• Title, Summary, Keyword: 배기가스특성

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A Case Study on Operation of Off-Gas Treatment System of Radioactive Waste Vitrification Facility (방사성폐기물 유리화설비의 배기가스 처리계통 운영 사례 연구)

  • Lee, Hye Hyun;Park, Kyu Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.249-254
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we investigated the main characteristics of off-gas generated from melting process and off-gas treatment system operation example to provide some primary data for commercial vitrification facility design. The purpose of vitrification facility operation is to treat hazardous materials in the radioactive wastes and harmful off-gas containing a variety of chemical species generated in the glass melting process. Constructing and operating vitrification facility essentially need to be licensed through safety analysis; it is very important to treat radionuclide and hazardous materials below the legal environment emissions regulation level. We must accurately understand the characteristics of off-gas and apply an appropriate off-gas treatment process accordingly. Thus, to design the appropriate off-gas treatment there must be a wide range of elements taken into account such as characteristics of waste and melter, regulation guidance of off-gas, characteristics of generated off-gas and off-gas treatment system performance assessment.

A study on the flow characteristics in a MILD combustion waste incinerator with the change of flue gas recirculation inlet location (MILD 연소 폐기물 소각로에서 배기가스 재순환 흡입구 위치에 따른 유동 특성 연구)

  • Ha, Ji Soo;Shim, Sung Hun;Jung, Eung Ho
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2014
  • A MILD(Moderate and Intense Low oxygen Dilution) combustion, which is effective in the reduction of NOx, is considerably affected by the recirculation flow position of hot exhaust gas to the combustion furnace. A numerical analysis was accomplished to elucidate the flow characteristics in the MILD combustion incinerator for several cases with or without exhaust gas recirculation. It could be seen from the result of the present numerical study that the flow recirculation could be observed in the upper region over the vertical dividing wall for the case without exhaust gas recirculation. The optimal position of exhaust gas recirculation position was derived by the comparison of %RMS of x directional velocity for the cases with exhaust gas recirculation. The case with the exhaust gas recirculation position at the upper right of free board was the most effective with the smallest value of 57.4% RMS.

Thermal Caracteristics of the Automobile Exhaust gas based Heat exchanger with various Exhaust gas Temperature and Mass flow rate (자동차 배기가스 유량 및 온도 변화에 따른 열전발전용 열교환기 발열량 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Wan;Ekanayake, Gihan;Lee, Moo-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study is to numerically investigate the thermal characteristics of an automobile exhaust-based heat exchanger for automotive thermoelectric power generation with various exhaust gas mass flow rates and temperatures. The heat exchanger for automotive thermoelectric power generation has a square-type pin installed inside, so the maximum amount of heat can be transferred to the thermoelectric element from the heat energy coming from the automobile exhaust gas. The exhaust gas mass flow rate changed from 0.01, to 0.02, to 0.03 kg/s, and the exhaust gas temperature changed from 400, to 450, to 500, to 550, to $600^{\circ}C$, respectively. A numerical simulation was conducted by using the commercial program ANSYS CFX v17.0. Consequently, the exhaust gas pressure difference between the inlet and the outlet of the heat exchanger is determined according to the flow rate of the exhaust gas. When the mass flow rate of the exhaust gas increased, the pressure difference between the inlet and the outlet of the heat exchanger increased, but the exhaust gas pressure difference between the inlet of the heat exchanger and the outlet did not vary with the exhaust gas temperature. Therefore, in order to obtain the maximum surface temperature from the heat exchanger, the exhaust gas mass flow rate should be lower, and the exhaust gas temperature should be higher.

A Study on the Combustion Flow Characteristic and NOx Reduction of the Exhaust Gas Recurculation Burner using Coanda Nozzles (코안다 노즐을 이용한 배기가스 재순환 버너의 연소 유동 특성 및 NOx 저감에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Ji Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2017
  • Various researches have been conducted for the reduction of NOx at the combustion furnace and exhaust gas recirculation method is commonly used technology for NOx reduction. The present research adopted coanda nozzles at the outside pipes of furnace to entrain the exhaust gas for the exhaust gas recirculation and the mixed gas was ejected to the tangential direction to cause the swirl flow in the furnace. The combustion flow characteristics in the exhaust gas recirculation burner with coanda nozzle has been elucidated by analyzing the swirl flow streamlines, temepraure and reaction rate distribution in the furnace. The exhaust gas entrained flow rate has been investigated by changing the excess air factor and coanda nozzle gap and the exhaust gas entrained flow rate increased with the increase of excess air factor and it decreased with the increase of coanda nozzle gap. The mean temperature at the exit plane of exhaust gas decreased with the excess air factor and it was little affected by the increase of coanda nozzle gap. The NOx mass fraction at the exhaust gas exit plane remarkably decreased with the excess air factor and it was also little affected by the increase of coanda nozzle gap.

A Study of Cold Flow Characteristics of a Flue Gas Recirculation Burner using Coanda Nozzles (코안다 노즐을 이용한 배기가스 재순환 버너의 냉간 유동 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Ji Soo;Park, Chan Hyuk;Shim, Sung Hun;Jung, Sang Hyun
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.152-158
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    • 2016
  • Nitrogen oxide is generated by the chemical reaction of oxygen and nitrogen in higher temperature environment of combustion facilities. The NOx reduction equipment is generally used in the power plant or incineration plant and it causes enormous cost for the construction and maintenance. The flue gas recirculation method is commonly adopted for the reduction of NOx formation in the combustion facilities. In the present study, the computational fluid dynamic analysis was accomplished to elucidated the cold flow characteristics in the flue gas recirculation burner with coanda nozzles in the flue gas recirculation pipe. The inlet and outlet of flue gas recirculation pipes are directed toward the tangential direction of circular burner not toward the center of burner. The swirling flow is formed in the burner and it causes the reverse flow in the burner. The ratio of flue gas recirculation flow rate with the air flow rate was about 2.5 for the case with the coanda nozzle gap, 0.5mm and it was 1.5 for the case with the gap, 1.0mm. With the same coanda nozzle gap, the flue gas recirculation flow rate ratio had a little increase when the air flow rate changes from 1.1 to 2.2 times of ideal air flow rate.

$10^{-10}$ Pa 영역에서의 스퍼터 이온펌프와 Non-Evaporable Getter (NEG) 펌프조합의 배기 특성

  • Jo, Bok-Rae;Han, Cheol-Su;Kim, Yeong-Jun;An, Sang-Jeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.148-148
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    • 2013
  • 스퍼터 이온펌프(Sputter Ion Pump)는 주로 화학흡착으로 동작하며 기계적 진동이 없고, 기름 등의 오염 물질을 배출하지 않으며, 수명이 길어 초고청정 진공이 요구되는 표면실험장치, 표면분석계, 입자가속기 등에서 널리 사용 되고 있다. 일정한 지름을 갖는 다수의 원통 양극과 그 양단에 두개의 음극판을 배치시킨 후, 양극과 음극 사이에 수 kV의 전압을 걸고 원통의 축방향으로 자장을 인가하면 페닝 방전이 발생한다. 냉음극에서 방출된 전자는 양극으로 비행하면서 가스를 이온화한다. 이온분자는 가스흡수성 게터재료로 된 음극에 충돌하여 스퍼터링을 일으키며 게터막를 주변에 증착시킨다. 이온 및 중성 가스는 게터 고체막 속에 주입 포획되는 형태로 배기된다. 스퍼터 이온펌프는 $10^{-5}$ Pa 부근에서 최대 배기속도를 가지며, 압력이 낮아질 수록, 특히 $10^{-10}$ Pa영역 이하에서는 그 배기속도가 급격히 저하되며, $10^{-10}$ Pa영역에서는 배기능력을 거의 상실한다. 따라서 스퍼터 이온펌프 단독으로 진공시스템을 배기할 때 도달압력은 $10^{-9}$ Pa 영역에 머무르게 되며, $10^{-10}$ Pa 이하의 극고진공을 얻기 위해서는, $10^{-8}$ Pa 이하의 압력에서 배기 속도가 압력과 무관한 흡착펌프(getter pump)와 이온펌프를 조합하여 사용한다. 본 실험에서는 $600^{\circ}C$ 이상의 온도로 진공로에서 탈개스시킨 진공용기를 배기속도 450, 60, 30, 20, 5, 3 l/s의 6종류의 이온펌프와 배기속도 400 l/s, 100 l/s의 non-evaporable getter (NEG) 펌프를 조합시켜 배기하여 그 배기 특성을 비교하였다. 도달 압력은 이온펌프의 배기속도가 클수록 낮아지는 경향을 보여주었다. 450 l/s 이온펌프와 400 l/s NEG를 조합하여 배기시킬 때 도달 압력은 ~$2{\times}10^{-10}$ Pa을 기록하여 가장 낮았으며, 3 l/s 이온펌프와 400 l/s NEG를 조합하였을 때는 $ 2{\sim}3{\times}10^{-8}$ Pa을 기록하였다. 450 l/s 이온펌프와 400 l/s NEG를 조합한 경우 잔류가스의 대부분이 수소였으나, 3 l/s 이온펌프와 400 l/s NEG의 조합한 경우에는 메탄의 잔류량이 수소 보다 많았다. 이 결과는 메탄을 배기하지 못하는 NEG의 배기 특성을 보완하기 위해서는 일정 배기속도 이상의 이온 펌프가 필요함을 보여준다.

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A study on temperature characteristic of the gases supplied to SOFC system by utilizing the ship exhaust gas (선박 배기가스 활용에 따른 SOFC 시스템 공급가스의 온도특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.37 no.8
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    • pp.822-828
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    • 2013
  • Since the operating temperature of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is high, the heat management of the gases supplied to fuel cell system is important. In this paper, the temperature characteristic of the gases supplied to the anode and the cathode of the fuel cell is studied in case of utilizing the waste heat contained in the ship exhaust gas as a heat source to heat up the fuel, gas and water supplied to a 500kW SOFC system for a ship power. For the fuel cell system proposed in this paper, the temperature of gases supplied to the anode and the cathode was the highest temperature at 963K when the exhaust gas of the fuel cell was utilized as the heat source for gases supplied to fuel cell system instead of utilizing the ship exhaust gas. In addition, the engine power did not effect on the temperature of gases supplied to the fuel cell stack.

A Technical Analysis of Heat Phenomena of the Cyclical Synchronization Power and Geometrical Parameters of the Turbocharging System of a Diesel Engine (터보과급 디젤엔진의 싸이클 동력동기화 및 형상변수에 대한 열현상의 기술적 분석)

  • 김시영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.310-315
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    • 1996
  • 엔진 배기가스의 동력과 유량이 배기행정의 직전 단계에서 관찰되었다. 배기가스 양을 적당히 조정함으로써 터보 과급의 입구 압력을 증가시킬 수 있었으며 엔진의 흡기, 소기 및 배기과정에서 가스질량과 엔진의 동력, 그리고 터보과급 효과도 감소하였다. 터보 과급장치를 기하학적으로 적절화시킴으로써 싸이클의 동기화 및 동력의 효율이 고려된 열교환 과정의 효율 기준도 제기되었으며 디젤엔진의 연소싸이클을 재수정하는 과정과 터빈의 동역학적 특성도 제시되었다.

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Study on Characteristics of Engine Performance and Emission by EGR Ratio (EGR율에 따른 엔진성능 및 배출가스 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Baik, Doo-Sung;Lee, Jong-Sun
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.543-545
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    • 2009
  • 유럽을 포함한 많은 선진국들은 자동차 배기가스에 대한 환경규제를 만족하기 위해서 노력을 하고 있다. 가솔린 엔진에 비해서 문제가 되는 디젤엔진에서 배출되는 배기가스 즉 질소 산화물과 입자상 물질을 저감하려는 노력은 꾸준히 진행되고 있다. 본 논문은 11,000cc 대형 터보 디젤엔진에 배기가스 순환장치를 설치하여 질소산화물을 효과적으로 저감하는 기술을 개발하고자한다.

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Soot dispersancy of engine oils (엔진유의 수트 분산 특성(제2보))

  • 문우식;권완섭;이종훈;오대윤;최재권
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 1997
  • 최근 자동차 배기 가스에 대한 규제가 강화되고 있고, 특히 자동차 매연중 대젤 차량에 대한 배기 가스 저감이 관심의 대상이 되고 있다. 이러한 배기 가스 규제에 대응하기 위하여 엔진의 여러 부위에 대한 설계변경이 이루어지고 있다. 설계변경의 대표적인 예로는 피스톤 탑 링(top piston ring)의 위치를 현재보다 위로 하고 피스톤과 라이너 사이의 간극을 좁게하여 크레비스 볼륨을 줄이거나, 연로 분사 시기 지연, 배기가스재순환(EGR, Exhaust Gas Recirculation)장치 등이 있다. 본 보고에서는 모사 실험 결과에 추가하여 엔진 시험을 수행함으로써 엔진유의 분산 특성및 산화안정성에 미치는 기유와 첨가제의 영향을 조사하였다.

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