• Title, Summary, Keyword: 벼

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PRESSURE DROP, RESPIRATION MODELS AND AUTOMATIC AERATION OF ROUGH RICE (벼의 압력손실 및 호흡 모델과 자동통풍에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, J.H.;Verma, Lalit R.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.298-311
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    • 1991
  • 빈 시스템에서 적정 팬을 선정하기 위해서, 빈에서 벼를 건조 혹은 통풍시킬 때 벼의 저항에 의해 발생되는 공기의 압력손실을 예측하는 모델을 개발하였다. 또한 벼의 건물 손실을 예측하기 위하여 벼의 호흡 모델을 개발하였다. 그리고 온도 및 습도 센서들을 이용한 자동계측 시스템을 사용하여 저장된 벼의 상태를 연속적으로 측정, 분석함으로써 벼의 통풍기준을 결정하고 이를 근거로 빈의 자동통풍 시스템을 개발하여 평가하였다. 공기의 정압 손실은 공기의 속도 및 벼의 함수율의 함수로서 나타내어졌으며, 일정 곡물 깊이에서 벼의 함수율이 낮을수록 그 정압손실은 증가하였다. 벼의 호흡에 의해 발생되는 이산화탄소의 양은 저장온도, 벼의 함수율, 저장 기간의 함수로서 나타낼 수 있었다. 벼의 안전 저장을 위해 곡물의 온도 및 함수율, 평형상대습도, 벼의 품질저하지수(deterioration index)에 대한 자동통풍 기준을 결정하였으며 이들을 이용해서 퍼스널 컴퓨터로 팬, 제습기 등의 통풍 장치들을 자동제어하는 자동통풍 시스템을 개발하였다. 이 시스템은 곡물의 상태를 예측, 제어함으로써 14% 이하의 함수율과 4이하의 품질저하지수, 그리고 어떤 균류도 생성시키지 않음으로써 벼를 안전하게 저장할 수 있었다.

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Milling Characteristics and Milled Rice Quality of Rice Varieties with Different Grain Size Shape (입형이 다른 벼 품종의 도정특성 및 쌀품위)

  • Hong, Ha-Cheol;Jeong, Young-Pyeong;Kim, Tae-Young;Son, Jong-Rok;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Choi, Hae-Chune;Min, Young-Kyoo;Kim, Kee-Jong
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.46-49
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    • 2003
  • Paddy and milled rice quality, milling characteristics, energy consumption of milling process were investigated using Dasanbyeo, Ansanbyeo, Hwaseongbyeo, Ilpumbyeo, and Donganbyeo varieties. Thousand grains weights of the varieties dried to 15% moisture content were 22.92-28.60 g, with Dasanbyeo being the heaviest. Optimum clearance of rubber roller for obtaining maximum dehulling recovery was 30% of each rice variety thickness. At that time, perfect brown rice ratios of Dasanbyeo, Ansanbyeo, Hwaseongbyeo, Ilpumbyeo, and Donganbyeo were 95.24%, 98.86%, 95.97%, 97.75%, and 97.31%, respectively, and showed no significant differences among varieties. Ratios of removed rice bran after two times milling ranged 70.93-91.38%, with Dasanbyeo showing the highest ratio, and the average head rice ratio was 92.87%.

Difference in Weed Population as Affected by a Cropping Pattern in Paddy Field (논 작부체계(作付體系) 양식(樣式)에 따른 잡초발생양상(雜草發生樣相)의 변화(變化))

  • Ku, Y.C.;Yun, S.H.;Park, S.H.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 1985
  • This experiment was conducted to know the difference in weed population in the five cropping patterns kept same for six years from 1976 such as ricebarley, potato-rice, pea-rice, rice-rye, and rice-fallow. More and many weeds were growing in single cropping field than double cropping field. Dominant weed species in pea-rice and potato-rice cropping patterns were M. vaginalis and S. hotarui, M. vaginalis and P. distinctus. Coefficient of similarity of the cropping patterns between pea-rice and potato-rice appeared higher than single cropping system. However, pea-rice and rice-fallow cropping patterns showed low coefficient of similarity.

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Carbonized Rice Excavated at the SORORI Paleolithic Age Site (청원 소로리 구석기유적지 출토 탄화벼)

  • Lee Y.J.;Woo J.Y.;Shu H.S.;Kim J.Y.;Cho Y.K.;Heu M.H.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.120-121
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    • 1999
  • 1. 충북대학교 박물관팀이 충북 청원군 옥산면 소로리에서 구석기시대 유적지를 발굴하는 과정에서 13,010BP로 추정되는 상위토탄층에서 고대형 탄화벼가 출토되었고 36,350BP 이전으로 추정되는 하위토탄층에서 유사벼가 출토되었다. 2. 고대형벼는 11개의 단립형과 1개의 장립형이었다. 장립형벼는 영피표면에 융모가 없고 황금색인(Smootn and gold-hull) 세장립이었다. 그 크기는 지금의 세장한 indica 와 비슷하였다. 3. 유사벼는 영표면에 융모가 있고 깍지(莢)모양으로 되어있는 것(유사벼-1)과 영표면에 융모없이 미끈한것(유사벼-2)으로 2종류가 있었다. 이들의 크기는 모두 벼알과 비슷하였다. 4. DNA 분석결과 고대벼는 지금의 재배종 japonica 나 indica 와는 차이를 보였다. 장립종은 시료가 부족하여 분석하지 못하였다. 유사벼-1은 재배종 벼와 약간 유사한점이 보였으나 유사벼-2는 유사점이 없었다. 5. 고대벼에서는 쌍봉돌기(Bi-peak protuberences)가 있었으나 유사벼-1 과 유사벼-2에서는 이것이 없었다.

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Classification of Rice Cultivar Using Two-dimensional Ordination Analysis (Two-dimensional Ordination 분석법에 의한 수도 품종 분류)

  • Soon-Chul Kim
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.74-80
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    • 1989
  • Twentyseven rice cultivars were compared Quantitatively and classified by 15 agronomic traits. For this, 12 Tongil-type rice cultivars and 15 Japonica-type rice cultivars were transplanted at the experimental farm of the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station on May 25 in 1987. Jangseongbyeo belonging to Tongil-type had the greatest dissimilarity total among 27 rice cultivars and followed by Chilseongbyeo, Gayabyeo, Hangangchalbyeo, Gihobyeo (Tongil-type) and Sangpoongbyeo (Japonica-type) while cultivars having greatest similarity total were Daecheongbyeo and Yeongsanbyeo and followed by Nagdongbyeo, Sinsunchalbyeo, Gwangmyeongbyeo, Yeongdeogbyeo, Palgongbyeo and Dongjinbyeo that were all belonging to Japonica-type cultivars. CuItivar pairs having the greatest dissimilarity coefficient (50-55%) were combinations of Gayabyeo and Sangpungbyeo, Gihobyeo, or Seonambyeo, combinations of Chilseongbyeo and Jangseongbyeo, Sangpung-byeo, Chucheongbyeo, Gihobyeo or Seonambyeo and combinations of }angseongbyeo and Gwangmyeong-byeo, Sangpungbyeo, Gihobyeo, Daechangbyeo or H waseongbyeo. On the other hand, cultivar pairs having the greatest similarity coefficient (above 85 %) were combinations of Dongjinbyeo and Sinsunchalbyeo, Daecheongbyeo, Somjinbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo, combination of Sangpungbyeo and Gihobyeo, combinations of Yeongdeogbyeo and Yeongsanbyeo or Palgongbyeo, combination of Gwangmyeongbyeo and Yeongdeogbyeo, Combinations of Nagdongbyeo and Gwangmyeongbyeo, Yeongdeogbyeo, Daecheongbyeo, Hwaseongbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo, combinations of Sinsunchalbyeo and Daecheongbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo, combinations of Somjinbyeo and Daecheongbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo and combination of Daecheongbyeo nd Yeongsanbyeo. Two-dimensional ordination analysis method provided the information on cultivar classification between Japonica-type and Tongil-type cultivars except a few cultivars. Only two cultivars, Joongweonbyeo and Seomjinbyeo were located opposit area that implied Tongil-type cultivar Joongweonbyeo was rather close to Japonica-type while Japonica-type cultivar Seomjinbyeo was rather close to Tongil-type, respectively. Sinsunchalbyeo and Daecheongbyeo, on the other hand, were located on the line between two cultivar groups. The method of two-dimensional ordination analysis concluded as feasible approach to classify cultivars Quantitatively for the practical purpose.

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Amino Acid Composition of Milled and Brown Rices (현미와 백미의 품종간 아미노산 조성)

  • 김미숙;정진일;정윤화
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.1385-1389
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    • 2003
  • The objectives of this study were to analyze amino acid composition of brown and milled rice of five varieties (Kwngan, Daean, Daejin, Sura, Hwaseong) and to evaluate their protein quality by several chemical scores. The protein contents of brown rice ranged from 6.7 to 8.0% and those of milled rice ranged from 6.1 to 7.5%. Daejin showed the highest protein contents in brown and milled rice among five rice varieties. Glx (glutamate + glutamine), Asx (asparagine + aspartic acid), arginine, leucine and valine were dominant amino acids in brown and milled rices and the most limiting amino acid was lysine. Ratios of essential amino acids to total amino acids were 36.8∼38.3% in brown rice and 35.8∼37.7% in milled rice. Protein scores were 76.4 to 79.6 in brown rices and 66.9 to 77.9 in milled rices, respectively. Chemical scores ranged from 60.7 to 63.2 in brown rices and from 55.5 to 62.4 in milled rices, respectively. The first limiting amino acid was lysine, the second threonine, and the third isoleucine in chemical scores.

농업기술 - 힘든 못자리를 대신하는 벼 무논점파 재배기술

  • Han, Hui-Seok
    • 농업기술회보
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.33-34
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    • 2012
  • 벼 무논점파란 무논상태에서 종자를 점파형식으로 파종함으로써 파종의 균일도를 높이고, 입모 및 벼 생육이 고르게 자랄 수 있게 한다. 따라서 벼 직파를 하되, 입모 및 벼의 생육을 안정적으로 도모하여 마치 기계이앙으로 재배한 벼와 비슷한 효과를 보이는 벼 무논점파 재배기술을 농가현장에서 실증한 결과와 농민방응 및 기술보급 경향을 알아보자.

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Derivation of Varletal Resistance to Rice Strip Virus in Korea (한국(韓國)에 있어서 수도(水稻) 줄무늬잎마름병(病)에 대(對)한 품종저항성(品種抵抗性)의 내력(來歷))

  • Choi, Jae Eul;Park, Nam Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 1991
  • This research was undertaken to clarify derivation of resistance of Japonica type of rice varieties to rice strip virus. 1. The source of resistance to the rice strip virus in rice cultivars of Nagdongbyeo, Hwaseongbyeo, Gwangmyeongbyeo, Yeongdeogbyeo, Dongjinbyeo, Gyehwabyeo, Hwacheongbyeo, Suweon 362, Iri 390, Milyang 64, Milyang 96 and Milyang 101 was derived from rice cultivar of Modan. 2. The resistance of rice cultivars Donghaebyeo, Sinseonchalbyeo, Palgongbyeo, Hwajinbyeo and Somjinbyeo to the rice strip virus was derived from cultivar Milyang 23 and/or Nangdongbyeo. 3. The resistance of cultivars Jinjubyeo, Tamjinbyeo and Yongsanbyeo to the rice strip virus was derived from cultivar HR 769 and/or Milyang 20. 4. The resistance of cultivar Daecheongbyeo to the rice strip virus was deriverl from cultivar Nagdongbyeo and/or HR 769.

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Rice Growth and Grain Quality in No-till and Organic Farming Paddy Field as Affected by Different Rice Cultivars (무경운 및 유기농 논에서 품종에 따른 벼 생육 및 미질 특성 구명)

  • Lee, Young-Han
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 2010
  • This study was to find out optimum rice cultivars for organic farming in no-tillage paddy. A field research was conducted the yield, yield components, and qualities of thirty two Korean rice cultivars, and two Japanese rice cultivars. The column length of early rice plant was shorter in medium maturing rice cultivars compared to early, and medium-late maturing rice cultivars. Planthopper population per20-plant was lower in Ilpumbyeo, Dongjinbyeo, Hojinbyeo, Donganbyeo, and Sobeebyeo in that order while was higherin rice cultivars of early maturity. The disease severity of sheath blight was higher in Saechucheongbyeo>Chucheongbyeo>Namwonbyeo>Sangmibyeo in that order, on the other hand, that was lowerinHwaseongbyeo>Junambyeo>Saesangjubyeo=Hitomebore>Ilpumbyeo>Hwayeongbyeo in that order, respectively. The grain yield of Korean rice cultivars was significantly higher in 2.95 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Hwasinbyeo, 2.91 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Ilpumbyeo, 2.86 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Sobeebyeo, 2.73 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Naepungbyeo, and 2.70 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Saegyehwabyeo compared with 1.38 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Hwabongbyeo, 1.62 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Hwayeongbyeo, and 1.78 Mg $ha^{-1}$ for Haepyeongbyeo of medium maturing rice cultivars, respectively. Toyo taste value of medium maturing rice cultivars tended to higher than that of early, and medium-late maturing rice cultivars. Ripening rate of rice cultivars was significantly positive correlated with Toyo taste value while negative correlated with protein content. According to principal component analysis, these results show that Sangmibyeo, Sangsanbyeo, and Odaebyeo for early maturity, Naepungbyeo, and Sobeebyeo for medium maturity, and Hwasinbyeo, Chucheongbyeo, and Sindongjinbyeo for medium-late maturity were optimum rice cultivars for organic farming in no-tillage paddy.

Growth and Yield Response of Rice Cultivars to Different Night illumination Intensities (야간조명 광도에 따른 벼 품종별 생육 및 수량 반응)

  • 김충국;조현숙;서종호;최성호;변종영
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.471-474
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    • 2002
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the response of rice growth and grain yield to night illumination. Three cultivars Heugjubyeo (early maturing), Hwaseongbyeo (medium maturing), and Ilpumbyeo(mid-late maturing) were tested under different light intensities ranging 1.0 to 20.0 lux (0.3 to 5.6 $1\mu\textrm{W}$ $cm^{-2}$). Awn length of all cultivars became longer as night illumination intensity increased; 4.09 cm under 10-20 lux compared to 1.93cm under 2 lux in Hwaseongbyeo. However culm and spike length ere not affected by night illumination. Night illumination delayed flowering by 3 days in Heugjinjubyeo, 5 days in Hwaseongbyeo, and 9 days in Ilpumbyeo at 10-20 lux compared to that at 2 lux. Grain yield was reduced by 10.0% in Heugjinjubyeo, 17.7% in Hwaseongbyeo, and 20.7% in Ilpumbyeo at 10-20 lux compared to 2 lux condition.