• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비산재

Search Result 180, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Recycling of Coal Ash and Related Environmental Issues in Australia (호주의 석탄재 재활용 사례와 석탄재 재활용과 관련된 환경 문제)

  • Park, Jin Hee;Ji, Sang-Woo;Shin, Hee-Young;Jo, Hwanju;Ahn, Ji-Whan
    • Resources Recycling
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.15-22
    • /
    • 2019
  • Coal combustion products are generated during coal combustion and can be grouped into fly ash and bottom ash depending on collection methods. Fly ash and bottom ash can be recycled for various purposes based on their characteristics. Australia is the fourth largest coal production country in the world and reuses coal ash as cement, concrete, mine filler, and agricultural soil amendment. When fly ash is used as a supplement for cement and concrete, strength of the cement and the durability of the concrete can be improved. Use of coal combustion product for mine backfill stabilizes underground mine voids and stores a large amount of coal ash in the voids. Because of alkalinity of coal combustion products, it can neutralize acid mine drainage when used for mine backfill. In addition, it can be used as an agricultural soil amendment to improve acidity and physical properties of the soil and to supply plant nutrients. Recycling of fly ash in Australia will be further expanded because of its low trace element contents that can be toxic to plants and low radioactive element contents existing within soil background concentrations. The characteristics of coal combustion products are related to the characteristics of the coal used for combustion, and since Korea imports coal from Australia, Korean coal combustion products also can be recycled for various purposes.

A Study on Recycling of Waste Polyethylene Film (폐폴리에틸렌 필름의 재활용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hwan-Kwang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.182-188
    • /
    • 2008
  • The compounds of recycled polyethylene(PE) and fly-ashes were prepared. Polymers used were sorted PE from mixed plastics of household waste and Low Density Polyethylene(LDPE) and Linear Low Density Polyethylene(LLDPE) recycled from the scrap of packaging film plants. Fly-ashes were from the power plant and from the household waste incinerator. The tensile strength of recycled LDPE and LLDPE compounds decreased and the flexural modulus increased with greater amount of the power plant fly-ash. Anthracite fly-ash gave rise to slightly higher tensile and flexural strength of the LLDPE mixtures than bituminous coal fly-ash presumably due to higher content of unburned carbon. The incinerator fly-ash introduced to household waste PE enhanced both tensile strength and flexural modulus of the compounds. When LDPE and household waste PE were used together, the synergistic effect of incinerator fly-ash to household waste PE was offset by reduced crystallization of LDPE due to the filler particle. The compounds of household waste PE and incinerator fly-ash might be applied to structural materials for such as sewage pipe, which reduces the waste treatment cost and conserve the environment and resources.

The analysis and leaching characteristics of organic compounds in incineration residues from municipal solid waste incinerators (생활폐기물 소각시설 소각재에서의 유기오염물질 정성분석 및 용출특성)

  • Hong, Suk-Young;Kim, Sam-Cwan;Yoon, Young-Soo;Park, Sun-Ku;Kim, Kum-Hee;Hwang, Seung-Ryul
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.86-95
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to estimate leaching characteristics of incineration residues from municipal solid waste incinerators, and determine organic compounds in raw ash, leaching water and leaching residue. A total of 44 organic compounds, which were analyzed by GC/MSD and identified by wiley library search, were contained in bottom ashes. A total of 17 organic compounds were contained in fly ashes. Bottom ash and fly ash were found to contain a wide range of organic compounds such as aliphatic compounds and aromatic compounds. Organic compounds such as Ethenylbenzene, Benzaldehyde, 1-Phenyl-Ethanone and 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid dimethyl ester were detected in raw ash, leaching water and residues (from bottom ash). Organic compounds such as Naphthalene, Dodecane, 1,2,3,5-Tetrachlorobenzene, Tetradecane, Hexadecane and Pentachlorobenzene were detected in raw ash, leaching water and residues (from fly ash). Through the leaching characteristics of incineration residue, it was represented that the open dumping of incineration residue can contaminate the soil and undergroundwater. In order to prevent environmental contamination that derived from extremely toxic substances in the incineration residues, it is particularly important that the incineration residues should be treated before disposal the incineration residues. Further study and proper management about leaching characteristics of organic compounds might be required.

A Study on Characteristics of Leachability and Compressive Strength of Incinerator Fly Ash, Cement and Waste Stone Powder by Solidification (산업폐기물 소각장 비산재의 시멘트 및 폐석분 고형화시 압축강도 및 용출특성)

  • Jung, Ho-Young;Kim, Young-Ju;Kim, Ji-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.560-566
    • /
    • 2008
  • In this paper, the solidification behaviour and compressive strength of fly ash, cement, and waste stone powder were studied each separately and with addition of each in different proportions. And also, we assessed stabilizing ability of waste stone powder in cement which was added in fly ash. The particle size of waste stone powder was found smaller than the fly ash and cement particle sizes. Moreover, when mixing all(fly ash, cement, and waste stone powder) showed distinctive crystal structure, and improved stiffness. In case of mixing fly ash, cement and waste stone powder in different proportions, the compressive strength was exceeded to the predicted compressive strength of 10 kgf/cm$^2$. The XRD analysis showed high contents of CaO in fly ash and SiO$_2$ in case of waste stone powder sample. Heavy metal emission experiment showed the 3mg/L of Pb after 14 days of mixing 150 kg/m$^3$ of cement with the 80$\sim$100 kg/m$^3$ of waste stone powder, which is fulfilling the National Waste Management Policy.

Preparation and Characterization of Polyurethane Waterproof Coatings Containing Fly Ash

  • Lee, Sung-Il;Kim, Duk-Bae;Yang, Go-Su;Kim, Wan-Young;Byoun, Youn-Seop;Lee, Youn-Sik
    • Elastomers and Composites
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.243-250
    • /
    • 2003
  • Polyurethane waterproof (PW) coatings are increasingly demanded in Korea for repairing cracks on old building roofs and construction of many sporting facilities. Calcium carbonate, a common filler, is incorporated in PW compositions. In this study, PW coatings were prepared by substituting a part of calcium carbonate with fly ash. The maximum amounts of calcium carbonate which can be substituted by fly ash obtained in the cyclone and bag filter dust collectors were 20 and 10%, respectively. It was found that the curing rate of PWs ran be controlled by varying the amount of Pb-octoate catalyst. The elongations at break as well as tensile strength and tear strength of PW coatings containing fly ash could also be adjusted such that their values were comparable to those of a standard PW coating by varying relative amounts of some components. However, the amount of cadmium, mercury, and lead leached from PW coatings containing fly ash obtained from the bag filter collector exceeded the respective allowed upper limits, mainly due to the initial high contents of them in the fly ash. On the other hand, PW coatings containing fly ash obtained from the cyclone collector exhibited better mechanical properties and did not release any significant amounts of the heavy metals. Thus, it was concluded that PW coatings containing fly ash can be utilized for practical applications as long as an appropriate fly ash is used.

PCDDs and DFs concentrations from the fly ash and bottom ash of industrial waste incinerators in Korean (산업폐기물 소각장의 바닥재와 비산재에서 PCDDs와 DFs 농도)

  • Kim, Ki-Woong;Won, Yong Lim;Ko, Kyung Sun;Choi, Yoon Jung;Lee, Sung Kwang
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.347-351
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study determinated the polychlorinated dibenzo-${\rho}$-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs and DFs) in fly ash and bottom ash of industrial waste incinerators. Experimental results showed that average PCDDs and DFs concentrations in fly ash were 4.5063 and 13.004 ng-TEQ/g, and in bottom ash were 0.2367 and 0.0993 ng-TEQ/g, respectively. Predominant congener in TEQ of PCDDs/DFs from fly ash were 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDD, OCDD, 2,3,4,6,7,8-HxCDF, 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF and in bottom ash were 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD and 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF.

Adsorption Characteristics of Cobalt Ion with Zeolite Synthesized by Coal Fly Ash (석탄계 비산재로 합성한 제올라이트를 이용한 코발트 이온의 흡착특성)

  • Lee, Chang-Han;Suh, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.31 no.11
    • /
    • pp.941-946
    • /
    • 2009
  • Two types of synthetic zeolites, commercially used (Z-WK) and synthesized by coal fly ash (Z-C1), and raw coal fly ash(F-C1) were examined for its kinetics and adsorption capacities of cobalt. Experimental data are fitted with kinetic models, Lagergen $1^{st}$ and $2^{nd}$ order models, and four types of adsorption isotherm models, Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson, and Koble-Corrigan. Synthesized zeolite (Z-C1) which had 1.51 of Si/Al ratio was synthesized by raw coal fly ash from a thermal power plant. Adsorption capacities with three types of adsorbents, Z-WK, Z-C1, and F-C1, were in the order of Z-C1 (94.15 mg/g) > F-C1 (92.94 mg/g) > Z-WK (88.56mg/g). The adsorption kinetics of Z-WK and Z-C1 with cobalt could be accurately described by a pseudo-second-order rate equation. The adsorption isotherms of Z-WK and Z-C1 with cobalt were well fitted by the Langmuir and Redlich-Peterson equation. Z-C1 will be used to remove cobalt in water as a more efficient absorbent.

Study on $CaCO_3$ Preparation from MSWI Fly Ash (생활쓰레기 소각(燒却)비산재로부터 $CaCO_3$ 제조(製造)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Woo-Zin;Park, Eun-Kyu
    • Resources Recycling
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.47-51
    • /
    • 2006
  • The total amount of ash generated from the municipal solid waste incineration(MSWI) in Korea was approximately 420,000 tons in 2005 including 68,000 tons of fly ash. Fly ash from MSWI generally contains high amount of CaO (upto ${\sim}50%$) due to the treatment of flue gas by spraying CaO-base materials. Currently, most of fly ash generated is finally ended up with specially designed landfill sites and only less then 20% of fly ash is recycled. In the present work, preparation of $CaCO_3$ from the MSWI ny ash was studied to promote the fly ash recycling. Fly ash obtained from the dust collector in stoker-type MSWI is used to selectively dissolve CaO by using the sugar solution. Then, $CO_2$ gas was passed through the dissolved solution to pro- duce $CaCO_3$ powder. The optimum conditions for CaO dissolution were solid content 10%, reaction time 15 minutes, sugar concentration $10{\sim}15%\;and\;pH\;10.5{\sim}11.0$. The high grade $CaCO_3$ powder was obtained and the experimental conditions are also discussed.

A Study on the PCBs-containing Waste Treatment by High Temperature Incineration (고온소각에 의한 PCBs 함유 폐기물처리에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Jung;Kim, Dong-Hyuk
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.88-95
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study is for understanding the domestic possibilities of the high temperature incineration of waste containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) with the analysis of normal operation case and waste gas, fly ash, dioxin about bottom ash, Total-PCBs, Co-PCBs, and the for analysis the heavy metal leaching feature included by bottom ash and fly ash, heavy metal leaching experiment was implemented. The result shows the dioxin density of the waste gas from waste containing PCBs was $0.00699{\sim}0.00763ng-TEQ/Nm^3$, which is lower than $0.0192ng-TEQ/Nm^3$ from the normal operation case. And each Co-PCBs and total PCBs shows $0.00043{\sim}0.00112ng-TEQ/Nm^3$ and $3.06{\sim}3.87ng/m^3$ respectively. The bottom ash test result shows Dioxin 0.00225~0.00630ng-TEQ/g, Co-PCBs 0.00027~0.00082ng-TEQ/g, Total PCBs 0.9~2.6ng/g, and the fly ash shows Dioxin 0.00164~0.00344ng-TEQ/g, Co-PCBs 0.00053~0.00054ng-EQ/g, Total PCBs 0.64~0.84ng/g. The bottom ash and fly ash experiments for heavy metal leaching did not show any leaching but when it comes to the ingredients of the fly ash, Pb elements shows 31.01~237.7ppm, higher than leaching criterion. The analysis of the density of all air pollution material from the waste gas shows the lower value than permissible criterion.

  • PDF

Solidification of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash by hauyne clinker (Hauyne 클링커에 의한 생활폐기물 소각 비산재의 고화 특성)

  • Han, Gi-Chun;You, Kwang-Suk;Um, Nam-Il;Cho, Kye-Hong;Cho, Hee-Chan;Ahn, Ji-Whan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.355-359
    • /
    • 2005
  • 본 연구에서는 OPC 및 hauyne 클링커의 비산재에 대한 고화특성을 검토하였다. 비산재에 대해 OPC 및 OPC에 hauyne 클링커를 20%까지 대체하였을 때의 압축강도, 길이변화율, 중금속 용출량 등을 조사하였다. 결과로서, hauyne 클링커의 첨가량에 따라 고화체의 압축 강도가 증가하였다. hauyne 클링커의 첨가량은 10%내외가 적합하였으며, 그 이상에서는 길이변화율이 증가하며 팽창하였다. 고화체의 중금속 용출시험결과 모든 배합조건에서 환경기준치이하의 값을 나타내었다.

  • PDF