• Title, Summary, Keyword: 복합소재

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Comparison of Antioxidant Activities of Enzymatic and Methanolic Extracts from Ecklonia cava Stem and Leave (감태(Ecklonia cava) 줄기 및 잎의 효소적 추출물과 메탄올 추출물에 의한 항산화 활성비교)

  • Lee, Seung-Hong;Kim, Kil-Nam;Cha, Seon-Heui;Ahn, Gin-Nae;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.9
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    • pp.1139-1145
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    • 2006
  • In this study, antioxidant activities of enzymatic and methanolic extracts from E. cava stem and leave were evaluated by measuring the scavenging activities on 1,1 diphenyl 2 picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide and the inhibitory effects on DNA damage induced by oxidative stress of cells. Enzymatic extracts were prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis of both stem and leave using food grade five different carbohydrases (Viscozyme, Celluclast, AMG, Termamyl, Ultraflo) and five proteases (Protamex, Kojizyme, Neutrase, Flavourzyme, Alcalase). The enzymatic extracts were lower than methanolic extracts in polyphenol contents, but higher in extraction yield by approximately 30%. The enzymatic extracts were superior to methanolic extracts in DPPH and H2O2 scavenging activities and DNA damage protective effect. There were no significant antioxidant activity difference between stem and leave, but the extracts of leave were relatively better than those of stem. In this study it is suggested that E. cava stem as well as its leave would be a good raw materials for antioxidants compound extraction and enzymatic hydrolysis would be a good strategy to prepare antioxidant extracts from seaweeds.

Chemo-Mechanical Analysis of Bifunctional Linear DGEBA/Linear Amine (DDM, DDS) Resin Casting Systems (DGEBA/방향족 아민(DDM, DDS) 경화제의 벤젠링 사이의 관능기 변화가 물성 변화에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • 명인호;정인재;이재락
    • Composites Research
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 1999
  • To determine the effect of chemical structure of linear amine curing agents on thermal and mechanical properties, standard epoxy resin DGEBA was cured with diaminodiphenyl methane (DDM), diaminodiphenyl sulphone (DDS) in a stoichiometrically equivalent ratio. From this work, the effect of aromatic amine curing agents. In contrast, the results show that the DGEBA/DDS cure system having the sulfone structure between the benzene rings had higher values in the conversion of epoxide, density, shrinkage (%), glass transition temperature, tensile modulus and strength, flexural modulus and strength than the DGEBA/DDM cure system having methylene structure between the benzene rings, whereas the DGEBA/DDM cure system presented higher values in the maximum exothermic temperature, thermal expansion coefficient, and thermal stability. These results are caused by the relative effects of sulfone group having strong electronegativity and methylene group having (+) repulsive property and stem from the effect of the conversion ratio of epoxide group. The result of fractography shows that the each grain size of the DDM/DGEBA system with feather-like structure is larger than that of the DDS/DGEBA system.

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Effect of Replacing Antibiotics by Herb Extracts and Digestive Enzymes Containing Vitamin E and Oriental Medicinal Plants Byproduct on Blood Serum Cholesterol and Meat Qualities in the Hog Loin Meat (항생제 대체를 위한 비타민 E 및 한방부산물을 포함한 허브추출물 및 효소제 복합처리가 거세돈의 혈액콜레스테롤 및 식육의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Suk-Nam;Kim, Jong-Duck;Kim, Il-Suk;Jin, Sang-Keun;Lee, Moo-Ha
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to know the effect of the oriental medicinal plants byproduct containing vitamin E and 0.1% antibiotics (T1) and the oriental medicinal plants byproduct containing vitamin E and the replacing antibiotics by 0.03% herb extracts (T2) and 0.1% aminolevulinic acid (T3) on production performance of finishing hog and its meat qualities. There were no significant differences in the daily weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion rate values between all treatment groups. However, the T2 group tends to have a higher daily weight gain (g/day) than the other groups (p>0.05). The T2 group showed lower total-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol contents (114.71 and 68.09 mg/dl, respectively) than the control in the blood serum (p<0.001), and all the treated groups of oriental medicinal plants byproduct and vitamin E increased HDL-cholesterol and decreased LDL-cholesterol contents in the blood serum. Content of vitamin E in muscles from the group T1, T2 and T3 (2.11, 2.21 and 2.18 mg $kg^{-1}$, respectively) showed higher levels than those of control. The presence of antibiotics (chlortetracycline) in hog loin meat were detected (0.08 ppm) in control sample. However, there was no antibiotic in other treated hog loin meats (T1, T2 and T3, respectively). The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and volatile basic nitrogen values of the groups T2 (0.06 mg MA $kg^{-1}$ and 11.21 mg%, respectively) and T3 (0.05 mg MA $kg^{-1}$ and 8.23 mg%, respectively) were significantly (p<0.05) lower than that of control in loin meat. However, there was no significant difference between treated samples (T1, T2 and T3, respectively) and control in cooking loss and drip loss.

프렌차이점에서 사용되는 튀김류의 산패도 및 트랜스지방의 함량 비교

  • Kim, Yeong-Seong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Sanitation Conference
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    • pp.76-97
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    • 2005
  • As the recent change of multiformity and taste in clination in eating habit culture is yearly in creasing foods used oil and fats. Because the frying food is especially important snack , it's safty is very essential. In order to know the safty and harmfulness of frying oil and fats. The 20 kinds samples were purchased chicken fried food shops around the north of seoul and kyunggi. The acid value, iodine value, peroxide value, TBA value, fatty acid, carbonyl value, and smoke point of deep fat fried oils were analyzed. Results of analyzed, A company of deep fat frying oil showed stability state and C company and B company of deep fat frying oil is acidification to turned. But D company of deep fat frying oil showed quite a bit acidification progressived of used hydrogenated oil.

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A Study on Fuel Characteristics of Mixtures Using Torrefied Wood Powder and Waste Activated Carbon (반탄화 목분과 폐활성탄 혼합물의 복합연료활용을 위한 연료적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chang Goo;Kang, Seog Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2015
  • This study evaluated fuel properties of composite materials which were prepared by mixing a waste activated carbon from the used purifier filter with torrefied wood powder. Wood species of the raw material of torrefied wood powder are oak wood (Quercus serrata Thunb. ex Murray) and pine wood (Pinus densiflora Siebold & Zucc). And the treatment conditions used for this study were 300 s, 450 s, and 600 s at $200^{\circ}C$ for the wood roaster. Also, the mixing ratios are 5 : 95, 10 : 90, 15 : 85, 20 : 80, 40 : 60, 60 : 40 and 80 : 20 (waste activated carbon : torrefied wood powder). The fuel properties such as highly heating value (HHV), elementary analysis and ash content were evaluated. The results obtained are followings; 1. Despite the same treatment condition of wood roasting, pine wood has higher carbon contents than oak wood. Therefore, pine wood indicated the optimum carbonization at low temperature and short treatment times. 2. The gross calorific value and ash content increased as the mixing ratio of waste activated carbon increased. 3. Mixtures of the waste activated carbon and torrefied wood powder showed greater gross calorific value than those of the mixtures of waste activated carbon and the untreated wood powder. Also, the pine wood resulted in higher heating value that thaose of the oak wood. 4. When composite fuels that were composed waste activate carbon and wood powder are used, higher temperature conditions are required because the combustion is incomplete at $800^{\circ}C$ and 4 hours. 5. The increasing rate of the gross calorific value of mixtures of waste activated carbon and untreated wood powder is higher than does the mixtures of waste activated carbon and torrefied wood powder. Also, this phenomenon is more obvious for pine woods. Therefore, an optimal mixing ratio of waste activated carbon was determined to be between 5% and 10% (wt%). Also, this condition satisfied the requirement of the No.1 grade of wood pellet.

Dental Hygienist-Led Dental Hygiene Process of Care for Self-Support Program Participants in Gangneung (강릉시 자활근로사업 참여자 대상 치위생 과정 사례보고)

  • Yoo, Sang-Hee;Kwak, Seon-Hui;Lee, Sue-Hyang;Song, Ga-In;Bae, Soo-Myoung;Shin, Sun-Jung;Shin, Bo-Mi
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.327-339
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to provide basic data for establishing the clinical basis for dental hygienist-led dental hygiene process of care by identifying multiple risk factors for self-support program participants in Gangneung city; we also compared oral health status and behavioral changes through customized oral health care. Four dental hygienists who were evaluated for degree of conformity provided dental hygiene process of care to eight self-support program participants who were selected as having an oral health risk among people in the self-support center. The clinical indicators measured during dental hygiene assessment and evaluation and behavioral changes due to dental hygiene intervention were compared and analyzed. With respect to clinical indicators, at the time of probe, the retention rate of patients with gingival bleeding decreased from 61.4% to 14.7% after intervention (p=0.004). Furthermore, the retention rate of patients with a periodontal pocket >4 mm decreased from 15.6% to 5.8% (p=0.001). The average modified O'Leary index of the patients improved from 23 to 40 (p=0.002). Previously, all eight subjects used the vertical or horizontal method of brushing; after dental hygiene care interventions regarding method and frequency of toothbrushing, use of oral care products, and individual interventions, they started using the rolling or Bass method of toothbrushing. Four of eight subjects reported using interdental toothbrushes after intervention. As a result of applying the change model to the transtheoretical behavior change of the subject, the result of strengthening the health behavior was confirmed. For promotion of oral health by the prevention-centered incremental oral health care system, dental hygienist-led dental hygiene management and maintenance is essential. It is thought that continuous research, such as for feasibility evaluation, cost benefit analysis, and preparation of legal systems, is needed to establish and activate dental hygiene management.

A review on the design requirement of temperature in high-level nuclear waste disposal system: based on bentonite buffer (고준위폐기물처분시스템 설계 제한온도 설정에 관한 기술현황 분석: 벤토나이트 완충재를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jin-Seop;Cho, Won-Jin;Park, Seunghun;Kim, Geon-Young;Baik, Min-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.587-609
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    • 2019
  • Short-and long-term stabilities of bentonite, favored material as buffer in geological repositories for high-level waste were reviewed in this paper in addition to alternative design concepts of buffer to mitigate the thermal load from decay heat of SF (Spent Fuel) and further increase the disposal efficiency. It is generally reported that the irreversible changes in structure, hydraulic behavior, and swelling capacity are produced due to temperature increase and vapor flow between $150{\sim}250^{\circ}C$. Provided that the maximum temperature of bentonite is less than $150^{\circ}C$, however, the effects of temperature on the material, structural, and mineralogical stability seems to be minor. The maximum temperature in disposal system will constrain and determine the amount of waste to be disposed per unit area and be regarded as an important design parameter influencing the availability of disposal site. Thus, it is necessary to identify the effects of high temperature on the performance of buffer and allow for the thermal constraint greater than $100^{\circ}C$. In addition, the development of high-performance EBS (Engineered Barrier System) such as composite bentonite buffer mixed with graphite or silica and multi-layered buffer (i.e., highly thermal-conductive layer or insulating layer) should be taken into account to enhance the disposal efficiency in parallel with the development of multilayer repository. This will contribute to increase of reliability and securing the acceptance of the people with regard to a high-level waste disposal.

Correlation Analysis of Cause factor through Ship Collision Accident, and Cause factor Analysis through Collision Time (선박 충돌사고의 원인요소 간 상관관계 및 충돌시간에 따른 원인요소 분석)

  • Youn, Donghyup;Shin, Ilsik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2017
  • Enlargement and speed-up of a ship and diversification of ship's type have served to greatly increase the importance of marine transport means. It's reported that accident occurrence frequency of collision is high next to engine damage among the ship accident types, and that the accident ratio according to human factors is also high. In addition, ship accidents come to occur caused by complex cause factors rather than a sole cause factor, it is necessary to investigate the cause factors through the written verdict. This study proposed the cause factors of collision ship accident on the basis of human factors in collision ship accident among the written verdicts provided by the Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal, and inquired into the cause factor and effect through the correlation analysis of accident occurrence factors. Also, this study predicted the collision accident through analyzed the major cause factor of the occurrence at the zero minute when collision on the basis of the time taken from the time point of detecting collision of ships to the time point of collision occurrence. This study used commercial software-Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS Ver21.0) to do correlation analysis. For time analysis, this study analyzed the cause factor and time by analyzing the time taken from the time point of detected ships to the time point of collision occurrence on the basis of the written verdicts. The study analysis showed that there were many cases of collision ship accidents occurrence caused by more than two sorts of cause factors, and that the case (zero minute) where there is no time to spare for collision avoidance accounted for 36.1 %, and negligence in guard or surveillance of the other ship, and sailing while drowsy, or drinking was a contributor to an accident. Poor watch keeping is very strong relationship with pool ready for sail.

Anti-inflammatory and Whitening Effects of Protaetia brevitarsis Seulensis Extracts by Oriental Conversion Methods (포제방법에 따른 흰점박이꽃무지(Protaetia brevitarsis Seulensis) 추출물의 항염 및 미백활성에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Gyeong Ah;Kim, Mi Hye;Park, Soo Nam
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.421-432
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    • 2016
  • In order to find new functional materials for the cosmetics application, we investigated anti-inflammatory and whitening effects of the Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis (P. brevitarsis) extracts, which were prepared by the various oriental conversion methods, as follows; fresh, roasted one time, roasted two times, roasted three times, and steamed. 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities of the various solvent extracts (80% ethanol, 50% ethanol, ethyl acetate, hexane) of P. brevitarsis extracts were 85.5, 22.4, 37.0 and 19.4% respectively. The 80% ethanol extract with the highest antioxidant activity was used for all experiments. In case of antioxidant activity test of the extracts, all the extracts showed the activities in concentration dependent manner regardless of the sample preparation methods. Superoxide dismutase-like (SOD-like) activities of the extracts roasted three times and steamed were 62.9 and 55.9%, respectively in $500{\mu}g/mL$. Effects of extracts on the inflammation of RAW 264.7 cell induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) showed decreasing tendency of $NO{\cdot}$ and prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PGE_2$) production; PBS fresh (38.0%), PBS roasted one time (41.0%), PBS roasted two times (69.8%), PBS roasted three times (70.1%), PBS steamed (78.5%). Intracellular tyrosinase and melanin biosynthesis inhibitory activities of the extracts were decreased in a concentration dependent manner. However, the fresh P. brevitarsis extracts without the oriental conversion method showed 90.7% decrease compared to the control group treated with ${\alpha}$-MSH alone at $500{\mu}g/mL$. Taken together, these results suggest the oriental conversion method can be applied in development of cosmetic materials in order to improve anti-inflammatory and whitening effects of the cosmetics products.

Single Dose Oral Toxicity Test of Ethanol Extracts of Schisandrae fructus and Mori folium, and their Mixture in ICR Mice (ICR 마우스를 이용한 오미자, 상엽 에탄올 단독추출물 및 복합추출물의 단회경구투여 독성시험)

  • Choi, Eun Ok;Kwon, Da Hye;Kim, Min Young;Hwang-Bo, Hyun;Kim, Hong Jae;Ahn, Kyu Im;Jeong, Jin-Woo;Lee, Ki Won;Kim, Ki Young;Kim, Sung Goo;Choi, Young Whan;Hong, Su Hyun;Park, Cheol;Choi, Yung Hyun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.1207-1213
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    • 2016
  • Schisandrae fructus (SF) and Mori folium (MF) have been used as traditional medicines for thousands of years in parts of Asia, including Korea, China, and Japan. Recent researches on SF and MF have documented a wide spectrum of therapeutic properties, including anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, immunomodulatory and anti-angiogenesis effects. However, the toxicity and safety of SF and MF, and their mixture (medicinal herber mixture, MHMIX) were not confirmed. Therefore, this study was performed to evaluate the acute toxicity and safety of SF, MF and MHMIX. SF, MF and MHMIX were orally administered at a dose of 5,000 mg/kg in ICR mice. Animals were monitored for the mortality and changes in the body weight, clinical signs and gross observation during the 14 days after dosing, upon necropsy. We also measured parameters of organ weight, clinical chemistry, and hematology. No dead and no clinical signs were found during the experiment period after administration of a single oral dose of SF, MF and MHMIX. There were no adverse effects on clinical signs, body weight, or organ weight and no gross pathological findings in any treatment group. Therefore, LD50 value of SF, MF and MHMIX may be over 5,000 mg/kg and it may have no side toxic effect to ICR mice. The results on the single-dose toxicity of SF, MF and MHMIX indicate that it is not possible to reach oral dose levels related to death or dose levels with any harmful side effects.