• Title, Summary, Keyword: 부가중합형 인상재

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치과용 인상재의 비교 응용

  • Kim, Cheol-Wi
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.199-203
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    • 1986
  • 치과용 인상재는 구강내에서 치아나 주위조직을 정확히 인기하여야 하며 조작이 간편하고 유동성이 충분하며 경화시간이 적당하고 값도 저렴해야 한다. 또 구강내에서 제거할 때 영구변형이나 파절되지 않는 충분한 강도와 크기의 정확성도 있어야 하며 자극이나 독성이 없고 인체에 안정성이 있고 모형재와 친화성이 있으며 보관중에도 변질해서는 안된다. 그러나 인상재는 서로 상이한 특성이 있고 장단점이 각각 다르므로 모든 조건에 일치하는 인상재는 거의 없다. 따라서 여러 인상재중에서 가장 적합한 인상재를 선택하는 것이 중요한 과정이다. 즉 인상재의 특성과 응용을 알고 선택할땐 보다 정밀한 모형을 얻을 수 있다. 기록에 의하면 18~19세기경에 최초로 인상용 왁스를 사용한 이래 19세기 중엽에 인상용 석고, 1925년에 agar, 1930년 ZOE, 1945년 앨지네이트, 1957년 실리콘, 1967년 polyether 및 1975년 부가중합형 실리콘이 사용되었으며 인상재가 유연성과 탄성이 있는가 경고하며 비탄성인가 또는 온도변화와 화학반응으로 경화되는 가에 따라서 ZOE paste, 인상용 석고, 인상용 왁스, 인상용 콤파운드, 수성콜로이드(agar, 앨지네이트), polysulfide, 실리콘(축중합형, 부가중합형) 및 polyether 인상재등 10여종으로 분류된다.

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Study on the Effect of Contact Angles of Elastic Rubber Impression Materials on the Surface of Working Cast (탄성 고무인상재의 접촉각이 작업모형 표면에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Joo-Won
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2010
  • This study was begun to search effect of contact angles of elastic rubber impression materials on the surface of working cast. Of elastic rubber impression materials with a Type III consistency, such as polysulfide, polyether and addition silicone, we selected one and then measured the contact angle after dripping a distilled water 3.3ml. Then, after pouring a dental anhydrite in three types of impression materials, we prepared a working cast and then examined its surface. Contact angle was measured using a full automatic contact angle measuring system (DM-700, KYOWA, Japan), and the surface of working cast was observed using a field emission scanning electron microscope (JSM-6700F, JEOL Ltd., JAPAN). The following results were obtained: 1) $Mean{\pm}SD$ (SD: standard deviation) of the initial contact angles were $91.3{\pm}20.5^{\circ}$ in the addition silicone materials, $90.0{\pm}2.2^{\circ}$ in the polyethers and $101.5{\pm}2.3^{\circ}$ in the polysulfides. These results indicate that mean values were similar but standard deviations of the three materials showed a great discrepancy. 2) As the time elapsed, addition silicone materials were found to have a contact angle decreased abruptly as compared with the remaining two types. That is, the initial contact angle was $91.3^{\circ}$ and it was abruptly decreased to $29.4^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. 3) In the polyethers, the initial contact angle was $101.5^{\circ}$ and it was decreased to $90.7^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. In the polysulfides, however, the initial contact angle was $90.0^{\circ}$ and it was $84.2^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. This showed almost no changes in the initial contact angles. Moreover, its magnitude was greater than that seen in additional silicones. 4) There were significant differences in the contact angles between the three types of elastic rubber impression materials as the time elapsed (p<0.001). On an observation on the surface of working cast, addition silicone materials were found to have the most dense surface. This was followed by polysulfides and polyethers in a descending order.

Effect of latex gloves on polymerization inhibition of addition silicone impression materials (라텍스 글러브가 시판되는 3종류 부가중합형 실리콘 인상재의 중합에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.369-379
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the polymerization inhibition effect of latex gloves on addition silicone impression material. Three different kinds of addition silicone impression materials and a natural latex gloves were used in this study. The results were as follows. 1. Compared to the control group, all of those three kinds of impression materials took longer curing time in order of unwashed, alcohol and washed group, on the other hand, degloving group had shorter curing time than control group(p<0.05). 2. By the type of impression materials, there was no significant difference observed between Exafine and Twinz in ungloved group, Exafine and Imprint II in unwashed group, and Exafine and Twinz in degloving group(p>0.05). 3. The degree of polymerization at 6 minutes after mixing impression materials was evaluated by dividing its range into score 1 to 5. All of the impression materials got score 5 in control group and degloving group, which implies perfect polymerization. In unwashed group, most of them appeared to be score 2 while score 3 were most frequently observed in alcohol group and score 4 in washed group. Thus each group showed differences in the degree of polymerization(p<0.05).

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Effect of interproximal undercut on the dimensional accuracy of impression (치간 유두 소실로 인한 언더컷이 인상체의 체적 정확도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ju-Ri;Kim, Seok-Gyu
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.330-336
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of loss of interproximal papilla, creating an undercut, on the accuracy of impression materials. Materials and methods: Two addition type silicone impression materials ($Extrude^{(R)}$ Speed Wash, $Imprint^{TM}$ II Quick Step Light Body) and one alginate impression material (Cavex Impressional) were used to make impressions of a maxillary master model simulating clinical conditions with or without interproximal papilla. Stone was poured in the impressions and working casts were fabricated. A total of 6 groups with 6 working casts in each group were scanned using 3-dimensional optical scanner. The accuracy of the impressions was assessed by measuring the dimensional changes (${\Delta}I$ (%)) of 6 distances on working casts compared to a master model with a 3-dimensional digitizing and inspection software. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA (P<.05). Results: Three of 6 distances showed statistically significant differences among the impression materials. Only 1 of 6 distances in alginate impression showed a statistically significant difference between casts with and without interproximal papilla (P=.047). Conclusion: The presence of undercut due to loss of interproximal papilla did not significantly influence the dimensional accuracy of addition type silicone and alginate impression materials.

The convergence study on the use of dental impression materials (치과용 인상재의 사용 실태에 대한 융합 연구)

  • Jang, Sun-Ok;Choi, Eun-Mi;Kang, Min-Kyung;Shim, Youn-Soo;Cho, Yoon-Jeong;Oh, Sang-Hwan;Choi, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigate the types and methods of dental impression materials used in dental clinics in south Korea, the questionnaire was surveyed by a self-administered method for one dentist in a one dental clinic, the collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 20. The most frequently used addition silicone impression materials were used in most dental treatment. It was confirmed that the method of taking impression materials having different flow properties(light body and heavy body) was most preferred at one time, also, the implant impression taking method was the most preferred for two rubber impression materials with different flow properties, both direct and indirect. There were statistically significant differences in age and clinical experience between the methods of impression taking of casting restorations and prosthetic according to general characteristics. These results are expected to be helpful for the development of theoretical and practical work based on the basic data for impression material development and research and the preference of impression materials required for dental professional in clinical practice.

A Study on the Physical Properties of Addition Silicone Impression Materials (부가중합형실리콘인상재의 물리적 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Hwa
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.231-235
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    • 2006
  • This study evaluated the properties of polyvinylsiloxane impression materials: Strain-in-compression, Elastic recovery, Consistency, and Wettability. Four polyvinylsiloxane impression materials(Examixfine, GC, Japan; Aquasilultra, Dentsply, USA; Extrude, Kerr, USA; Perfect-F, Handae, Korea) were used in this study. The measured data were analyzed with SPSSWIN 12.0 program. The results were as follows : 1. The strain-in-compression values showed that Extrude had the lowest value, 4.86% and Examixfine had the highest value, 6.78%. Significant difference between Examixfine and Perfect-F was not found but the other groups had significant differences(p = 0.000). 2. In the elastic recovery test, Extrude had the highest, 99.83% and Perfect-F had the lowest, 96.54%. There is no significant difference between Examixfine and Aquasilultra. The other impression material groups showed significant differences(p = 0.000). 3. The measurement of consistency results that the diameter of Examixfine was the largest, 45.12mm and one of Perfect-F was the smallest, 40.28 mm. No differences were shown between Examixfine and Aquasilultra and between Extrude and Perfect-F(p = 0.001). 4. Aquasilultra had a better hydrophilicity($47.85^{\circ}$) than other materials. Perfect-F had a larger contact angle($94.89^{\circ}$) and was hydrophobic. There were significant differences between groups(p = 0.000). 5. As for correlation among the test types, contact angle correlated with strain-in-compression, elstic recovery and consistency. The strain-in-compression had correlation to contact angle and elastic recovery. The elastic recovery correlated with contact angle and strain-in-compression. And the consistency had correlation to contact angle.

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Fundamental Study for Developing Silicone Rubber Impression Material (실리콘 고무인상재 개발을 위한 기초연구)

  • Oh, Young-Il;Han, Kyung-A;Kim, Kyung-Nam;Cho, Lee-Ra;Chung, Kyung-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2000
  • The fundamental study of additional silicone impression material has been performed by comparing the other import products. In order to estimate the possibility of usage of the impression material developed in this study, the several techniques such as IR, EDX, DSC, TGA, rubber rheometer, and contact angle measurement were used. According to the results, there were not any product satisfying all properties required in the impression material. The impression material developed in this study showed best mechanical properties among the all impression materials. However. the wetting property should be studied more by an introduction of a hydrophilic surfactant or modification of a base polymer.

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