• Title, Summary, Keyword: 분류 및 동정

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Morphological Characteristics and Principal Component Analysis of Plums (자두의 형태적 특성과 주성분 분석에 의한 품종군 분류)

  • Chung, Kyeong-Ho
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 1999
  • To examine taxonomic relationships among 53 plums derived from Prunus cerasifera, P. domestica, and P. salicina, principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis on 27 morphological characters were conducted. Of 27 characters, leaf size, leaf shape, and leaf hair were useful characters for plum identification and understanding of taxonomic relationships among them. Leaf length, petiole length, number of leaf nectaries, leaf shape, leaf base, and date of full blooming showed the clear differences between P. salicina group and P. domestica group. Results of cluster analysis using scores of the first three principal components indicated that 53 plums could be grouped into P. salicina-P. cerasifera, P. domestica, and P. spinosa phenon at 1.0 of average distance in UPGMA. Although PCA was useful for rough classification of plums, much more characters were needed for the exact classification.

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Isolation and Identifieation of Entomopathogenic Nematodes from Soil and Insect (토양과 곤충 사체로부터 곤충병원성 선충의 분리 및 동정)

  • 한상미;한명세
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 1999
  • Nematodes were isolated using silkwom trap through the investigation of 100 soil samples from various biotopes in Korea. The 30 nematode strains from soil and dead insects by the pathogenicity aganinst silkworms (Bombyx mori mori) and insect pests of Calliphora vomitoria, Pseufazetia separata, Palomena angulosa, and Melolontha incana. Mortailty of the silkworm larvae and pupae were as high as 100% by nematode infection, those of insect of pests were varied from 20 to 100%. The 30 strains of entemopathogenic nematodes were classified into five groups of Rhabditidae, Diplogatroidae, Heterorhabitidae, Steinernematidae, and Tylenchida by morphological criteria. The genetic relationships among the 30 nematode strains were analyzed by various RAPD bands with twenty primers. The 30 nematode strains were classified into six major subgroups on the basis of the genetic similarity coefficient of 0.853. The grouping by RAPD was agree with those of morphological taxa in discrimination of the higher group, however, was not completely agree in the subgroup. The family Steinernematidae belong to Rhabditida was clarified as closer to the Tylenchida, rather than the other Rhabditida of Heterorhabitidae, Rhabditidae, and Diplogatroidae in genetic distance valule. From the result of the morphological classification and RAPD of the genomic DNA showed that genetic relationship analysis furnish infurmation on phylogenetic classification and relationships of entomopathogenic nematodes. The application of genetic similarity will overcome the limitation of taxonomy and classification of morphologically simple nematode. Several primers were confirmed those utility of identification for individual nematode strains, the methods of molecular genetics secured the simplicity, rapidity and accuracy on the selection of entomopathogenic nematodes.

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효모에 의한 과실주중의 감산 효과에 관한 연구 제1보 균주의 분리 및 동정

  • 유대식
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Applied Microbiology Conference
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    • pp.96.1-96
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    • 1978
  • 미생물학적 감산현상에 의하여 과실주중의 산미를 조절하기 위한 방법으로 효모에 의하여 사과산을 알코올로 분해하는 Maloalcohol 발효를 유도하고자 하여 본 연구를 하였다. 이미 발표된 Schizosaccharomyces pombe 0-77보다 단 시간에 강력히 사과산을 소비하는 효모균을 딸기의 과피로부터 분리, 동정하였다. 본 분리균을 J. Lodder의 “The Yeasts”에 준하여 동정한 바 분열법에 의하여 증식하며 포자를 형성하고 galactose 를 발효못하므로 Schizosacoha-romyces 속으로 분류하였다. 위균사를 잘 형성하며 melibiose를 발효하므로 Schizosaccharomyces japonicus와 일치 하였다. 그러나 변종의 동정은 어려우나 위균사의 형태로 보아 Schizosaccharomyces japonicus var. japonicus로 동정하였다.

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Molecular Identification and Distribution Pattern of Fish Eggs Collected around Jejudo Island (제주 연안해역 어란의 분자동정과 분포양상)

  • Han, Song-Hun;Kim, Maeng Jin;Song, Choon Bok
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.284-292
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    • 2015
  • Monthly variation of species composition and abundance of fish eggs were examined to know the spawning time and location of the fishes inhabiting the coastal region of Jejudo Island. Samplings had been performed at the four locations (Jeju port, Seongsanpo, Seogwipo port and Chagwido) with a bongo net which was towed monthly at the sea surface from August 2006 to July 2007. The fish eggs were identified based on phylogenetic analyses with the DNA sequences generated through PCR-amplification and sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Among a total of 43 taxa classified during the study period, 34 were identified to species, 4 to families, and the remaining 5 were unidentified. Of them, 23 taxa were occurred at Jeju port, 21 at Seongsanpo, 19 at Seogwipo port and 18 at Chagwido, whereas 15 taxa were found in September 2006, 12 in June 2007, 6 to 8 in August 2006 and January~May 2007, 5 in each October and November 2006, 3 in each December 2006 and July 2007. Among 34 species of fish eggs, Engraulis japonicus and Callanthias japonicus most frequently appeared at 16 times out of 48 observations in total. When those eggs were collected, the surface seawater temperature ranged $14.0{\sim}28.6^{\circ}C$ for E. japonicus and $14.9{\sim}20.5^{\circ}C$ for C. japonicus. The success rates of PCR-amplification and species identification in this study were 68.3% and 79.1%, respectively.

A Design of GA-based TSK Fuzzy Classifier and Its Application (GA 기반 TSK 퍼지 분류기의 설계와 응용)

  • 곽근창;김승석;유정웅;김승석
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.754-759
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, we propose a TSK(Takagi-Sugeno-Kang)-type fuzzy classifier using PCA(Principal Component Analysis), FCM(Fuzzy c-Means) clustering, ANFIS(Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System) and hybrid GA(Genetic Algorithm). First, input data is transformed to reduce correlation among the data components by PCA. FCM clustering is applied to obtain a initial TSK-type fuzzy classifier. Parameter identification is performed by AGA(Adaptive GA) and RLSE(Recursive Least Square Estimate). Finally, we applied the proposed method to Iris data classificationl problems and obtained a better performance than previous works.

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Description of the phytoliths of the genus Oryza, with a key to species (벼속(Oryza) 식물규소체 검색표와 기재)

  • Whang, Sung Soo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.199-215
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    • 2009
  • Phytoliths formed on the leaf-blades of the seventeen Oryza species were examined using back-scattered electron imaging. The resulting descriptions of the phytoliths became the basis for a new key to the species of the genus. This key includes features useful for specific identification related to the silica bodies originating from epidermal cells upon both the mid-vein and bulliform cell, as well as of phytoliths originating from papillae, prickle hairs, large and small trichomes, and stomatal apparatus. These detailed phytolith descriptions, back-scattered electron images, and keys to both adaxial and abaxial sides of leaves, can now be used in identifying phytoliths from archaeological samples as well as extant species of Oryza.

한국산 다슬기과 담수패류 분포

  • 이준상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.378-379
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    • 2003
  • v. Martens(1905)은 국내 다슬기과 담수패류를 모두 1속 15종 및 3아종으로 기록하였다. 그 후 많은 학자들에 의하여 형태 및 분류에 대한 연구를 시도하여 근래에 이르러 한국산 다슬기과 담수패류는 3속 7종 및 1아종(Choi &. Yoon, 1997), 3속 6종 및 1아종(Kwon et al, 2001)으로 정리하고 있다. 다슬기과 패류는 서식지에 따른 형태 변이가 매우 심하고, 또한 v.Martens(1905)에 의하여 발표된 18종의 동종이명 정리에 대한 국내외 학자간의 견해 차이가 정리되어 있지 않아 현재까지도 정확한 종 동정과 분류가 난해한 분류군인다. (중략)

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New Antibiotics Produced by SEreptomyces mekmosporofaciens I. Taxonomy of the producing microorganism (Streptomyces melanosporofaciens가 생산하는 새로운 항생물질 I. 생산균의 분류 . 동정)

  • 김시관;김상석;김창한
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.624-632
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    • 1990
  • Strain 88-GT-161 producing new phthalic acid derivative and basic macrolide antibiotics was identified as being S. melanosporofuciens based on numerical taxonomic data. However, 4 unit characters among 139 units were clearly different from the common properties of 6 strains belonging to cluster No. 32 represented by the name of S. violaceoniger or S. violaceusniger, leading us to designate as a variety of S. melunosporofaciens. This paper describes the taxonomic characteristics of the strain. Isolation and chemical structures, including biological activities of the active compounds produced by this strain will be presented elsewhere.

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