일, 호주를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Uk;Kim, Ji-Hoon;Kim, Sung-Mi;Kwon, Ky-Beom
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.225-285
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    • 2017
  • In regard to the regulations related to the RPA(Remotely Piloted Aircraft), which is sometimes called in other countries as UA(Unmanned Aircraft), ICAO stipulates the regulations in the 'RPAS manual (2015)' in detail based on the 'Chicago Convention' in 1944, and enacts provisions for the Rules of UAS or RPAS. Other contries stipulates them such as the Federal Airline Rules (14 CFR), Public Law (112-95) in the United States, the Air Transport Act, Air Transport Order, Air Transport Authorization Order (through revision in "Regulations to operating Rules on unmanned aerial System") based on EASA Regulation (EC) No.216/2008 in the case of unmanned aircaft under 150kg in Germany, and Civil Aviation Act (CAA 1998), Civil Aviation Act 101 (CASR Part 101) in Australia. Commonly, these laws exclude the model aircraft for leisure purpose and require pilots on the ground, not onboard aricraft, capable of controlling RPA. The laws also require that all managements necessary to operate RPA and pilots safely and efficiently under the structure of the unmanned aircraft system within the scope of the regulations. Each country classifies the RPA as an aircraft less than 25kg. Australia and Germany further break down the RPA at a lower weight. ICAO stipulates all general aviation operations, including commercial operation, in accordance with Annex 6 of the Chicago Convention, and it also applies to RPAs operations. However, passenger transportation using RPAs is excluded. If the operational scope of the RPAs includes the airspace of another country, the special permission of the relevant country shall be required 7 days before the flight date with detail flight plan submitted. In accordance with Federal Aviation Regulation 107 in the United States, a small non-leisure RPA may be operated within line-of-sight of a responsible navigator or observer during the day in the speed range up to 161 km/hr (87 knots) and to the height up to 122 m (400 ft) from surface or water. RPA must yield flight path to other aircraft, and is prohibited to load dangerous materials or to operate more than two RPAs at the same time. In Germany, the regulations on UAS except for leisure and sports provide duty to avoidance of airborne collisions and other provisions related to ground safety and individual privacy. Although commercial UAS of 5 kg or less can be freely operated without approval by relaxing the existing regulatory requirements, all the UAS regardless of the weight must be operated below an altitude of 100 meters with continuous monitoring and pilot control. Australia was the first country to regulate unmanned aircraft in 2001, and its regulations have impacts on the unmanned aircraft laws of ICAO, FAA, and EASA. In order to improve the utiliity of unmanned aircraft which is considered to be low risk, the regulation conditions were relaxed through the revision in 2016 by adding the concept "Excluded RPA". In the case of excluded RPA, it can be operated without special permission even for commercial purpose. Furthermore, disscussions on a new standard manual is being conducted for further flexibility of the current regulations.

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