• Title, Summary, Keyword: 부정적 사회비교

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The Relation between Social Networking Sites and Depression by Gender: Mediating effects of Collective Identity, Perceived Social Support, and Negative Comparison (성별에 따른 SNS사용유형이 우울감에 미치는 영향연구: 집단소속감, 지각된 사회지지, 부정적 사회비교의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Seunguk;Choi, Younyoung;Lee, Hyunwoo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.205-215
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study aimed to investigate the gender differences in the mediating effects of perceived social support and negative comparison in the relation between social networking sites and depression. For this analysis, 483 samples were collected and conducted by multi-group structural equation model. The findings of this study were as follows: (1) Collective identity was observed both in Facebook and in Internet Cafe activities. (2) Collective identity was positively related to perceived social support, but perceived social support was negatively related to depression. Also, negative comparison was positively related to depression. (3) In terms of gender differences, the Facebook activities were negatively related to depression for male while the internet cafe activities were positively related to depression for female. Lastly, (4) The collective identity was positively related to negative comparison for female.

An Empirical Study of Discontinuous Use Intention on SNS: From a Perspective of Society Comparison Theory (사회비교이론 관점에서 살펴본 SNS 이용중단 의도)

  • Cha, Kyung Jin;Lee, Eun Mok
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.59-77
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    • 2015
  • Social networking sites (SNS), such as Facebook, provide abundant social comparison opportunities. Given the widespread use of SNSs, the purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of exposure to social media-based social comparison on user's negative emotions and discontinuous use intention on SNS. We present evidence that under the use of SNS, social comparison activities diverge into three patterns, with explicit self-evaluation desire made against similar target (lateral comparison), self-defense desire made against less fortunate target (downward comparison), and self-enhancement desire made with more fortunate target (upward comparison). Such social comparison processes frequently arise, as people are increasingly using on SNSs, the downward contacts ameliorating self-esteem with positive emotions, but the upward contacts and standard contacts with lateral status enabling a person to compare his or her situation with others and simultaneously increase negative emotions due to its differences with others. In other words, as people increasingly relying on SNSs for a variety of everyday tasks, they risk overexposure to upward or standard social comparison information that may have a cumulative detrimental impact on future intention on SNS use. This study with survey with 209 SNS users found that these negative emotions lead to negative fatigue (attitude) and then discontinuous use intention (behavior) on SNS. Our findings are among the first to explicitly examine discontinuous use intention on SNS using social comparison theory and our results are consistent with those of past research showing that upward social comparisons can be detrimental.

A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF KOREAN NURSING STUDENTS생 ATTITUDES TOWARD MENTAL ILLNESS (정신질환에 대한 간호학생의 태도 연구)

  • Chu, Myung-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.13-32
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    • 1974
  • 본 연구는 한국의 학사과정에 등록한 간호학생의 정신질환에 대한 태도를 조사 연구하는데 주목적이 있고, 연구 결과에 의한 학생들의 태도와 학생들의 종교, 지역사회의 크기, 장래에 정신과 간호를 그들의 근무영역으로 삼을 것인가에 대한 관련도를 조사하는데 두번째의 목적이 있고, 세번째의 목적은 미국에서 발표된 정신질환에 대한 태도 연구와 본 연구의 결과에서 나타나는 한국 학생들과의 태도를 비교해 보는 데에 있겠다. 본 연구의 대상은 서울대학교 의과대학 간호학과 4학년생(1972년도) 이었으며, 미국과외 비교 연구를 위해서 Morris의 간호학생 태도 연구를 사용했다. 본 연구에 사용된 도구는 Cohen과 Straining이 발달시킨 51항으로 구성된 Opinions About Mental Illness (O.M.I) Scale이며, 학생들로부터 개인적인 자료를 얻기 위 해 4항이 더 첨 가되었다. 연구 결과를 보면 간호학생들의 정신질환에 대한 부정적인 태도가 보여졌다. 즉, 높은 권위의식 (요소, A)과 사회적 제한성 (요소, D)을 표현했고, 자비심 (요소, B)은 낮게 표현되었으니. 이는 정신질환에 대한 부정적인 태도를 보여주었다. 또한 본 연구에서 학생들의 종교와 졸업 후 정신과 간호 영역에서 근무할 취향이 O.M.I.에서 보여지는 태도면에 영향을 줌이 밝혀졌다. 즉 기독교인과 졸업 후 정신과간호원 지망생이 비 기독교인과 비 정신과간호원 지망생보다 정신질환에 대한 태도에 보다 긍정적인 반응을 보였다. 학생들이 살고있는 지역 사회의 크기와 O,M,I. 척도에서 보여지는 태도 면에 통계학적인 유의의 차이는 없었다. 본 연구의 결과로 보여진 정신질환에 대한 간호학생들의 부정적 인 태도는 간호교육의 단면적인 평가도 되겠지만 정신과 간호교육과정이나 다른 교육과정의 내용 면의 재 고려와 아울러 긍정적인 방향으로의 태도변화를 위해 보다 많은 연구가 필요하겠다.

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Perceptions of nurses as a profession in Korea (간호전문직에 대한 인식)

  • Yee, Jung-Ae;Yom, Young-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.447-453
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    • 2001
  • 연구목적 : 전문직으로서 간호사에 대한 인식을 집단별로 파악하고 이들에 대한 인식을 비교한다. 연구방법 : 설문지를 이용한 비교조사연구로서 조사대상은 간호사, 간호학교수, 의사, 약사, 간호조무사, 병원행정직원, 행정관료, 정당활동가, 일반시민 등을 포함한 총 584명이었으며, 설문지는 12개 하부항목으로 범주화된 36개 문항으로 구성되었다. 연구결과 : 간호사에 대한 인식은 의사가 가장 긍적적이었으며, 병원직원이 가장 부정적이었다. 모든 집단에서 가장 긍정적인 인식을 갖고 있는 항목은 '사회적 요구'였으며, 그 다음은 '직무기술', '사회적 인식' 등의 순으로 나타났다. 가장 부정적인 것은 '간호교육'이었고, 그 다음은 '간호조직체 활동', '직무환경' 순으로 나타났다. 결론 : 본 연구를 기초로 하여 간호사들은 다른 집단들을 대상으로 전문직으로서의 간호사에 대한 인식을 높이기 위한 전략을 마련하여야 한다.

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Interpretation bias modification for social anxiety disorder: Development of computer based cognitive modification program (사회불안장애의 해석편향 연구: 컴퓨터 기반 해석편향 프로그램 개발 및 효과검증)

  • Yoon, Hyae-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a computer-based cognitive bias modification program (CBM-I) and to test the efficacy of CBM-I for college students with social anxiety. Forty socially anxious individuals were randomly assigned to the CBM-I(n=21) or a waiting list condition(n=19). Both groups were assessed at the beginning and the end of the program with interpretation bias and social anxiety symptoms(e.g. B=FNE=Brief-Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, LSAS=Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale). The CBM-I modified interpretation by providing positive feedback when participants made benign interpretations and negative feedback in response to threat interpretations. Participants in CBM-I completed three computer sessions over three weeks. The CBM-I successfully decreased social anxiety symptoms compared to the control condition(t=2.35, p<.05; t=4.70, p<.001). This result suggests that interpretation modification may have clinical utility when applied as a multi-session intervention.

The Study of Comparing the Factors of Affecting on the Quality of Life for Young-Old Women and Old-Old Women (전기, 후기 여성노인의 삶의 질 및 영향요인 비교연구)

  • Kim, Mee-Ryoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.197-222
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    • 2006
  • This study distinguishes the aging population as young-old and old-old women. It examines the difference of each variable between young-old and old-old women. Also, it examines the effect of physical, psychological, social, economic and environmental factors on the quality of life for older adults in both groups and compares the effects on the quality of life between both groups. The sample of this study is collected from Daegu and Kyungbuk province and the sample size of this study is 310. As statistical method, t-test, $X^2$ and hierarchical multiple regressions are used. As demographic factors, age, marital status, income and education are controlled. The research results show that marriage, perceived health, self-esteem and social support are important factors of affecting on the quality of life for both groups. However, for young-old group, the perceived economic hardship and the receipt of social welfare affect negatively and social participation affects positively on the quality of life. On the other hand, for old-old group, informative social role affects positively and social participation affects on the quality of life negatively.

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The Psychophysicosocial Distresses in Nurses with Shift Work (교대근무 간호사의 정신신체사회적 문제에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Beom-Mo;Yang, Chang-Kook
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 1999
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of shift work on psychological, physical and social adjustment in nurses. Methods: Two hundred ninety-nine female nurses(179 shift worker, 120 non-shift worker) filled out a questionnaire, which consisted of fifty-six items including demographic characteristics. Subjective ratings of psychological, physical, social and sleeprelated distresses were assessed with a visual analogue scale(100mm). Results: Shift work exerted significantly negative impacts on all psychological, physical, social and sleep-related variables of the shift work nurses. The subjective perception about psychological and physical health of shift work nurses was significantly negative as compared to that of non-shift work nurses. Shift work nurses complained of more shift work related social dysfunction and limited social activity. Shift work nurses were also suffering from significant sleep difficulties as compared to non-shift work nurses. Conclusions: This study suggests that shift work can exert a negative impact on psychological and physical health of nurses as it can cause disturbances of the normal circadian rhythms of the psychophysiological functions, beginning with the sleep-wake cycle. Shift work can also cause difficulties in maintaining the usual relationships both at family and social levels. These results may suggest that we need appropriate coping strategies to overcome adverse effects of shift work.

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Analysis of Attitudes and Influencing Factors on Foreign Workers (외국인 근로자에 대한 태도와 영향요인 분석)

  • Lee, Misook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.150-160
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to classify the attitudes of Korean people regarding foreign workers and to analyze the influence factors. Analysis of the attitude difference and the influential factors utilized the SPSS ${\chi}^2$ test and multinomial logistic regression analysis using 2016 data obtained from the 'Koreans' Consciousness and Values'. Socio-demographic variables, national identity, and socioeconomic variables were used as explanatory variables. The attitude types (friendly, negative, and dual) of respondents were identified, and the influence of explanatory variables influencing these attitudes was identified. Analysis found they have a relatively generous stance on granting legal rights, while they are negative regarding the economic and social threats from foreign workers. As a result of analyzing the factors affecting attitudes, there are significant differences in each influence. However, negative attitudes and dual attitude concerning with negative legal rights found common to the influence of the factors of national identity. Gender and ratio of foreign workers were influential factors for dual attitudes with a high economic threat. On the other hand, socioeconomic factors reflecting the realistic conflict theory were not found to have any effect. The negative attitude of foreign workers in our society can be regarded as cognitive threats rather than realistic experiences or conflicts.

Social Stigma on People with Mental Disorder (정신장애인에 대한 사회편견 연구)

  • Yang, Ok-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.35
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    • pp.231-261
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    • 1998
  • This study was designed to find out a degree of social stigman on people with mental disorder. Many comparisons were made. The first was a comparison with the stigma on the physically disabled. And the differences between general public, the mentally ill, their families, and professionals were explored. Among general public attitudes, the sociodemographic and regional differences were also explored. The subject was 600 people, including 300 general public, 100 mentally ill, 100 families, 100 professionals. They were evenly distributed to 3 regions - big city, urban area, and rural area. The data were collected by a survey questionnaire consisting of the Attitude toward People with Mental Illness Scale, and the Attitude toward People with Physical Disabilities Scale. The analysis showed that the public attitude toward the mentally ill was quite acceptable. Social stigma was low in areas like accepting his/her human right. But the public also showed low acceptance on areas in allowing social functioning roles, and social integration. High stigma on the hospitalized mentally ill was expressed to those hospitalized patients regarding divorce against their will. However, volunteer experiences with this population seemed influential in high acceptance and low stigma. In comparison with the stigma on people with physical disabilities, the results showed. different levels in different areas. In regional comparison, the results showed that big city is the lowest among three. And the results of urban and rural area revealed different levels in different areas. In regard to self-stigma, while the subjects expressed low in general, they revealed high on areas like relating with others. Based on the findings, the study would conclude that mental health policy should be community-based, social integration oriented policy instead of in-patient oriented policy. Moreover, the professionals should intervene on the elements affecting both negative and positive attitudes.

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A Comparison of Assessment of Child Friendly Cities by Parents and Child Service Providers in Selected Local Government (아동친화적인 지역사회에 대한 부모와 아동관계자의 인식 비교 - A기초자치단체를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jin-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the recognition of the Children's Rights Guarantees among parents and child service providers in a local community, and to explore ways to organize Child Friendly Cities. To this end, I analyzed survey data collected from a municipality based in Seoul, Korea, and discovered certain differences in recognitions of play and leisure, citizen and participation, safety and protection, health and social service, education, and housing. Among the six categories, the parents and child service providers recognized that education and housing were relatively well guaranteed whereas citizen and participation was less secure. Child service providers were more negative in the physical environment for building child-friendly community, while parents were more negative about the institutional / cultural environment, such as participation rights. Based on these findings, I suggested the following: First, the physical environment should refer to the standards of child welfare officers, and the institutional and cultural environment should refer to the parents' standards. Second, the participation of parents and child service providers as well as children should be expanded in the community decision-making process.