• Title, Summary, Keyword: 복합역산

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Joint Electromagnetic Inversion with Structure Constraints Using Full-waveform Inversion Result (완전파형역산결과를 구조적 제약 조건으로 이용한 고해상도 전자탐사 복합역산 알고리듬 개발)

  • Jeong, Soocheol;Seol, Soon Jee;Byun, Joongmoo
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.187-201
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    • 2014
  • Compared with the separated inversion of electromagnetic (EM) and seismic data, a joint inversion using both EM and seismic data reduces the uncertainty and gives the opportunity to use the advantage of each data. Seismic fullwaveform inversion allows velocity information with high resolution in complicated subsurface. However, it is an indirect survey which finds the structure containing oil and gas. On the other hand, marine controlled-source EM (mCSEM) inversion can directly indicate the oil and gas using different EM properties of hydrocarbon with marine sediments and cap rocks whereas it has poor resolution than seismic method. In this paper, we have developed a joint EM inversion algorithm using a cross-gradient technique. P-wave velocity structure obtained by full-waveform inversion using plane wave encoding is used as structure constraints to calculate the cross-gradient term in the joint inversion. When the jointinversion algorithm is applied to the synthetic data which are simulated for subsea reservoir exploration, images have been significantly improved over those obtained from separate EM inversion. The results indicate that the developed joint inversion scheme can be applied for detecting reservoir and calculating the accurate oil and gas reserves.

Joint Inversion of DC Resistivity and Travel Time Tomography Data: Preliminary Results (전기비저항 주시 토모그래피 탐사자료 복합역산 기초 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Ho;Yi, Myeong-Jong;Cho, Chang-Soo;Suh, Jung-Hee
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.314-321
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    • 2007
  • Recently, multi-dimensional joint inversion of geophysical data based on fundamentally different physical properties is being actively studied. Joint inversion can provide a way to obtaining much more accurate image of the subsurface structure. Through the joint inversion, furthermore, it is possible to directly estimate non-geophysical material properties from geophysical measurements. In this study, we developed a new algorithm for jointly inverting dc resistivity and seismic traveltime data based on the multiple constraints: (1) structural similarity based on cross-gradient, (2) correlation between two different material properties, and (3) a priori information on the material property distribution. Through the numerical experiments of surface dc resistivity and seismic refraction surveys, the performance of the proposed algorithm was demonstrated and the effects of different regularizations were analyzed. In particular, we showed that the hidden layer problem in the seismic refraction method due to an inter-bedded low velocity layer can be solved by the joint inversion when appropriate constraints are applied.

Petrophysical Joint Inversion of Seismic and Electromagnetic Data (탄성파 탐사자료와 전자탐사자료를 이용한 저류층 물성 동시복합역산)

  • Yu, Jeongmin;Byun, Joongmoo;Seol, Soon Jee
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2018
  • Seismic inversion is a high-resolution tool to delineate the subsurface structures which may contain oil or gas. On the other hand, marine controlled-source electromagnetic (mCSEM) inversion can be a direct tool to indicate hydrocarbon. Thus, the joint inversion using both EM and seismic data together not only reduces the uncertainties but also takes advantage of both data simultaneously. In this paper, we have developed a simultaneous joint inversion approach for the direct estimation of reservoir petrophysical parameters, by linking electromagnetic and seismic data through rock physics model. A cross-gradient constraint is used to enhance the resolution of the inversion image and the maximum likelihood principle is applied to the relative weighting factor which controls the balance between two disparate data. By applying the developed algorithm to the synthetic model simulating the simplified gas field, we could confirm that the high-resolution images of petrophysical parameters can be obtained. However, from the other test using the synthetic model simulating an anticline reservoir, we noticed that the joint inversion produced different images depending on the model constraint used. Therefore, we modified the algorithm which has different model weighting matrix depending on the type of model parameters. Smoothness constraint and Marquardt-Levenberg constraint were applied to the water-saturation and porosity, respectively. When the improved algorithm is applied to the anticline model again, reliable porosity and water-saturation of reservoir were obtained. The inversion results indicate that the developed joint inversion algorithm can be contributed to the calculation of the accurate oil and gas reserves directly.

Formation Estimation of Shaly Sandstone Reservoir using Joint Inversion from Well Logging Data (복합역산을 이용한 물리검층자료로부터의 셰일성 사암 저류층의 지층 평가)

  • Choi, Yeonjin;Chung, Woo-Keen;Ha, Jiho;Shin, Sung-ryul
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2019
  • Well logging technologies are used to measure the physical properties of reservoirs through boreholes. These technologies have been utilized to understand reservoir characteristics, such as porosity, fluid saturation, etc., using equations based on rock physics models. The analysis of well logs is performed by selecting a reliable rock physics model adequate for reservoir conditions or characteristics, comparing the results using the Archie's equation or simandoux method, and determining the most feasible reservoir properties. In this study, we developed a joint inversion algorithm to estimate physical properties in shaly sandstone reservoirs based on the pre-existing algorithm for sandstone reservoirs. For this purpose, we proposed a rock physics model with respect to shale volume, constructed the Jacobian matrix, and performed the sensitivity analysis for understanding the relationship between well-logging data and rock properties. The joint inversion algorithm was implemented by adopting the least-squares method using probabilistic approach. The developed algorithm was applied to the well-logging data obtained from the Colony gas sandstone reservoir. The results were compared with the simandox method and the joint inversion algorithms of sand stone reservoirs.

Reconstruction and Deconvolution of X-Ray Backscatter Data Using Adaptive Filter (적응필터를 이용한 적층 복합재료에서의 역산란 X-Ray 신호처리 및 복원)

  • Kim, Noh-Yu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.545-554
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    • 2000
  • Compton X-ray backscatter technique has been used to quantitatively assess the impact damage in quasi-isotropic laminated composites and to obtain a cross-sectional profile of impact-damaged laminated composites from the density variation of the cross section. An adaptive filter is applied to the Compton backscattering data for the reconstruction and noise reduction from many sources including quantum noise, especially when the SNR(signal-to-noise ratio) of the image is relatively low. A nonlinear reconstruction model is also proposed to overcome distortion of the Compton backscatter image due to attenuation effects, beam hardening, and irregular distributions of the fibers and the matrix in composites. Delaminations masked or distorted by the first few delaminations near the front surface are detected and characterized both in width and location, by application of an error minimization algorithm.

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Effective Estimation of Porosity and Fluid Saturation using Joint Inversion Result of Seismic and Electromagnetic Data (탄성파탐사와 전자탐사 자료의 복합역산 결과를 이용한 효과적인 공극률 및 유체포화율의 추정)

  • Jeong, Soocheol;Seol, Soon Jee;Byun, Joongmoo
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.54-63
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    • 2015
  • Petrophysical parameters such as porosity and fluid saturation which provide useful information for reservoir characterization could be estimated by rock physics model (RPM) using seismic velocity and resistivity. Therefore, accurate P-wave velocity and resistivity information have to be obtained for successful estimation of the petrophysical parameters. Compared with the individual inversion of electromagnetic (EM) or seismic data, the joint inversion using both EM and seismic data together can reduce the uncertainty and gives the opportunity to use the advantages of each data. Thus, more reliable petrophysical properties could be estimated through the joint inversion. In this paper, for the successful estimation of petrophysical parameters, we proposed an effective method which applies a grid-search method to find the porosity and fluid saturation. The relations of porosity and fluid saturation with P-wave velocity and resistivity were expressed by using RPM and the improved resistivity distribution used to this study was obtained by joint inversion of seismic and EM data. When the proposed method was applied to the synthetic data which were simulated for subsea reservoir exploration, reliable petrophysical parameters were obtained. The results indicate that the proposed method can be applied for detecting a reservoir and calculating the accurate oil and gas reserves.

Joint inversion of receiver function and surface-wave phase velocity for estimation of shear-wave velocity of sedimentary layers (퇴적층들의 전단파 속도 평가를 위한 수신함수와 표면파 위상 속도의 통합 역산)

  • Kurose, Takeshi;Yamanaka, Hiroaki
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we propose a joint inversion method, using genetic algorithms, to determine the shear-wave velocity structure of deep sedimentary layers from receiver functions and surface-wave phase velocity. Numerical experiments with synthetic data indicate that the proposed method can avoid the trade-off between shear-wave velocity and thickness that arises when inverting the receiver function only, and the uncertainty in deep structure from surface-wave phase velocity inversion alone. We apply the method to receiver functions obtained from earthquake records with epicentral distances of about 100 km, and Rayleigh-wave phase velocities obtained from a microtremor array survey in the Kanto Plain, Japan. The estimated subsurface structure is in good agreement with the previous results of seismic refraction surveys and deep borehole data.

A Study on Geoelectrical Structure of Jeju Island Using 3D MT Inversion of 2D Profile Data (2차원 MT 자료의 3차원 역산을 통한 제주도 지전기구조 연구)

  • Choi, Ji-Hyang;Kim, Hee-Joon;Nam, Myung-Jin;Lee, Tae-Jong;Han, Nu-Ree;Lee, Seong-Kon;Song, Yoon-Ho;Suh, Jung-Hee
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.268-274
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    • 2007
  • Traditional two-dimensional (2D) interpretation of magnetotelluric (MT) data utilizes only transverse magnetic (TM)-mode data, because 2D inversion of transverse electric (TE)-mode data results in spurious features when 3D structures exist in the subsurface. The application of a 3D inversion algorithm to a single MT profile can reduce contamination due to off-profile anomalies and help us to incorporate TE-mode data in the interpretation. In this study, we conduct 2D and 3D inversions of MT data observed along two lines in Jeju Island. First, we invert apparent resistivities and phases in the TM and TE modes separately. Then, we perform 2D joint inversion of both TM- and TE-mode data and 3D inversion of both Zxy- and Zyx-mode data corresponding to TE- and TM-mode data in 2D. The resistivity images derived from all four data show that the geoelectrical structure in Jeju Island is a three-layered earth with the resistive-conductive-resistive stratigraphy within a depth of 5 km. The 3D inversion does not produce clear anomalies in the reconstructed profile image, while all of 2D do. This attributed to the possibility that 2D inversion results are distorted by exiting off-profile 3D anomalies in Jeju. With 3D inversion of 2D profile MT data, we can deduce more reliable results that are not seriously distorted by off-profile 3D anomalies.

Multi-station joint inversion of receiver function and surface-wave phase velocity data for exploration of deep sedimentary layers (심부 퇴적층 탐사를 위한 수신함수와 표면파 위상속도를 이용한 다측점 자료의 복합 역산)

  • Kurose, Takeshi;Yamanaka, Hiroaki
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2007
  • In this study, we propose a joint inversion method, using genetic algorithms, to estimate an S-wave velocity structure for deep sedimentary layers from receiver functions and surface-wave phase velocity observed at several sites. The method takes layer continuity over a target area into consideration by assuming that each layer has uniform physical properties, especially an S-wave velocity, at all the sites in a target area in order to invert datasets acquired at different sites simultaneously. Numerical experiments with synthetic data indicate that the proposed method is effective in reducing uncertainty in deep structure parameters when modelling only surface-wave dispersion data over a limited period range. We then apply the method to receiver functions derived from earthquake records at one site and two datasets of Rayleigh-wave phase velocity obtained from microtremor array surveys performed in central Tokyo, Japan. The estimated subsurface structure is in good agreement with the results of previous seismic refraction surveys and deep borehole data. We also conclude that the proposed method can provide a more accurate and reliable model than individual inversions of either receiver function data only or surface-wave dispersion data only.