• Title, Summary, Keyword: 보자력

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Underlayer for Coercivity Enhancement of Ti/CoCrPt Thin Films (보자력 향상을 위한 Ti/CoCrPt박막의 하지층)

  • Jang, Pyung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.94-98
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    • 2002
  • Sputtering conditions and various underlayer such as Al, Cu, Ni, Cr, Ag, Mg, Fe, Co, Pd, Au, Pt, Mo and Hf were investigated for coercivity enhancement of 20 nm Ti/CoCrPt thin films in order to increase the coercivity of the films thinner than 20 nm. Among them, Ag and Mg were effective to increase the coercivity. Particularly 2 nm Ag was very effective to increase the coercivity and nucleation field as well as to reduce ${\alpha}$ value in CoCrPt thin film such that the coercivity of 2 nm Ag/18 nm Ti/10 nm CoCrPt film was 2200 Oe. However, it seemed that other coercivity enhancement mechanism operated in CoCrPt films because Ti (002) preferred texture was not developed with Ag underlayer contrary to a general expectation. And the coercivity and nucleation field were decreased when glass substrate with rougher surface was used.

Development of Coercivity Measuring System for Ferromagnetic Materials in Open Magnetic Circuit (개방자기회로에서 강자성재료의 보자력 측정장치 개발)

  • 유권상;박진습
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 2000
  • Coercivity is defined as the magnetic field strength required to reduce the magnetic polarization to zero of magnetic specimen which has been previously magnetized to saturation. This quantity is a reference for classifying soft and hard magnetic materials. We have constructed the measuring system for measurement of coercivity of ferromagnetic materials in open magnetic circuit. The measurement range of the constructed system is from tens A/m to tens kA/m, the combined uncertainty is ${\pm}$0.22 kA/m as coercivity is 14.63 kA/m.

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A Study on Difference in Coercivity between Substituted Barium Ferrite Powder and Its Tape (자기기록용 치환형 Ba-Ferrite 분말과 Tape의 보자력 차이에 관한 연구)

  • 홍양기;정홍식;김현준
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.251-257
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    • 1996
  • A coercivity of barium ferrite (BaM) tape was found to be higher than the coercivity of BaM powder, This difference is in the range of 50 Oe to 600 Oe, which depends on substituted cations. physical properties of powder, and preparation conditions of the tape. The coercivity difference is attributed to both particle stacking and adsorption of organic solvent on particle surface. Regardless of substituted cations, the coercivity of longitudinally oriented BaFe tape was higher than that of BaM powder by a range of 100 Oe to 120 Oe, which is caused by particle stacking' During the active adsorption process on preparation of magnetic paint, where MEK (methyl ethyl ketone), TOL (toluene) and CHO (cyclohexanone) were used, chemisorption of solvents on the surface of substituted BaFe particle occurred to form polymeric compounds surrounding the particle. An increase in coercivity, caused by the solvent adsorption, was significant for Co-substutited BaM tape. Among these solvents CHO was the most effective one in increasing the coercivity of the Co-Ti substituted BaM tape.

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Study on the Coercive Field Strenght Noise Depends on The Magnetic Field Annealing Effect of Amorphous Ribbon (비정질 리본의 자기장중 열처리에 의한 보자력 노이즈의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 최근화;손대락
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.150-153
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    • 1994
  • Magnetic field annealing method has been used to obtain proper hysteresis loop shapes which are useful to a device using amorphous ribbon. In this study, two pairs of Helmhotz coils were used to apply longitudinal and transverse magnetic field during annealing. For the measurement of coercive field strength noise which depends on magnetic field annealing, Co-based amorphous alloy ribbon $VITROVAC^{\circledR}$ 6030 was used. For the sample which was annealed under dc transverse and dc longitudinal magnetic field, coercive field strength noise was nearly independent of magnetizing frequency ranging from 1 to 100 kHz, but dc transverse and ac longitudinal magnetic fields annealed samples show that the coercive field strength noise decreased in power of magnetizing frequency. When magnetic domain nucleation occurred, the coercive field strength noise increased remarkably and decreased in power of magnetizing frequency.

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Variation of Local Coercivity Distribution in CoCrPt Alloy Films with Pt Composition (Pt 함량에 따른 CoCrPt 합금박막의 국소보자력 분포 변화)

  • Im, Mi-Young;Choe, Sug-Bong;Shin, Sung-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.20-23
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    • 2002
  • The local coercivity distribution of CoCrPt alloy films prepared by dc magnetron sputtering has been investigated by means of a magneto-optical microscope magnetometer (MOMM) capable of simultaneously measuring the local properties on 400 nm spatial resolutions. Serial samples of CoCrPt alloy films were prepared with the Pt composition of a range from 6 to 28 at. %. We find that the local coercivity distribution crosses over from Gaussian to non-Gaussian distribution in CoCrPt alloy films with increasing Pt composition, with increasing trends in the width of the distribution as well as the average local coercivity. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies reveal that our findings are closely correlated with the dependences of the grain size distribution and its average size on Pt concentration.

통가 열수광상 지역의 해상 및 심해 지자기 조사 연구

  • Kim, Chang-Hwan
    • 한국지구과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.124-127
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구에서는 통가 해역 라우분지의 열수 광상 가능성이 있는 해산들에 대하여 자력탐사가 수행되었다. 그 중 TA 09 해산에 대하여 심해견인 자력탐사가 실시되었으며 심해견인 자력탐사는 정밀한 탐사를 위하여 해저면에서 약 50 ~ 60 m 고도를 유지하며 자력계를 견인하였다. 탐사지역의 총 자력 성분은 Overhauser Proton Magnetomer (모델 SeaSPY 300(해상자력계)m, SeaSPY 6000(심해견인자력계))를 이용하여 측정되었다. 탐사 해산들 중 해상자력탐사와 심해자력탐사가 같이 수행된 TA 09 해산과 주요 열수 광상 유망 지역으로 분류되는 TA 12, 26 해산에 대해서만 측정된 지자기값을 이용하여 자기이상도를 구하였으며 자화역산법을 이용하여 자화이상도를 제작하고 분석하였다. TA 09 해산과 TA 26 해산에서의 해상 자기이상도는 쌍극자 이상형태의 단순이상을 보이며 TA 12 해산에서는 정상부에 고이상이 나타나고 그 주변으로는 저이상대가 분포하고 있다. TA 09 해산에서의 해상자력계에 의한 자기이상치와 심해견인자력계에 의한 자기이상치를 비교하여 보면 거의 10배 이상의 해상도 차이를 보여준다. 연구지역 탐사해산들의 해저지형과 비교하여 보면 열수분출대의 가능성이 높은 저자화이상대들은 주로 해산의 정상부 및 정상부 칼데라와 그 칼데라 주변부에 주로 위치하고 있는 모습을 나타내고 있다. 향후 타 탐사 해산들에 대한 자기이상에 대한 정밀처리/분석 후 탄성파 탐사결과, 암석샘플의 결과 및 지화학결과 등과 비교하여 열수광상의 존재 여부 및 위치 추정 분석이 필요할 것으로 판단된다.

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Meauring Method of Magnetic Particles' Coercivity Distribution and Its Applications (자성분말의 보자력 분포도 측정방법과 그 응용)

  • 홍양기;박상준;정홍식
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.216-221
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    • 1995
  • Both manufacturing parameters and particles' chemical composition controll coercivity and its distribution of magnetic particles. The coercivity and its distribution are important properties for high density magnetic recording, so these are used as tool for evaluation of reproducibility of magnetic particles. We report in this paper the applications of dM/dH versus H curve, which is derived from magnetic hysteresis loop, to the evaluation of coercivity distribution of magnetic particles and oxidation studies of recording metal particles. The coercivity distri-bution can be estimated from the full width half rnaximun (FWHM) and the peak shape of the dM/dH versus H curve. The peak shape of the curve depends upon distribution of particles' coercivity. The peak of dM/dH versus H curve becomes broad and lor is splitted into two or rmre peaks. It depends on uniformity of particles' coercivity. When the coercivity difference between Ba-Ferrite and ${\gamma}-Fe_{2}O_{3}$ is larger than 600 Oe, the peak becomes broad and is consequently splitted into two peaks. Ununiformly substituted Ba-Ferrite particles show broad peak. It is apparent that the analysis of the curve is one of sensitive measuring techniques for determination of coercivity distri-bution and studies on magnetic properties of substituted Ba-Ferrite and oxidation of magnetic recording metal particles.

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The Effect of Field Annealing on Magnetic Properties of Amorphous Alloy (비정질 재료의 자기특성에 미치는 자장중 열처리의 영향)

  • 김원태;장평우;이수형
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.180-185
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    • 1997
  • Variations of core loss and coercivity with heat treatment condition have been studied in amorphous ribbon core specimens. All measurements were performed at 10 kHz with a maximum induction of 0.1 T. With increasing annealing time, both core loss and coercivity of core specimens decreased first, reaching minimum values, and increased thereafter. Specimen heat treated in an air showed better soft magnetic properties than those treated in Ar atmosphere. The specimens annealed under magnetic field higher than 6 Oe in radial direction showed reduced core loss and coercivity. The field annealing effects were increased with increasing cooling rate near Curie temperature of the material. The specimen annealed under an applied field in perpendicular direction of the core showed increased coercivity and decreased permeability.

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Influence of Sputtering Conditions on The Coercive Force and Effective Permeability of Permalloy Thin Films (퍼멀로이 박막의 보자력 및 실효투자율에 미치는 스퍼터링 조건의 영향)

  • 김현태;김상주;한석희;김희중;강일구;김인응
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.201-207
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    • 1994
  • RF 마그네트론 스퍼터링법으로 제작된 퍼멀로이(NiFe) 박막에 대하여 투입전력, 아르곤 압력, 바이어스 전압등의 스퍼터링 조건이 퍼멀로이 박막의 자기특성에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 투입전력에 따른 보자력의 변화는 300~400W에서 낮은 값을 지녔으며 아르곤 압력에 따른 변화는 1~5mTorr에서 낮은 값을 나타내었다. 스퍼터링 조건에 따른 최소의 보자력값은 400 W, 5mTorr 와 300 W, 2mTorr에서 각각 0.10 Oe를 나타내었고 최대의 투자율값은 400 W, 5mTorr에서 2800(1 MHz)을 나타내었다. 또한 저압의 스 퍼터링 압력에서 바이아스를 가할 경우 보자력은 이에 비례해서 오히려 증가하였다. 박막의 Ni 함량의 변화는 아르곤 압력이 증가함에 따라 점차적으로 감소하나 2~10mTorr 범위에서는 다시 증가하는 경향을 보였다. 내부응력은 아르곤 압력이 증가함에 따라 압축응력에서 인장응력으로 변하였으며 5mTorr에서 내 부응력이 거의 사라졌다.

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The study on effects of porosity, strain and grain size on B-H Hysteresis Ioop (기공율, 응력 및 입자 크기가 B-H Hysteresis loop 특성에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • 김성재;정명득;백종규
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 1994
  • Effects of density, inner-stress, and grain size on B-H hysteresis loop properties of Mg-ferrite were investigated. As the sintered bulk density increase, coercive force($H_c$) decreasand squareness ratio increase. Coercive force was very dependent on inner-stress in sintered body, so coercive force increase from 1.95[Oe] to 4.35[Oe] when inner stress present in bulk, however, the squareness ratio was almost not changed Coercive force and squareness ratio were independent on grain size of sintered body which is between 6-11[$\mu\textrm{m}$]

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