• Title, Summary, Keyword: 방사성유출물

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A Review and Characteristics for Radioactive Effluents from the Nuclear Power Plants in Korea (국내원전의 방사성유출물 배출현황과 특성에 대한 고찰)

  • Son, Jung-Kwon;Kong, Tae-Young;Choi, Jong-Rak;Kim, Hee-Geun
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2012
  • As of the end of 2010, 21 nuclear power reactors were operating in Korea. Radioactive effluents from nuclear power plants (NPPs) had been increased continuously and the radioactivity of effluents released in 2010 was 547.12 TBq. From 2001 to 2010, the annual average radioactivity of gaseous and liquid effluents per reactor was 11.61 TBq for pressurized water reactor (PWR) plants and 118.12 TBq for PHWR (pressurized heavy water reactor) plants. Most of the radioactivity from gaseous and liquid effluents was came from $^3H$. Based on the results of release trends and analysis, effluents characteristics was suggested for the management of radioactive effluents from NPPs.

Review on the Management for Radioactive Effluent and Methodology for Setting of Derived Release Limits at Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors in Korea (중수로원전 방사성유출물 관리와 유도배출한계 설정방법에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Hee-Geun;Kong, Tae-Young;Jeong, Woo-Tae;Kim, Seok-Tae
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.172-177
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    • 2010
  • The radioactive effluents from pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs) are relatively larger than those from pressurized water reactors (PWRs). Futhermore, radioactive effluents from PHWRs are released continuously. Thus, the discharge of radioactive effluents is strictly controlled. To do this, radiation detectors are installed at stacks of reactor buildings to monitor the concentration of radioactive effluents in real-time. Derived release limits (DRLs) of annual discharge are also set up for each radionuclide and effluents are rigidly controlled not to exceed those limits. In this paper, the discharge process of radioactive effluents, the standard for establishment of DRL and its methodology, and currents status for PHWRs were reviewed.

An Investigation on the Technical Background for Carbon-14 Monitoring in Radioactive Effluents (원자력시설의 Carbon-14 방사성유출물에 대한 감시배경의 조사)

  • Kim, Hee-Geun;Kong, Tae-Young;Jeong, Woo-Tae;Kim, Seok-Tae
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2009
  • effluents to the environment. The activity of carbon-14, one of the radioactive effluents, in the environment is already high level and its effect on radiation exposure to the public and the environment is insignificant; thus, NPPs did not perform the carbon-14 monitoring in effluents in the past. By the way, effluents of noble gas and particulate radioactive materials originated from nuclear fuels has been continuously reduced due to both the advancement of manufacturing and integrity technology for nuclear fuels and the improvement of operation methods of NPPs. Futhermore, the portion of dose assessment by tritium and carbon-14 to the public has been relatively increased because the lower limit of detection for low-energy beta sources, such as tritium and carbon-14, is low due to the advancement of radiation detection technology. In this paper, the technical background for carbon-14 monitoring in nuclear facilities was investigated using United States technical reports and papers. This paper also reviews whether carbon-14 monitoring is necessary or not based on the investigated documents.

Alarm Setpoint Determination Method of Gaseous Effluent Radiation Monitoring Systems Using Dose Factors Based on ICRP-60 Recommendations (선량환산인자를 이용한 기체유출물 RMS 경보설정 개선방안)

  • 박규준;김희근;하각현;엄희문
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
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    • pp.491-496
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    • 2003
  • In Korea, the dose limits to the public were reduced according to ICRP-60 recommendations. The secondary quantities, Effluent Concentration Limits (ECLs) were derived and enacted to Korean Atomic Laws based on ICRP-60 recommendations. The Korea atomic laws require assurance that radioactive materials within gaseous effluents do not exceed dose limits and ECLs. This simply means that any effluent that would possibly contain radioactivity must be monitored. There are various methods to monitor the radioactivity of effluent monitor to satisfy the dose limits and the ECLs for gaseous effluents. The many factors (safety margin) should be considered in determining of the setpoint of effluent monitor, following these limits. In this study, we studied the determination method of alarm setpoint for gaseous effluent Radiation Monitoring Systems using dose factors considered the main pathway of radionuclides to compare the preceding determination method of alarm setpoint for gaseous effluent RMSs using dose assessment program considered all the practicable pathways of radionuclides.

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