• Title, Summary, Keyword: 분극저항

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Characteristics of Anode-supported Flat Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (연료극 지지체식 평관형 고체산화물 연료전지 특성 연구)

  • Kim Jong-Hee;Song Rak-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.94-99
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    • 2004
  • Anode-supported flat tubular solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) was investigated to increase the cell power density. The anode-supported flat tube was fabricated by extrusion process. The porosity and pore size of Ni/YSZ ($8mol\%$ yttria-stabilized zirconia) cermet anode were $50.6\%\;and\;0.23{\mu}m$, respectively. The Ni particles in the anode were distributed uniformly and connected well to each other particles in the cermet anode. YSZ electrolyte layer and multilayered cathode composed of $LSM(La_{0.85}Sr_{0.15})_{0.9}MnO_3)/YSZ$ composite, LSM, and $LSCF(La_{0.6}Sr_{0.4}Co_{0.2}Fe_{0.7}O_3)$ were coated onto the anode substrate by slurry dip coating, subsequently. The anode-supported flat tubular cell showed a performance of $300mW/cm^2 (0.6V,\; 500 mA/cm^2)\;at\;500^{\circ}C$. The electrochemical characteristics of the flat tubular cell were examined by ac impedance method and the humidified fuel enhanced the cell performance. Areal specific resistance of the LSM-coated SUS430 by slurry dipping process as metallic interconnect was $148m{\Omega}cm^2\;at\;750^{\circ}C$ and then decreased to $148m{\Omega}cm^2$ after 450hr. On the other hand, the LSM-coated Fecralloy by slurry dipping process showed a high area specific resistance.

Preparation and Characteristics of High Performance Cathode for Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (연료극 지지체식 고체산화물 연료전지용 고성능 공기극 제조 및 특성 연구)

  • Song, Rak-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.88-93
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    • 2005
  • Anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) was investigated to increase the cell power density at intermediate temperature through control of the cathode structure. The anode-supported SOFC cell were fabricated by wet process, in which the electrolyte of $8mol\%\;Y_2O_3-stabilized\;ZrO_2 (YSZ)$ was coated on the surface of anode support of Ni/YSA and then the cathode was coated. The cathode has two- or three- layered structure composed of $(La_{0.85}Sr_{0.15})_{0.9}MnO_{3-x}(LSM),\;LSM/YS$ composite (LY), and $La_{0.6}Sr_{0.4}Co_{0.2}Fe_{0.8}O_3{LSCF)$ with different thickness. Their single cells with different cathode structures were characterized by measuring the cell performance and ac impedance in the temperature range of 600 to $800^{\circ}C$ in humidified hydrogen with $3\%$ water and air. The cell with $LY\;9{\mu}m/LSM\;9{\mu}m/LSCF\;17{\mu}m$ showed best performance of $590mW/cm^2$, which was attributed to low polarization resistance due to LY and to low interfacial resistance due to LSCF.

합금 600 및 합금 690의 가성 응력 부식 균열에 미치는 합금 원소 및 부식 조건의 영향

  • 김택준;박용수;김영식;국일현
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.481-486
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    • 1996
  • 원자력 발전소의 증기 발생기 전열관으로 사용되는 합금 600MA는 미세 구조에 관계없이 가성 용액에서 입계 균열이 발생한다. 본 연구에서는 합금 600 2종과 합금 690 2종의 이음매없는 관 및 진공 용해한 합금 690M 2종의 MA 및 TT재에 대한 부식 조건의 변화에 응력 부식 균열 특성을 일정연신율법(CERT) 및 C-ring법으로 평가하였다. 가성 응력 부식 균열 저항성에 미치는 TT처리의 효과는 용액 조건에 관계없이 TT처리를 행하게 되면 응력 부식 균열에 대한 저항성이 증가하는 것으로 나타났으며, 분극 저항성과는 직접적인 관계가 나타나지 않고 다른 미세 조직 등에 의한 영향을 더 크게 받고 있는 것으로 판단된다. 가성 용액에서의 응력 부식 균열 저항성에 미치는 SO$_4$$^{=}$ 이온의 첨가 효과는 TT처리의 유무에 관계없이 응력 부식 균열 저항성을 크게 감소시키고 있다. 한편 합금 690의 가성 응력부식 균열 저항성에 미치는 Mo의 효과는 Mo이 첨가될수록 응력 부식 균열 저항성이 증가하는 것으로 나타났다.

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Utilization of Induced Polarization and Electrical Resistivity for Identifying Rock Condition (유도분극 전하 충전성과 전기비저항을 활용한 암반 상태 파악 가능성 연구)

  • Park, Jinho;Ryu, Jinwoo;Jung, Jeehee;Lee, In-Mo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.493-502
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    • 2016
  • This study examines how rock condition affects the variation of the chargeability and electrical resistivity of the rock. In the theoretical study, the relationship correlating chargeability with the variables affecting it is derived. A parametric study utilizing the derived relationship reveals that the size of narrow pores ($r_1$) is the most influential factor on chargeability, and the salinity of pore water ($C_0$) is the second. In the laboratory experiments, small scale rock fracturing zone is modelled using sand stone. Chargeability and resistivity are measured by changing the size of the joint aperture, the location of fractured zone and the existence of clay gouge and/or clay layer which shows lower chargeability than the sand stone layer in the multi-layered ground. Test results show that chargeability is controlled not by the rock fracturing condition but by the size of narrow pore ($r_1$) where each line of current flow passes through. Also, the chargeability decreases with increase of the pore water salinity ($C_0$). In conclusion, the ground condition can be identified more efficiently by measuring the induced polarization along with the electrical resistivity; identifying the existence of sea water, the layered ground and/or the fractured rock becomes more reliable.

The Principles and Practice of Induced Polarization Method (유도분극 탐사의 원리 및 활용)

  • Kim, Bitnarae;Nam, Myung Jin;Jang, Hannuree;Jang, Hangilro;Son, Jeong-Sul;Kim, Hee Jun
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.100-113
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    • 2017
  • Induced polarization (IP) method is based on the measurement of a polarization effect known as overvoltage of the ground. IP techniques have been usually used to find mineral deposits, however, nowadays widely applied to hydrogeological investigations, surveys of groundwater pollution and foundation studies on construction sites. IP surveys can be classified by its source type, i.e., time-domain IP estimating chargeability, frequency-domain IP measuring frequency effect (FE), and complex resistivity (CR) and spectral IP (SIP) measuring complex resistivity. Recently, electromagnetic-based IP has been studied to avoid the requirement for spike electrodes to be placed in the ground. In order to understand IP methods in this study, we: 1) classify IP surveys by source type and measured data and illustrate their basic theories, 2) describe historical development of each IP forward modeling and inversion algorithm, and finally 3) introduce various case studies of IP measurements.

Physical Properties of Rocks at the Gagok Skarn Deposit (가곡 스카른광상 암석의 물리적 특성)

  • Shin, Seungwook;Park, Samgyu;Kim, Hyoung-Rae
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.180-189
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    • 2013
  • Geophysical exploration is widely used to develop strategic mineral resources in the world because of its efficient method in detecting mineralized zones in the metallic ore deposit. It is important to understand the physical properties of the stratum so that geophysical data can be more accurately interpreted. This paper is to comprehend physical properties of the rock at the Gagok mine, a typical skarn deposit in Korea. Thus, laboratory tests were conducted on specimens of ore and host rocks which were collected from rock outcrops and drill cores at the Gagok mine. Using the measurement system of rock physical property, we investigated the density, magnetic susceptibility, resistivity, and spectral induced polarization. According to the results, all physical properties of specimens had wide differences depending on contents of ore minerals, which are formed by skarnization. Especially, using the chargeability and time constant from the calculated spectral induced polarization data by the Cole-Cole inversion, we could estimate the volume contents as well as the grain size of the sulfide minerals. Therefore, the spectral induced polarization technique may be considered a useful method when exploring metallic ore deposit with sulfide minerals.

Three Dimensional Induced Polarization Modeling (3차원 IP 탐사의 모형 응답 계산)

  • Nam Myung-Jin;Suh Jung-Hee
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2001
  • The application of geophysical survey methods need to be integrated to meet the increasing demands of imaging of the subsurface in the practical application of civil engineering, underground water survey and environmental problems. This paper examines the IP survey which can be surveyed simultaneously with DC resistivity survey. In this study, 3-D IP modeling algorithm was developed. The 3-D IP modeling algorithm was based on 3-D resistivity modeling by finite-element method. The result of 3-D modeling was compared with 2-dimensional modeling result. The result showed that the 3-D modeling algorithm developed in this study was accurate. Finally, the 3-D modeling algorithm developed in this paper will be useful for the study of IP data.

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The Effect of LiBr Concentration on Corrosion of Absorption Refrigeration Systems Using $LiBr-H_2O$ Working Fluids ($LiBr-H_2O$계 흡수식냉동기의 부식에 미치는 LiBr 농도의 영향)

  • Lim Uh Joh;Jeong Ki Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2001
  • This paper was studied on corrosion behavior of absorption refrigeration systems using $LiBr-H_2O$ working fluids. In the various concentration of lithium bromide solution, polarization test of SS 400, Cu(C1220T-OL) and Al-Ni bronze is carried out. And the corrosion behavior of materials forming absorption refrigeration systems is investigated. The main results are as following: 1) As concentration of lithium bromide solution increases, polarization resistance of materials of each kinds is low. And open circuit potential becomes less noble, the corrosion current density is high drained 2) Open circuit potential of SS 400 is less noble than that of Cu and Al-Ni bronze, corrosion current density of SS5 400 is high drained than that of Cu and Al-Ni bronze. 3) Anodic polarization of Cu and Al-Ni bronze in $62\%$ LiBr solution continues the active state. that of Cu and Al-Ni bronze in the natural sea water maintains the active state and the critical current for passivation appears.

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A Study on Temporal Variations of Geomagnetic Transfer Functions and Polarization Values Obtained at Cheongyang Geomagnetic Observatory (청양 지자기관측소에서 획득된 지자기전달함수와 분극값의 시간변동성에 대한 연구)

  • Yang, Jun-Mo;Lee, Heui-Soon;Oh, Seok-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.824-833
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    • 2009
  • We analyzed a total of six months of geomagnetic data obtained at Cheonyang observatory, which is operated by Korean Meteorological Administration, to monitor earthquake precursors. Geomagnetic transfer functions (GTFs) and polarization values, which reflect the time-variations of the resistivity of subsurface, were estimated from 3-component geomagnetic data. The time-variant fluctuations were compared with the earthquake events occurred in the same period. Now that the daily GTFs show fairly irregular variations, we can not identify any correlation with the already occurred earthquakes and Kp index. On the other hand, we detect clear increases of the Ultra-Low-Frequency (ULF) band polarization values before the earthquakes, but the similar features are also observed even though the earthquake did not occur. This result may indicate that these time-variations are not just due to the earthquake precursor. For further understanding about these results, we need to investigate the relationship between the previous earthquake events and the geomagnetic data of other observatories.

암석의 SIP 측정 시스템 구축

  • Sin, Seung-Uk;Seong, Nak-Hun;Park, Sam-Gyu;Jo, Seong-Jun;Park, Gye-Sun
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.196-197
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    • 2009
  • 지하에 전류를 흘려보내 분극현상을 유도하고, 이 유도분극 현상을 측정하는IP탐사는 금속 광물 탐사에서 널리 이용되고 있다. 특히 광대역주파수를 이용하는SIP탐사는 IP탐사에서 측정하는 전기비저항과 더불어 위상정보까지 제공해 줄 수 있어 금속광물의 종류를 구분하는 등 보다 효과적인 탐사 방법으로 제시되고 있다. 이 연구는 최근 원자재가 급등에 따른 국내 외 광산개발에 필요한 자원탐사 기술 개발의 일환으로 광석 중에 포함되어 있는 금속광물의 SIP 효과에 대한 기초적 연구를 수행한 것이다. 암석의 SIP를 측정 시스템은 GDP-32 system과 Lab transmitter(Zonge)를 사용하여 구성하였으며, 주파수에 따른 IP 효과를 측정하기 위하여 KCl 0.01 mol 용액으로 포화시킨 Glass beads에 황철석 분말의 중량비를 증가 시키면서 SIP를 측정하였다. 실험에 사용된 Glass beads의 직경은 $0.75{\sim}1.0\;mm$의 범위이고, 황철석은 원광석을 분쇄하여 $20{\sim}25$ mesh를 통과한 분말을 사용하였다. 실험방법은 아크릴 수지로 만든 육면체 시료홀더를 사용하여 처음에는 KCl 0.01 mol 용액으로 포화시킨 Glass beads의 SIP를 측정하고, 그 다음에 Glass beads 내에 황철석 분말을 중량비로 $1{\sim}10%$까지 증가 시키면서 SIP를 측정하였다. 이 때 사용한 주파수 대역은 $0.016{\sim}1024\;Hz$ 이며, 측정결과로부터 전기비저항과 Phase를 산출하여 도시하였다.

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