• Title, Summary, Keyword: 발터 벤야민

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A Study on the Urban Archives Building Direction and Application Method: Walter Benjamin's Thought (도시아카이브의 방향과 "파사주프로젝트" 적용에 관한 연구 - 발터 벤야민의 사상을 중심으로 -)

  • Yeo, Jin-Won;Chang, Woo-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.293-313
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    • 2013
  • The City is not simple space run daily life but shows the space of cultural memory and trace. This study examined Walter Benjamin Passge Project, and how to read and record the city of Benjamin discussed. In addition, research and how to apply to the archives of the city is made based on case studies and analysis of the Urban Archive, and to suggest the direction of the archive that holds the future of the city.

Street Optics (거리의 시각)

  • Kenaan, Hagi
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.10
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    • pp.25-46
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    • 2010
  • Street art operates within an already given visual order: the visuality of the modern city in which the regimentation of the image has become fully adaptive to-what Fredric Jameson termed-the logic of late capitalism. What is the relationship between street art and the hegemonic forms of the image dictated by the "city's rulers"? Does street art evoke an alternative kind of spectatorship? Can the unsolicited visual intervention in the life of the city open up an "optics" that resists the reifying patterns of the contemporary gaze? This paper follows Baudrillard's pioneering analysis of graffiti, arguing that the visuality of a certain kind of street images carries an important potential of challenging the hegemonic manner in which the contemporary image has come to dominate the field of vision.

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The Task of the Translator: Walter Benjamin and Cultural Translation (번역자의 책무-발터 벤야민과 문화번역)

  • Yoon, Joewon
    • Journal of English Language & Literature
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    • v.57 no.2
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    • pp.217-235
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    • 2011
  • On recognizing the significance of Walter Benjamin's "The Task of a Translator" in recent discourses of postcolonial cultural translation, this essay examines the creative postcolonialist appropriations of Benjamin's theory of translation and their political implications. In an effort to dismantle the imperialist political hierarchy between the West and the non-West, modernity and its "primitive" others, which has been the operative premise of the traditional translation studies and anthropology, newly emergent discourses of cultural translation actively adopts Benjamin's notion of translation that does not prioritize the original text's claim on authenticity. Benjamin theorizes each text-translation as well as the original-as an incomplete representation of the pure language. Eschewing formalistic views propounded by deconstructionist critics like Paul de Man, who tend to regard Benjamin's notion of the untranslatable purely in terms of the failure inherent in the language system per se, such postcolonialist critics as Tejaswini Niranjana, Rey Chow, and Homi Bhabha, each in his/her unique way, recuperate the significatory potential of historicity embedded in Benjamin's text. Their further appropriation of the concept of the "untranslatable" depends on a radically political turn that, instead of focusing on the failure of translation, salvages historical as well as cultural potentiality that lies between disparate cultural entities, signifying differences, or disjunctures, that do not easily render themselves to existing systems of representation. It may therefore be concluded that postcolonial discourses on cultural translation of Niranhana, Chow, and Bhabha, inspired by Benjamin, each translate the latter's theory into highly politicized understandings of translation, and this leads to an extensive rethinking of the act of translation itself to include all forms of cultural exchange and communicative activities between cultures. The disjunctures between these discourses and Benjamin's text, in that sense, enable them to form a sort of theoretical constellation, which aspires to an impossible yet necessary utopian ideal of critical thinking.

Walter Benjamin's Baudelaire Studies and the Aura (발터 벤야민의 보들레르 연구와 아우라)

  • Lee, Yun-yeong
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.143
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    • pp.245-266
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    • 2017
  • Walter Benjamin's unique concept of the aura is mainly presented in his three essays, Little History of Photography(1931), The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction(1935-1939), and On Some Motifs in Baudelaire(1939), whereas the studies on this concept are principally conducted on the basis of the first two essays. But considering Benjamin elaborated the concept through Baudelaire studies, the aura needs to be reexamined on the axis of "On Some Motifs in Baudelaire". He approached Baudelaire studies in one of the essential items for The Arcades Project at first. These studies acquired a new prospect soon after he mapped out these studies for an independent book in 1938. His Baudelaire studies come to fruition in On Some Motifs in Baudelaire, written one year after The Paris of the Second Empire in Baudelaire(1938). For Benjamin, Baudelaire is not only a poet who sharply testified to the age of the decay of aura, but also the one who elaborated new poetic motifs such as the metropolis, the crowd: the poet searched for his poems in the crowd of the metropolis, by accepting as poetic nourishment all sorts of experiences of the impact of daily occurrunces in Paris. In On Some Motifs in Baudelaire, the aura is defined as the response of a gaze, that is, the capability to gaze on something. It is principally a poetic capacity to give the capability of opening the eyes to an animal, or even to an inanimate object. If a gaze is responded by the other for which the gaze is placed upon, we experience the other's own aura. The media of the mechanical reproduction (such as the photography, the film) give rise to the decay of aura, because the expectation of returning one's gaze becomes frustrated from the outset.

Investigation about Figure Industry by Extension of Image Media (Game, Animation, Motion Picture) (영상미디어(게임, 애니메이션, 영화 분야)의 확장에 따른 피규어 산업에 대한 고찰)

  • Sohn, Jong-Nam;Lee, Jong-Han
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2008
  • Various image media such as game, animation, movie is developing. Goods called Figure as extension that use contents source of one kind in several forms were made, and is drawing a lot of popularity today. However, is handled as simple toy of children in the Korea. So, development of allied industry is slow. In case of overseas recognized the importance by means of marketing in contents industry. In this paper, explain meaning about figure and kinds of figure and through philosophical thought and theory, analyzed personality which figure has through scientific investigation(theory of Walter Benjamin, Freud and psychologists). Nowaday, figure industry of the Korea and other foreign country is continuing development. Especially the contents of Hanryu(Korea) star figure has lots of value and possibility of future growth.

Review on the Duplication of Modern Digital Art Works (현대 디지털 예술작품의 복제성에 대한 고찰)

  • Song, Dae-Sup;Ha, Im-Sung
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.205-218
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    • 2009
  • The duplication of art works has been made for wide distribution and profit from long time ago. With material duplication due to recent development of digital duplication media its concept was intervened in art works and the meaning gets expanded more. In this thesis, I will review on the concept of recently marked arts duplication connecting with modern mass culture, compare with duplication of machinery duplication era and research on the features to establish in new way. After all, the duplicational features of digital art works got deeply connected with the characteristics of generalized modern digital mass culture for duplication. In previous times old-fashioned machinery duplication such as pictures, woodblock prints and films played their roles as democratic and social value of art works and now it will be enough to say that the modern digital art works could be developed to be non-materialized factor of art works with the concept of duplication as well as duplication of objects just like previous cases. Besides duplicational factors derived spatial and emotional effects with visional sympathy in existing machinery duplication era and could have verified that the object for duplication was transferred from minor commercial producers to major audience.

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A Study on the Design Tendency of Contemporary Architecture Introducing New Media Art Concept - Focusing on the change for way of information transmission change and media development - (뉴 미디어 아트의 개념을 도입한 현대 건축의 디자인 경향에관한 연구 - 미디어 발전과 정보 전달 방식의 변화를 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Kyoung-Soo;Woo, Ji-Chang
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.66-72
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to pronounce design trends in contemporary architecture collaborated with new media art concept. Currently, the prevalence of media presence has evolved perspectives on contemporary aesthetics today. To make clear demonstration on the issue, this study categorized new media art's expressional characteristics applied in the contemporary architectural design in conjunction with analytical researches on typologies and expressional characteristics appear in new media art. More specifically, the study selected architects who adopted new media art's expressional characteristics into their works from the year 2000 and performed analytical case studies with regard to the effect of the new media art into their architectural practices. By following methodologies mentioned above, conclusively the study categorized distinct expressional characteristics appears in contemporary architecture as a result of merging with new media art. The characteristics of the new media art appeared in contemporary architecture are categorized into three groups such as the design controlling external environment, the design utilizing web environment and the design participated by users. These observation could be translated that architects could present interactive design between users and building as a result from architect's capability of designing protocols which generate variable forms, colors and patterns in architecture. In particular, architecture utilizing web environment has characteristic capability of configurating user's program in virtual space. Also it is anticipated to suggest new patterns in generating architectural programs and forms. These patterns would not recognize the city merely as an incident or fragmented image but would configurate forms and images constructed by individual notional character. In conclusion, the architecture itself is expected to perform as media to open up opportunities that enables to contribute in expediting interactions among environment, users, and buildings by deviating from perspectives of representation as an object expressed in modernism architecture or as a classical decoration in post-modernism architecture in the past era.

Ambivalence in "Hy$\breve{o}$nsil kwa Par$\breve{o}$n"'s Relationsip to Industrial Society, Mass Culture, and the City (산업사회, 대중문화, 도시에 대한 '현실과 발언'의 양가적 태도)

  • Shin, Chunghoon
    • The Journal of Art Theory & Practice
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    • no.16
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    • pp.41-69
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    • 2013
  • The inauguration of the collective Reality and Utterance (Hy$\breve{o}$nsil kwa Par$\breve{o}$n) in 1979 and 1980 marked a watershed moment in Korean art. This is not only because the collective gave birth to the politically-engaged art movement that would come to be labeled "Minjung Art" by the middle of the 80s, but also because it enthusiastically embraced a wide range of images from the urban culture. With a special focus on the members' early work, my research explores an issue largely neglected in the dominant narrative of Minjung art as a form of activism against the authoritarian Korean government during the 80s. The issue is what was at stake in Reality and Utterance's exploration of contemporary urban visual culture. The aim of this essay is to recognize the engagement with the urban visual culture as central to the group's early project and to consider it at some distance from the anti-urban and anti-mass culture perspective which was endorsed by the Minjung narrative. Focusing on members' turn to urban visual culture, this essay instead argues that this turn was by no means merely a means to making art as social critique, but more importantly, it was an experiment with the shared image world, as opposed to the rarefied visual vocabularies of abstract modernism. Visual productions such as advertisements, billboards, posters, and kitsch paintings, which come from outside the narrow confines of fine art, were definitely ominous signs of the colonization of everyday life in the capitalist city, but at the same time they were anticipated to be a catalyst for redefining Korean art in a more communicative, accessible, and democratized way. In this regard, in the early 1980s-in particular 1980 and 1982-the members' gesture oscillated between critique and embrace, which allowed the group to occupy a unique domain in the realm of Korean art production.

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Photography's educational study : Against practical-based curriculum in photography education (사진의 교육적 연구 : 실기 중심 교육과정에 반하여)

  • Nam, Tack-Oon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.359-367
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    • 2016
  • This paper aims to develop the photography education method based, not on the practical technique, the photo recording or the communication, but on the photo theory and the visual culture. This paper can be summarized as follows: First, it analyses the photo theory itself and photography education theory. It examines the studies of the important scholars of photography theory, namely Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Walter Benjamin, Susan Sontag. It examines also the studies of the scholars who applied photography to education, that is, Victor Burgin, Simon Watney, David Bate. This paper examines how photography is related to education theory in general and where photo education can be situated in art education field.

Social Theory in the Anthropocene 1. Catastrophe and Patiency (인류세의 사회이론 1: 파국과 페이션시(patiency))

  • KIM, Hong-Jung
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.1-49
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    • 2019
  • First proposed by Paul Crutzen and Eugene Stoermer in 2000, the concept of the Anthropocene has had staggering repercussions in a variety of disciplines. In response to the Anthropocene narrative as a problematization of the eco-ontological emergency that humanity is confronted with in the 21st-century, I will deal with the following theoretical themes in this article. Firstly, I will analyze the central agendas underlying the Anthropocene discourse: the expansion of human agency into the planetary level and the possibility of unprecedented catastrophes in the near future. Secondly, I will propose to address the Anthropocene discourse as problem-assemblage. Thirdly, I will examine Clive Himilton and Dipesh Chakrabarty's theses in order to understand the shock that was brought to bear on the humanities and social sciences by the Anthropocene narrative. Fourthly, I will reinterpret the allegory of the angel appearing in Benjamin's Theses on the Philosophy of History to explore new possibilities of transformative becoming of the subjectivity, focusing on the concept of patiency. Finally, I will present the concept of reflexive catastrophism.

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