• Title, Summary, Keyword: 변위 스펙트럼

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Parameter Analysis of the Seismic Fragility Function for URM Buildings Using Capacity Spectrum Analysis (역량스펙트럼 해석에 의한 비보강 조적조 건축물의 지진취약도함수 매개변수 분석)

  • Lee, Jung-Han;Park, Min-Kyu;Kim, Hye-Won;Jung, Woo-Young;Park, Byung-Cheol;Yi, Waon-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.383-386
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 HAZUS에서 제시하고 있는 비보강 조적조 건축물의 구조적 손상상태에 대한 지진취약도함수와 관련하여 층간변위율 및 스펙트럼 변위 등의 매개변수를 평가하고 또한 국내 상황에 적합한 기존 비보강 조적조 건축물의 지진취약도곡선의 도출을 목적으로 하였다. 국내 상황을 고려한 지진피해를 추정하기 위하여 먼저 기존 비보강 조적조 건축물의 현황파악 및 지진취약도함수 산출방법을 분석하였다. 일반적으로 HAZUS에서 제시하고 있는 지진취약도함수는 역량스펙트럼을 변환시킨 가속도-변위응답 스펙트럼법을 기본적으로 사용하는 상황으로 국내 기존 비보강 조적조 건축물에 대한 지진취약도함수 개발을 위하여 Midas GEN Ver.741 구조해석프로그램을 사용하여 실제 23개동의 비보강 조적조 건축물을 대상으로 역량스펙트럼 해석을 수행하였다. 연구결과를 통하여 지진취약도함수의 주요 매개변수인 손상상태별 층간변위율 및 스펙트럼 변위를 제시하였다.

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Capacity Spectrum Method Based on Inelastic Displacement Ratio (비탄성변위비를 이용한 능력 스펙트럼법)

  • Han, Sang-Whan;Bae, Mun-Su
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2008
  • In this study, improved capacity spectrum method (CSM) is proposed. The method can account for higher mode contribution to the seismic response of MDOF systems. The CSM has been conveniently used for determining maximum roof displacement using both demand spectrum and capacity curve of equivalent SDOF system. Unlike the conventional CSM, the maximum roof displacement is determined without iteration using inelastic displacement ratio and R factor calculated from demand spectrum and capacity curve. Three moment resisting steel frames of 3-, 9- and 20-stories are considered to test the accuracy of the proposed method. Nonlinear response history analysis (NL-RHA) for three frames is also conducted, which is considered as an exact solution. SAC LA 10/50 and 2/50 sets of ground motions are used. Moreover, this study estimates maximum story drift ratios (IDR) using ATC-40 CSM and N2-method and compared with those from the proposed method and NL-RHA. It shows that the proposed CSM estimates the maximum IDR accurately better than the previous methods.

Energy-Based Seismic Design of Buckling-Restrained Braced Frame Using Hysteretic Energy Spectrum (이력에너지 스펙트럼을 이용한 비좌굴 가새골조의 내진설계)

  • 최현훈;김진구
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2003
  • In this study seismic design procedure for buckling-restrained braced frame systems was proposed using hysteretic energy spectrum and accumulated ductility spectrum constructed from single degree of freedom systems. The hysteretic energy spectra and accumulated ductility spectra corresponding to target ductility ratio were constructed first. The cross-sectional area of braces required to meet a given target displacement was obtained by equating the hysteretic energy demand to the accumulated plastic energy dissipated by braces. Twenty earthquake records were utilized to construct the spectra and to verify the validity of the design procedure. According to analysis results of three- and eight-story buckling-restrained braced frame structures designed using the proposed method, the mean values for the top story displacement correspond well with the given performance target displacements. Also, the inter-story drifts turned out to be relatively uniform over the structure height, which is desirable because uniform inter-story drifts indicate uniform damage distribution. Therefore if was concluded that the proposed energy-based method could be a reliable alternative to conventional strength-based design procedure for structures with buckling-restrained braces.

Development of Capacity Spectrum Method for Shear Building to Estimate the Maximum Story Drift (전단빌딩의 최대 층간변위를 예측하기 위한 역량스펙트럼법 개발)

  • Kim, Sun-Pil;Kim, Doo-Kie;Kwak, Hyo-Gyoung;Ko, Sung-Hyuk
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.255-264
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    • 2007
  • In the current domestic and overseas standards concerning seismic design, especially on the capacity & demand spectra in the multi-story building, failure is caused more by story drift than by displacement; and the existing capacity spectrum method (CSM) does not make a close estimate of story drift because response is derived using displacement. Therefore, this paper proposes an improved CSM to estimate story drift and its direct effect on the collapse of structures, yet still maintaining the same advantage and convenience of the existing CSM about a most basic model of multi-story building: shear building. To establish its reliability, the proposed method is applied to an example model and results are then compared with those obtained through nonlinear time-history analysis.

Shock Waveform Synthesis for Shock Response Spectrum Test by Using Wavelets (충격반응 스펙트럼 시험에서 웨이브레트를 이용한 충격파형 합성)

  • 윤을재
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.25-25
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    • 1998
  • 진동시험기를 사용한 충격시험은 자유 낙하식 충격시험기를 이용하는 것 보다 여러 가지 장점이 있으며, 충격반응 스펙트럼 시험의 요구가 점점 증가하고 있다. 진동시험기를 이용하여 충격반응 스펙트럼 시험을 실시하는데 진동시험기에서 허용하는 최대 힘, 속도, 변위에 의하여 제약을 받게 된다. 충격반응 스펙트럼을 만족하는 충격파형은 무수히 많으나 최대 가속도, 속도, 변위 등이 작으면 작을수록 그 충격파형의 품질이 우수하다고 말할 수 있다. 충격 지속시간이 짧고 충격가속도의 최대치가 큰 충격파형을 인가할 수 없지만, 충격 지속시간이 보다 길고 충격가속도의 최대치가 작은 파형이 동일한 충격반응 스펙트럼 규격을 만족할 수 있다. 진동시험기를 사용하여 충격반응 스펙트럼 시험을 수행하기 위한 충격파형이 웨이브레트를 이용하여 시험규격의 충격반응 스펙트럼을 만족하도록 합성된다. 웨이브레트의 매개변수는 주파수, 반파의 개수, 지연시간, 극성이다. 각 웨이브레트의 진폭은 시험규격의 충격반응 스펙트럼을 만족하도록·반복적으로 조절된다. 이렇게 합성된 충격파형은 진동시험기를 사용한 충격반응 스펙트럼 시험의 참조 가속도 파형으로 간주된다.

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Evaluations of Velocity Response Spectrum of Seismic Base and Response Displacement for the Seismic Design of Underground Structures (지중구조물 내진설계를 위한 기반면의 속도 응답스펙트럼 및 응답변위 산정기법에 대한 연구)

  • 윤종구;김동수;유제남
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.211-221
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    • 2003
  • The response displacement method is the most frequently used method for seismic design of underground structures. This method is pseudo-static method, and the evaluations of velocity response spectrum of seismic base and response displacement of surrounding soil are the most important steps. In this study, the evaluation of velocity response spectrum of seismic base according to the Korean seismic design guide and the simple method of calculating the response displacement were studied. It was found that velocity response spectrum of seismic base can be estimated by directly integrating the ground-surface acceleration response spectrum of soil type S$_A$, and the evaluation of the response displacement using double cosine method assuming two layers of soil profile shows the advantages in the seismic design.

Effects of Inelastic Demand Spectrum on Seismic Capacity Evaluation of Curved Bridge by Capacity Spectrum Method (역량스펙트럼을 이용한 곡선교의 내진성능평가에 대한 비탄성요구스펙트럼의 영향)

  • Cho, Sung Gook;Park, Woong Ki;Joe, Yang Hee
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.195-206
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    • 2011
  • The capacity spectrum method(CSM) has been more frequently used as a tool to evaluate the seismic capacity of the structure. Many formulas of strength reduction factors(SRF) have been proposed and adopted to generate the inelastic demand spectrum for the CSM. This study evaluates the impacts of the type of the SRF on the inelastic demand spectrum and finally on the seismic response displacement of curved bridge. For the purpose, the several existing formulas of SRFs were comparatively investigated through the case study. Curved bridges with different subtended angles were selected and the displacements of the bridge piers were estimated by using the different formulas of SRFs. Nonlinear time history analyses were also performed for the validation purpose of the CSM results. According to study results, the CSM may generate the larger displacement responses than the actual behaviors for the curved bridge with larger subtended angles. Though many methods have been suggested to generate the inelastic demand spectrum for CSM, they might not give noticeable differences in inelastic displacement of the bridge pier.

Nonlinear Static Analysis for Seismic Performance Evaluation of Multi-Span Bridges Considering Effect of Equivalent SDOF Methods (등가단자유도 방법의 영향을 고려한 다경간 교량의 내진성능 평가를 위한 비탄성 정적해석)

  • Song, Jong-Keol;Nam, Wang-Hyun;Chung, Yeong-Hwa
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.3A
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    • pp.473-484
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    • 2006
  • The capacity spectrum method (CSM) can be used to simply estimate the maximum displacement response of the nonlinear structures. To evaluate seismic performance of multi-span bridges using the CSM, the representative response for structural system should be derived from the multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) responses by using the equivalent single-degree-of-freedom (ESDOF) method. The ESDOF method is used to calculate the capacity curve of the structural system from the pushover curves of all piers or structural members estimated by the pushover analysis. In order to evaluate an accuracy of ESDOF methods used in the CSM, the maximum displacements estimated by the CSM incorporating the several ESDOF methods are compared to those by the inelastic time-history analysis for several artificial earthquakes corresponding to the design spectrum.

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Evaluation of the Inelastic Seismic Response of Curved Bridges by Capacity Spectrum Method using Equivalent Damping (등가감쇠비를 이용한 역량스펙트럼법에 의한 곡선교의 비탄성지진응답 평가)

  • Joe, Yang-Hee;Cho, Sung-Gook;Ma, Jeong-Suck
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2009
  • The capacity spectrum method (CSM), which is known to be an approximate technique for assessing the seismic capacity of an existing structure, was originally proposed for simple building structures that could be modeled as single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) systems. More recently, however, CSM has increasingly been adopted for assessing most bridge structures, as it has many practical advantages. Some studies on this topic are now being performed, and a few results of these have been presented as ground-breaking research. However, studies have until now been limited to symmetrical straight bridges only. This study evaluates the practical applicability of CSM to the evaluation of irregular curved bridges. For this purpose, the seismic capacities of 3-span prestressed concrete bridges with different subtended angles subjected to some recorded earthquakes are compared with a more refined approach based on nonlinear time history analysis. The results of the study show that when used for curved bridges, CSM induces higher inelastic displacement responses than the actual values, and that the gap between the two becomes larger as the subtended angle increases.

Seismic Capacity Evaluation of Bridge Structure using Capacity Spectrum Method (역량스펙트럼법에 의한 교량 구조물의 내진성능평가)

  • 박연수;오백만;박철웅;서병철
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2003
  • The present seismic analysis of Road-Bridge Design Standard is on a basis of load-based analysis which lets structures have the strength over load. In this study, the capacity spectrum method, a kind of displacement based method, which is evaluated by displacement of structure, is presented as an alternative to the analysis method based on load. Seismic capacity is performed about the existing reinforced concrete pier which has already secured seismic design by capacity spectrum method. As a result. capacity spectrum method could realistically evaluate the non-elastic behavior of structures easily and quickly and the displacement of structures for variable ground motion level. And it could efficiently apply to an evaluation of seismic capacity about the existing structure and a verification of design for capacity target of the new structure.