• Title, Summary, Keyword: 불필요한 재입원

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Estimation of cost by unnecessary readmission of the tertiary hospitals (불필요한 재입원 비용 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Min Sun;Lee, Won Jae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.12
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2017
  • Unnecessary readmissions could be the result of the inadequate and unnecessary treatments. Adequate quality indicators for readmission are important because they can identify inadequate spending by inpatients as well as quality screening. This study attempted to estimate the cost incurred by unnecessary readmissions. The Health Insurance Claims Data of 18 years or older who were admitted in the tertiary hospitals in 2014 were analyzed. Admissions and readmissions were sorted and readmissions were classified into planned and unplanned readmissions. We adopted 28 days as a criteria for the classification of the readmission. Proportion of the patients were higher in readmissions among cancer, accompanied diseases, and special rehabilitation patients. Cost of the readmissions were 50% of the total cost of the admission among the patients of same diseases, same departments, and same hospitals. Almost 1,000billion Won were used by the unnecessary readmissions. We need to reduce the readmissions in regions, departments, and diseases studying the pattern of the readmissions. National level efforts are required to improve quality of care and reduce cost by the unnecessary readmissions.

A Study on the Development of Readmission Predictive Model (재입원 예측 모형 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Yun-Jung;Kim, Yoo-Mi;Han, Seung-Woo;Choe, Jun-Yeong;Baek, Seol-Gyeong;Kang, Sung-Hong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.435-447
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    • 2019
  • In order to prevent unnecessary re-admission, it is necessary to intensively manage the groups with high probability of re-admission. For this, it is necessary to develop a re-admission prediction model. Two - year discharge summary data of one university hospital were collected from 2016 to 2017 to develop a predictive model of re-admission. In this case, the re-admitted patients were defined as those who were discharged more than once during the study period. We conducted descriptive statistics and crosstab analysis to identify the characteristics of rehospitalized patients. The re-admission prediction model was developed using logistic regression, neural network, and decision tree. AUC (Area Under Curve) was used for model evaluation. The logistic regression model was selected as the final re-admission predictive model because the AUC was the best at 0.81. The main variables affecting the selected rehospitalization in the logistic regression model were Residental regions, Age, CCS, Charlson Index Score, Discharge Dept., Via ER, LOS, Operation, Sex, Total payment, and Insurance. The model developed in this study was limited to generalization because it was two years data of one hospital. It is necessary to develop a model that can collect and generalize long-term data from various hospitals in the future. Furthermore, it is necessary to develop a model that can predict the re-admission that was not planned.

Medical Care Utilization between National Health Insurance and Medical Assistance in Elderly Patients (건강보험과 의료급여 노인환자의 의료이용량 : 요양기관종별 분석)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.585-595
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the difference of medical care between medical assistance and health insurance patients to evaluate the increase of medical care costs due to the moral hazard of medical care patients and to provide a basis for rational medical care policy decision. For this purpose, we compared health insurance benefit data for Seoul citizens by gender, age, and type of medical institutions. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, all of the hospitalized and outpatient use of the advanced general Hospitals, medical assistance patients were less than those of the health insurance patients, so that the medical assistance patients could not use the high cost medical services. Second, in general hospitals, patients with health insurance are often hospitalized. On the other hand, medical assistance patients use a lot of outpatient services because they are less burdened. Third, in hospitals and clinics, medical benefits patients often use inpatient and outpatient services. Therefore, medical assistance patients are likely to use unnecessary medical care of outpatient and hospitalization clinics and hospitals, outpatient of general hospitals. But, in hospitalization and outpatient use in advanced general hospitals and medical assistance patients can not use due to excessive medical burden. Therefore, the policy to reduce the burden of medical expenses for patients with severe illness will continue, and the medical care patients using clinics and hospitals should be careful not to use unnecessary medical services.

Reconsideration of Diagnostic Lumbar Puncture in Childhood Enteroviral Meningitis (소아 엔테로바이러스 뇌수막염에서 진단적 요추 천자의 재고)

  • Nam, Ji Woo;Kim, Tae Soon;Kim, Ju Young;Kim, Jon Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Despite the fact that enteroviral meningitis is the most common cause of meningitis in children with signs of meningeal irritation and has benign course, most clinicians routinely perform an invasive lumbar puncture (LP) that result in inadequate antibiotic therapy and unnecessary long-term hospitalization. This study was aimed to compare the clinical characteristics of childhood enteroviral meningitis according to LP. Methods: Children over 2 years of age who can clearly express signs of meningeal irritation in the pediatric department of Eulji university hospital from July 2013 and August 2016 were enrolled. The patients were diagnosed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in stool and/or cerebrospinal fluid. We retrospectively reviewed their clinical records. Results: A total of 257 patients were diagnosed with enterovirus meningitis and median age was 6.3 (2.1-7.9) years. One hundred fifteen patients (44.7%) with confirmed enterovirus in the stools underwent supportive care without LP. Mostly, there was no statistically significant difference in age, sex, clinical symptoms, except gastrointestinal involvement (abdominal pain, diarrhea), and serologic findings when compared with patients who underwent LP. But patients who underwent LP had longer hospital stay (4 vs 3 days, P<0.001). Four of them (2.8%) were readmitted with back pain and persistent headache, probably related to LP procedure. All patients were discharged without neurologic complications. Conclusion: Rapid detection of enteroviruses in stool specimens that can be easily obtained in children with signs of meningeal irritation may reduce invasive LP.

A Clinical Study of Acute Colonic Diverticulitis in Children (소아에서 발생한 급성 대장 게실염의 임상적 고찰)

  • Sim, Jae Hoon;Song, Keum Ho;Sim, Yun Jung;Cho, Do Jun;Kim, Dug Ha;Min, Ki Sik;Yoo, Ki Yang;Lee, Hae Ran;Lee, Kwan Seop
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.46 no.11
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    • pp.1095-1100
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : Children with acute colonic diverticulitis(ACD), can be misdiagnosed with acute appendicitis. Methods : We reviewed 15 cases of ACD during five years, from January 1998 to June 2002 retrospectively. Results : Most patients(80%) with ACD in children presented with right lower quadrant pain. The primary diagnosis on admission was mostly acute appendicitis(87%), and all ACD in children occurred in the right colon. Fourteen patients were managed by conservative treatment including antibiotics. A follow-up study was performed in 15 patients. There were symptomatic recurrences in two patients, but no significant complication was noted. The frequency of ACD was 11.7 per 1000 acute appendicitis. Conclusion : ACD in children can mostly be cured by conservative treatment. It is prudent to choose the management through the diagnostic work up, including abdominal sonography and computed tomography, because there was no significant difference of clinical findings between ACD and acute appendicitis.

Usefulness of the Salivagram for the Diagnosis of Brain Lesions in Patients with Aspiration Pneumonia (뇌병변 환자에서 흡인성 폐렴 진단을 위한 Salivagram의 유용성)

  • Oh, Shin Hyun;Choi, Yung Sook;Ro, Dong Wook;Nam-Koong, Hyuk;Kim, Jae Sam;Leee, Chang Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.48-52
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Bed, living a long time is required in adult patients with brain lesions such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, and Parkinson's disease, causing pneumonia and respiratory diseases may be due to aspiration of food or saliva. In patients with recurrent pneumonia or pulmonary symptoms, there is a need to determine the possibility of pulmonary aspiration due to aspiration of saliva. Materials and Methods: Saliva due to aspiration pneumonia diagnosis in patients with brain lesions request for inspection to the Department of Nuclear Medicine, 10 patients (male 6, female 4) were included in this study. Patients were fasted before the test, $^{99m}Tc_{O4}$ 185 MBq (5 mCi) of less than 1 mL of solution was administered in the oral cavity. Administration and 20 minutes of dynamic imaging acquisition, and immediately after that the static images were acquired. Delayed scan after 2-4 hours if necessary. Results: Positivity rate of all 10 patients was 60%. In 4 patients showed positive reactions after the administration of oral cavity in a 20-minute dynamic imaging were able to confirm whether the aspiration. In the remaining 2 patients, four hours of additional delay tests were able to confirm whether the aspiration. Conclusion: Does not require changes in patient posture compared to the other checks that can be diagnosed with aspiration pneumonia. A simple test and takes less time. Therefore be useful in providing information for the diagnosis and treatment modality.

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