• Title, Summary, Keyword: 방사성극소입자

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Formation of Ultra fine Particle by the Polonium-218 Ions under Different Humidity Conditions (다른 습도조건하에서 Po-218 이온들의 극소입자형성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Suk-Chul;Ha, Chung-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1992
  • A number of investigators have reported the formation of the radiolytic ultrafine particles produced by the interaction of ionizing radiation with water vapor. Previous studies have suggested that a very high localized concentration of the OH radical produced by the radiolysis of water can react with trace gas like organic vapors and produce lower vapor pressure compounds that can then nucleate. In order to determine water vapor dependence of the active, positively charged, first radon daughter(Po-218), an experiment was conducted using a well-controlled radon chamber. The activity size distribution of the radon daughter in the range of 0.5-100nm was measured using the parallel graded wire screens system. Measurements were taken for different relative humidity. The resultant activity size distributions were analyzed. The addition of water vapor to the radon carrier gases resulted in the formation of ultrafine particles by OH radicals formed by radon radiolysis. It may be due to the neutralization of charged Po-218 ion with water vapor through the radio lysis.

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A Kinetics Study of Rn Daughter and Atmospheric Trace Gas Using Alpha Track Detection (알파비적검출방법에 의한 대기중 라돈딸핵종의 화학적 동특성연구)

  • Yoon, Suk-Chul;Ha, Chung-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 1995
  • A number of investigators have reported formation of radiolytic ultrafine particles produced by the interaction of ionizing radiation with atmospheric trace gases. Previous studies have suggested that a very high localized concentration of the hydroxyl radical produced by the radiolysis of water can react with atmospheric trace gases such as $SO_2$ and produce lower vapor pressure compounds that can subsequently nucleate. To determine the trace gas and water vapor concentration dependence of the active, positively charged, first decayt product of radon (Po-218), a well-controlled radon chamber was used in this research. The mobility spectrum of the decay products in the range of $0.07-5.0cm^2/V\;sec$ from the radon chamber was measured using alpha track detector installed inside a specially-designed electrostatic spectrometer. Measurements were taken for different concentrations (0.5ppm to 5ppm) of $SO_2$ in Purified, Compressed air. A kinetics Study following the clustering of $SO_2$ around the $PoO_x^+$ ion in an excess of $SO_2$ for interpretation of the reaction processes was performed.

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