• Title, Summary, Keyword: 북한이탈여성

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Effectiveness of Preventive Education on Cervical Cancer for North Korean Refugee Women (북한이탈여성을 위한 자궁경부암 예방 교육의 효과)

  • An, Soyeon;Park, Hyojung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.381-393
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to develop an educational program on cervical cancer prevention and human papillomavirus (HPV) for female North Korean refugees and to assess the effect of the program. This study used a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design. The participants were 42 female North Korean refugees in their 20s residing in South Korea. Measurements included cervical cancer knowledge, HPV knowledge, attitude toward HPV vaccination, and intention for HPV vaccination. Statistically significant differences emerged in levels of cervical cancer knowledge (U = 40.00, p < .001), HPV knowledge (U = 4.50, p < .001), and attitude toward HPV vaccination (U = 128.00, p = .013) between the experimental and control group. The educational program is an effective nursing intervention to improve cervical cancer knowledge, HPV knowledge, and attitude toward HPV vaccination of female North Korean refugees. Stakeholders must work to establish health policies to reduce health disparities between South and North Korean women to prepare for unification.

Comparison of North & South Korea Using Anthropometric Measurements of North Korea Detectors - North Korean Detectors at an Educational Institute(Hanawon) in South Korea (북한 이탈 주민의 신체 계측치를 이용한 남북한 비교 연구-하나원 훈련생들을 중심으로)

  • Mun, Ok-Ryun;Baek, Ji-Eun;Kim, Dong-Sik;Lee, Cheol-Hyeong
    • Journal of Korea Association of Health Promotion
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.127-136
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구에서는 2003년 6월~2003년 12월 사이에 탈북적응훈련 교육원에 입소한 854명의 북한 이탈주민들의 신체 계측치를 이용하여 북한 이탈주민들의 체질량지수(BMI)를 파악함으로써 북한 주민들의 건강상태를 간접적으로 유추하였다. 연구결과 신장은 전 연령에서 남한이 북한보다 컸으며, 남한주민의 체중이 북한보다 많았다. 또한, 20세 이상 남북한 주민의 BMI 분포를 연령별로 보면 북한 이탈 남성의 경우 55세 이상 연령집단에서과체중 현상을 보였으나, 남한의 남성은거의 모든 연령집단에서 과체중인 것으로 나타났다. 북한 이탈 여성의 경우 45-54세와 70-74세에서 과체중 및 1단계 비만을 보였지만, 남한 여성의 경우 40-44세, 50-74세는 과체중, 45-49세는 1단계비만으로 나타났다. 최근의 북한 이탈주민들일수록 신장, 체중 모두 작았다. 본 연구결과에 따르면 북한 이탈주민들은 식량부족사태가 있기 이전부터 이미 남한과 신체 계측치에서 차이를 보였으며,1980년 말부터 시작된 식량난과 1990년대 중반에 지속적으로 일어난 자연재해 등으로 인해 북한 주민들은 더 왜소화되고 만성적 영양결핍상태가 더욱 만연해지고 있음을 알 수 있다.

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Convergent Research on Balancing Experience of Work and Child care of North Korean Female Defectors (북한이탈여성의 일과 자녀돌봄 양립 경험에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Yoojung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.10
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    • pp.385-395
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    • 2017
  • This qualitative research is conducted to explore the balancing experience of work and child care of North Korean female defectors. Five of North Korean female defectors from double income family in their 40's were selected and interviewed. The interview data were analyzed by a phenomenological qualitative method. The five categories were derived from the data and included as follows: , , , , . Based on the results of the research the suggestions for practical services, such as parenting education, career path development programs and policies with gender perspective were made. Limitations of the research and further research recommendations were suggested as well.

Study on Life History of an Elderly Female North Korean Defector (북한이탈여성의 생애사 연구)

  • Yang, Min-Sook;Lee, Dong-Hun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.120-139
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research was to explore life history of an elderly woman who fled from North Korea and to understand and provide interventions for female North Korean Defector. The participant of this research is an 81-year-old woman who escaped from North Korea and has lived in South Korea for over 14 years. This life history study followed the analysis of Mandel baum(1973) pointing three perspectives of life: dimensions, turnings, and adaptations. This study concluded that the participant of the research study had no protection while staying in China and North Korea and had experience of Homo Sacer. And even after arriving to South Korea the participant had to live her life with the past negative experiences in North Korea and China. Based on the research results discussions and implications were suggested.

A Study on the Preventive Measures of Criminal Behaviors and Criminal Damages of North Korean Defectors (북한이탈주민의 범죄행위 및 범죄피해에 대한 효과적인 예방대책)

  • Lim, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.49
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    • pp.217-246
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    • 2016
  • Most of the North Korean defectors are the socially disadvantaged, and formed the lowest class in South Korean society. Their main objectives are to achieve economic wealth. In this process, North Korean defectors have often committed the crime or have been criminal victims. The purpose of this study was to propose the effective preventive measures after analyzing the actual situation of North Korean defectors in criminal behaviors and criminal damages. This research has studied of the literature on the criminal behavior and the criminal damage by North Korean defectors, utilized the relevant statistical data, cited the news for the relevant cases, and proposed the effective preventive measures of criminal behaviors and criminal damages of North Korean defectors by doing in-depth interviews with personal protection officer First, in order to prevent criminal activity by North Korean defectors, we should uplift the identity as the members of Korean society, systemize the initial adapt education, enlarge the employment protection and the resettlement helper system, manage North Korean defectors according to adaptive type, develop the network, establish the management department for the defectors, strengthen the training of prison inmates, and strengthen the management of unprotected people. Next, in order to prevent the criminal damages of North Korean refugees, we should manage vulnerable North Korean defectors effectively, maintain the liaison between the personal protection officer and North Korean defector, arrange the personal safety measures in advance when traveling abroad, enhance the legal education for usual living in Korean society, and perform the re-education for the female socialization.

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The Relationship between Self Esteem and Appearance Management Behavior in North Korean Immigrant Women (북한이탈여성의 자아존중감과 외모관리행동과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Insook;Yang, Yun-mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.273-284
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate baseline data by exploring the self-esteem and general appearance management behavior in North Korean immigrant women. The data were collected from December 2014 to February 2015 from 201 participants. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program. The followings are the results of the present study. 1) The mean score of self-esteem was 2.40 in 4 points, and the mean of the appearance concern was 3.20 in 5 points. And the mean of general appearance management behavior was 2.67 in 5 points. Subjects had a lot of make-up and clothes behaviors. However exercise, food intake behaviors of subjects were lowerer than average. 2) There were significant differences between self-esteem, the appearance concern and general charateristeics(e.g age, intent weight loss, interest in cosmetic surgery). In general appearance management behavior, there was a significant difference among age, interest in cosmetic surgery and job in North Korea. 3) There was a significant correlation among self-esteem and the appearance concern, general appearance management behavior, age, intent weight control as well as interest in cosmetic surgery. In the appearance concern, it showed a correlation with general appearance management behavior, age, intent weight control as well as interest in cosmetic surgery. In general appearance management behavior, there was a significant correlation among the age, intent weight control and interest in cosmetic surgery. 4) 44.7% of general appearance management behavior was explained: self-esteem, the appearance concern. Therefore, it can be suggested that utilization of developing programs for improving self-esteem and appearance management behavior.

Dietary behaviors and nutritional status according to the bone mineral density status among adult female North Korean refugees in South Korea (한국에 거주하고 있는 북한이탈주민 여성의 골밀도에 따른 식생활과 영양상태)

  • Kim, Su-Hyeon;Lee, Soo-Kyung;Kim, Sin-Gon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.449-464
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: North Koreans could be at higher risk for their bone health because of previous periods of severe famine and the continuing low availability of food. This study determined the bone mineral density (BMD) status and its relationship with dietary behaviors and nutrient intake of North Korean refugees (NKR) in South Korea (SK). Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed 110 female NKR from a NORNS cohort of a non-probability sample of adult NKR in Seoul. BMD examined by DEXA was used to divide participants into the normal group (NG) and the non-normal group (NNG) according to the WHO guideline. A self-administered questionnaire included questions on age, the socioeconomic situation in North Korea (NK) and SK, the food security in NK and SK, and the health behaviors, dietary behaviors, and food frequency questionnaire administered in SK. A one-day 24-hr recall was conducted and the results were analyzed by using CanPro. SPSS was used to analyze whether BMD and related dietary behaviors and nutrient intakes differed according to the groups. Results: NG (62.7%) was significantly younger and had a lower abdominal obesity score than NNG (p < 0.001). While 14.5% of NG reported experiencing menopause, all of NNG reported experiencing menopause. The NG more frequently consumed the dairy group of foods (9.6 times a week) than did the NNG (4.8 times a week) after the statistics were adjusted for age (p < 0.007). The NG consumed significantly more animal protein and animal calcium than did the NNG (p = 0.01, p = 0.009, respectively). Calcium intake was low with 49.3% of NG, and 78.0% of the NNG reported consuming calcium lower than the estimated average requirement. Only calcium showed an index of nutrient quality lower than one in both groups. Conclusion: These results showed that NKR women and possibly all North Korean women are at high risk for bone health and they consumed low levels of bone-related nutrients, and this should be considered for the nutrition policy for NKR and North Korea.

The Synthetic comparative analysis of cultural Acculturation mechanism from North Korean women Elite-class in South Korea (출신성분에 따른 탈북여성의 문화적응 기제에 관한 비교분석)

  • Kim, Yun-Na;Joo, K.P.
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.329-338
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to examine heterogeneous acculturation patterns of elite North Korean female defectors in South Korea. The study employed a synthetic comparative analysis. A series of in-depth interviews with 5 North Korean female defectors in South Korea were conducted. In addition, the research team implemented 20 open-ended surveys with other defectors. Through this study, we have found various types of cultural adaptation in the group of the elite North Korean women in South Korea. The study findings imply that it is imperative to establish national policies that support different types of North Korean defectors. Putting all North Koreans into one category might result in alienation and discrimination to some groups. Thus how the participants reframed their social identify in South Korea illuminates essential facets of human-right education, especially education for refugees and immigrants in different global and multi-cultural contexts.

The Ethnicized Stigma against Women Escaped from North Korea and Their Community Building and Coping Strategies toward it in Contemporary South Korea (탈북여성들에 대한 남한 사회의 '종족화된 낙인(ethnicized stigma)'과 탈북여성들의 공동체 형성 및 활동)

  • Sung, JungHyun
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.53
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    • pp.79-115
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the women's experiences of negative perception, discrimination and 'ethnicized stigma' in South Korea. For this purpose, data were collected through in-depth interviews from 8 women escaped from North Korea and 4 professionals. The findings of this study are as follows: Almost of them experienced negative perception and discrimination caused by language, pronunciation intonation, and differences of ways to express their emotions. And they experienced the disapproval as the native perception and confusion of ethnic identity. Several participants in this study try to build or organize their communities to give emotional and instrumental support for them. However, in these processes, they experience emotional conflicts and crises feelings of disorganization of their communities because of they didn't have experience to involve communities, and didn't have ideas of membership and their roles. And they were learned to criticize with each other in North Korea. They worry about their families' safety in North Korea. For this reason, they can't have trustful personal relationships among Koreans including people escaped from North Korea in South Korea. They want to participate in Korean's community activities, and learn to adjust to everyday lives in South Korea. In conclusion, based upon the outcomes of this study, it is expected that any practical implications or solutions for North Korean defector's welfare would be suggested.

North Korean Female Defectors′ Voices II:The Lived Experiences Focused on Survival Strategies in China (북한이탈여성들의 삶 이야기 2:생존전략을 중심으로 한 중국생활체험)

  • 김태현;노치영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.12
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    • pp.229-243
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to understand North Korean female defectors' survival strategies in China. In this research, 13 female defectors in China were interviewed. There seemed to be 6 survival strategies in the interview. They disguised themselves as if they were Chosunjok;they tried to wear fashionable clothes, to mimic Chosunjok dialect, to speak mingling Chinese words with Korean words, and to get counterfeit ID cards. They suppressed themselves from showing their angers or resentment against Chinese who looked down on them due to their illegal status, but they would seek chances to revenge on them in the future. They have survived by gelling married to Chinese, but they were reluctant to have a baby because it was not for sure what their future lives are going to be like. They were alert against people around them all the time, especially against North Korean defectors, and were conscious of their competitive relationship among themselves. Finally, some of them appeared to seek routes to immigrate to South Korea, but others who didn't yet make up their minds to immigrate to South Korea had vague anticipations of North and South Koreas to be reunified.