• Title, Summary, Keyword: 본질주의

Search Result 157, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Can Impossible Possibility Save Modalism? (불가능한 가능성은 양상주의를 구원할 수 있는가?)

  • Lee, Jaeho;Kim, Minseok
    • Korean Journal of Logic
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.175-207
    • /
    • 2018
  • Since Kit Fine's influential paper, Essence and Modality (1994), many philosophers have doubted the prospects of modalism, according to which we can analyze the concept of essence with that of de re modality. However, some philosophers have tried to save modalism against Fine's counterexamples seriously. In this paper, we examine two such attempts which appeal to some kind of 'impossible possibilities.' We argue that such attempts have strong tendency to end in either a metaphysical picture which is very similar to Fine's or a concept of essence which is quite different from Fine's. For this reason, we claim that Fine has no reason to worry about such attempts.

The characteristic of insightful act of gifted students in each field (Based on the Russian Activities-Oriented Theory) (각 분야 영재들의 통찰적 사고 행위의 특성 (러시아 활동주의 이론을 바탕으로))

  • Lee, Soon-Joo
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.35-57
    • /
    • 2005
  • As the results of studies based on the Russian Activities-Oriented Theory, the gifted students in many fields have common insights for the true nature of the problem, or the actual state. From Russian Activities-Oriented Theory of view, gifted students have the ability to discern the essential elements involved in each actual state and change of state of things, and to solve the problem, based on these elements. Enhancing these abilities of the students, the educator can develop the average student into a gifted one. This study result of the Russian specialist suggests the possibility of a stream of education that can develop gifted students. Hence, this paper discussed the points and processes of formation of the Russian Activities-Oriented Theory, and inquired on what is the true nature of the problem or the meaning of actual state and how it affects the studies of the student. The paper also investigated the actual conditions of wrong learning about some mathematical concepts and discussed the role of insights to the true nature of the problem in the learning process of the student.

직관주의

  • 박창균
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.82-88
    • /
    • 1997
  • 수학 기초의 위기에 대한 직관주의적 대안은 파격적인 것이었다. 수학을 지나치게 축소시켰다고 비난을 받기도 하지만 역리의 제거라는 측면만 본다면 직관주의는 성공적이라고 할 수 있었다. 본고는 직관주의를 개관하고 직관주의가 가지는 보다 철학적이고 본질적인 측면을 직관주의의 창시자인 Brouwer의 수학관과 세계관에서 찾는다.

  • PDF

Place Marketing and Territorialization of Place: A Critique of the Essentialist Notion of Place (장소마케팅과 장소의 영역화: 본질주의적 장소관에 대한 비판을 중심으로)

  • Park, Bae-Gyoon
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.498-513
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper aims to critically discuss the place-marketing strategy that has been widely seen as an alternative way of regional development for the last decade in South Korea. In particular, it argues that the place-marketing strategy is highly likely to intensify the inter-local or inter-urban completion and to result in the territorialization of places because it is based on the essentialist notion of place that has been suggested by the humanistic geographers. In order to logically support my argument, I will critically review the essentialist notion of place, and introduce an alternative notion of place, in which the place is seen as socially constructed through complicated power relations and social, political and cultural processes. Also, I will logically demonstrate that the place-marketing can be seen as a strategy for territorializing places by discussing how territory is socially and politically constructed as a particular form of place.

  • PDF

Critical Contemplation on the Commercialization of Journalism (언론의 상업주의화에 대한 비판적 고찰)

  • Lee, Sang-Khee
    • Korean journal of communication and information
    • /
    • v.56
    • /
    • pp.26-47
    • /
    • 2011
  • Commercialism of journalism adheres to short-term profit, and the decrease in quality. Commercialization means the process that is deepened low quality of journalism. It is for a purpose and a means to have been transposed. The mid term of 1990's, deregulation of media and commercialism of journalism were gaining power in the developed countries. Korea has come to the similar condition which is most laws of press and broadcasting are deregulated. There is also concern to the commercialization of journalism in Korea. Four broadcasting channels (cross-ownership media) enter in media market, and a huge change is expected. It is for concern regarding commercialization of journalism not to stop to a baseless anxiety. In order to consider more deeply the problems of commercialism, I have approached instances of the art world and the developed countries. Through this, I declared the importance of ethics of journalists.

  • PDF

불교의 사생관과 생명윤리 - 사신(捨身)과 자기결정권을 중심으로 -

  • Yun, Jong-Gap
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
    • /
    • v.105
    • /
    • pp.27-47
    • /
    • 2008
  • 불살생계를 제1계율로 내세우는 불교는 기본적으로 생명을 해치는 그 어떠한 행위도 용납하지 않는다. 따라서 원칙적인 입장에서는 사신(捨身) 행위에 해당하는 뇌사와 장기이식 등에 부정적인 입장을 견지한다. 그러나 현실적인 측면[적용의 융통주의]을 고려하면서도 본질적인 측면[원칙주의]을 간과하지 않는 불교의 자비와 중도주의적인 입장에 따른다면, 특수한 경우에 한해서 뇌사와 장기이식을 고려할 수도 있을 것이다. 즉 불교는 뇌사와 장기이식을 기본적으로 인정하지는 않지만, 자비의 원칙에 따라 어떤 상황에서는 엄격한 규제를 통한 제한적인 범위 내에서 뇌사와 장기이식을 허용할 수도 있다는 중도적인 입장을 취한다고 할 수 있다.

Ecology and Naturalistic Justice in Nietzsche (니체의 생태학과 자연주의적 정의)

  • Byung-Doo Choi
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.411-433
    • /
    • 1998
  • This paper examines how Nietzsche, criticizing anti-naturalist philosophies, reformulated concepts of nature and human nature, and revaluated them from the perspective of naturalism. Especially, it focuses on his task for naturalistic ethics to naturalize nature and to place man back into nature. This paper also tries to reinterpret his attempt to transfer the concept of justice from the metaphysical realm to the naturalistic one, which seems to give some important insights to develop theory of environmental justice, while pointing out some limitations in his naturalistic concept of justice.

  • PDF

The Protection System of Cultural Property and the Discourse of Tradition (문화재보호제도와 전통 담론)

  • Jung, Soo-jin
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.172-187
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine how the 'tradition' has been identified and used concretely on the protection system of cultural property. Firstly, this paper investigated the historical process and aspects that the 'cultural property' and the 'tradition' combined, each had different meaning at the beginning. And it investigated the linkage of them which effect to the protection system and to each other on the system operated. Then, it pointed out a rift within the discourse of tradition to which the system have held on, and the problems as its result. This paper applied the viewpoint of anti-essentialism that the tradition is presented with hegemonic act to raise the inevitable continuity with the past, instead of the common notion that the tradition is 'everything that is handed down from the past.' Because the cultural property is the product of the state system, to pursne the linkage of it and the tradition is identical to examine how the tradition have been officially defined in the national hegemony. Since the 1920s the tradition has defined as a fixed, essential, pure reality in the changing process of the protection system of cultural property. This essentialist viewpoint about the tradition have been continued as the institutional premise regardless of many critics, raised by studies focusing on the culture and cultural property. But we see now a rift on the discourse of tradition as the intellectual discourse has been supported to the system, that is caused by the fast-changing global economic environment and a rat race around the registration of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO.

베이즈주의와 오래된 증거의 문제

  • Yeo, Yeong-Seo
    • Korean Journal of Logic
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.135-158
    • /
    • 2003
  • 베이즈주의는 믿음의 정도라는 확률의 의미해석과 수학적 확률론에 의한 계산체계를 기초로 하여 가설과 증거간의 입증(confirmation) 관계를 명료하게 분석한다. 베이즈주의는 증거 E가 가설 H를 입증한다는 것을 PR(HIE&K)-PR(HIK)>0으로 정의한다. 그러나 이러한 분석이 과연 과학자들의 입증개념을 올바로 반영하고 있는가 하는 비판이 오래된 증거(old evidence)의 문제로부터 제기되었다 오래된 증거는 이미 알려진 정보이기 때문에 완전한 확률 값 1을 부여받는다. 이 때 오래된 증거가 가설을 입증할 수 있는가 하는 질문은 베이즈주의자와 실제 과학자 사이에 서로 다른 답변을 도출한다. 먼저 베이즈주의에 따르면 오래된 증거가 가설을 입증할 수 없다. 그것은 PR(EIK)=1일 때 PR(HIK)=PR(HIE&K)의 결과가 도출되기 때문이다. 하지만 과학사의 여러 예들로부터 제시되는 실제 과학자들의 입증개념에 따르면 오래된 증거가 가설을 입증하고 있다. 필자는 이와 같은 입증개념의 이질성 문제가 다만 어떤 증거가 입증 가능한 것인지를 구분해야 하는 질적인(qualitative) 문제일 뿐만 아니라 증거가 가설을 어느 정도 입증하는지 하는 입증도를 정확하게 측정해야 하는 양적인(quantitative) 문제라는 점을 밝힌다. 특히 필자는 양적인 문제를 해결하면 질적인 문제가 자연히 해결된다는 점을 밝히고, 반 프라센이나 가버가 제안한 전략이 모두 질적인 문제만을 다루기 때문에 부분적인 해결책에 지나지 않는다는 점을 밝힘으로써 오래된 증거의 문제의 본질은 양적인 문제에 있다는 점을 주장한다.

  • PDF