• Title, Summary, Keyword: 보고이익

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The Relationship between Earnings Management and Conservatism -Focused on Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms and Big-bath Firms- (이익조정과 보수주의 -적자회피기업과 Big-bath기업을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Sang-Bong;Ra, Gi-Rye
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.261-285
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, examined relationship between Earnings Management and Conservatism. For analysis of this purpose, we applied the Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms and Big-bath Firms. The results are as follows. First, conservative of Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms(sample I, II) is lower than the controlled companies. And Big-bath firms(sample III, IV) is higher than the controlled companies. This is a negative relationship between conservative and earning management. These results are consistent with previous research results. Second, When analyzing the Earnings Loss Avoidance Firms(sample I, II), Results are presented that conservative and earning management related to positive. These results reflect the company to Investors' demand for conservatism.

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K-IFRS Reconciliations and Predicting Future Earnings (K-IFRS 도입 시점의 전환조정이 이후 기간의 미래이익 예측력에 미치는 영향)

  • Ji, Sang-Hyun;Kwak, Young-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.283-291
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    • 2017
  • This Study analyzes the predictability of accounting information from mandatory K-IFRS adoption using the K-IFRS reconciliations information. We use the sample of 2,557 firm-year Korea listed companies belonging to non-financial corporate sector during 2010-2016. Specifically, we examine whether K-IFS reconciliation would improve or reduce the predicting power for future earnings after K-IFRS adoption. The results of empirical analyses show that reconciliation information from discretionary judgement tend to reduce the predicting power of K-IFRS based accounting earnings for future earnings. This result indicates that managers are likely to use the adjustments process to reconcile K-GAAP accounting numbers with corresponding K-IFRS as means to realize the various private utility. This study is expected to provide useful information by suggesting the need for more rigid screening schemes for the K-IFRS reconciliation process and also for adequate measures to be taken to ensure that the interests of the outside investors are properly protected.

A Comparison of Earnings Quality Between KOSPI Firms and KOSDAQ Firms (상장기업과 코스닥기업의 회계이익의 질 비교)

  • Moon, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed and compared the accounting earnings quality after the adoption of K-IFRS, targeting the stock exchange-listed firms (KOSPI, KOSDAQ). The analysis first revealed that KOSPI had higher quality accruals, and better persistence and predictability of the reported earnings and cash flows, compared to KOSDAQ. Second, in both KOSPI and KOSDAQ, the predictability of future cash flow showed that the accounting earnings was better than the cash flows. Third, for the persistence and predictability of earnings associated with the degree of accruals, in KOSPI and KOSDAQ both all, groups with better accruals quality had greater persistence and predictability of earnings, and a better future cash flow predictability of accounting earnings.

The effect of managerial ability on income smoothing (경영자 능력이 이익유연화에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2020
  • Firms perform various actions that affect management performance measurement by managing the volatility and capital cost of reported income through income smoothing. This study attempted to analyze with a focus on the relationship between managerial competence and income smoothing. Therefore, this study attempted to analyze and focus on the relationship between managerial competency and profit softening using a measure of managerial competency presented in Demerjian et al. (2012). The results of the analysis are as follows. It was confirmed that there was a significant positive relationship between manager ability and income smoothing at the 1% level. When managers make income, it can be interpreted that managers with superior ability can make profits better by accurately predicting the future. It is the same result as the expectation of this study that managers with excellent ability have high incentives to soften profits by reducing profit volatility through more accurate forecasting. Therefore, this study empirically analyzed that managers with excellent abilities are more effective in implementing income smoothing strategies.

The Strategic Financial Reporting: Evidence from Directors' and Officers' Liability Insurance (전략적 재무보고: 임원배상책임보험제도를 이용한 연구)

  • Choi, Jeong-mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2017
  • This study investigates the association between financial reporting strategy and the directors' and officers' liability insurance. Since D&O insurance protects officers and directors against the risks of shareholder litigation, it is possible that, because of moral hazard, managers will be more willing to participate in opportunistic financial reporting such as earnings manipulation when they are covered by a generous D&O insurance policy. This paper examines the association between D&O insurance and financial reporting, specifically whether the purchase of D&O insurance affects earnings manipulation. On the other side, the firms engage earnings management are willing to purchase D&O insurance, this study tests whether earnings manipulation affects D&O purchases using listed firms in Korean stock market from 2006 to 2008. This paper finds that firms with higher discretionary accruals are less likely to purchase D&O insurance implies that managers who are participating in earnings manipulation are not willing to purchase D&O insurance. The relation between discretionary accruals and D&O is significantly negative which indicate D&O insurance purchase does not trigger earnings manipulation rather it alleviates opportunistic reporting behavior.

Recirculation Prohibition of Fair Value through Other Comprehensive Income on Realization and Earnings Management (기타포괄이익측정 금융자산 평가손익의 재순환금지와 이익조정)

  • Gong, Kyung-Tae
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.67-81
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    • 2019
  • In accordance with K-IFRS 1109, financial instruments are classified to amortized cost (AC), fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) and fair value through profit or loss (FVPL). And disposal gains are prohibited to be recirculated for net income when FVOCI financial instruments would be sold in the future, so-called recirculation prohibition. This research investigates whether accumulated other comprehensive income of available-for sale financial assets(AFS) under K-IFRS 1039, could affect reclassified amounts to the FVPL securities from the AFS securities. Also, this study investigates the effects of the reported income on the reclassified FVPL, because CEOs are likely to try earnings management when net income is predicted to be less than target or is low, comparing other firms. As a result of empirical analysis, first, I find that accumulated other comprehensive income of the AFS has a positive impact on the reclassified FVPL. Second, level of reporting income has no significant impact on the reclassified FVPL. Third, interaction effects are significantly positive on the firms which have more other comprehensive income and less level of reported income. Fourth, the effects of the bank and securities are more distinct than those of the manufactures. This study is the first research to investigate earnings management through AFS at the timing of the first adoption of K-IFRS 1109. Empirical results of this study provide evidence of earnings management on the reclassification of FVPL which gives meaningful implications to regulators, academic researchers and auditors.

대학과 학생회의 갈등

  • Kim, Hyeong-Geun
    • 대학교육
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    • pp.47-53
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    • 2006
  • 대학당국과 학생회 간에 발생하는 갈등문제는 대학운영관리의 법적, 포괄적 책임이 있는 대학당국이 일반사회에서 나타나는 갈등해소의 기본원리인 편파적, 부분적 이익보다는 대학공동체의 이익을 우선적으로 도모한다는 원칙 하에서 풀어 나가야 할 것이다. 그리고 대학당국은 당사자 입장에서 고민해 보고, 타협 또는 양보할 수 있는 여지가 있는지를 진지하게 검토해 보는 자세가 매우 중요하다.

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Earnings Management and Division System in the KOSDAQ Market (코스닥소속부제와 이익조정)

  • Kwak, Young-Min
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.125-140
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    • 2015
  • KOSDAQ market reorganized their division system from two types to four types of division departments such as blue chip, venture, medium, and technology development departments in 2011. However, under the current new division system, financially unhealthy firms attempting to take advantage of the classifying opportunity of blue chip department are likely to engage in pernicious earnings management. The objective of this study is to investigate the earnings management behavior surrounding the time of KOSDAQ firms entering the blue chip department via new division system. More specifically, we test whether the firms classified blue chip department tend to engage in upward earnings management using accruals and real activities before and after they achieve blue chip status. In this study, we analyzed 111 firms classified blue chip department in 2011 according to new division system in KOSDAQ market. Major test results indicate that firms entering the blue chip department according to current KOSDAQ division system in general, tend to inflate reported earnings by means both of accruals and real activities right before the entering year. This result suggests that the firms classified blue chip department engage in opportunistic earnings management with a view to uplifting their market values. Our study is expected to provide clues useful for searching policy directions which intend to ameliorate adverse side effects of the current KOSDAQ division system. In sum, the regulatory authorities and enforcement bodies need to exercise caution in deliberating more stringent review procedures so that financially healthy and promising candidates are properly segregated from their poor and risky counterparts, thus enhancing the beneficial effects, while mitigating adverse side effects of the system.

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The Relationship between Earnings Management and Future Firm Performance in Public Institutions (공공기관의 이익조정과 미래 경영성과와의 관련성)

  • Jang, Ji-Kyung;Kim, Hong-Bae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.319-328
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    • 2017
  • Earnings management is a collection of management decisions which firms do not report the true performance. Many prior studies suggest that earnings management could be the results of either managerial earnings management or manager's private information for future performance. This study attempts to delve into the fundamental implications inherent in earnings management by analyzing how earnings management affects future firm performance in public institutions. If discretionary accruals as a measurement of earnings management embrace manager's private information, it will have a positive effect on future performance in succeeding period. In contrast, if discretionary accruals embrace manager's opportunistic earnings management, it will have a negative effect on future performance in succeeding period. Empirical findings are summarized as following.: Earnings managements are negatively associated with future firm performance for all succeeding period. This negative relationship continues for all succeeding period. The overall results can be serve as a evidence that the discretionary accruals capture opportunistic earnings management on average.

The Value Relevance of Accounting Numbers in the New CEO's Early Years of Service (최고경영자 취임 초기 회계수치의 가치관련성)

  • Gong, Kyung-Tae
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.143-154
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    • 2016
  • In this research, The new CEO is expected to increase a reporting income through earning management for individual benefit such as a good reputation, high compensation and CEO' s contract extension in the early years of service, of which may influence value relevance of the accounting numbers. We investigate the change of value relevance from 2004 to 2014, compare firms with a change of CEO and firms with non-change of CEO and analysis the value relevance in the early years and in the late years of the new CEO. The results of research are as follows. First, value relevance of EPS of firms with change of CEO are decreased, whereas value relevance of BPS are increased in the regression of all sample. Second, value relevance of EPS are decreased, whereas value relevance of BPS are increased in the early years of the new CEO. This research makes a contribution to provide the first proof about influence of value relevance by the earning management in the early years of the new CEO in Korea.

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