• Title/Summary/Keyword: 보텍스

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Vortex Motion near the Edge of a Semi-Infinite Flat Plate Impulsively Started Transversally (급진하는 반무한 평판 주위의 보텍스 운동)

  • Suh, Y. K.
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 1988
  • 정지된 유동장에 놓인 반무한 평판이 횡방향으로 갑자기 출발하는 경우에 있어서 평판의 끝에서 발생하는 보텍스의 거동을 해석적 및 수치적 측면에서 검토하였다. 해석적 방법은 단일 보텍스 모델에 근거를 두었으며, 해석결과 순환량은 시간의 1/3승, 보텍스의 중심까지의 거리는 시간의 2/3승에 비례하여 증가함을 알 수 있었다. 룬게.쿠타(Runge-Kutta)방법을 써서 분리 보텍스 모델에 따른 비선형 운동방정식의 해를 수치적으로 구했다. 수치해는 시간의 경과에 따라 해석 해에 접근하였다. 보텍스의 형상에 있어서도 실험결과와 잘 맞았다.

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Process of Hairpin Vortex Packet Generation in Channel Flows (채널 유동 내에서 헤어핀 보텍스 패킷의 형성 과정)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Youn
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.839-847
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    • 2012
  • Numerical simulations for channel flows with $Re_{\tau}$ = 180, 395 and 590 have been performed to investigate the hairpin packet formation process in wall-bounded turbulent flows. Using direct numerical simulation databases, the initial flow fields are given by the conditionally averaged flow field with the second quadrant event specified at the buffer layer. By tracking the initial vortex development, the change in the initial vortex to an ${\Omega}$-shaped vortex and th generation of a secondary hairpin vortex were found to occur with time scales based on the wall units. In addition, at the time when the initial vortex has grown to the channel center, the inclination angle of the hairpin vortex packet is approximately $12{\sim}14^{\circ}$, which is similar for all three Reynolds numbers. Finally, numerical simulations of the evolution of two adjacent hairpin vortices have been performed to examine the interaction between the adjacent vortex packets.

An Experimental Study on the Energy Separation in the Ratio of Nozzle Area of a tow Pressure Vortex Tube (저압용 보텍스튜브의 노즐면적비에 따른 에너지 분리특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 오동진;최정원
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2004
  • The process of energy separation in a low pressure vortex tube with compressed air as a working medium is studied in detail. Experimental data of the temperature of the cold and hot air leaving the vortex tube are presented. The variation of the maximum wall temperature along the inner surface of a vortex tube and the temperature distribution in a vortex tube provide useful information about the location of the stagnation point of the flow field at the axis of the vortex tube Analysis of the results enabled to find the optimum ratio of nozzle area and the optimum shape of an orifice. From this optimum geometric setup of a low pressure and big vortex tube the effectiveness of energy separation was better than a high pressure and small vortex tube.

The plan of depreciation vortex developing a Pump suction Pipes through Sump model test (수리모형실험을 통한 펌프 흡입배관부 보텍스 현상 저감방안)

  • Ahn, IS;Kim, SH;Kim, KY;Roh, HW;Lee, YH
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2004
  • In general, the function of intake structure, whether it be a open channel, a fully wetted tunnel, a sump or a tank is to supply an evenly distributed flow to a pump station. An even distribution of flow, characterized by strong local flow, can result in formation of surface or submerged vortices, and with certain low values of submergence, my introduce air into pun, causing a reduction of capacity and efficiency, an increase in vibration and additional noise. This study investigated experimentally the formation of the vortex to understand the mechanism of vortex formation and to prevent the formation of vortex in the sump model using by the model test and PIV tool. Sump model was manufactured to 1/8 scale with the drawing of W intake pumping station. from the results of model test and PIV, the vortex were occurred the in the whole section. Thus, sump model tests with the anti-vortex device might be considered to prevent the formation of vortex in the sump model.

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Generation of vortices by a light-induced phase mask in a V-type atomic system (V형 원자계에서의 광에 의해 유도된 위상마스크에 의한 위상특이점의 생성)

  • 전진호;최원식;오명규;안경원;이재형
    • Proceedings of the Optical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.160-161
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    • 2003
  • 위상특이점이라고도 불리는 광 보텍스(optical vortex)를 포함한 빔은 파면의 특이성 때문에 많은 관심을 끌어왔다. 위상을 정의할 수 없는 위상특이점을 따라서는 빔의 동일위상파면이 소용돌이 형태를 가진다. 그 소용돌이 정도는 위상전하(topological charge) 라는 양으로 특징지을 수 있다. 광 보텍스는 선형 및 비선형적 특성에 대해 많은 연구가 이루어져왔다. 레이저 공진기를 변형하거나, 홀로그램이나 위상마스크에 레이저를 조사하여 보텍스를 발생시키는 방법 등의 여러 방법이 알려져 있다. (중략)

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Study on the analysis of model propeller tip vortex cavitation inception (모형 추진기 날개 끝 보텍스 캐비테이션 초생분석 연구)

  • Seol, Hanshin;Kim, Seong-Yong
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the noise characteristics of the propeller tip vortex cavitation and its inception were analyzed experimentally. Generally, tip vortex cavitation is the first appeared cavity that occurs in a propeller. If propeller tip vortex cavitation is appeared, the level and characteristics of underwater radiated noise changes dramatically compared with the non-cavitating propeller. Therefore, it is very important to analyze the noise characteristics of the propeller cavitation and to detect the cavitation inception in the development of the propulsion system for military vessel and underwater weapon system. The change of noise characteristics due to the inception and growth of the propeller tip vortex cavitation was analyzed. Various imaging-noise measurement and analysis technique were used to determine the inception of propeller cavitation.

Evaluation of Power Generation Efficiency according to Geometric Characteristics of Reservoir in Micro Vortex Hydro-electric Power Generation System (마이크로 보텍스 수력발전시스템에 있어 저수조의 기하학적 특성에 따른 발전 효율 평가)

  • Jeong, Woo Chang;Kang, Hyun Sil
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.432-432
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    • 2021
  • 우리나라는 대부분의 에너지 공급을 해외에 의존하고 있는 실정이다. 산업통상자원부와 에너지경제연구원에서 발간하는 2018년 에너지통계연보(에너지경제연구원과 산업통상자원부, 2018)에 실린 2010년부터 2017년까지의 에너지수급 균형을 보면 원유, 천연가스, 석탄, 우라늄 등 평균 95.4%의 에너지를 수입하고 있는 실정이다. 수력 및 신재생에너지의 경우 기후변화에 대응하는 수단 그리고 정부의 저탄소에너지 전환 정책으로 인정받아 상대적으로 낮은 에너지 경제성에도 불구하고 꾸준히 보급되고 있다. 우리나라뿐만 아니라 독일, 프랑스, 영국, 중국 그리고 인도와 같은 세계 주요 국가들이 친환경 에너지 정책을 주도함에 따라 향후 신재생에너지의 공급 규모는 크게 확대될 것으로 전망된다. 중력 물 보텍스 마이크로 수력 발전 시스템은 시스템의 상하류부의 수두(hydraulic head) 차에 의해 저류조(basin)에서 발생되는 물의 보텍스 즉 소용돌이(whirlpool)를 이용하여 임펠러(impeller)를 회전시켜 전기에너지를 생산하는 친환경적 재생에너지의 일종이다. 또한, 시스템으로 유입되는 물은 전기에너지 생산을 위한 임펠러를 통과한 후 다시 하천으로 방류되므로 하천 수의 손실 그리고 하천의 물길도 거의 교란 시키지 않는다. 4가구 정도의 연간 가정용 전기 요구량인 12와 15kW 사이의 전기에너지를 생산하기 위해서는 발전시스템의 상류와 하류의 수두차가 단지 1.5에서 1.7m 이하이면 충분한 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서는 중력 물 보텍스 친환경 마이크로 발전 시스템을 구성하는 저류조(basin)에 대해 최대 발전효율을 발생시키기에 최적인 기하학적 형태를 도출하는 것이며, 이를 위해 저류조의 cone angle에 따른 다양한 저류조 직경 및 물 보텍스 생성을 위한 저류조 형태의 변화, 유입수로와 저류조와의 각도인 notch angle의 변화, 유입부 폭과 유출부 직경, 유입수로의 길이 그리고 유입수로에서의 초기수심과 같은 기하학적 매개변수를 변화시켜 모의를 수행하였다.

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The Effect of a Vortex Chamber Diameter Ratio on Energy Separation (보텍스 생성실 지름비가 에너지 분리에 미치는 영향)

  • 유갑종;이병화;최인수
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.667-673
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    • 2001
  • As an alternative cooling method to reduce environmental hazard, vortex tubes have been studied for energy separation into cold and hot streams. Hence, the experiments were carried out systematically to find the best ratio of vortex chamber diameter to tube diameter. Also, the work was don to investigate how inlet pressure and geometric ratios of vortex tube affected temperature differences at tow needs as ell as cooling capacity and cooling efficiency. The result showed that the maximum temperature differences at the both ends and the maximum cooling efficiency were obtained when the ratio of vortex chamber diameter was about 1.45, while the inlet pressure ws not higher than 0.7 MPa.

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Numerical Analysis on the Flow Uniformity in a Pump Sump Model with Multi Pump Intake (다중 흡수정을 갖는 펌프장 모델의 유동균일성 해석)

  • Choi, Jong-Woong;Choi, Young-Do;Lim, Woo-Seop;Lee, Young-Ho
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2009
  • The head-capacity curves for pumps developed by the pump manufacturer are based on tests of a single pump operating in a semi-infinite basin with no close walls or floors and with no stray currents. Therefore, flow into the pump intake is with no vortices or swirling. However, pump station designers relying on these curves to define the operating conditions for the pump selected sometimes meet the reductions of capacity and efficiency, as well as the increase of vibration and additional noise, which were caused by air-entered flow in the pump station. From this background, the authors are carrying out a systematic study on the flow characteristics of intakes within a sump of pump station model. Multi-intake sump model with anti-submerged vortex device basin is designed and the characteristics of submerged vortex is investigated in the flow field by numerical simulation. In this study, a commercial CFD code is used to predict the vortex generation in the pump station accurately. The analysed results by CFD show that the vortex structure and effect of anti-submerged vortex device are different at each pump intake channel.

Control of Subsurface Vortex on Cylindrical Sump Wall (원통형 펌프 흡입정 벽면에서 발생하는 수중 보텍스 제어)

  • Park, Young Kyu;Jeon, Joon Ho;Lee, Yoen Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2019
  • The subsurface vortex - which occurs inside the cylindrical sump - was visualized through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and experiment. The analysis of subsurface vortex inside the cylindrical sump was already carried out using CFD techniques by the first author. To understand the subsurface vortex more clearly, an experimental analysis was carried out with a 1/5th scale model; and the flow rate was calculated according to the similarity law. The experimental results of vortex visualization matches well with the CFD results. The surface roughness model and Anti Vortex Device (AVD) model have been investigated to control the subsurface vortex. For the case of average surface roughness of 1mm and 5mm, the subsurface vortex appears and the vorticity is higher when compared to that of a smooth surface condition. However, for the AVD model, the subsurface vortex is completely removed and the internal flow is stabilized.