• Title, Summary, Keyword: 보온성

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The Actual State of Heat Conservation, Heating and Cooling in Greenhouses (온실의 보온 및 냉난방실태 분석)

  • 김문기;이석건;서원명;남상운;김란숙
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 1998
  • 현재 국내에 보급되어 있는 현대화 온실 203개를 대상으로 냉난방과 관련된 설비현황을 조사하여 분석한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. \circled1 온실의 건설방위는 남북동(58.1%)과 동서동(26.8%)이 대부분이었고, 철골온실은 Wide-span형이 81.8%, 플라스틱온실은 1-2W형 온실이 97.5%였다. 휴작하는 온실은 약 41%정도였고, 재배작물은 채소류가 약 80%, 화훼류가 약 20%정도였으며, 재배방식은 철골온실의 경우 양액재배가 57.2%, 플라스틱온실에서는 토양재배가 88.5%였다. \circled2 온실의 외부 피복재는 철골온실은 유리가 92.2%, 플라스틱온실에서는 PE가 43.3%, EVA가 51.9%로 대부분이었다. 철골온실은 1중피복이 98.7%로 거의 전부이었고, 플라스틱온실에서는 2중피복이 78.7%로 나타나, 철골온실에서 보온커튼을 통한 보온성 향상과 밀폐성이 더욱 중요함을 알 수 있다. \circled3 보온용 피복재는 부직포가 64.9%로 가장 많았고 대부분 2층커튼(85.9%)이었으며, 개폐방식은 대부분 예인식(92.7%)의 자동개폐방식(75.2%)이었다. 한편 바닥을 피복한 온실은 약 30% 정도로 나타나, 바닥피복으로 인한 축열이나 반사효과를 감안할 때 효율적인 바닥처리가 요망된다. \circled4 온실의 난방방식은 철골온실에서는 온수안방(47.3%)이 온풍난방(33.8%)보다 다소 많았으며, 플라스틱온실에서는 대부분 온풍난방(90.8%)이었다. 온실의 난방위치는 대부분 지상난방(89.8%)이었고 지중난방은 극소수로 나타나, 앞으로 지중난방을 통한 난방비 절감과 품질향상에 관한 실용화 연구가 요망된다. 난방용 연료는 대부분 경유(83.9%)로 나타나, 난방비를 절감할 수 있는 저가의 연료를 사용할 수 있는 난방시스템의 개발이 요청된다. \circled5 온실의 냉방방법은 차광(51.8%)과 지붕살수(33.9%)가 대부분이었으며 미스트와 포그시스템을 설치한 온실은 소수에 불과하였고, 극소수의 온실에서는 지붕위나 온실내에 지붕면과 평행하게 설치한 경우도 있었다.

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A Study on Alternative Backfill Material for Pre-insulated Pipe through the Field Tests (현장시험을 통한 이중보온관 되메움 대체재료에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Bong-Hyuck;Kim, Jin-Man;Yoo, Han-Kyu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.1C
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2012
  • In this study, field tests were performed to evaluate the stability of pre-insulated pipe during the compaction operation and to recommend an alternative backfill material. Three types of natural sand (fine-grained and medium-grained, coarse-grained sand), crushed sand and two types of gravel (10 mm, 20 mm) were used as backfill material in the field tests. Field tests were performed to determine the behavior (earth-pressure and deformation, installation damage) of the pre-insulated pipe due to variation of different types of backfill material. Based on the evaluation and comparison of field test results, it was determined that crushed sand is the most suitable back-fill material that can be used as an alternative for medium grained sand for pre-insulated pipes with respect to the engineering behavior and material supply.

Development and Evaluation of Air Force Mechanic Parka to Enhance the Functions and Insulation (기능성과 보온성 향상을 위한 공군 정비파카 개발 및 평가)

  • Lee, Sung-Ji;Choi, Young-Lim;Nam, Yun-Ja
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.294-303
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    • 2012
  • This study was designed to develop air force mechanic parka, evaluate it, and ultimately provide functionally superior parka to the air force. The development process was 1) conducting a survey, 2) identifying problems and shortcomings of currently-supplied parkas, and 3) improving the design, pattern and materials. The newly-developed parkas were evaluated in terms of their ease of fit, clothing mobility, and insulation. Ease of fit was evaluated by subjects' sensory tests, and clothing mobility was by fitness-for-motion tests and range-of-motion tests using a Goniometer. Evaluation on insulation was conducted by thermal manikins. Findings of this study were as follows: 1. In the subjective evaluation on clothing mobility, new parkas were considered to have sufficient ease of fit while previous ones scored much lower, confirming the improvement of the new version. 2. Both subjective tests and ROM measurements on fitness for motion verified the superiority of the new parkas. 3. Insulation tests found that although insulation capability of newly-developed parkas was at a similar level to those of the previous ones, their insulation capability per unit weight was superior, demonstrating that new parkas were better at blocking heat conduction. When making changes in parka patterns and designs to enhance the mobility, it was necessary to maintain the insulation function. The new parkas developed by this study was verified to be superior to the previous ones in their insulation and clothing mobility.

Linear and Nonlinear Structural Analysis for the Assembled Structures of Pressure Rice Cooker (전기보온압력밥솥 체결 구조물의 선형 및 비선형 구조 해석)

  • Lee, Seung-Pyo;Kim, Kwang-Suk;Koh, Byung-Kab
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.493-499
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    • 2009
  • The assembled structures of pressure rice cooker are consisted of oven, top heater plate and locking ring. Since pressure is applied to the assembled structures, it should be necessary to check the safety. In this paper, structural analyses are performed from design and fracture point of view. For the design point of view, linear analysis is performed to assembled structure and for the fracture point of view, nonlinear analysis is performed to locking ring. From these results safety evaluation technique for the assembled structures of pressure rice cooker is proposed.

Effect of Double Layer Nonwoven Fabrics on the Growth, Quality and Yield of Oriental Melon(Cucumis melo L. var. makuwa Mak.) under Vinyl House (보온부직포 이중피복이 참외의 생육, 품질 및 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin Yong Seub;Park So Deuk;Do Han Woo;Bae Su Gon;Kim Jwoo Hwan;Kim Byung Soo
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2005
  • The use of blankets to preserve heat in oriental melon cultivation is a common practise without artificial heating and warming systems. Efficiency of blanket decreased with annually usage. This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of double layer nonwoven fabrics on heat conservation, plant growth, fruit quality and yield of oriental melon in greenhouse. The results were compared among the non-woven fabrics of 9+3, 6+6, 6+3 and 12 ounce from transplanting to April 20, 2001, 2002. Night temperature within tunnel was high at 9+3, 6+6, 6+3 and 12 ounce in order. In plant growth, stem length, leaf numbers and exudate, under double layer nonwoven fabrics were better than single layer blanket of 12 ounce especially, 9+3 double layer blanket was the best. Fruit weight, flesh thickness, soluble solid and marketable yield rate remained same in all treatments. Fermented fruit rate was the highest in 12 ounce as $32.9\%,\;19.6\%\;under\;9+3,\;17.1\%\;under\;6+6,\;16.6\%$ under 6+3 double layer nonwoven fabric, respectively. Compared to 2,260kg yield per 10a of 12 ounce single layer nonwoven fabrics, $7\%$ was increased under 9+3 but $3\%\;and\;13\%$ were decreased under 6+6 and 6+3 double layer nonwoven fabrics, respectively. Compared to income, 4,499-thousand-won per 10a, of 12 ounce single layer blanket, $13\%\;and\;3$ were increased under 9+3 and 6+6 double layer nonwoven fabrics, respectively. Whereas, $10\%$ decreased under 6+3 double layer nonwoven fabrics. From this results it is evident that 9+3 double layer nonwoven fabrics was the best for thermokeeping, fruit quality, and was most economic under non heating system.

Actual condition survey for thermokeeping of winter school uniforms (겨울철 교복의 보온성 개선을 위한 실태조사)

  • Kim, Yumi;Lee, Jeongran
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.82-94
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to investigate purchase attitude towards uniforms, wear condition and their requirements for functional school uniforms for high school boy students, and to help to present basic data for the development of functional school uniforms by reflecting requirements from high school students. First, research on school uniform brands purchased in Busan, Ulsan, and Kyungnam regions showed 2 brands were preferred, and the school uniform purchase expenses are primarily between two hundred thousand won and three hundred thousand won. Second, in terms of differences among fabrics of summer and winter uniforms, many students answered that 'they are similar' or 'there is no difference'. As for complaints about winter uniforms, thermal insulation accounts for the highest rate. As a result of research on underwear worn primarily in the winter, boy students tend to wear underwear to keep their lower bodies warm rather than their upper bodies. They tend to keep their upper bodies warm with outerwear such as vests, cardigans, and padding jumper. According to a survey on experience and satisfaction of functional uniforms, students showed satisfaction with more than three points to all questions except for two, which means their satisfaction about the functions of uniforms that they wear currently is above the average. Third, many boy students complains about the thermokeeping of winter uniforms, especially thigh parts of pants. It is required to make research for the improvement of functional pants for boy students.

Effect of Adoption and Complementarity of Production Technology Bundles in Horticultural Greenhouse (원예시설 결합기술의 수용효과와 보완성 분석)

  • Choi, Don-Woo;Kim, Tae-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.5906-5913
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    • 2015
  • This paper analyzes the effect of adoption and complementarity of production technology bundles in horticultural greenhouse - more than 10m vinyl greenhouse ($T_1$), polyolefin film ($T_2$), winding branch ventilation ($T_3$), and more than 15 ounce lagging cover ($T_4$). The results are as follows: First, only using $T_1$, only using $T_2$, only using $T_3$, only using $T_4$, using $T_1$ and $T_3$, and using $T_1$ and $T_4$, have a higher net return. Second, when $T_3$ is used, $T_1$ and $T_2$ are complementary. Third, $T_1$ and $T_3$ are always complementary. Fourth, when $T_2$ and $T_3$ are not used, $T_1$ and $T_4$ are complementary. The results of this paper could contribute to government's technology diffusion policies and subsequent studies.

Thermal Insulation Effect of a Double Film Water Curtain System in Greenhouse (이중필름 수막시스템의 보온효과)

  • 남상운;허연정;심옥자;심상일;이호상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 1998
  • 우리나라는 시설재배 난방용 에너지로 경유를 90%이상 사용하고 있는데 최근 급격한 유가의 상승으로 생산비중 난방비가 차지하는 비중이 20∼25%에서 30∼40%로 높아져 시설원예 농가의 경제성이 크게 악화되고 있다. 이를 극복하고 안정적인 생산을 계속하기 위하여 보온력 향상이나 자연에너지 이용 기술에 관한 지속적인 기술개발과 보급이 필요할 것으로 생각된다. (중략)

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Effect of Heat-Conservation Method on Watermelon (Citrullus lantatus $T_{HUNB}.$) in Unheated Plastic House. (시설 수박의 터널피복재 보온효과 구명)

  • 주선종;정재현;이경희;황선웅
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 1999
  • 봄철 하우스 수박 무가온 조숙재배에 알맞는 보온방법을 개발하고자 아취형 단동하우스에 PE필름터널, 유공필름+축열물주머니, 유공필름터널+부직포터널구를 처리하고, 삼복꿀수박을 '98년 3월 23일 정식하여 4월 27일까지 36일간 터널피복재의 보온성을 검토한 결과는 다음과 같다. (1) 보온재 피복 재배 기간중 터널내 최저온도는 PE터널구 10.9$^{\circ}C$에 비하여 유공필름터널에 축열물주머니구와 부직포터널구는 각각 0.9, 2.1$^{\circ}C$ 높았다. (2) 3월하순 활착기의 하우스내 일사량은 실외 175.2w/$m^2$ 비하여 124.2w/$m^2$로 51w/$m^2$ 낮았다. (3) 터널피복재 환기작업에 따른 소요 노동력은 PE터널구 25.2시간/10a/36일에 비하여 유공필름터널+부직포터널구는 32.4시간으로 7.2시간/10a/36일 증가하였으나, 유공필름터널+축열물주머니는 개폐작업으로 인한 투하 노동력이 없었다. (4) 터널재배 기간중 유공필름터널+부직포터널구가 초기생육이 촉진되었으며, 생육후기에 발생한 흰가루병 이병엽율은 2.8%로 현저히 감소하였다. (5) 수박의 수확기는 PE필름터널구 6월 22일에 비하여 유공필름터널+축열물주머니와 부직포터널구는 6월 12, 15일로 7, 10일 앞당겼으며, 수량은 PE터널구 2,385kg/10a에 비하여 20, 32% 각각 증수하였다.

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